Flashback 2011 – The Rise of Wicca and Neo–Paganism in the United States


Author: Govannon Thunderwolf

Wicca is becoming the fastest growing religion in the United States. This statement was something I was hearing and reading more and more. Being a member of the Pagan community, I didn’t really notice any of this growth happening. The more books and articles on the Internet that I read, the more I kept seeing this statement. The research into this declaration became my focus of interest. What fascinated me the most about this account was the fact that Wiccans and neo – Pagans do not go around with the specific intent of finding converts. In the teachings and ideas of Wicca and Paganism, the idea of looking for converts is not encouraged and is looked down upon. Anyone seeking converts into Wicca or Paganism is breaking a cardinal rule.

Even though Wicca is generally a female dominated religion, there are men involved as well. Wicca is a religion that recognizes women and men as equals, but it does put a slight emphasis on women and the Goddess. Female witches out number males two to one in the United States, according to the Covenant of the Goddess’s estimates. Covenant of the Goddess is one of the oldest and largest Wiccan groups in the United States. They also state that much of the recent growth in Wicca and neo – Paganism has been among women. (Sanders xiv)

Where would someone look to find followers of Wicca and Pagans? They can be found anywhere and everywhere. The actual number of Wiccan and Pagan followers in the United States changes constantly, but in 1999 Helen Berger, a sociologist who spent ten years as a member of the neo – Pagan community, estimated that there are between 150, 000 and 200, 000 Pagans in the United States. It is suspected that there are many more among the ranks of Pagans today. Berger’s census also found that California has the highest amount of Pagans living within its boundaries at 15.7 percent, followed by Massachusetts at 7.6 percent, and New York at 7.3 percent. (Sanders xiv)

While there were many contributors to the construct of Wicca since the 1890’s, there was one man, who in 1954 wrote and published Witchcraft Today, and that man was Gerald Gardner (1884 – 1964) . Even though Druidism, Witchcraft, and other forms of Paganism were originally oral traditions, their revival is attributed to written text. (Clifton 14 – 15)

Very little is known about Gerald Gardner except for what is public record. He was a civil servant for the United Kingdom, and spent most of his career in Britain’s Asian colonies before he retired and settled in southern England. Gardner was one of the many who thought it more prestigious to have learned the “craft”, a term used for Witchcraft, an elder of one’s own family. Gardner didn’t claim to have learned Wicca from an elder of his own family, but did claim to have learned it from elders with family ties that went way back many generations. For most people in the Pagan community, it was well know that Gardner was considered a bit of a pervert due to his tendency toward bondage and ritualized punishment. It came through in his writings and ideas of practice, but the resurgence of “the craft” is mainly attributed to him. The people of Britain have always made changes to religions to try and make them their own, but Wicca is the only religion that originated in the United Kingdom. (Clifton 14 – 15)

Wicca is generally a solitary religion and seventy percent of its followers are solitary, taking personal responsibility for their own religious practice, rather than following an authority figure. Without a strict set of beliefs, “each practitioner can add or subtract beliefs at will, ” this is a part of what makes Wicca so popular. (Sanders 5)

Now I will continue this paper on three main reasons that I found the most compelling reasons for people of all walks of life to be drawn to Wicca and Paganism, beginning with a concern for the Earth.

The fear of Global Warming and preserving what we now have for future generations is a major common concern among contemporary Pagans. Most of modern society has lost an important connection with nature. In some cases there is even a fear of nature. To be fearful of the natural world, in which we as human beings came from, just as all life has, is quite a cause for alarm. When the system of Wicca was originally developed, its focus was on fertility, just as the ancients were focused on fertility. As history has shown, fertility was a main concern for all people in ancient times.

Life was hard for our ancient ancestors and fertility of the land, animals, people, etc. was the only way for them to continue life and surviving. With human fertility becoming less of a concern in modern times because of improvements in science, the focus has now shifted to nature. This change is another way in which Wicca and Paganism can remain a positive religion. It is a religion that recognizes change and changes with it. If something can’t change with the times, it will get left behind and become history.

The American mainstream religions have done very little to foster concern for nature. Never, have I heard of any sermons given on how people should be encouraged to care for the environment, be good caretakers of nature, and preservation of natural resources. This again, leads many to view Paganism and Wicca more approvingly. (Sanders 22)

Paganism also acknowledges nature by following the cycles of the seasons and life. Pagans and Wiccans are encouraged to live their lives by looking to nature as their guide. They live in the here and now as opposed to living and planning for the end of life. Through this view of nature, Wiccans and Pagans acknowledge their connection to all life and the greater cosmos. Many mainstream religious writers believe that honoring nature is not enough for religion or life because it contains violence and brutality. (Harvey 187) This worldview on life and nature is the basis for Wiccans and Pagans to believe in no absolute good or evil. All things in nature are good and evil at the same time and therefore it applies to life as well.

The second reason for the attraction to Paganism and Wicca is empowerment for women. The Christian church has treated women like “second – class citizens” for much of its history. This treatment of women is also prevalent in much of the Western world as well. (Sanders 22) Many women have become quite discontent with the Christian church. When women have expressed an interest in becoming more involved in the church, they are usually directed to make coffee and teach Sunday school. With the concerns of equal rights coming more and more to the forefront in our society, how do the patriarchal religions expect women to remain subservient? (Sanders 22)

For the last several thousand years of patriarchal religions domination of the Western world, large numbers of women have been searching for a spiritual existence free from the patriarchal dogma. With Wicca’s emphasis on Goddess worship, it attracts those women who want to find a spiritual side to their feminism. (Adler 207 – 24)

The feminist views of women have been the main driving force pushing Wicca to be accepted as a religion. Not all Wiccan groups are feminist though. Most Pagans and Wiccans have a more moderate view of the feministic ideas. Feminist Wiccan groups have dropped a lot of common beliefs in the Pagan community in favor of an all female belief system. By doing such things as only recognizing the female deities and eliminating the male deities, they are alienating themselves from the rest of the Pagan and Wiccan community. (Adler 180 – 81)

Many women have become quite discontent with the Christian church. When women have expressed an interest in becoming more involved in the church, they are usually directed to make coffee and teach Sunday school. With the concerns of equal rights coming more and more to the forefront in our society, how do the patriarchal religions expect women to remain subservient? (Sanders 22)

