OPEN CHAT TODAY – Northern Hemisphere on Saturday, May 21, 2022 6:00 PM CDT/Southern Hemisphere on Sunday, May, 22 2022 9:00 AM AEST

What was your first inkling that you might be a witch? Remember everyone the word “Witch” covers all sexes. Please share with us whatever you feel comfortable with about your own spiritual and/or magickal path. This will be one of the topics for discussion at our Open Chat for the northern hemisphere on Saturday, May 21, 2022 starting at 6:00 PM CDT and for the southern hemisphere on Sunday, May, 22 2022, starting at 9:00 AM AEST. I put 2 hours aside for this gathering but it can run shorter or longer depending on the number of people attending and how the discussions flow. We will be using a Skype meeting room with everyone typing in what they would like to say. Almost any topic can be open for a discussion except for anything to do with dark/black magick. Please read the Gatherings Guidelines, located under WOTC’s School of Witchcraft on the main menu before contacting Lady Beltane at for her information to enter the Skype meeting room. The chat is held in American English.

You can find your local starting time using this link:

Time Zone Converter – Time Difference Calculator ( 

Use CHICAGO, IL at 6:00 PM/1800 than the largest city that is close to you for your local time.

Thank you and I really hope to see you there! This event will be held even if only 1 person wants to be part of it.

May 21 Today in History and the Word of the Day

Today’s Important Historical Events

1792 Mount Unzen on Japan’s Shimabara Peninsula, erupts creating a tsunami, killing about 15,000; Japan’s deadliest volcanic eruption

1832 1st US Democratic National Convention held in Baltimore

1871 -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die

1927 Aviator Charles Lindbergh, in the Spirit of St Louis, lands in Paris after the first solo air crossing of Atlantic

1932 After flying for 17 hours from Newfoundland, Amelia Earhart lands near Londonderry, Northern Ireland, becoming the 1st transatlantic solo flight by a woman

Today’s Historical Events

878 Syracuse is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily

879 Pope John VIII gives blessings to duke Branimir and to Croatian people, considered to be international recognition of the Croatian state

996 Pope Gregory V crowns his cousin Otto III as Holy Roman Emperor in St Peter’s Basilica in Rome

1040 King Henry III gives Utrecht the Groninger currency

1216 French crown prince Louis enters England, having been invited by barons at war with King John

1260 Hao Jing, envoy of Mongol leader Kublai Khan imprisoned by order of the high Chancellor of China, Jia Sidao at the Song Dynasty court of Emperor Lizong while attempting to negotiate with the Song

1281 Kublai Khan‘s second invasion of Japan begins with an attack on Tsushima Island but meets fierce resistance; his troops are forced to withdraw

1382 Earthquake centered on Dover Straits with estimated magnitude of 6.0 causes widespread damage, including to Canterbury Cathedral

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1908 1st American horror movie silent film “Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde” premieres in Chicago

1922 Rollin Kirby’s “On the Road to Moscow” is the 1st cartoon to receive a Pulitzer Prize

1955 WFRV TV channel 5 in Green Bay, Wisconsin (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting

1956 WITI TV channel 6 in Milwaukee, WI (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting

1968 Paul McCartney and girlfriend Jane Asher attend an Andy Williams concert

1968 WEKW TV channel 52 in Keene, NH (PBS) begins broadcasting

1980 “Star Wars Episode V – Empire Strikes Back”, produced by George Lucas opens in cinemas in UK and North America

1981 Kim Seelbrede, (Ohio), crowned 30th Miss USA

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1892 Ruggero Leoncavallo’s opera “I Pagliacci” premieres in Milan

1941 Singer Johan Heesters visits Dachau concentration camp

1955 Harold Arlen and Truman Capote‘ musical “House of Flowers” closes at Alvin Theater, NYC, after 165 performances

1959 “Gypsy” opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 702 performances

1960 Leontyne Price becomes the first African American to sing the lead at Teatro alla Scala in Milan in “Aida”

1966 “Downtown” by Mrs Miller hits #82

1966 “Time for Singing” opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 41 performances

1966 Louie Louie by The Kingsmen reentered the chart & hits #97

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1819 1st bicycles (swift walkers) in US introduced in NYC

