A Laugh for Today

Spell – The Call to the Dragons of the Quarters/Elements


From craftofwicca.com

The Call to the Dragons of the Quarters/Elements

This is an all-purpose dragon spell/invocation that can be done a few times a year to enhance your magical practices.

When you summon the Dragons of the Quarters, you are requesting a willing dragon to keep an eye on and direct the elemental forces connected with that quarter/direction.

At twilight create a circle of protection around you.

When you initially cast a circle, you will most likely receive multiple different dragons standing in as Quarter Guards.

You may eventually discover that the same four dragons are answering your call every time (you’ll be able to tell by the “feel” of the energy each provides). When this occurs, you may either wait for the dragon to disclose his or her name, or you can choose a name for each one.

Many Dragons choose to operate in this manner, accepting the moniker as a gift. In any case, at the proper quarter, change those names with the lines “One who is willing” and “Great _ Dragon.”

Face the correct direction and invoke:

East: The wonderful forces of the air have arrived from the regions of the Eastern Dragons! I summon One Who Is Willing to stand watch at the Eastern Gate. Give me supremacy over the powers of the air. Help me increase my intelligence and knowledge. Keep an eye on this circle so that anything that I do is wise! Great Eastern Dragon, hail and welcome!

South: The purifying force of Fire has arrived from the realms of the Dragons of the South! I summon One Who Is Willing to stand watch at the Southern Gate. Give me dominion over the Fire powers. Help me develop our free will and creativity. Keep an eye on this circle so that I can spread joy and beauty! Great Southern Dragon, hail and welcome!

West: Water’s cleaning power has arrived from the regions of the Dragons of the West! I summon One Willing to Guard the Western Gate! Give me dominion over Water’s abilities. Assist me in strengthening my intuition and emotional control. Keep an eye on this circle so that I can have the guts to listen to my inner voice and act accordingly! Great Western Dragon, greet and welcome!

North: The sustaining power of Earth has arrived from the kingdoms of the Dragons of the North! I summon One Who Is Willing to stand watch at the Northern Gate. Give me supremacy over Earth’s forces. Assist me in building physical, mental, and spiritual strength. Keep an eye on this circle so that I can have the courage to dive into the wonders of the cosmos! Great Northern Dragon, greet and welcome!

Some of the Witchcraft/Magickal Correspondence for Tuesday

From plentifulearth.com

Tuesday Magickal Correspondences

Planet: Mars

Element: Fire

Gender: Masculine

Deities: Ares/Aries, Lilith Mars, The Morrighan, Tiwaz, Tyr

Colors: Red, Black, Orange

Crystals: Bloodstone, Flint, Garnet, Iron Pink Tourmaline, Red Jasper, Red Tourmaline, Rhodonite, Ruby, Steel

Herbs & Plants: Allspice, Basil, Cactus, Chili Pepper, Coneflower, Dragon’s Blood, Garlic, Ginger, Holly, Horseradish, Mustard, Stinging Nettle, Onion, Pepper, Pine, Radish, Thistles, Tobacco

Incenses: Basil, Black Pepper, Dragon’s Blood, Ginger, Patchouli

Energies & Associations: Aggression, Breaking Negative Spells, Competition Courage, Defense, Dominance, Ego, Force, Hunting, Initiation, Leadership, Lust, Masculine Marriage and Protection, Powerful Protection, Powerful Wards, Revenge, Romance, Sex, Strength, Success, Victory, War and Conflict

From spells8.com

Tuesday Magickal Correspondences

Due to the influence that Mars has on this day of the week, Tuesday brings a blast of energy to expend, so it’s natural to feel impulsive or easily-triggered.

What spells to cast on a Tuesday? Scroll down to find a collection of witches’ spells for a Tuesday. Here are some ideas to inspire a Tuesday morning ritual. For a daily ritual, check the Daily Devotional page here.


Red candles are perfect for a Tuesday ritual. Red has a very powerful and lively energy in candle Magic. It is used for strength, emotional and sexual stimulation, vitality, and passionate love.


Tuesdays are ruled by AresMorrígan, Mars, Lilith, Tyr, among others.


Drink a cup of Pu Erh Tea, today for a boost of vital strength. This type of tea will keep you alert during the day due to its caffeine contents, but it also has many powerful effects on the body such as protecting from harmful bacteria, fighting inflammation, and eliminating body toxins¹.

The Element Fire is especially exalted on this day, accompany this ritual with a Fire invocation.

Herbs 🌿

GingerBlack Pepper, Thistles, Holly, Coneflowers, Cacti, Dragon’s blood.


Bloodstone, Carnelian, Coral, Ruby, Garnet, or Pink Tourmaline.

