Only Birthday Horoscope and Current Moon Phase Posts Being Done Until September 23

 

SONNY 6/10/1935 – 9/13/2022

I am still in a deep saddened state of mind and heart. My grieving is running deeper for a man I loved, respected, shared a son with, and was a close friend for 44 years than I thought it would.

Between my emotional roller coaster, 30⁰ temperature changes from early mornings in the 50s F to high 80s F in the afternoon, and not sleeping well my “wonderful friend” fibromyalgia has not only raised its ugly head but has taken over my entire body. So, I am in a whole lot of pain and cannot handle typing or sitting too long to do all the regular posts. So, I decided to just do the birthday horoscope and current Moon phase until it calms back down. Which I don’t see happening until after Sonny’s physical body is buried on Wednesday. If I can do additional posts for daily correspondence and a spell, I will put them up. I am just not sure if posts will be up around 10 AM CDT or at some other time. I should be back to full regular posts on Friday, September 23rd.

Thank you once again for your support, patience, understanding, and loyalty to me and WOTC. Blessed be dear Sisters, Brothers, and Honored Guests.

September 14 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1752 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian calendar (no Sept 3 – Sept 13)

1936 1st prefrontal lobotomy in America performed by Walter Freeman and James W. Watts at George Washington University Hospital in Washington D.C.

1939 World’s 1st practical helicopter, the VS-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky takes (tethered) flight in Stratford, Connecticut

1949 India’s Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as an official language. Celebrated today as Hindi Day.

1956 IBM introduces the RAMAC 305, 1st commercial computer with a hard drive that uses magnetic disk storage, weighs over a ton

1960 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

2020 Astronomers report possible sign of life on Venus, after detecting phosphine in planets’s atmosphere by telescope [1]

2021 1 in 500 Americans have died of COVID-19 as the nation’s known death toll reaches 663,913 (Johns Hopkins) [1]

Today’s Historical Events

81 Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus

786 Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother Al-Hadi

891 Stephen V’s reign as Catholic Pope end with his death, succeeded a few weeks later by Pope Formosus

1163 Pastor Frederik forms convent at Mariengaarde Friesland

1180 Minamoto no Yoritomo led force of 300 defeated at Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan

1515 Battle at Marignano ends after two days in a French and Venetian victory over a Swiss army

1607 Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland

1629 Siege of ‘s-Hertogenbosch: Spanish garrison surrenders to Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1958 WTAE TV channel 4 in Pittsburgh, PA (ABC) begins broadcasting

1959 WQEX TV channel 16 in Pittsburgh, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting

1960 KERA TV channel 13 in Dallas, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting

1964 WCVE TV channel 23 in Richmond, VA (PBS) begins broadcasting

1964 Walt Disney awarded Medal of Freedom at White House

1965 Western sitcom “F-Troop” premieres in the US on ABC

1972 “The Waltons” TV program premieres on CBS starring Richard Thomas, Ralph Waite, Michael Learned, and Will Geer

1979 The film “Quadrophenia”, loosely based on The Who’s 1973 rock opera of the same name, is released.

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1741 George Frideric Handel finishes his “Messiah” oratorio after working on it non-stop for 23 days

1954 Benjamin Britten‘s opera ‘Turn of the Screw’ premieres in Venice

1955 Little Richard records “Tutti Frutti” at J & M Studio in New Orleans, Louisiana

1960 Dmitri Shostakovich becomes member of Communist Party of USSR

1968 Dmitri Shostakovich‘ 12th string quartet, premieres in Moscow

1968 While on tour in England, a fire at singer Roy Orbison’s Henderson, Tennessee home kills the two eldest of his three sons

1980 “Charlie & Algernon” opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 17 performances

1984 1st MTV Video Music Awards: The Cars win with “You Might Think”, and David Bowie wins with “China Girl”

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1865 British Open Men’s Golf, Prestwick GC: Scotsman Andrew Strath wins his first title; beats 2-time champion Willie Park Sr. by 2 strokes

1913 Cubs Larry Cheney hurls record 14-hit shutout against Giants (7-0)

1916 Christy Mathewson pitches & wins his final game

1923 In his 4th heavyweight boxing title defence Jack Dempsey recovers after being sent through the ropes to KO Argentine challenger Luis Firpo in the 2nd round at the Polo Grounds, NYC