One doesn’t need to look very hard to see the atrocities that have been committed against women in history by patriarchal societies. One common saying in modern Pagan communities that can be found imprinted on t – shirts and bumper stickers is, “Don’t forget the burning times.” This refers to the days of the infamous witch-hunts. Malleus Maleficarum (The Hammer of Evildoers) published in 1486/87 by Jacob Spenger and Heinrich Krämer was the authoritative witch hunter’s manual. One key phrase from this manual that modern Pagan writers like to quote is: “All witchcraft comes from carnal lust, which in women is insatiable.” (Clifton 100) This “authoritative” work also stated that women were created from the bent rib of Adam, therefore women are “imperfect animals” if they are even animals at all. (Pearson 302)

In the Malleus Maleficarum, inquisitors, the ones who were authorized to verify involvement in witchcraft, were informed that guilty women would make sexual pacts with Satan. Therefore, after this pact was made, any event in the local community that disrupted the well being of the people was most certainly caused by a witch in their ranks. (Pearson 302 – 3)

When the inquisitors were in search of a “witch”, one could be found quite readily. More often than not, the accused was just a woman that someone had a grudge against. Many also speculated that these “witches” might have been highly learned women, such as early scientists. Because of the ridiculous information contained in the Malleus Maleficarum on how to proceed with the “trials” of the accused, there generally was “no mistake” of finding them guilty. Guilty women and a few men as well, were relatively few in the colonies of America. On the other hand, in Europe the numbers of the accused were astronomical. Imagine the amount of people that lost their lives due to the feelings of resentment of some sort or other, such as the amount of land they owned or a person’s general success. Many Wiccans and Pagans feel that the amount of people who were actually true witches during these “trials” was closer to none. (Gibson 112 – 18)

The final main reason that I would like to point out for the attraction of Wicca and Paganism is the attraction of the supernatural. While Pagans and Wiccans accept the belief in an unseen world, forces, and entities, many, if not all, Christian churches, in these modern times, ignore this belief. In many cases, a person could stir up quite a bit of trouble for themselves by stating a belief in an unseen world in the Christian church. (Sanders 23 – 26)

Reading ones future by using tarot cards and runes are very popular forms of divination among Pagans and Wiccans. There are many other popular forms of divination and occult sciences such as the use of crystals. Even though many of these beliefs forms were allowed by Christianity in their early years of development, now these systems have no place in Christianity. Many people have speculated when and why this shift occurred. Modern science has been trying to validate these occult sciences for quite some time now, but with limited success. The simple fact that the occult sciences are being tested gives valid support in their existence. (Handbook of Contemporary 425)

There are still many things in the world that can’t be explained by modern science. In the acknowledgement of this fact is where modern Pagans revel. It still gives room for belief in the ideas of fairies, mythical beings, and other such beliefs.

Discussions of the supernatural will quickly conjure up visions and ideas in relation to recent popular movies such as Harry Potter, The Seeker, Lord of the Rings, and many, many other movies. While these movies and books quickly catch the imagination, their similarities to actual supernatural occurrences are very, very limited. For the most part, these movies and books are purely fantasy. Even so, there have been some Christian based groups that are in opposition of these forms of entertainment. They believe that it sways people, especially children, to take an interest in Wicca and Paganism. (Handbook of New 459 – 60)

As Catherine Edwards Sanders, a Christian journalist, points out, “most Wiccans [and Pagans] have thought more seriously about spirituality and some of life’s big questions than many in the secular and even Christian cultures. They have not been content to skate through life seeking the gods of fashion, peer pressure, or materialism, reserving religion for weekends and special holidays.” (30)

Most Pagans and Wiccans actually view their lives as being interconnected with the rest of the world as a whole. They realize that there are, in fact, fewer events in their lives through this interconnection with the rest of the world.

With the impending end of the Mayan calendar in 2012, there have been many theories in reference to the end of the world. In fact, recently the “dooms day” movies have been coming out more and more frequently. One can only speculate that as 2012 draws nearer, the apocalyptic world movies and theories will by coming out at a frantic pace.

In the Wiccan and Pagan groups though, ideas of the world coming to an end are not so prevalent. Many think that the date of 12 December 2012 will be a beginning of a ‘New World Age.’ Many experts believe that this will be an age of peace and interconnection with the rest of the world and beyond for the next 5, 200 years. The experts are also saying that the ‘veil’ that separates our world from the spirit world will be lifted. The descendents of the Ancient Mayan’s say that we are already in the twenty – five year timeline of this change. (Rennison np.)

This information of the coming change according to the Mayan calendar is something that modern Pagans and Wiccans are looking forward to.

In conclusion, is there a rise in the Wicca and Pagan belief system? Given the research, the answer would definitely be a resounding yes. The movement is very broad and difficult to pin down, but it has been noticed. Many authors and professionals are calling on others to try and do research on the subject. With others taking an interest in the movement, maybe someone or maybe a group of individuals will come forward with some new views or theories on this movement. With these new views and theories we can only hope to find a definite reason for this shift.

Until then, there will be many I’m sure who will take on this daunting task. There are hundreds of theories already studied or in the process of being studied. I’m sure that there are many other ideas out there that have not yet been discussed or found in the public forum. With the case of the ancient Mayans, their descendants have said that there is plenty more information that they are in possession of, but have yet to let the rest of the world know about it. Whether there is more information yet to come remains to be seen.

I’m sure that there other ancient civilizations out there that have possessed knowledge or information, now lost. Unfortunately, just as these civilizations have disappeared, so has their immediate knowledge of this information. They did leave behind recordings of information that are in the processes of being deciphered and theories investigated. The only problem is that many individuals in the modern world have a very difficult time believing what the ancients were saying. This in turn leads to very different ideas in what is being told, many times the information is right there, but many misinterpret the information only because the obvious is just too difficult to comprehend.