March 28th Divination Journal – Tarot Cards (General – Love – Health – Finances) Rune, Witches Rune

Tarot Cards

Click on the hyperlinks for information about today’s tarot cards from the Witches Tarot card deck on tarotx.net


The High Priest – Major Arcana

II. Meaning of the High Priest Witches Tarot

Message of the High Priest Witches Tarot

The High Priest Witches in a Tarot spread


5 of Swords – Minor Arcana

Menu of Contents

I. Keywords and corresponding associations to the Five of Swords Witches Tarot

II. Meaning of the Five of Swords Witches Tarot

III. Message of the Five of Swords Witches Tarot

IV. The Five of Swords Witches in a Tarot spread


3 of Swords – Minor Arcana

Menu of Contents

I. Keywords and corresponding associations to the Three of Swords Witches Tarot

II. Meaning of the Three of Swords Witches Tarot

III. Message of the Three of Swords Witches Tarot

IV. The Three of Swords Witches in a Tarot spread


The Sun – Major Arcana

Menu of Contents

I. Keywords and corresponding associations to the Sun Witches Tarot

II. Meaning of the Sun Witches Tarot

III. Message of the Sun Witches Tarot

IV. The Sun Witches in a Tarot spread


From white-magic-help.net


Power, Manhood, Femaleness, A Wild Bull

The rune of the termination and new beginning.  If it is pulled, it means that the life you used to live has grown out of its frame and needs to be left behind now, so that the life-energy can liberate itself, like a rebirth, into a new one. Be prepared for the chance, that hides itself behind the costume of loss.  At the same time modesty is demanded, because in order to rule, you must serve first.

Witch’s Rune

From psychic-revelation.com

The Black Rune

Keywords: Difficulty, pain.

Meanings: This is a rune of difficultyand negative influences will rule your life for a time, but as all difficulties are a learning experience it will lead to improved personal perspective and progress on your life’s path. Always consult the surrounding runes with this stone. If it lies with a positive stone it indicates that the pain of this experience will lead to a beneficial change in circumstances.

March 28, 2023 Birthday Horoscope

May the next year of your life be more positive than the past year! 

Click here to search for anyone’s birthday horoscope from thehoroscope.co

Being an Aries born on March 28th, you seem to be competitive and idealistic by nature. You setup big targets for yourself and strive to attain them, all while you are learning more and more about yourself.

You are resourceful and quick to adapt to changes although at times they may annoy you, especially when they come to disturb you from other priorities. Prepare to read an outstanding horoscope profile below.

 The zodiac sign for March 28 is Aries.

 Astrological symbol: Ram. This signifies the courage, willfulness and confidence of Aries natives born March 21 – April 19 when the Sun is in this sign and leads to new ways in their lives.

 The Aries Constellation, one of the 12 constellations of the zodiac is placed between Pisces to the West and Taurus to the East and its visible latitudes are +90° to -60°. The brightest stars are Alpha, Beta and Gamma Arietis while the whole formation is spread on 441 sq degrees.

 The name Aries is the Latin name defining Ram, the March 28 zodiac sign in French it is Bélier and in Greek it is Kriya.

 Opposite sign: Libra. This suggests energy and understanding but also means that this sign and Aries can create an opposition aspect at some point, not to mention that opposites attract.

 Modality: Cardinal. Shows how much fairness and diligence exists in the lives of those born on March 28 and how cautious they are in general.

 Ruling house: The first house. This house rules over the zodiac Ascendant and the earthly presence of an individual. It is also the home of initiative and life changing actions. This can only mean that the energetic Aries is inclined to be very careful with the image they show to the world.

 Ruling body: Mars. This planetary ruler symbolizes hope and friendliness and also reflects on a pioneering state. Mars is considered to be the yang side while Venus is the yin.

 Element: Fire. This element presents those born on March 28 as confident and full of bravery individuals and gets new meanings in association with the elements, modeling earth, making water boil or heating air.

 Lucky day: Tuesday. This is a day ruled by Mars, therefore deals with dynamism and goal orientation. It suggests the impulsive nature of Aries natives.

 Lucky numbers: 5, 7, 16, 19, 27.

 Motto: I am, I do!

More Information▼

 People born on March 28 act in an impetuous way, are authoritative and determined but they also love their liberty very much and they are sometimes impolite and rarely conciliatory. Enjoying outside activities very much they are often to be found involved in such activities, especially when those involve informal gatherings and a spirit of championship. They dislike being questioned about their resolutions when it comes to both their family life and profession. They enjoy being involved in projects that offer them the chance to arrange and plan things.

 Positive traits: These are eager and enterprising natives who are quick to find imaginative solutions. So when you need someone to provide a different insight, don’t forget about these highly resourceful individuals. At the same time they are quick to embrace change and make a full adaptation ritual every time they have the occasion. They are reliable and can be of great help, especially to those who win their respect and attention.

 Negative traits: These natives are bull headed and reluctant to the ideas and in general to what others have to say. They prefer it their way or no other way. In turn, they can be extremely disputatious so they often end up in all kinds of awkward collisions with other people. They need to move on from being stuck in their own idea of things and understand that settle isn’t always such a negative thing.

Love and Compatibility

 Lovers born on March 28 are impulsive and passionate. They have no time to wait and would do anything to take their passions to completion. They are attracted to enthusiastic and mysterious persons and sparks will fly for a long time if their partner manages to keep up the pace with them. You can conquer the heart of Aries if you’re as ambitious and as driven as them. The single Aries is so deep into tasks and projects as it has no time to even realize they are single.
 They believe in love at first sight and don’t need much time to get attached to someone. They are persons of extremes in love and sometimes this attitude will have them prone to disappointment. They are used to intensely live every aspect of their life and their relationships are no exception. They are likely to fall in love at a young age as they are attractive and positive persons. Concerning their family life they will marry when they are completely ready and they will probably be cool parents if they choose to have a one big family. They are most compatible with those born on the 4th, 6th, 8th, 13th, 15th, 17th, 22nd, 24th, 26th, and 31st.