1923 Red Sox 1st baseman George Burns pulls off an unassisted triple play

1924 Walter Johnson selected as the American League MVP

1929 A’s clinch AL pennant with a 5-0 win over White Sox

1929 US National Championship Men’s Tennis, Forest Hills NY: Bill Tilden wins 7th US title; beats Francis Hunter 3-6, 6-3, 4-6, 6-2, 6-4

A Death in Lady Beltane’s Family

My middle son’s father crossed the veil Tuesday night. Although it was expected it still saddens me deeply. I am not in a frame of mind to do posts this morning. I will try to get both hemispheres today and tomorrow posts done later today but this new development in my life has caused a very bad fibromyalgia flare so I am limited on how long I can type.

Sonny was a man whose later years revolved around his 9 children and all his descendants. He proudly served in the U. S. Army and belonged to the V. F. W. and served as a Commander for his post. He was also a member of the American Legion and Elks clubs.

I remember him most for the close friendship and love we shared for over 40 years. He is my only ex I talked to regularly. We might not have been a couple for many years but our shared love of our son always kept us close. I got to spend time with him at the end of July when we celebrated our or at least my youngest grandson’s 3rd birthday.

I send him off with love and the wings of an eagle to the Summerlands.

September 13 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

509 BC The temple of Jupiter on Rome’s Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September

335 Church of Holy Sepulchre consecrated in Jerusalem

1224 Francis of Assisi is afflicted with stigmata after a vision praying on Mount Verna

1501 Michelangelo begins work on his Statue of David, a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture

1845 English chemist Michael Faraday discovers the ‘Faraday effect’, the influence of a magnetic field on polarized light

1847 American-Mexican war: US General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City

1993 Public unveiling of the Oslo Accords, an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement initiated by Norway, signed by Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs Shimon Peres and PLO official Mahmoud Abbas

Today’s Historical Events

509 BC The temple of Jupiter on Rome’s Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September

122 Building begins on Hadrian‘s Wall, Northern England

335 Church of Holy Sepulchre consecrated in Jerusalem

533 General Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimium, near Carthage, North Africa

604 Sabinian begins his reign as Pope replacing Pope Gregory the Great

1125 Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg crowned as German king Lotharius III

1224 Francis of Assisi is afflicted with stigmata after a vision praying on Mount Verna

1440 Gilles de Rais is finally taken into custody upon an accusation brought against him by the Bishop of Nantes.

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1947 WPVI TV channel 6 in Philadelphia, PA (ABC) begins broadcasting

1953 KGTV TV channel 10 in San Diego, CA (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting

1954 WPBN TV channel 7 in Traverse City, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting

1964 WKEF TV channel 22 in Dayton, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting

1969 “Scooby-Doo Where are You” by Hanna-Barbera debuts on CBS in the US

1971 WIIQ TV channel 41 in Demopolis, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting

1973 ABC announces it obtained TV rights for 1976 Olympics

1973 US Congress passes & sends a bill to President Nixon to lift NFL football’s television blackout of sold out games

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1947 T-Bone Walker records his biggest hit “Call it Stormy Monday (But Tuesday Is Just as Bad)” in Hollywood, California

1965 Beatles release single “Yesterday” – just Paul, with a strings arranged by George Martin

1965 Beatles win 1st Grammy, for Best Group of 1964

1969 Plastic Ono Band’s 1st live performance, featuring John LennonYoko Ono and Eric Clapton, the Toronto Rock and Roll Revival festival

1985 2nd MTV Video Music Awards: Bruce Springsteen

1989 “Les Miserables” opens at Fisher Theatre, Detroit

1994 “Ready To Die” debut studio album by The Notorious B.I.G. released

1997 Elton John releases “Candle in the Wind 1997”, a tribute to Diana, Princess of Wales in the UK

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1866 British Open Men’s Golf, Prestwick GC: Willie Park Sr. wins his 3rd title; beats his brother Davie Park by 2 strokes

1872 British Open Men’s Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris, Jr. wins 4th consecutive title; beats fellow Scot Davie Strath by 3 strokes

1883 Hugh Daily, a one-armed pitcher for Cleveland (Forest City), tosses 1-0 no-hitter against Philadelphia

1902 Chicago Cubs infielders Joe Tinker, Johnny Evers, & Frank Chance appear together as teammates for 1st time, creating the famed double-play combination of “Tinker to Evers to Chance”