1866 1st-class debut of cricketer Fred Grace aged 15 years 159 days at the Magdalen Ground, Oxford

1878 4th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Carter aboard Day Star wins in 2:37.25

1881 US National Lawn Tennis Association is established in NYC, New York

1886 14th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Bard wins in 2:45

1891 Australian boxer Peter Jackson and future world heavyweight champion Jim Corbett fight a No Contest in 61 rounds at California Athletic Club, San Francisco

1904 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) forms in Paris

1907 32nd Preakness: G Mountain aboard Don Enrique wins in 1:45.4

Today’s Word is


Brought to you by

Namby-pamby / adjective / nam·by-pam·by

Namby-pamby is the word we use to describe people believed to be lacking in strength or courage. We see someone described as “namby-pamby” as feeble or spineless in response to situations that call for a stronger behavior response.

People often associate the word “namby-pamby” with a male who is behaving in an “effeminate” fashion. Being called a “namby-pamby” is not a compliment. It is a sign that whomever is doing the name-calling lacks respect for the person who is the subject of their verbal attacks.


The English word namby-pamby entered language in the mid-1700s around 1745. We derived it from early Ambrose and adopted it into popular use in the mid-18th century. Etymologists say the word was initially used to describe the characteristics of an English writer ridiculed by the public and leading officials of the time. We use namby-pamby as both an adjective and a noun with its original meaning.

In a Sentence

The namby-pamby just stood by and watched while his family was in danger.

The employees all secretly called their boss a namby-pamby behind his back.

Stop acting like such a namby-pamby and step up to the plate!


Effeminate, Spineless


Backboned, Strong

OPEN CHAT TODAY – Here is All the Information You Need to Join Us

What was your first inkling that you might be a witch? Remember everyone the word “Witch” covers all sexes. Please share with us whatever you feel comfortable with about your own spiritual and/or magickal path. This will be one of the topics for discussion at our Open Chat for the northern hemisphere on Saturday, May 21, 2022 starting at 6:00 PM CDT and for the southern hemisphere on Sunday, May, 22 2022, starting at 9:00 AM AEST. I put 2 hours aside for this gathering but it can run shorter or longer depending on the number of people attending and how the discussions flow. We will be using a Skype meeting room with everyone typing in what they would like to say. Almost any topic can be open for a discussion except for anything to do with dark/black magick. Please read the Gatherings Guidelines, located under WOTC’s School of Witchcraft on the main menu before contacting Lady Beltane at for her information to enter the Skype meeting room. The chat is held in American English.

You can find your local starting time using this link:

Time Zone Converter – Time Difference Calculator ( 

Use CHICAGO, IL at 6:00 PM/1800 than the largest city that is close to you for your local time.

Thank you and I really hope to see you there! This event will be held even if only 1 person wants to be part of it.


All gatherings and open cats are held in American English.

No matter what spiritual path you follow or the type of witchcraft you practice, except dark practitioners, you are welcome to join us for our open chats and Esbat and Sabbat gatherings. The Sabbat gatherings celebrate both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres’ Sabbat. Look at the banner on the right side of the page for information on upcoming Magickal Hearts Coven’s events. They are all held via Skype. You can join us by audio or video call or just by listening and typing in your message or response.

The main guideline for when we are gathered on Skype or anywhere else for any reason is the Wicce Rede: “An’ ye harm none, do what ye will.”

No one will be allowed to use foul, rude, racist, hurtful, hateful, or gender-bashing language at any time during any type of gathering. Anyone not following this guideline will be kicked out of the gatherings immediately and blocked forever.

This is not a dating site! If you attempt to hook up with someone or use sexually suggestive language towards anyone else at the gathering, you will be kicked out and blocked forever.

During Esbat and Sabbat gatherings, all conversations will cease 1 minute before the sacred circle is cast until the sacred circle has been closed.

During Esbat and Sabbat gatherings, no one may leave the circle without permission from the person leading it. If you leave the sacred circle for any reason, except if the electronic device you are using to attend disconnects you, we ask that you do not re-enter the sacred circle.