 March 28 Zodiac people are most attracted to the other two fire signs: Leo and Sagittarius as they tend to share the same vision of life. In love, Aries is in a constant search for someone to open their hearts and whom to understand them at a deeper level. The most suitable to offer them this is the compassionate and caring Libra. Aries is thought to be least compatible with those born under the Pisces zodiac sign. As for the rest of compatibilities between the other star signs and Aries, you know what they say, stars predispose but people dispose.

Lucky color

The color considered to be representative for Aries natives with March 28 is red.

This hue denotes energy, warmth and youth. This zodiac color should be used in objects that surround the natives.

This hue is associated with catching attention and danger and fear. It brings focus to the essence of life and survival. On the other hand red is temper and anger so when provoked they tend to get aggressive. Red is favored by active and confident persons who need to feel in control and are always standing out and getting all the attention.

Other colors for Aries people are scarlet and carmine.

Representative birthstone

The exquisite diamond is the representative Aries birthstone for those born under the March 28.

Diamond presents a precious stone that reflects strength and elegance. The zodiac birthstone could be used in accessories and jewelry items.

Diamonds are precious stones that are though to help people clear their minds and take wise decisions. The Diamond used to be named the “teardrops of the gods” in ancient Greek.

Another birthstone considered beneficial for Aries natives is Emerald. It symbolizes harmony and the power of regeneration.

Characteristic flower

Honeysuckle is the flower said to be representative for Aries people born with March 28.

Honeysuckle is one of those plants that denote grace and delicacy. This zodiac flower is advised to be used for gifts and decorations.

Just like Aries, Honeysuckle is the first of the flower signs and comes with the same energy and determination as the above mentioned zodiac sign. This flower can be found during spring time but also in the summer.

Other flowers for Aries people are Geranium and Ginger.

Symbolic metal

Iron is the metal said to be representative for Aries people born with March 28.

Iron is a metal that suggests strength and action. This zodiac metal should be used in all kinds of jewelry items that are to be worn frequently.

It undoubtedly suggests the strength of the pure Aries. Iron also has magnetic properties well studies by the science.

Another metal considered beneficial for Aries natives is Silver.


 March 28 Zodiac belongs to the first decan of ARIES (March 21-March 30). This decan is strongly influenced by the planet Mars. This is representative for people who are powerful and involved in everything that happens around just like Aries and courageous warriors just like Mars. This decan is said to be magnifying all characteristics of Aries zodiac sign, both positive and negative.

 Being born on the 28th day of the month shows generosity, independence, great self confidence and idealism. The numerology for March 28 is 1. This number reveals revels leadership qualities, great will power and an original approach to life, all wrapped in a charming personality. Those Aries can only be proud of this association as this is the number of achievers, of those who see the bigger picture and are set to follow their goals no matter what.

 March is the first spring month in the Northern Hemisphere, bringing the revival and enthusiasm of spring. Those born in March are generous and attractive. March 28 Zodiac people are determined and attractive. The symbols for March include Aquamarine and Emerald as gemstones, Daffodil and Shamrock as plants and Mars, the god of war.

What statistics say about March 28 Zodiac?

March 28 is the 87th day of the year, or the 88th day in leap years, in the Gregorian Calendar and there are 278 days left until the end of the year. The twenty eighth day of spring, this is the Teacher’s Day in the Czech Republic.
 Aries comes ninth most common zodiac sign on the list of occurrence in the horoscope. Being an odd number sign, this is also considered a masculine sign with a positive meaning and a dynamic energy. This is defining for extrovert people who are socially confident and tenacious. An archetype used to describe this sign is the Defender. There is a slight peak of musicians and visual artists born in this period.

 Famous people born on March 28 under the Aries zodiac sign: Maxim Gorky, Vince Vaughn, Lady Gaga, Julia Stiles and Kate Gosselin.

March 28, 2023 Daily Horoscopes

Click here to read Georgia Nicols Daily Horoscopes

Moon Alert

After 6:30 AM EDT today (3:30 AM PDT) there are no restrictions to shopping or important decisions. The Moon is in Cancer.

Aries (March 21-April 19)

This is a day for important family discussions. It’s also a great day to make domestic improvements and discuss long-range plans that affect family members, the home and possibly real estate. Listen to the advice of someone older because their experience might be an important help right now.

Taurus (April 20-May 20)

You have wonderful chances to learn and study today. Likewise, you can teach others or share your ideas because you will be persuasive and convincing. This is because your mind is open and clear. You can also use this talent to discuss future plans and ask others about their future goals. They’ll be glad you inquired.

Gemini (May 21-June 20)

Today your ability to negotiate financial matters is excellent. In particular, bosses and people in authority (including parents) will be impressed with what you have to say. Why not get others on board with your ideas because this will give you strength in numbers.

Cancer (June 21-July 22)

The Moon is in your sign today lined up with fiery Mars, which might create strong feelings and outbursts of energy (even anger). Therefore, tread carefully. Nevertheless, you can also deal successfully with foreign interests, teachers, plus those in the legal or medical profession. Stay focused on your objective.

Leo (July 23-Aug. 22)

You’re keen about travel plans. Likewise, you’re just as enthusiastic about publishing ideas or something related to higher education, medicine and the law. Meanwhile, something going on behind the scenes might affect shared property, inheritances or insurance matters. Fortunately, everything looks solid.