1907 Canadian Interprovincial Rugby Football Union (IRFU) forms with merge of Hamilton Tigers, Toronto Argonauts (ORFU) and Ottawa Rough Riders, Montreal FC (QRFU)

1909 Ty Cobb clinches AL HR title with his 9th HR (all inside-the-park)

1910 Regina Rugby Club forms

1924 19th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Philadelphia (5-0)

Pagan and Magickal Terms and Definitions

Today’s Word is

Journey

From moonlitpriestess.com

A shamanic practice of traveling between the worlds to seek aide from guides, animal spirits, and other entities for answers, advice, and guidance. Sometimes used by Witches to perform magick in or through the otherworld or to enhance magick performed outside of journey or meditation.

September 12 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1758 French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue

1909 World’s first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann

1933 Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives idea of a nuclear chain reaction

1940 Four teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux, France discover 17,000 year old drawings now known as the Lascaux Cave Paintings

1958 US Supreme Court orders the all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas to integrate

1959 Luna 2 launched by USSR; 1st spacecraft to impact on the Moon

Today’s Historical Events

490 BC Traditional date of the Battle of Marathon, where a small Athenian force defeats the Persian Empire

1015 Henry I becomes Count of Leuven

1213 Battle at Muret: Crusade of Simon de Montfort beat Pedro II of Aragon

1217 French prince Louis & English King Henry III sign peace treaty

1229 Aragonese army led by James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, to conquer the island

1396 Crusaders under earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis

1543 Treaty of Venlo signed by Duke Willem of Gulik and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V during Italian Wars

1624 1st submarine publicly tested in London on the Thames for King James I

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1928 Katharine Hepburn‘s NYC stage debut in “Night Hostess”

1934 “L’Atalante”, French film directed by Jean Vigo, starring Michel Simon, Dita Parlo and Jean Dasté, is released

1952 Noël Coward‘s “Quadrille,” premieres in London

1954 WLBZ TV channel 2 in Bangor, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting

1955 KNTV TV channel 11 in San Jose, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting

1959 “Bonanza” premieres on NBC-TV

1963 WHYY TV channel 12 in Wilmington, DE (PBS) begins broadcasting

1964 Film that started Spaghetti Western genre “A Fistful of Dollars” premieres, directed by Sergio Leone, starring Clint Eastwood in his first leading role

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1910 Gustav Mahler’s 8th Symphony (“Symphony of A Thousand”) premieres in Munich with 1028 musicians

1927 Sigmund Romberg’s musical “My Maryland,” premieres in NYC

1953 “Carnival in Flanders” closes at New Century Theater NYC after 6 performances

1960 “Vintage ’60” opens at Brooks Atkinson Theatre NYC for 8 performances

1975 Pink Floyd releases their ninth album “Wish You Were Here”

1984 Cyndi Lauper sings “She-Bop” on The Tonight Show

1990 “Les Miserables,” opens at Cirkus Theater, Stockholm

1994 American country singer-songwriter George Jones undergoes successful triple bypass surgery

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1885 Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set

1895 Defender (US) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America’s Cup

1895 Annie Londonderry [Annie Kopchovsky] arrives in Chicago to complete first round-the-world trip by a woman on a bicycle in 15 months and collects her $10,000 prize

1911 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitchers dual for final time; Boston Rustlers’ Cy Young vs Christy Mathewson of the Giants; NY wins, 11-2

1914 Yankee shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh, 23, becomes youngest manager

1920 VII Summer Olympic Games close in Antwerp, Belgium

1922 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:35.4)

1924 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Philadelphia, PA: Bill Johnston & Bill Tilden clinch US 5th straight title beating Australians Pat O’Hara Wood & Gerald Patterson 5-7, 6-3, 6-4, 6-1 for 3-0 lead; ends 5-0

Pagan and Magickal Terms and Definitions

Today’s Word is

Genius Loci:

From moonlitpriestess.com

Also known as the spirits of place; known to guard the land on which they reside.