When attending a Sabbat gathering, we ask that you stay for both hemispheres’ rituals. *


Once the circle starts, all socializing and/or comments about the rituals must stop unless you see the word “EVERYONE” in the ritual.  You will get one warning if you break this guideline. If you break it a second time, you will be asked to and expected to leave the gathering immediately. There will be no exceptions to this guideline as it is rude to the person or persons leading the ritual (s). If you do not leave you will be taken out of the gathering by Lady Beltane. If this happens again at another gathering, you will be permanently banned from attending any Heart’s Spirit Online Coven gatherings. There are no exceptions to this.

No one should enter or leave the chat room from the time the sacred circle is cast until the sacred circle is closed. To enter or leave the chat room (the computer knocking you out of the chat room during this time is the only exception for re-entering the circle) during this time breaks the circle, and whoever is leading the circle needs to take their time and energy to close it up again.

All electronics in the room you are in during the gathering should be shut off except for the device you are using to access the gathering as the energy raised during the circle can possibly do minor or major damage to other devices.

Everyone attending an Esbat and/or Sabbat gathering is welcome to stay after the circle is done to visit with the others and/or offer other ideas for the ritual performed at that gathering.

These are simple guidelines and show courtesy to all people attending the gatherings and those leading them. Not obeying all the guidelines could get you banned from all Magickal Hearts Coven gatherings and open chats for life.

Any questions about the guidelines and/or anything to do with Magickal Hearts Coven, the open chats, WOTC’s School of Witchcraft, and Esbat and/or Sabbat gatherings can be emailed to Lady Beltane at All emails will be answered as soon as possible after receiving it.

If you are applying to be a student or coven member, include this phrase “In perfect love and perfect trust.” in the application email so we know you have read the entire handbook.

All lessons and spells are copyright 1980-2025© by Lady Beltane. They cannot be reprinted or reposted without author’s expressed written permission.

We do not write spells or do spells, hexes, curses, rituals, or any other type of magick for anyone, so please do not email us asking us to do any of these. If you do, your email will wind up in spam and then deleted.

May 20 Today in History and the Word of the Day

Today’s Important Historical Events

1498 Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calicut, India becoming the first European to reach India by sea

1609 Shakespeare‘s Sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by publisher Thomas Thorpe

1862 US President Abraham Lincoln signs into law the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for the settlement of the American West (80 million acres by 1900)

1864 Spotsylvania campaign in US Civil War ends after 10,920 killed or injured

1927 At 7:40 AM, Charles Lindbergh takes off from New York to cross the Atlantic for Paris, aboard Spirit of St Louis in the 1st solo nonstop transatlantic flight

1927 Treaty of Jeddah is signed between the United Kingdom and Ibn Saud recognizing the independence of the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd

1990 Hubble Space Telescope sends its 1st photographs from space

Today’s Historical Events

325 First Council of Nicaea – 1st ecumenical council of Christian bishops at Nicaea, Asia Minor

685 Battle of Nechtansmere/Dun Nechtain: Picts led by Brude MacBeli beat Northumbrians led by their king Ecgfrith in Scotland

1217 Second Battle of Lincoln fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke

1293 Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed

1293 King Sancho IV of Castile creates the Study of General Schools of Alcalá

1303 Treaty of Paris restores Gascony to the English and arranges marriage of English Prince Edward to French Princess Isabella

1310 Shoes were made for both right & left feet

1347 Rienzo calls Rome for people’s tribunal

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1891 1st public display of Thomas Edison‘s prototype kinetoscope to members of the National Federation of Women’s Club

1895 1st commercial movie performance (153 Broadway, NYC)

1926 Thomas Edison says Americans prefer silent movies over talkies

1960 13th Cannes Film Festival: “The Sweet Life” directed by Federico Fellini wins the Palme d’Or

1966 19th Cannes Film Festival: “A Man and a Woman” directed by Claude Lelouch and “The Birds, the Bees and the Italians” directed by Pietro Germi jointly awarded the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film

1967 BBC bans the Beatles’ “A Day in the Life” because of drug references

1970 Beatles’ “Let it Be” movie premieres in UK

1973 25th Emmy Awards: Waltons, All in the Family & Mary Tyler Moore win

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1896 The six ton chandelier of the Palais Garnier opera house in Paris falls on the crowd resulting in the death of one and the injury of many others

1961 Henzes opera “Elegy for Young Lovers,” premieres in Schwetzingen

1972 “Different Times” closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 24 performances