Virgo (Aug. 23-Sept. 22)

You will work well with others today, especially in a competitive way. Someone older, perhaps a teacher or an advisor, might have good instructions or information for you. This is also an excellent day to negotiate financial issues about shared property, wills and such. You will be favoured.

Libra (Sept. 23-Oct. 22)

People in authority are impressed with your determination today. In one way, you are charming and sociable, especially dealing with the public; however, in another way, you mean business. This is why you will ask for what you want in clear terms. Factoid.

Scorpio (Oct. 23-Nov. 21)

You have the energy to study and learn new things today. You might also explore or learn more about the medical or legal profession. This is a good day to negotiate publishing rights or anything to do with higher education. Work-related travel is also likely for many of you.

Sagittarius (Nov. 22-Dec. 21)

You’re prepared to fight for your own best interests today, which you will be able to do so with skill and success because you’ve done your homework. An older family member might endorse your ideas. Meanwhile, relations with kids and romantic interests are fun-loving and playful!

Capricorn (Dec. 22-Jan. 19)

Be patient with partners and close friends today. Family discussions will go well because people are hopeful and optimistic about what can be achieved. Therefore, give someone close to you a lot of room to give their input as well. Great day for romance, especially love at first sight.

Aquarius (Jan. 20-Feb. 18)

In your job today, you’ll be focused and determined. Others might use this same one-pointed perseverance to deal with health issues or a pet. Whatever you do might involve a money-saving approach to something. Stock the fridge because there’s a strong chance you will suddenly entertain today.

Pisces (Feb. 19-March 20)

This is a good day to teach children or young minds new information or ways to encourage self-discipline in sports, the performing arts or any educational discipline. Meanwhile, your moneymaking ideas are definitely worth your attention!

If Your Birthday Is Today

Actress Dianne Wiest (1948) shares your birthday today. Your work is important to you; as is the affection of others. You are a caring person, who is personally independent. This is a slower paced year that will allow you to rejuvenate yourself. Focus on your needs and what brings you happiness, especially in relationships.

March 28, 2023 Moon Goddess Current Phase

You can use this link to go forward or backward in time for Moon phase information. If you are curious, you can even find out what phase the Moon was in when you or anyone else was born.

From MoonGiant.com

The Moon’s current phase for today and tonight is a Waxing Crescent Phase. Best seen in the west after the sun dips below the horizon at sunset. This is the first Phase after the New Moon and is a great time to see the features of the moon’s surface. The moon is close to the sun in the sky and mostly dark except for the right edge of the moon which becomes brighter as the days get closer to the next phase which is a First Quarter with a 50% illumination.

Visit the March 2023 Moon Phases Calendar to see all the daily moon phase for this month.

Today’s Waxing Crescent Phase

The Waxing Crescent on March 28 has an illumination of 44%. This is the percentage of the Moon illuminated by the Sun. The illumination is constantly changing and can vary up to 10% a day. On March 28 the Moon is 6.83 days old. This refers to how many days it has been since the last New Moon. It takes 29.53 days for the Moon to orbit the Earth and go through the lunar cycle of all 8 Moon phases.

Phase Details

Phase: Waxing Crescent
Illumination: 44%
Moon Age: 6.83 days
Moon Angle: 0.50
Moon Distance: 400,495.40 km
Sun Angle: 0.53
Sun Distance: 149,337,549.61 km

The 8 Lunar Phases

There are 8 lunar phases the Moon goes through in its 29.53 days lunar cycle. The 4 major Moon phases are Full Moon, New Moon, First Quarter and Last Quarter. Between these major phases, there are 4 minor ones: the Waxing Crescent, Waxing Gibbous, Waning Gibbous and Waning Crescent. For more info on the Moon Cycle and on each phase check out Wikipedia Lunar Phase page.

Useful Moon Resources

March 28th Today in Worldwide History

Today’s Important Historical Events

364 Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor

1854 Great Britain and France declare war on Russia, expanding the Crimean War

1939 Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to the Nationalists headed by Francisco Franco

1946 Cold War: The United States State Department releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.

Today’s Historical Events

37 Roman Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, better known as Caligula (which means “little soldier’s boots”), accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate

193 Roman Emperor Pertinax is assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.

364 Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor

519 Pope Hormisdas reunites the Eastern and Western church, ending the Acacian schism in a ceremony in the cathedral of Constantinople

1535 Bloemkamp Abbey (Oldeklooster) attacked & destroyed in Friesland

1556 Origin of Fasli Era (India)

1556 Philip II of Spain is formally crowned King of Spain

1566 Foundation stone laid for the new city of La Valletta in Malta by Knights Hospitaller Grand Master Jean de Valette

Today’s Historical Events in Flim and TV

1935 Influential Nazi Propaganda film “Triumph of the Will” released showing Nuremberg rallies, commissioned by Adolf Hitler and directed by Leni Riefenstahl

1948 2nd Tony Awards: “Mister Roberts” (Play); Henry Fonda (Actor) and Joshua Logan (Director) win

1953 KCAU TV channel 9 in Sioux City, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting

1954 WKAQ TV channel 2 in San Juan, PR (TM) begins broadcasting

1969 Greek poet and Nobel Prize laureate Giorgos Seferis makes a famous statement on the BBC World Service opposing the junta in Greece