The Many Titles of Queen Elizabeth II

Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II

Her Majesty The Queen, since her birth in 1926, has been granted the use of numerous official and unofficial titles and styles befitting her position as a child of a royal Duke, the heir presumptive to the throne, the spouse of a royal Duke and as Sovereign. Although The Queen is known as, simply ‘The Queen’ or ‘Elizabeth II’ by her subjects, this is an oversimplified version of her royal title.

In the United Kingdom, the Queen is officially titled ‘Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith’, with the style of ‘Majesty’. This title was altered in 1953 in order to reflect more clearly the relations of the members of the Commonwealth to one another and of their recognition of the Crown as a symbol of their free association.

Prior to this, as altered following the independence of India in 1947, the title of the Sovereign was ‘Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Queen, Defender of the Faith’.

In Her Majesty’s other fifteen realms, variations of this title are officially used, reflecting her position as the head of state in these countries. These, in most cases, follow the style of ‘Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of [name of the Commonwealth Realm] and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth’, which applies to most of her other realms.

In the realms of Canada and Granada, Her Majesty’s title denotes her position as Queen of the United Kingdom; in Canada, the title is ‘Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom, Canada and Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith’. In Grenada, her title is ‘… Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Grenada and Her other Realms and Territories…’. New Zealand follows a similar way of referring to the Queen, but include the title ‘Defender of the Faith’.

As well as these official titles, there are many unofficial titles that the Queen has been granted. Her Majesty The Queen was awarded the title ‘Mother of all People’ by the Salish nation in Canada. In Jamaica, Her Majesty is unofficially known in Jamaican Patois as ‘Missis Queen’ or ‘The Queen Lady’. In New Zealand, The Queen is unofficially known as ‘the White Heron’ by the Maori people, a cherished bird rarely seen in New Zealand.

In addition to these affectionate titles, Her Majesty The Queen is also known by various historic but informal titles. In the Channel Islands, consisting of the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey and their dependencies, The Queen is known as the Duke of Normandy. This title reflects the fact that these islands had been part of the Duchy of Normandy since the 10th century. However, The Queen reigns as Queen and is also referred to as ‘The Crown in Right of Jersey/Guernsey’, although sometimes referred to as ‘The Queen, Our Duke’.

From 2010, The Queen has been called ‘Queen of Gibraltar’ in a semi-official way. This title appeared on a Gibraltarian £5 coin and now appears on Gibraltarian and British government documents in reference to The Queen as Sovereign in Gibraltar. However, as a British Overseas Territory, the Rock does not enjoy this as an official title in the same way that the Commonwealth Realms enjoy differing titles.

Even though Fiji abolished their monarchy in 1987, The Queen was still known, unofficially, as ‘Tui Viti’ which translates as ‘Paramount Chief’. The Great Council of Chiefs, a constitutional body disbanded in 2012, recognised The Queen as being the incumbent holder of these titles, although these titles were not recognised by the Fijian government.

For republicans, the unofficial address of ‘Mrs. Windsor’ has entered into circulation as a pejorative title to demonstrate discontent towards the existence of the monarchy. However, this title is not one that will be received with disdain from some and disregard by many.

From royalcentral.co.uk

All Religious Holidays for September 2022

From calendarz.com

Thursday Nativity of Mary Christian Holidays Sep 8, 2022 Today
Thursday Onam Hindu Holidays Sep 8, 2022 Today
Friday Anant Chaturdashi Hindu Holidays Sep 9, 2022 Tomorrow
Wednesday Holy Cross Day Christian Holidays Sep 14, 2022 in 6 days
Saturday Vishwakarma Puja Hindu Holidays Sep 17, 2022 in 9 days
Monday Rosh Hashanah Jewish Holidays Sep 26, 2022 in 18 days

 

Monday Navaratri Hindu Holidays Sep 26, 2022 in 18 days
Wednesday Fast of Gedaliah Jewish Holidays Sep 28, 2022 in 20 days
Thursday Michael and All Angels Christian Holidays Sep 29, 2022 in 21 days

Pagan and Magickal Terms and Definitions

Today’s Word is

Folk Magick

From moonlitpriestess.com

Practice of magick utilizing personal power in conjunction with natural tools and objects, most often in a non-religious framework. May refer specifically to old folk traditions and customs. Sometimes used to refer to a style of Witchcraft and/or spellcasting that does not follow formal and ceremonial approaches to spells and rituals; more loose in form, though still containing the necessary aspects required for effective magick. May be referred to as “low magick” which was a classist term used to differentiate the folk magick of peasants from the ceremonial magick of the elite classes.