 



Footnotes:
Works Cited:

Adler, Margot. Drawing Down the Moon Witches, Druids, Goddess-Worshippers, and Other Pagans in America. New York: Penguin (Non-Classics) , 2006. Print.
Berger, Helen A., Evan A. Leach, and Leigh S. Shaffer. Voices from the Pagan Census A National Survey of Witches and Neo-Pagans in the United States (Studies in Comparative Religion) . New York: University of South Carolina, 2003. Print.
Clifton, Chas S. Her Hidden Children: the Rise of Wicca and Paganism in America. Lanham: AltaMira, 2006. Print.
Gibson, Marion H. Witchcraft Myths in American Culture. New York: Routledge, 2007. Print.
Handbook of New Age (Brill Handbooks on Contemporary Religion) . New York: Brill Academic, 2007. Print.
Handbook of Contemporary Paganism (Brill Handbooks on Contemporary Religion) . New York: Brill Academic, 2009. Print.
Harvey, Graham. Contemporary Paganism Listening People, Speaking Earth. New York: NYU, 2000. Print.
Pearson, Joanne. Belief Beyond Boundaries Wicca, Celtic Spirituality and the New Age (Religion Today-Tradition, Modernity and Change) . Grand Rapids: Ashgate, 2002. Print.
Sanders, Catherine. Wicca’s Charm Understanding the Spiritual Hunger Behind the Rise of Modern Witchcraft and Pagan Spirituality. Wheaton: Shaw, 2005. Print.
“Susan Rennison’s Website.” Susan Joy Rennison’s Website. Web. 18 Dec. 2009. .

Some of the Witchcraft/Magickal Correspondence for Sunday

Magickal Intentions: Growth, Advancements, Enlightenment, Rational Thought, Exorcism, Healing, Prosperity, Hope, Exorcism, Money

Incense: Lemon, Frankincense

Planet: Sun

Sign: Leo

Angel: Michael

Colors: Gold, Yellow, Orange and White

Herbs/Plants: Marigold, Heliotrope, Sunflower, Buttercup, Cedar, Beech, Oak

Stones: Carnelian, Citrine, Tiger’s Eye, Amber, Clear Quartz and Red Agate

Oil: (Sun) Cedar, Frankincense, Neroli, Rosemary

The first day of the week is ruled by the Sun. It is an excellent time to work efforts involving business partnerships, work promotions, business ventures, and professional success.

Spells where friendships, mental or physical health, or bringing joy back into life are an issue work well on this day, too

What Will 2022 Bring for WOTC?

Wild Lang Syne/Should Old Acquaintance Be Forgot with Lyrics

I will see you again in 2022 with new types of posts while bring back the favorite daily posts from 2021. Let me know in the comments what topics you would like more of in 2022. What posts and/or topics you liked in 2021. This is your website more than it is mine for all things pagan and witchy. I will be restarting the Tarot card explanation for each card on January 2nd. I will try to bring back more of the topics Lady Abyss covered. Let me know the average number of posts you would like to show up in your emails inbox daily and I will try to keep it to that number except on the Sabbaths and the week leading up to them. Online Esbats and Sabbath gatherings along with a bimonthly online open chat will be returning also. All gathering will be via Sykpe. You will be able to join us through audio and/or video chat or just by typing in the instant message part..

May you and yours have a new year filled with more love, joy, happiness, enough money for the things you need with some left over for things you would like to have. Blessings for a positive new year dear Sisters, Brothers, and Honored Guests!

February 10 Birthday Horoscope

People Born On February 10: Zodiac Sign Is Aquarius

FEBRUARY 10 birthday horoscope predicts that you have ambitious energy for success. The February 10 zodiac sign is Aquarius. You are talented and unconventional creatures. If you focus, your possibilities are endless. But you need to know what you want out of your life.

If today is your birthday, then you want to make money so that you can give it away. Go figure. You are one unique candidate. The joy you experience comes from helping others. This is a most admirable trait, however; you could be guilty of being too generous. This February 10 birthday personality character flaw is one that not too many complain about on the receiving end.

Today’s Aquarius birthday are also unconventional when it comes to love and romance. You stay so busy that you hardly have time for love. You do not stop long enough to know if you want a casual “friendship” or something that is long-term.

When it comes to your friends or making new ones, they should know that you are unique! You may have problems with commitment. If you want a good friend, Aquarius you are the best. You are loyal and will do anything for your friends. You should know, that marriage will not necessarily take your freedom away but rather enhance your quality of life.

You may relate to a different element from what your Sun Sign / Zodiac Sign element is. Take this in-depth four elements personality quiz to understand it.

An Aquarian lover will spoil his mate! You are lively and enjoy being different. There is no limit to what you would not do for your partner. That kind of thinking is what will bond you and your lover together.

Once you have settled on the idea of marriage, Aquarius, you should know that your lover would not disappoint you. But try an extended engagement so you can reach your full potential and have a successful partnership or marriage. If you do this, you should be able to prevent heartbreak predicts your love compatibility by date of birth analysis.

February 10 birthday personality are active Aquarians. Your health is usually pretty good. You are too active to gain weight although you think you have. You should learn to relax. You stress too much over the smallest of things, Aquarius. Being relaxed is the key to success.

Meditation could help or aromatherapy. They have many mood-altering techniques available. This will more than likely increase your sensitivity and your creative approach to matters. The future of the person who born on 10 February will involve a lot of imagination.

February 10 horoscope predicts your career options are way too many to concentrate on one issue, but perhaps it is wise to choose one at a time. You have a feel for unity and would work best within a group of people. You feel right at home Aquarius, having the leading role. You have natural leadership qualities.

Your birthday horoscope predicts that you are most radiant and people seem to flock to you. The attraction makes you more in demand than others, Aquarius. If you choose to work alone, then look at one of your hobbies as a money-making opportunity. You work behind the camera but have you ever thought of being in front of it. If you focus, Aquarius, your possibilities are endless.

Let us mention just a couple of character flaws, Aquarius. If you see that a love relationship will take away your freedom, you will leave. You may want to find out why are you jealous of others that have found companionship when you run from it.

February 10 zodiac says that you meet people, but nothing ever comes of it. Perhaps the solution to this is that you should communicate, express your wants and needs and accept people for who they are. It is after all, what you ask of others.

Take down a few of those mental barriers and let love in. I know you will be happy with the findings. There is harmony in numbers with a steady progress report.

In conclusion, February 10 astrology analyzes that you want to have special relationships and like the process of courtship but you need your freedom as well.

Those born on this date are quick learners. You are a smart cookie, Aquarius. You enjoy being spontaneous but may not have the patience for conflicts because you did not properly plan.