1971 Last original edition of “The Ed Sullivan Show” broadcasts on CBS-TV

1977 49th Academy Awards: “Rocky”, Peter Finch & Faye Dunaway win

1979 Frank Lazarus & Dick Vosburgh’s stage musical comedy “A Day in Hollywood/A Night in Ukraine” premieres at the Mayfair Theatre, London, England

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1859 1st performance of Johannes Brahms‘ 1st Serenade for orchestra

1896 Umberto Giordano’s opera “Andrea Chenier” premieres at La Scala, Milan with Giuseppe Borgatti singing the title role

1930 1st performance of Walter Piston‘s Suite for orchestra (Boston)

1953 “New Faces (of 1952)” closes at Royale Theater NYC after 365 performances

1953 7th Tony Awards: “The Crucible” (Outstanding Play) & “Wonderful Town” (Outstanding Musical) win

1954 8th Tony Awards: “Teahouse of the August Moon” (Best Play) & “Kismet” (Best Musical) win

1964 Madame Tussauds Wax Museum in London unveils figures of The Beatles; they later appear on the Sgt. Pepper album cover

1967 “Sherry!” opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 65 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1879 41st Grand National: Garry Moore aboard 5/1 chance The Liberator wins by 2 lengths from Jackal

1884 46th Grand National: Ted Wilson aboard 10/1 shot Voluptuary wins by 4 lengths from Frigate

1890 52nd Grand National: Arthur Nightingall wins aboard 4/1 favourite Ilex

1891 1st world weightlifting championship won by Edward Lawrence in London, England

1919 78th Grand National: Ernie Piggott wins aboard Poethlyn; shortest price winner in history at 11-4

1922 Stanley Cup Final, Mutual Street Arena, Toronto, ON: Toronto St Patricks (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 5-1 for a 3-2 series win

1924 83rd Grand National: Bob Trudgill wins aboard 25/1 shot Master Robert; last GN from a general riding start, now-familiar ‘tape’ introduced the following year.

1933 1st SEC Men’s Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Mississippi State, 46-27

A Thought for Today

A Laugh for Today

Some of the Witchcraft/Magickal Correspondence for Tuesday

From awithintime.weebly.com

Tuesday- Ruled by Mars. Courage, energy, and physical strength. banishing negativity.

Day – Tuesday

Planet – Mars

Sign – Aries, Scorpio

Angel – Samuel

Color – Red, Pink, Orange

Plants – Red rose, cock’s comb, pine, Thyme, daisy, pepper

Stone – Aventurine, bloodstone, ruby, garnet, pink tourmaline

Intention – Passion, Partnership, courage, swift movement, energy,

Element – Fire, Water

More Qualities – Sexuality, aggression, conflict, action, strife, physical energy, sports, muscular activity, guns, tools, metals, cutting, surgery, police, soldiers, combat, confrontation, business, buying and selling animals, mechanical things, repair, gardening, woodworking, hunting, belongings

From ancientpathway.com

Magickal Intentions:
Courage, Physical Strength, Revenge, Military Honors, Surgery and the Breaking of Negative Spells, Matrimony, War, Enemies, Prison, Vitality, Assertiveness
Dragon’s Blood
Red Rose
Cock’s Comb
Pink Tourmaline

God – Xiuhtecuhtli

Xiuhtecuhtli – Aztec god of fire, day and heat from en.wikipedia.org

In Aztec mythologyXiuhtecuhtli [ʃiʍˈtekʷt͡ɬi] (“Turquoise Lord” or “Lord of Fire”),[3] was the god of fire, day and heat.[4] In historical sources he is called by many names, which reflect his varied aspects and dwellings in the three parts of the cosmos.[5] He was the lord of volcanoes,[6] the personification of life after death, warmth in cold (fire), light in darkness and food during famine. He was also named Cuezaltzin [kʷeˈsaɬt͡sin] (“flame”) and Ixcozauhqui [iʃkoˈsaʍki],[7] and is sometimes considered to be the same as Huehueteotl (“Old God”),[8] although Xiuhtecuhtli is usually shown as a young deity.[9] His wife was Chalchiuhtlicue. Xiuhtecuhtli is sometimes considered to be a manifestation of Ometecuhtli, the Lord of Duality, and according to the Florentine Codex Xiuhtecuhtli was considered to be the father of the Gods,[10] who dwelled in the turquoise enclosure in the center of earth.[11] Xiuhtecuhtli-Huehueteotl was one of the oldest and most revered of the indigenous pantheon.[12] The cult of the God of Fire, of the Year, and of Turquoise perhaps began as far back as the middle Preclassic period.[13] Turquoise was the symbolic equivalent of fire for Aztec priests.[14] A small fire was permanently kept alive at the sacred center of every Aztec home in honor of Xiuhtecuhtli.[14]

The Nahuatl word xihuitl means “year” as well as “turquoise” and “fire”,[11] and Xiuhtecuhtli was also the god of the year and of time.[15][16] The Lord of the Year concept came from the Aztec belief that Xiuhtecuhtli was the North Star.[17] In the 260-day ritual calendar, the deity was the patron of the day Atl (“Water”) and with the trecena 1 Coatl (“1 Snake”).[15] Xiuhtecuhtli was also one of the nine Lords of the Night and ruled the first hour of the night, named Cipactli (“Alligator”).[18] Scholars have long emphasized that this fire deity also has aquatic qualities.[13] Xiuhtecuhtli dwelt inside an enclosure of turquoise stones, fortifying himself with turquoise bird water.[19] He is the god of fire in relation to the cardinal directions, just as the brazier for lighting fire is the center of the house or temple.[20] Xiuhtecuhtli was the patron god of the Aztec emperors, who were regarded as his living embodiment at their enthronement.[21] The deity was also one of the patron gods of the pochteca merchant class.[22]