 

Pagan and Magickal Terms and Definitions

Today’s Word is

Chaplet

From moonlitpriestess.com

A crown or wreath made of flowers and herbs to be worn upon the head; in Christianity, also refers to the 55-beaded prayer beads for purposes similar to the more well-known rosary.

August 30 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1146 European leaders outlaw the crossbow, intending to end war for all time

1363 Beginning of the Battle of Lake Poyang; two Chinese rebel leaders Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang are pitted against each other in what was one of the largest naval battles in history during Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty

1590 Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle (Traditional Japanese date: August 1, 1590)

1682 William Penn leaves England to sail to the New World

1862 Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia, ends with a Confederate victory over Union forces

1914 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) in East Prussia ends in destruction of the Russian Second Army with 122,000-170,000 killed, injured or captured by the German 8th Army led by Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff

1928 Jawaharlal Nehru requests independence of India

Today’s Historical Events

257 St Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1125 Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg elected king of Germany

1146 European leaders outlaw the crossbow, intending to end war for all time

1363 Beginning of the Battle of Lake Poyang; two Chinese rebel leaders Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang are pitted against each other in what was one of the largest naval battles in history during Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty

1464 Pietro Barbo elected to succeed Pope Pius II as Pope Paul II

1481 2 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish king Casimir IV

1563 Jewish community of Neutitschlin, Moravia, expelled

1574 Ram Das becomes the 4th Sikh Guru

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1949 WTVN (now WSYX) TV channel 6 in Columbus, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting

1966 American medical drama series “Dr. Kildare”, starring Richard Chamberlain and Raymond Massey, ends a five season run on NBC-TV

1971 WNPI TV channel 18 in Norwood, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting

1976 Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of NBC’s “Today Show”

1983 Elizabeth R. Zakarian (Devon Pierce), 17 of NY, crowned 1st Miss Teen USA

1983 Philadelphia TV station WKBS-TV (channel 48) ends broadcasting after surrendering its license to the FCC, the first do so in at least 10 years. Parent company Field Enterprises Inc. was unable to find a buyer. [1]

1986 43rd Venice Film Festival: “Le rayon vert” directed by Eric Rohmer wins Golden Lion

1993 “Late Show with David Letterman” debuts on CBS, from the Ed Sullivan Theater in NYC; Bill Murray is his first guest, Billy Joel performs

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1751 George Frideric Handel completes oratorio “Jephtha”

1945 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 9th Symphony

1968 1st record released on Apple label in UK is The Beatles single “Hey Jude”

1969 120,000 attend Texas International Pop Festival

1972 John Lennon and Yoko Ono‘s “One on One” benefit shows (matinee and evening) for children at Madison Square Garden, New York, his final full concert performance

1973 Drummer Danny Seiwell quits rock band Wings, which he co-founded with Paul McCartney

1992 “2 Trains Running” closes at Walter Kerr Theater NYC after 160 performances

1992 “Most Happy Fella” closes at Booth Theater NYC after 229 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1887 US National Championship Men’s Tennis, Newport R.I.: Richard Sears wins 7th straight US singles title; beats Henry Slocum 6-1, 6-3, 6-2

1892 US National Championship Men’s Tennis, Newport, R.I.: Three straight US singles titles to Oliver Campbell; beats Fred Hovey 7-5, 3-6, 6-3, 7-5

1904 Thomas Hicks wins 3rd Olympics marathon (3:28:53.0) (40 km)

1905 Detroit Tigers future Baseball HOF center fielder Ty Cobb makes his MLB debut, doubling off Jack Chesbro in a 5-3 win over the NY Highlanders at Bennett Park, Detroit

1906 Hal Chase becomes 1st NY Yankee to hit three triples in a game

1910 Yank Tom Hughes pitches 9 no-hit innings but loses to Cleveland 5-0 in 11

1912 St Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1

1913 Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled

Pagan and Magickal Terms and Definitions

Today’s Word is

Ceremonial Magick

From moonlitpriestess.com

Typically less religious and more philosophical and intellectual in nature; often focused on Western Mystery traditions; characterized by emphasis on prescribed sets of rituals, formulaic words, tools, symbols, etc. May be referred to as “high magick” which was a classist term used to differentiate the ceremonial magick of the elite classes from the folk magick of peasants.