See: Famous Celebrities Born On February 10

This Day That Year – February 10 In History

1535 – In Amsterdam twelve Anabaptist run through the streets naked
1863 – Alanson Crane of Virginia is granted a patent for first US fire extinguisher
1933 – The end of Marxism under Hitler’s rule
1947 – Peace treaties are signed to end WW II

February 10 Kumbha Rashi (Vedic Moon Sign)

February 10 Chinese Zodiac TIGER

February 10 Birthday Planet

Your ruling planet is Uranus that represents independence, originality, intelligence, and rebellion.

February 10 Birthday Symbols

The Water Bearer Is The Symbol For The Aquarius Star Sign

February 10 Birthday Tarot Card

Your Birthday Tarot Card is The Wheel of Fortune. This card symbolizes the cycle of life, your Karma and destiny. The Minor Arcana cards are Seven of Swords and King of Cups.

February 10 Birthday Compatibility

You are most compatible with people born under Aries: This is a happy-go-lucky relationship.
You are not compatible with people born under Leo: This is an unstable and unpredictable relationship.

See Also:

February 10 Lucky Numbers

Number 1 – This is some creation that shows leadership, determination, and strength.
Number 3 – This is a happy number that stands for optimism, luck and creativity.

Lucky Colors For February 10 Birthday

Orange: This is an invigorating color that symbolizes happiness, encouragement, and communication.
Purple: This is a spiritual color that stands for sensitivity, imagination, and fulfillment.

Lucky Days For February 10 Birthdays

Saturday – This is the day of planet Saturn that signifies the need to be patient to complete your tasks.
Sunday – This is the day of the Sun that represents creative energy, authority, determination, and confidence.

February 10 Birthstone

Your birthday gemstone is Amethyst which heals you spiritually and is good for insomnia and bone related problems.

Ideal Zodiac Birthday Gift For People Born On February 10

A computer software for the man and a romantic novel for the woman. The February 10 birthday horoscope foretells that you love technology and romance at the same time.

February 7 Birthday Horoscope

People Born On February 7: Zodiac Sign Is Aquarius

FEBRUARY 7 birthday horoscope predicts that you are popular! The zodiac sign for February 7 is the Aquarius. You like socializing and meeting interesting people. Read on to know what your birthday horoscope has to say about you! This magnetic Aquarius loves being surrounded by people.

You love people but you also like being alone. What you do in your private time is not up for discussion. You are a sweetheart but you are nobody’s pushover. You are smart enough to trust your instincts. It is the one thing you that will not let you down.

February 7 birthday personality love to travel and to discover new things. You know there are better places to be than where you are right now. There is more to life than what meets the eye.

Aquarians born on February 7 have a flair for the unusual. Your distinctive style expresses who you are on the inside. You do so that others want to be like you. You are a charmer with a great sense of humor. All of the qualities make you popular amongst your peers.

You may relate to a different element from what your Sun Sign / Zodiac Sign element is. Take this in-depth four elements personality quiz to understand it.

Often times, people think that you are unfriendly. That is far from the truth. You are very well liked. You are just curious by nature and you have a broad imagination. February 7 birthday personality suggests that you have very little tolerance when it comes to people’s games.

You are honest, Aquarius and you would not like it if you were made a fool of. You have a serious side than can be difficult for others to accept. The future of person who born on 7 February is dependent on your jolly personality.

Did I tell you how smart you are, Aquarius? Well, you know you are a quick learner, a self-starter and an enterprising person. Yes indeed… you have to get up early to pull the wool over your eyes as you are on top of things.

Aquarians with February 7 birthday, are proud people who sometimes feel superior. Your dreams and goals go beyond the ordinary. You also love your freedom. You need space in order to grow. You can come up with some interesting ideas.

With your natural talents Aquarius, you have your pick of career fields. You could teach, write or do research. February 7 astrology predicts that with your communication skills could land you a job in Public Relations or Human Resources. When you deal with professionals, you bring an honest energy to the table. And people love doing business with you.

What your birthday says about you is that you are straightforward and tell it like it is. The people on your team admire this quality in you. Your active imagination speaks to people in a way that captivates their attention. This quality makes you a great communicator. You have a persuasiveness that will undeniably make you into successful human being.

February 7 horoscope predicts you have a mysterious side to you. Yes, I know that quality should be attractive but it is most disheartening for someone who is trying to get to know you especially in love. You feel that you are misunderstood, Aquarius and here is why. Your walls are up and guarded.

How can you commit to anyone like this? You will not open up so they can form a trust bond and you are moody. This could cause someone to walk right out of your life. Find the right compatible partner and you can overcome bouts with self-doubt and periods of depression predicts your love compatibility by birthday.

February 7 Aquarius birthday people are more romantic than most other Aquarians. People think that you are sensual yet enthusiastic. Behind closed doors, you can be creative. Sometimes Aquarius you are torn between the physical aspects of a relationship and the idea of sex being an act of love.

Aquarius zodiac sign people take break ups hard but will move on to the next one without hesitation if necessary. Giving up your independence in a relationship is not an option. You already have an inability to stick to the rules or you have a problem with authority.

Aquarians born on February 7 are quick to debate. Those that have a different perspective will enjoy hearing you speak. You are very detailed and aware. Your birthday horoscope for today profile shows that you are also observant by nature.

Your Aquarian flaws are that you can be unpredictable and stubborn. You can also be quite cold and isolated. On the other side, you do not really care what people think of you.

In conclusion, maybe nobody will ever define you Aquarians, but you are still very special. When it comes to love, you will find the right one. It will be a significant time in your life, Aquarius.

You value your work and the rewards it provides for you. Aquarians like to be heard. You are independent, impulsive and set in your ways. Those with birthday February 7 will not give up your independence not even for love.

See: Famous Celebrities Born On February 7

This Day That Year  – February 7 In History

1238 – Vladimir is burned by Mongols
1795 – The 11th Amendment of the US Constitution affirms power of states
1812 – New Madrid, Missouri has an 8.2 earthquake
1904 – 1500 buildings are destroyed by fire in Baltimore, MD
1949 – Baseball’s Joe DiMaggio signs 100k a year contract with NY Yankees

February 7 Kumbha Rashi (Vedic Moon Sign)

February 7 Chinese Zodiac TIGER

February 7 Birthday Planet

Your Ruling planet is Uranus represents individuality, rebellious attitude and nervous energy.

February 7 Birthday Symbols

The Water Bearer Is The Symbol For The Aquarians

February 7 Birthday Tarot Card

Your Birthday Tarot Card is The Chariot. It symbolizes determination, will power and ability to overcome obstacles. The Minor Arcana cards are Six of Swords and Knight of Swords.