Stone sculptures of Xiuhtecuhtli were ritually buried as offerings, and various statuettes have been recovered during excavations at the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan with which he was closely associated.[23] Statuettes of the deity from the temple depict a seated male with his arms crossed.[24] A sacred fire was always kept burning in the temples of Xiuhtecuhtli.[25] In gratitude for the gift of fire, the first mouthful of food from each meal was flung into the hearth.[21]

Xiuhtecuhtli is depicted in the Codex Borgia.[26]


Xiuhtecuhtli’s face is painted with black and red pigment.[16] Xiuhtecuhtli was usually depicted adorned with turquoise mosaic, wearing the turquoise xiuhuitzolli crown of rulership on his head and a turquoise butterfly pectoral on his chest,[27] and he often wears a descending turquoise xiuhtototl bird (Cotinga amabilis) on his forehead and the Xiuhcoatl fire serpent on his back.[28] He owns fire serpent earplugs.[12] On his head he has a paper crown painted with different colors and motifs. On top of the crown there are sprays of green feathers, like flames from a fire.[12] He has feather tufts to each side, like pendants, toward his ears. On his back he has plumage resembling a dragon’s head, made of yellow feathers with marine conch shells.[12] He has copper bells tied to the insteps of his feet. In his left hand he holds a shield with five greenstones, called chalchihuites, placed in the form of a cross on a thin gold plate that covered almost all the shield.[12] In his right hand he has a kind of scepter that was a round gold plate with a hole in the middle, and topped by two globes, one larger than the other, the smaller one had a point.[12] Xiuhtecuhtli is closely associated with youthful warriors and with rulership, and was considered a solar god.[29] His principal symbols are the tecpatl (flint) and the mamalhuatzin, the two sticks that were rubbed together to light ceremonial fires.[30] A staff with a deer’s head was also an attribute of Xiuhtecuhtli, although not exclusively so as it could also be associated with Xochiquetzal and other deities.[31]

Many of the attributes of Xiuhtecuhtli are found associated with Early Postclassic Toltec warriors but clear representations of the god are not common until the Late Postclassic.[28] The nahual, or spirit form, of Xiuhtecuhtli is Xiuhcoatl, the Fire Serpent.[32]

Xiuhtecuhtli was embodied in the teotecuilli, the sacrificial brazier into which sacrificial victims were cast during the New Fire ceremony.[32] This took place at the end of each cycle of the Aztec calendar round (every 52 years),[33] when the gods were thought to be able to end their covenant with humanity. Feasts were held in honor of Xiuhtecuhtli to keep his favors, and human sacrifices were burned after removing their heart.

Annual festival[edit]

The annual festival of Xiuhtecuhtli was celebrated in Izcalli, the 18th veintena of the year.[34] The Nahuatl word izcalli means “stone house” and refers to the building where maize used to be dried and roasted between mid-January and mid-February. The whole month was therefore devoted to fire.[14] The Izcalli rituals grew in importance every four years.[35] A framework image of the deity was constructed from wood and was richly finished with clothing, feathers and an elaborate mask.[34] Quails were sacrificed to the idol and their blood spilt before it and copal was burnt in his honour.[36] On the day of the festival, the priests of Xiuhtecuhtli spent the day dancing and singing before their god.[37] People caught animals, including mammals, birds, snakes, lizards and fish, for ten days before the festival in order to throw them into the hearth on the night of the festival.[38] On the tenth day of Izcalli, during a festival called huauhquiltamalcualiztli (“eating of the amaranth leaf tamales”), the New Fire was lighted, signifying the change of the annual cycle and the rebirth of the fire deity.[39] During the night the image of the god was lit with using the mamalhuatzin.[40] Food was consumed ritually, including shrimp tamales, after first offering it to the god.[38]

Every four years a more solemn version of the festival was held at the temple of Xiuhtecuhtli in Tenochtitlan, attended by the emperor and his nobles.[42] Slaves and captives were dressed as the deity and sacrificed in his honour.[43] Godparents were assigned to children on this day and the children had their ears ritually pierced. After this, the children, their parents and godparents all shared a meal together.[42]

New Fire Ceremony[edit]

Xiuhtecuhtli was celebrated often but especially at the end of every 52-year period. This was the time the 365-day solar and the 260-day sacred calendars ended on the same day and the Aztec celebrated the Binding of the Years with the New Fire Ceremony.[17] In order to perform the ritual, priests marched in solemn procession up the Hill of the Star on a peninsula near Culhuacán to wait for the star Yohualtecuhtli (either Aldebaran in the Taurus constellation or the Pleiades as a whole) to get past its zenith. Having ascertained this, they would tear out the heart of a sacrificial victim and kindle a flame in a small wooden hearth they placed inside the hole left in his chest. Priests used a drill method to generate this sacred flame. It was then carried on pine sticks to light the fires anew in every hearth, including the sacred braziers of perpetual fire, that numbered over 600 in the capital alone.[44]

Goddess – Chantico, or Xantico

Chantico, The Aztec Goddess of Fire and the Household from oldworldgods.com

It was not unusual to see that in some religions, there were deities linked to both domestic and military matters. The Aztec goddess Chantico was an example of this link, just like the Roman goddess Vesta was in the Roman religion.