Pagan and Magickal Terms and Definitions

Today’s Word is

Daily Devotions

From moonlitpriestess.com

The practice of acknowledging the deity in one’s life at least once a day. Method of devotions may differ based on tradition or individual preferences.

August 29, 2022 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1526 Battle of Mohács: In a decisive battle the Hungarian Empire is conquered by the Ottoman Empire led by Suleiman the Magnificent

1825 Portugal recognizes the Independence of Brazil

1842 Great Britain and China sign Treaty of Nanking, ending the Opium war

1862 Second Battle of Bull Run, fought in Manassas, Virginia begins, Confederate victory (US Civil War)

1949 USSR performs its first nuclear test at Semipalatinsk, Kazakh SSR

2005 Hurricane Katrina makes 2nd and 3rd landfall as a category 3 hurricane, devastating much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to Florida Panhandle. Kills more than 1,836, causes over $115 billion in damage.

Today’s Historical Events

708 Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 708).

1178 Anti-Pope Callistus III gives pope title to Alexander III

1261 Jacques Pantaleon elected as Pope Urban IV

1350 Battle of Winchelsea (or Les Espagnols sur Mer): The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships

1475 Peace Treaty of Picquigny: King Louis XI buys English contacts

1484 Giovanni Battista Cibo elected as Pope Innocent VIII

1526 Battle of Mohács: In a decisive battle the Hungarian Empire is conquered by the Ottoman Empire led by Suleiman the Magnificent

1533 Atahualpalast Sapa Inca Emperor is suspected to have been buried in Northern Peru or in Ecuador

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1952 New York premiere of history-based film “The Miracle of Our Lady of Fatima”

1953 KHSL TV channel 12 in Chico, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting

1967 Final TV episode of “The Fugitive” starring David Janssen watched by 78 million people

1969 KYUS TV channel 3 in Miles City, MT (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting

1987 44th Venice Film Festival: “Au revoir les enfants” (“Goodbye, Children”) directed by Louis Malle wins Golden Lion

1988 45th Venice Film Festival: “The Legend of the Holy Drinker” directed by Ermanno Olmi wins Golden Lion

1992 Largest wrestling crowd outside US (75,000) at Wembley Stadium, London

1997 Netflix is founded by Marc Randolph and Reed Hasting in Scotts Valley, California as an online DVD rental business

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1958 George Harrison joins The Quarrymen, who later become The Beatles

1958 Cliff Richard and the Drifters release single “Move It”, Richards debut single. Credited as 1st British Rock n Roll song.

1964 Stephen Sondheim‘s musical “A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum”, starring Zero Mostel, and Jack Gilford, closes at Alvin Theater, NYC, after 965 performances and 6 Tony Awards

1966 The Beatles’ last public concert before a crowd of 25,000, and 7,000 unsold seats, at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, California

1977 Iggy Pop releases his second album “Lust for Life”, a collaboration with David Bowie

1982 Steve Miller’s single “Abracadabra” hits #1

1992 Irish rock band U2 plays the 1st of two sold-out nights at Yankee Stadium in The Bronx, NYC

1994 British band Oasis release their debut album “Definitely Maybe”, becomes fastest-selling album ever in UK

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1882 Australia beat England by 7 runs – “Death of English cricket”

1882 Australian cricket fast bowler Fred Spofforth completes 14-90 (7-46 & 7-44) in one-off Test v England in London

1885 Phillies Charlie Ferguson no-hits Providence 1-0

1885 Boxing’s 1st heavyweight title fight with 3-oz gloves & 3-minute rounds fought between John L. Sullivan & Dominick McCaffrey

1889 1st American International professional lawn tennis contest (Newport, Rhode Island)

1895 The formation of the Northern Rugby Union at the George Hotel, Huddersfield, England.

1906 US National Championship Men’s Tennis, Newport, RI: William Clothier beats defending champion Beals Wright 6-3, 6-0, 6-4

1908 US Open Men’s Golf, Myopia Hunt GC: Fred McLeod defeats fellow Scot Willie Smith by 6 strokes in an 18-hole playoff to win his only major title