February 7 Birthday Compatibility

You are most compatible with people born under Aquarius: This zodiac match between two similar individuals is very compatible. You are not compatible with people born under Scorpio: This relationship can be really difficult with many arguments.

See Also:

February 7 Lucky Numbers

Number 7 – This number signifies an analytical mind that is a perfectionist at heart.
Number 9 – This is a friendly number which works for the social cause.

Lucky Colors For February 7 Birthdays

Purple: This is a royal number that stands for mysticism, wealth and good reputation.
Blue: Signifies freedom, reliability and integrity.

Lucky Days For February 7 Birthdays

Saturday – This is the day of the planet Saturn symbolized by cleaning up of old issues and beginning new ones.
Sunday – This day is ruled by the planet sun and signifies relaxation, meditation and understanding of the universe.

February 7 Birthstone

Amethyst is a mystical stone that keeps your temper under control and improves your psychic abilities.

Ideal Zodiac Birthday Gift For People Born On February 7

A book on philosophy for the Aquarius man and a Chinese spa massage for the Aquarius woman. February 7 birthday personality enjoy being pampered.

 

7 February S. H. Current Moon Phase and Planetary Positions

Current Moon Phase

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 2020

Tommorow the Moon will be in a Waxing Gibbous phase. This phase is when the moon is more than 50% illuminated but not yet a Full Moon. The phase lasts round 7 days with the moon becoming more illuminated each day until the Full Moon. During a Waxing Gibbous the moon will rise in the east in mid-afternoon and will be high in the eastern sky at sunset. The moon is then visible though most of the night sky setting a few hour before sunrise. The word Gibbous first appeared in the 14th century and has its roots in the Latin word “gibbosus” meaning humpbacked.

Custom Planetary Positions

This time zone is in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
6 February 2020
07:00 pm GMT (6:00 PM AEDT)
Zodiac: Tropical (Standard Western)

Sun:17 Aquarius 27
Moon:13 Cancer 39
Mercury:04 Pisces 54
Venus:28 Pisces 46
Mars:23 Sagittarius 21
Jupiter:14 Capricorn 55
Saturn:25 Capricorn 42
Uranus:02 Taurus 57
Neptune:17 Pisces 16
Pluto:23 Capricorn 36

True Lunar Node:07 Cancer 53 Rx
Mean Lunar Node:06 Cancer 17 Rx

Lilith (Black Moon):01 Aries 10

Chiron:02 Aries 46
Ceres:02 Aquarius 33
Pallas:07 Capricorn 33
Juno:21 Libra 39
Vesta:16 Taurus 56

Eris:23 Aries 17

Fire:4
Earth:6
Air:3
Water:6
Cardinal:11
Fixed:4
Mutable:4

December 27th Birthday Horoscope

People Born On December 27: Zodiac Sign Is Capricorn

DECEMBER 27 birthday horoscope predicts that as a Capricorn born today, are a first-class go-getter. You are bold and determined to have it all. Tireless and passionate, you spend many long hours pounding the way for the next achievement. You’re truly exceptional and those who love you, see this in you and are delighted. You are always on the first one to make a move.

As the December 27th zodiac sign is Capricorn, you are normally a stickler for how things get done. As far as you are concerned, there is little room for errors when it comes to working. Although you keep a calm attitude, a person’s work ethics that amounts to foolishness makes you somewhat uncomfortable.

You are the kind of leader who enjoys a challenge, but you’re practical are stable. You don’t take many risks at all. The more positive December 27 birthday personality traits are patience, your enthusiasm, and your caring ways. The future of person who born on 27 December is affected by your personality.

You may relate to a different element from what your Sun Sign / Zodiac Sign element is. Take this in-depth four elements personality quiz to understand it.

You find peace of mind when you accept things as they are. At least, those situations that you cannot control. As a relaxation therapy, you find enchantment through traveling.

Capricorn birthday individuals could live a little and do something out of the ordinary. Have some grown-up fun or do something you wanted to do as a child but were too afraid. If today is your birthday, you can be gullible but controlling individuals.

You may relate to a different element from what your Sun Sign / Zodiac Sign element is. Take this in-depth four elements personality quiz to understand it.

You find peace of mind when you accept things as they are. At least, those situations that you cannot control. As a relaxation therapy, you find enchantment through traveling.

Capricorn birthday individuals could live a little and do something out of the ordinary. Have some grown-up fun or do something you wanted to do as a child but were too afraid. If today is your birthday, you can be gullible but controlling individuals.

The December 27 astrology predictions show that the career options that are good for you should be creative. When it comes to handling money, you are the best. You instinctively know how and when to invest money so that you are extremely profitable. For these reasons, I would suggest entrepreneurship in a market that would return you enormous profits or that would return profits for others.

This is a natural state of being for you. You don’t mind the efforts if the rewards are justifiable. Additionally, you could have fun in a career that entertains the public. The world of film, radio, and television is huge, and your people skills could come greatly recommended.

The December 27 birthday personality are serious-minded individuals. You’re intelligent and creative. Some believe that you’re the best thing since sliced bread. Yes indeed, your friends are loyal to you as you are to them. You listen when they need a friend and give advice compassionately and logically. As the professional, you’d come with a top-notch recommendation as the best financial planner of the year. You like having fun but having stability weighs most importantly, predict the December 27 birthday meanings.

Famous People And Celebrities Born On December 27

John Amos, Michael Bourn, Jamaal Charles, Salman Khan, Eva Larue, Addison Reed, Hayley Williams

Famous Celebrities born on December 27th

 

This Day That Year – December 27 In History

2013 – Delta Airlines has a glitch in the website; thousands of people buy ridiculously low-priced tickets over the internet.
1993 – John O’Neil and Teri Garr married.
1992 – Harry Connick, Jr gets caught with a 9mm at the JFK airport in NY.
1982 – Imran Khan is victorious.

December 27  Makar Rashi (Vedic Moon Sign)
December 27 Chinese Zodiac OX

December 27 Birthday Planet

Your ruling planet is Saturn that symbolizes limitations, restrictions, patience, and organization.