What was Chantico the goddess of?

In Aztec religion, Chantico was a domestic deity. She was mainly associated with the fires burning in the house hearth but was considered to be the protectress of the house and of the possessions inside it in general.

Because of a process of extension of her prerogatives, the Aztecs came to think of her as the protectress of their empire as a whole: it has been reported by the Spanish that Moctezuma, one of the last Aztec emperors, had an idol of the Aztec goddess Chantico with a removable leg, that he would have used as a tool to curse the land, obstructing the advance of Hernan Cortes.

For this reason, probably, Chantico had a tight link to the army and to military life in general, which was made evident in her iconography.

The appearance of Chantico goddess of fire

Her representations, in fact, usually displayed a crown made of spikes of a poisonous cactus, which was seen as a sign of aggressivity and peril, and at the top of her head was often present an ornament of feathers, which were a typical symbol of warriors.

In addition, among her accessories could be found the so-called alt-tlachinolli, or water-fire, a necklace which also was linked to warfare. Other elements which help to identify her in codexes and images are the obsidian sandals at her feet, the so-called itzcactli, and a golden pendant at her neck, which probably was a representation of the sun.

Connections and relationships with other Aztec deities

Being the goddess who presided to the domestic fire, Chantico was connected to this element, too, and was therefore linked to the other fire deities of the Aztec pantheon.

In particular, she was often associated with the god Xolotl: their connection was represented by the fact that they both were often depicted wearing the yacaxtuitl, a blue nose ornament.

Her cult was particularly strong among stonecutters. Likely for this reason, she was particularly worshipped in the town of Xochimilco, where stonecutting was widely practiced.

The meaning of Chantico Aztec goddess: Origin of the Name

It seems that the name “Chantico” might have signified “she who lives in the house”, surely alluding to her role as a domestic goddess.

Anyway, she was also referred to with other names. One of these was Quaxolotl, which would have meant “split in the upper part”, and would have therefore been a reference to Chantico’s link to the god of duality and twins, Xolotl.

Among stonecutters, she would have been also called Papaloxaual or Tlappapalo, meaning respectively “butterfly painting” and “the one of the red butterfly”. Anyway, there seem to be no other pieces of information clarifying this association of her with butterflies.

History of Chantico goddess and Most Important Myths Related to Her

According to some scholars, the cult of the Aztec goddess Chantico would have originated there where she was most worshipped, in the town of Xochimilco.

Therefore, it would have spread to all the Aztec Empire, included of course the capital, Tenochtitlan, where Chantico goddess would have been venerated in the most important religious building, the Templo Mayor.

Chantico goddess of fire was the main character of an interesting myth describing food taboos among the Aztecs. Let’s see this story in greater detail.

The Aztec goddess Chantico and the Paprika

According to this story, the Aztec goddess of fire Chantico liked paprika very much. Some suggest that the reason behind this fact could be found in Chantico’s association with fire: paprika, in fact, remembers fire both in color and taste.

Anyway, in Aztec religion, food was a prerogative of the god Tonacatecuhtli, who used to occasionally declare fasts, i.e. days during which some particular foods were banned.

One day, a fast of this sort, forbidding anyone to eat paprika, was pronounced by Tonacatecuhtli; nonetheless, the Aztec goddess Chantico could not resist pouring this beloved spice on her meal, which consisted of roasted fish.

Angered, Tonacatecuhtli changed Chantico into a dog, as a form of punishment. According to some, this might be the reason why dogs love to rest by the hearth.

Powers of the Aztec goddess Chantico

In her role of protectress of possessions, of the house, and, more generally, of the Aztec homeland, the Aztec goddess Chantico was thought to be able to deny access to strangers and enemies.

Symbols of Chantico and Their Meanings

Besides the ones already mentioned, one of Chantico’s symbols was an eagle foot covered with the skin of a jaguar, located on a dish of blood.

Like many others of her attributes, this peculiar image, also, might have represented her link with war, since the dish of blood was a symbol of warrior sacrifice.

Additional Aztec goddess Chantico Facts

Chantico’s figure is linked to one of the most impressive and important archeological remains found in the lands once occupied by the Aztecs: the so-called Coyolxauhqui-Chantico monument.

As its name suggests, this object has been linked by scholars to two Aztec goddesses: one is the goddess of the moon, Coyolxauhqui, while the other is the domestic goddess Chantico.

It represents a giant head and has been discovered in the Templo Mayor, the most important and famous building that could be found in the ancient city of Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire. This head was called this way by Hermann Mayer, an important Mesoamerican scholar.

In fact, he argued, elements related to both deities could be found in it. The form and the subject of the statue, a giant head, surely reminded of Coyolxauhqui, and in particular of her role in the myth describing the birth of Huitzilopochtli: according to this story, in fact, Coyolxauhqui and her brothers would have tried to kill their mother while she was pregnant with Huitzilopochtli, but he would have come out of his mother’s womb and defeated them, beheading Coyolxauhqui.

At the same time, as noted by Eduard Seler, the character to whom the head belongs, represented in other objects, presents elements that can be easily associated with Chantico. In particular, it wears the itzcactli, the obsidian sandals, and a golden pendant which are often displayed in Chantico’s portraits. These facts have led some scholars to think that the two deities might be connected. Anyway, none of the surviving sources in their possession is able to confirm or clarify this point.