December 27 Birthday Symbols

The Sea Goat Is The Symbol For The Capricorn Zodiac Sign

December 27 Birthday Tarot Card

Your Birthday Tarot Card is The Hermit. This card symbolizes your search for answers to various questions. The Minor Arcana cards are Two of Disks and Queen of Pentacles

December 27 Birthday Zodiac Compatibility

You are most compatible with people born under Zodiac Sign Aquarius: This match could turn out to be a winner.
You are not compatible with people born under Zodiac Sign Libra: This love relationship is not a winner.

See Also:

December 27 Lucky Numbers

Number 3 – This number signifies self-expression through creative ways and an optimistic personality.
Number 9 – This number signifies a giving nature, selflessness and artistic talents.

Read about: Birthday Numerology

Lucky Colors For December 27 Birthday

Red: This is the color of raw energy, luxury, strength, and confidence.
Indigo: This is a color that symbolizes magical abilities, Chakra healing, and spiritual enlightenment.

Lucky Days For December 27 Birthday

Tuesday: The day ruled by planet Mars is symbolic of aggression, assertive behavior, and rashness.
Saturday: The day ruled by planet Saturn is symbolic of discipline, efforts, delays, and self-control.

December 27 Birthstone Garnet

Your gemstone is Garnet that helps you overcome sexual inhibitions and become more intimate with your loved one.

Ideal Zodiac Birthday Gifts For People Born On December 27

A Cross pen for the man and a comfortable throw pillow for the woman. The December 27 birthday horoscope predicts that you like practical gifts.

To read anyone’s Birthday Horoscope

Searching for the Witches’ Tower

Archaeologists hunt for evidence of a 17th-century English family accused of witchcraft

In the fields belonging to Malkin Tower Farm, outside the village of Blacko, in Lancashire’s borough of Pendle, stands a solitary tree where small charms, fruit, and even the odd dream catcher are known to appear. These offerings are left behind by amblers on countryside strolls who are aware of the farm’s association with the notorious Pendle witch trials. In 1612, nearly a dozen people from this scenic region of hilly pastureland were accused of witchcraft, convicted, and hanged in the nearby city of Lancaster. Though they took place more than 400 years ago—nearly a century before the better-known witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts—the trials continue to captivate an eclectic mix of scholars, tourists, and neo-pagans. Researchers now conducting excavations at Malkin Tower Farm are hoping to find archaeological evidence of the witches themselves. The task is a daunting one, since material remains of magical practice are often ephemeral and difficult to distinguish from everyday objects. It also requires an understanding of the Lancashire in which the condemned lived, which was beset by religious and social upheaval, as well as substantial changes in traditional modes of rural life.

 

The team, led by archaeologist Charles Orser of Ontario’s Western University, chose to investigate Malkin Tower Farm because it shares the name of a property where the family most closely associated with the trials, the Devices, are known to have lived. The location Orser selected is only one of the possible locations for their home. No standing buildings from the seventeenth century—and no tower—survive at the site, and the exact location of the Device family home was never recorded. But in this part of the world, where farms are handed down over generations, place-names persist. “The names of individual fields, in particular, can be very ancient in this area,” says Malkin Tower Farm owner Andrew Turner, who, with his wife Rachel, operates holiday accommodations at the property. “I wouldn’t be surprised if the name ‘Malkin’ is actually quite a bit older than the 1612 trials.”

 

The farm’s current cottages, which sit on the lower slopes of a hill and look out over a vista of pastures, stone walls, and small lakes, date to the eighteenth century. Orser chose to investigate a field directly behind them, hoping to find evidence of earlier buildings. A 2018 field season based on geophysical surveys didn’t turn up much, but the team has now encountered what Orser says are the remnants of a demolished residence. “Clearly where we’re excavating now is a tumbled house, there’s no question about it,” he says. “And I can imagine that the local authorities would have wanted to demolish a house that they believed was associated with evil.”

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September 16th Birthday Horoscope

September 16 Zodiac Sign Is Virgo

Birthday Horoscope Of People Born On September 16

SEPTEMBER 16 birthday horoscope predicts that tend to go beyond the limit. As the zodiac sign for this birthday is Virgo, you can’t give up, or you find it extremely difficult to give in to defeat. You need to know what’s beyond the blue sky and have the patience and ability to find out. Patience is your virtue. Just do not become lax and take things for granted.

It’s not by trial and error, it is a calculated effort, and you are usually successful in your quests. However, there are some places this Virgin should not go. Everything is not for your discovery. As you demand respect, so do others. Be careful on those paths you cross and or crossover.

As far as your career aspirations, the September 16th birthday personality will make dreams profitable and gratifying. Although money is not your driving force, you like what it affords for you and your family. You like the awards that adorn your walls and shelves more than anything.

The September 16 astrology warns that you have a vulnerability to bad luck and misunderstandings. Be that as it may, you are a spiritual being and a religious person. As a child, your parents probably made you go to church, but as an adult, you have kept those values and beliefs. As a result, you have certain expectations of others.

There are times when everyone needs to be reminded that they have accomplished something and Virgos are no different. Bringing the bacon home is necessary but contributing to society often brings you personal happiness. This Virgo birthday person can be found in social professions as a therapist or social worker.

If today September 16 is your birthday, you are likely to have problems speaking your mind. You should stand up for yourself and for what you believe in more. No one will do it for you so that this quality can be considered as a negative birthday trait.

But when you do let loose your feelings, you can be hurtful and extremely insensitive. Nonetheless, you have a way of making people laugh about the situation. You would not think that the same Virgo is kind and is willing to go out of his or her way for a friend.

Your family says that you love to learn, but you hate change. The September 16 birthday personality needs security and stability. However, you only learn because things change. Don’t you see the irony of it all? If things did not change, we would not have the technology we have today that empowers you.

If you were to find a lover who has the same values and principles as the Virgo born on this day, everyone would be thrilled. A commitment with a similar person will more than compensate for lack of perfection. Usually, you’ll find this person to be sensitive but annoying.

Additionally, your friends say that you are likely a dreamer, but you make some dreams a reality. Other times, you are highly disappointed in the lack of perfection in others. The September 16 horoscope shows that you take your work seriously, and expect others to give the same amount of respect. You will expect everything done to perfection.

You see, when you blow things out of proportion, you have this way of making everybody sick of listening to and talking about it over and over again. Chill out, Virgo. Stop over analyzing every single thing. You’re going to give yourself a heart attack or worse, grey hairs. I’m laughing out loud, but you do tend to take the fun out of things by doing this.

The September 16 horoscope shows that you’re a go-getter. Typically, you expect perfection and are disappointed when things are changed. However a dreamer, you tend to make them a part of your life.

By doing so, you may worry too much. This could be unhealthy, but this zodiac birthday Virgo has a way of making light of serious situations by laughter. Someone like you would understand this and would make a perfect partner for you who are born today.

See: Famous Celebrities Born On September 16

This Day That Year – September 16 In History

1812 – Great fire in Moscow
1857 – Copyrights for the typesetting machine
1926 – 372 bodies discovered after a hurricane in FL and AL
1960 – At 98 years old, Amos Alonzo Stagg gives up coaching football

September 16 Kanya Rashi (Vedic Moon Sign)
September 16 Chinese Zodiac ROOSTER

September 16 Birthday Planet

Your ruling planet is Mercury which symbolizes what you are fascinated with and how your mind works on matters you are interested in.

September 16 Birthday Symbols

The Virgin Is The Symbol For The Virgo Zodiac Sign

September 16 Birthday Tarot Card

Your Birthday Tarot Card is The Tower. This card signifies disruptions that occur in your life which makes everything go haywire. The Minor Arcana cards are Ten of Disks and Queen of Swords

September 16 Birthday Zodiac Compatibility

You are most compatible with people born under Zodiac Sign Taurus: This relationship will have a lot of things in common.
You are not compatible with people born under Zodiac Sign Leo: This love match will be difficult and tumultuous.

See Also:

September 16 Lucky Number

Number 7 – This number symbolizes analysis, spirituality, contemplation and deep thinking.

Read about: Birthday Numerology

Lucky Colors For September 16 Birthday

Indigo: This is a perceptive color that represents wisdom, royalty, organization, and selflessness.
Green: This color stands for fertility, growth, tradition, and finance.

Lucky Days For September 16 Birthday

Wednesday – This weekday ruled by the Mercury and is symbolic of logical and rational thinking required to make important decisions.
Monday – This weekday is ruled by planet Moon. It symbolizes interactions with family and friends, imagination and fantasies.

September 16 Birthstone Sapphire

Sapphire gemstone is a symbol of mental stability, trust, faith, and self-expression.

Ideal Zodiac Birthday Gifts For People Born On September 16th

A case for the netbook for the Virgo man and a basket of scented perfumes, bath gels and aromatic oils for the woman. Beautifully wrapped gifts please them. The September 16 birthday zodiac predicts that you love gifts that are given with love.

The Witches Almanac – Autumn

SEPTEMBER 2019. September is the culling season for many biological systems, with naturally variant physical systems initiating those processes. Land-falling hurricanes, which most frequently occur during September, thin woodlands and allow new growth to take seed. Such storms are more common during low solar cycles, now occurring as land areas cool more quickly than oceans, increasing wind speeds as hurricanes advance over land. Similarly, heat from forest fires are a necessary part of a cycle that clears aged tree growth and releases “naked seeds” on pine cones that begin forests anew. In fact, heat that leads to new gene expression extends to humans and all mammals, as the cold and flu season peaks in September and October, a time when the rate of solar decline is greatest along with decreases of vitamin D creation and its influence on the endocrine systems. Inflammation in general and related chronic conditions are most evident during the low point in 11-year solar cycles.

OCTOBER 2019. The frequency of our planet’s volcanic activity is part of natural cycle that regulates global temperatures. It is also part of a sequence of events that spreads new and natural soil across growth areas, setting the stage for renewed vegetation growth after the Fall culling season. Not only does volcanic activity correlate with the cyclical low in 11-solar cycles but they tend to occur during the greatest rate of decline in annual solar output, during Fall. Such an occurrence also hastens a drop in global temperatures in October as the amount of atmospheric moisture drops. This is the driest month of the year with rainfall generally confined to the Pacific Northwest, Florida and the Gulf Coast. Fire remains a presence in Southern California, paradoxically because of a robust growing season from Spring rains—another representation of the inverted repetition within nature.

NOVEMBER 2019. Fiery sunsets will signal the afterglow of any global volcanic ash distribution at high altitudes. This should be a welcome sight as it indicates a kind of natural fertilizer for the growing season on the other side of Winter. In fact, this can be an opportunity to spread seed after bird migration and just before the snowfall and work with a gift from nature! Snowfall provides nitrogen in a natural way and with a perfectly even distribution. Both can arrive early this year as a 17-year tendency for increasing snowfalls persists. The first cool fronts of the year advance through Florida with beautiful weather underway there.

The Witches Almanac, (Copyright) Issued 38 Spring 2019 – Spring 2020 Page 84

Crystals for Love and Relationships

Are you interested in learning about crystals which can help you with your love life? These crystals are not only pretty to look at, they are known to help in all matters of emotion!

Ruby

The Ruby’s connection with love goes back to ancient history. Egyptians believed it was the stone of love. This beautiful gem’s use in crowns and regalia show its association with royalty; “love rules”. Fidelity has been a part of the Ruby’s influence, and the 40th wedding anniversary is the “Ruby Anniversary.” Love’s appreciation as a higher emotion aligns with the Ruby. It is said that a ruby will darken if an unfaithful lover comes near. The stone of the Root Chakra, the Ruby is also associated with sensual pleasures and physical passion. Wearing a ruby can increase sexual attraction.

Rose Quartz

Rose quartz beads have been dated back to the Mesopotamian culture, over 7,000 years ago. Considered by many to be the ultimate stone of love, the soft pink color and delicate beauty of rose quartz mirrors the delicate strength of love itself. Sometimes called the “love stone”, the color matches the aura given off by the heart Chakra. Wearing Rose Quartz jewelry can help bring healing and appropriate self-love. Meditating with Rose Quartz helps to instill calm and peacefulness. Carry a piece with you to help mend a broken heart and encourage gentle emotional healing.

Emerald

This brilliant green gem has a long history with mankind. The emerald held an honored place in Egypt, aligned with both Horus and Isis. The ancient Greeks believed it was emblematic of the Goddess Artemis and was believed to help ease pain during childbirth. This stone, the color of the Heart Chakra, was once thought to lose its color or turn a mottled brown if a partner was cheating or unfaithful. Giving an emerald to the one you love is believed to ward away lustful thoughts. Emeralds symbolize psychic powers and the connection between those who share true love.