Archangel – Gabriel


Gabriel is like the complex feeling of delivering bad news. It’s affecting you as much as you are affecting the people around you. There is a weight in there. It’s a dark weight, but it’s valuable. There’s a message that needs to be said, and you need to be the one to say it.

This Golden Herald embodies those transmissions which are most important. Words, sounds and pictures that carry huge impact. Sometimes the results are glorious and sometimes they are terrible. Either way, there is no way to hold them back. When the herald lifts its lantern, everyone will see it. There’s no escaping it.

Witchcraft Symbols, Terms and Definitions – Dragon

dragon is a reptilian legendary creature that appears in the folklore of many cultures worldwide. Beliefs about dragons vary considerably through regions, but dragons in western cultures since the High Middle Ages have often been depicted as winged, horned, and capable of breathing fire. Dragons in eastern cultures are usually depicted as wingless, four-legged, serpentine creatures with above-average intelligence. Commonalities between dragons’ traits are often a hybridization of felinereptilian, and avian features. Scholars believe vast extinct or migrating crocodiles bear the closest resemblance, especially when encountered in forested or swampy areas, and are most likely the template of modern Oriental dragon imagery.[1][2]


The word dragon entered the English language in the early 13th century from Old French dragon, which, in turn, comes from the Latindraconem (nominative draco) meaning “huge serpent, dragon”, from Ancient Greek δράκωνdrákōn (genitive δράκοντοςdrákontos) “serpent”.[4][5] The Greek and Latin term referred to any great serpent, not necessarily mythological.[6] The Greek word δράκων is most likely derived from the Greek verb δέρκομαι (dérkomai) meaning “I see”, the aorist form of which is ἔδρακον (édrakon).[5] This is thought to have referred to something with a “deadly glance,”[7] or unusually bright[8] or “sharp”[9][10] eyes, or because a snake’s eyes appear to be always open; each eye actually sees through a big transparent scale in its eyelids, which are permanently shut. The Greek word probably derives from an Indo-European base *derḱ- meaning “to see”; the Sanskrit root दृश् (dr̥ś-) also means “to see”.[11]

Myth origins

Draconic creatures appear in virtually all cultures around the globe[12] and the earliest attested reports of draconic creatures resemble giant snakes. Draconic creatures are first described in the mythologies of the ancient Near East and appear in ancient Mesopotamian art and literature. Stories about storm-gods slaying giant serpents occur throughout nearly all Near Eastern and Indo-European mythologies. Famous prototypical draconic creatures include the mušḫuššu of ancient MesopotamiaApep in Egyptian mythologyVṛtra in the Rigveda; the Leviathan in the Hebrew BibleGrand’Goule in the Poitou region in FrancePythonLadonWyvern, and Kulshedra in Albanian Mythology and the Lernaean Hydra in Greek mythologyJörmungandrNíðhöggr, and Fafnir in Norse mythology; and the dragon from Beowulf.

Nonetheless, scholars dispute where the idea of a dragon originates from[13] and a wide variety of hypotheses have been proposed.[13]

In his book An Instinct for Dragons (2000), David E. Jones (anthropologist) suggests a hypothesis that humans, like monkeys, have inherited instinctive reactions to snakes, large cats, and birds of prey.[14] He cites a study which found that approximately 39 people in a hundred are afraid of snakes[15] and notes that fear of snakes is especially prominent in children, even in areas where snakes are rare.[15] The earliest attested dragons all resemble snakes or have snakelike attributes.[16] Jones therefore concludes that dragons appear in nearly all cultures because humans have an innate fear of snakes and other animals that were major predators of humans’ primate ancestors.[17] Dragons are usually said to reside in “dank caves, deep pools, wild mountain reaches, sea bottoms, haunted forests”, all places which would have been fraught with danger for early human ancestors.[18]

In her book The First Fossil Hunters: Dinosaurs, Mammoths, and Myth in Greek and Roman Times (2000), Adrienne Mayor argues that some stories of dragons may have been inspired by ancient discoveries of fossils belonging to dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals.[19] She argues that the dragon lore of northern India may have been inspired by “observations of oversized, extraordinary bones in the fossilbeds of the Siwalik Hills below the Himalayas[20] and that ancient Greek artistic depictions of the Monster of Troy may have been influenced by fossils of Samotherium, an extinct species of giraffe whose fossils are common in the Mediterranean region.[20] In China, a region where fossils of large prehistoric animals are common, these remains are frequently identified as “dragon bones”[21] and are commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine.[21] Mayor, however, is careful to point out that not all stories of dragons and giants are inspired by fossils[21] and notes that Scandinavia has many stories of dragons and sea monsters, but has long “been considered barren of large fossils.”[21] In one of her later books, she states that, “Many dragon images around the world were based on folk knowledge or exaggerations of living reptiles, such as Komodo dragonsGila monstersiguanasalligators, or, in California, alligator lizards, though this still fails to account for the Scandinavian legends, as no such animals (historical or otherwise) have ever been found in this region.”[22]

Robert Blust in The Origin Of Dragons (2000) argues that, like many other creations of traditional cultures, dragons are largely explicable as products of a Click here to learn more about a Dragon from en.wikipedia.org