Green Jade…

To read the rest click here Crystals

Sunday – The day of the Sun Gods

 

Sunday–The Day of the Sun

Among all peoples in early times the sun was an object of wonder. It was to them a mystery, but although they could never understand it, they imagined many explanations of it. When we remember that in those long-ago days nothing was known of the rotation of the earth or of its movement round the sun, we can readily see how very real the movement of the sun must have seemed. But if it moved across the sky it must be a chariot, for it was in chariots that all men travelled quickly, while none but a god could ride across the sky.

The nature of the sun may have been difficult to understand, but the comforts and the benefits which it brought to men were plain to all. It was a kindly god who gave the earth warmth and light, who ripened the crops and the fruit and made them serviceable to man, who clothed the trees with leaves and scattered the fields with flowers. It is little wonder then that in all parts of the world men worshiped the sun, and the god whom they pictured in their imagination was all the more real to them because of the great worh he performed.

We have seen how the Greeks and Romans worshiped the sun as Apollo, the god who set out each day when the Gates of the East had been opened by the Goddess of the Dawn, and, driving his chariot across the sky, dipped down into the oeean, where a boat awaited him to bring him back. Apollo was the most beautiful of the gods, as befitted the giver of light and happiness, and was worshiped throughout those sunny lands of the South. On the Island of Rhodes, off the coast of Asia Minor, stood one of the Seven Wonders of the World, a statue of Apollo. It was known as the Colossus of Rhodes on account of its size, for it was 100 feet high, the fingers of the god being as long as a man. It was placed at the entrance to a harbour, and remained in position for nearly sixty years, and was then (224 B.C.) overthrown by an earthquake.

The principal temples of Apollo were in the Island of Delos, and at Delphi in Greece, and it was at this town of Delphi that the great Pythian Games were held every four years in honour of the god. The games were so called because Apollo was believed to have slain at Delphi a dragon called Python.

The sun’s daily journey, his contest with the darkness, and his final victory at the dawn of the new day are ideas which have led to endless stories, and we find these stories are very similar among different peoples. Ra, the great sun-god of Egypt, was pictured as travelling by day in a ship across the waters of the sky, and returning during the night through the kingdom of the dead. To the Egyptians Ra was a symbol of life, death, and a new birth or resurrection. Through the night Ra fought with the lord of the powers of darkness, a huge serpent, who awaited the sun in the west with a band of demons, and whom he overcame at the approach of dawn. Ra was always represented either as a hawk or as a man with a hawk’s head, with the sun on his head. The hawk was chosen as his symbol, because it was said to fly towards the sun.

In India the sun was worshiped as the god Agni, who rode in a shining chariot drawn by blood-red horses. He was golden-haired, and had a double face, seven tongues, and seven arms.

Among the gods of the early British who were driven into Ireland was the sun-god Nudd, or Ludd, as he was sometimes called. His name appears in Ludgate, and it is thought that his temple stood on what is now Ludgate Hill in London. At a town called Lydney, in Gloucestershire, the remains of a temple to Ludd have been found, with many inscriptions containing his name.

The Angles and Saxons imagined the sun to be carried in a chariot driven by a maiden named Sol, as we shall read later. They had no god whom we can describe exactly as a sun-god, but several of their gods were like the sun in many ways, particularly Frey, whose sword sent out rays of light like the sun, and who caused the crops to ripen, and Balder the Beautiful, the God of Light, who was the favourite son of Odin, father of the gods, and was, as his name shows, the most handsome of the gods, ever happy and light-hearted. His golden hair and his bright, clear eyes shone like the sun, and his radiant smile warmed the hearts of all who met him. He knew no thought of evil, but was “good and pure, and bright, was loved by all, as all love light”.

In spite of his lovable nature, however, Balder was destined to misfortune through his twin brother, Hodur, the God of Darkness, who was the exact opposite of his brother, for he was gloomy and silent, and suffered from blindness. Odin, through his great wisdom, knew that disaster was to come to Balder, and spared no effort to stave off the evil day, by making all things in creation swear that they would never harm the God of Light. This they were only too ready to do, and all made a solemn vow, with the one exception of a shoot of mistletoe, which was passed over as being too slight a thing ever to cause harm to anyone. Balder being now free from all possibility of hurt, the gods one day amused themselves by shooting and throwing at him, laughing gaily as the objects they threw fell short or turned aside. Now Loki, the God of Fire, was bitterly jealous of the God of Light, and, as he watched the sport, his evil nature prompted him to a cruel and cowardly deed. Having discovered that the mistletoe alone of all created things had made no promise, Loki hastened to the gate of Valhalla, where the mistletoe was growing and plucking it, by the help of his magical power quickly fashioned from it an arrow. He then returned and sought out Hodur, who, because of his blindness, was standing idly aside and taking no part in the sport. Loki pretended to take pity on him, and fitting the arrow to a bow which he placed in Hodur’s hands, he offered to aim the shaft for the blind god. Aided by Loki, Hodur let fly the fatal arrow, and, to the horror and amazement of the gods, Balder fell dead. The anger of the gods against Hodur knew no bounds, and they would have killed him had it not been for their own law, which forbade the shedding of blood in Asgard, the home of the gods. All Asgard was plunged in the deepest grief, and Hermod, the messenger of the gods, was sent to Hel, the Goddess of the Underworld, praying her to restore Balder to life. Hel consented to do so, on condition that all created things should weep for Balder. Messengers were at once sent out over all the world to bid all things weep for Balder. Living creatures, trees, and flowers, and even the stones shed tears for the god they had loved so well; but at last a giantess was found whose only reply to the messengers was “Let Hel keep what she has”. Thus the evil Loki, for he it was in the disguise of a giantess, showed once again his cruel hatred of Balder, and caused the whole earth to mourn the loss of the radiant God of Light.

The gods now prepared for the burial of Balder. As was the custom among the Northmen, fuel was piled on the deck of Balder’s ship Ringhorn, and the body was then laid on the funeral pyre. The sides of the ship were decorated with rich cloth and garlands of flowers, and swords, armour, drinking-vessels, and many other things which the gods valued, were placed beside the hero. A torch was then put to the fuel, and the ship was launched. The funeral pyre floated slowly towards the west, the rising flames lighting up sea and sky, until at last, like the sun itself, it sank slowly into the sea, and all light faded from the sky