1972 “Hard Job Being God” closes at Edison Theater NYC after 6 performances

1973 “2 Gentlemen of Verona” closes at St James Theater NYC after 613 performances

1979 “I Love My Wife” closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 864 performances

1979 Elton John is the 1st western pop star to tour USSR

1980 Drummer Peter Criss quits rock band Kiss

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1734 1st Jockey Club forms in South Carolina

1879 5th Kentucky Derby: Charlie Shauer aboard Lord Murphy wins in 2:37

1897 British Open Men’s Golf, Royal Liverpool GC: English amateur Harold Hilton wins 2nd Open title by 1 stroke from Scot James Braid

1900 Second modern Summer Olympics (Games of the II Olympiad) opens in Paris and continues for 5 months

1913 38th Preakness: James Butwell aboard Buskin wins in 1:53.4

1920 Policemen raid the Cubs’ bleachers & arrest 24 fans for gambling

1922 Babe Ruth and Bob Meusel, previously suspended by Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis, return to the NY lineup and go hitless

1930 University of California dedicates $1,500 to research on prevention & cure of athlete’s foot

Today’s Word is


Brought to you by

Hygge / noun/ hyoo·guh

Danish speakers use the word “hygge” to represent a relaxed, laid-back, and comfortable vibe created by enjoying the simpler things in life. We use hygge to represent the feeling invoked by engaging in simple activities that relieve stress and provide opportunities for having pleasing conversations and making genuine connections with others. Hygge relates to comfort, well-being, coziness, and contentment, with a warm atmosphere filled with pleasant people.

In a Sentence

The woman felt an incredible sense of hygge upon entering the sacred temple.

Denmark is famous for spreading the love and hygge for visitors and countrymen.

Doing yoga within a group gives some people a pleasurable sense of hygge.


Although we most recognize “hygge” in the Danish language, the word actually entered the language as Norwegian. “Hygge” entered the language carrying the same meaning as ‘well-being.’ Danish adopted the word into their language system around the end of the 18th century. They’ve been using “hygge” to represent contentment, well-being, and the best of Denmark for residents and tourists since the late 1800s.


Comfortable, Comfy


Rude, Hard

Some Tips and Safety Ideas for Candle Usage in Spells and Rituals

Some of us make our own candles and some of us buy readymade candles either way candles usually have a prominent place in spells or rituals. Remember to never let any size or type of candle burn without proper supervision especially in a home with children, pets, or elderly people. I believe that a candle holds the power and spell you infuse it with and can be relit over and over again to help bring the spell to fruition or I use a smaller candle if I want it to burn all the way down while I am awake.

I have found freezing any candle not only makes it drip less but it has a longer burning time. Also, living for many years without air conditioning in hot weather my candles did not melt together. Make sure to take the candle out of the freezer so it has time to come to room temperature before lighting it. I have had candles explode in and out of glass containers. Thankfully no one was ever seriously hurt when this happened, but it was still a lesson that was well learned.

I will sometimes make a candle if I want to infuse the entire thing with my intention for a spell. At other times I use a birthday cake size or four-inch chime color in an appropriate color for the element or topic the spell is for. Other times I will buy the candles encased already in a glass holder. Depending on the size I want I will either but the different color plain “saint” candles at a dollar store or the shorter, wider ones from Walmart or another discount store. I am always on the lookout when in a thrift store for unused candles also.

When using a candle that is already in a glass holder, I write the sigils or runes or symbols on the glass with different color permanent markers. If needed I will dig a small hole in the top of the candle to place herbs or essentials oils or flower petals or whatever it, is I want to include for the spell I am doing. I than place it on a heat proof dish or trivet. I usually use these tall candles for a long-term spell where I need to light it for seven days in a row. I let the candle burn for one hour on each day with allowing it to burn down completely on the seventh day. I strongly suggest, if at all possible, to have the seventh day fall on a day that you will be home and awake for at least three to four hours. An example of this is my healing candle – I use a four-inch, melon scented green candle that comes in a glass holder with a lid that I can but at Walmart for around $6.00 to 7.00 USD. I bless it by repeating a healing spell I wrote many years ago nine times to give the spell extra strength. Then when I light it either for myself or someone else, I say, “Candle burning bright, release your power to ______ with all its might.” I have had excellent results doing this. I let the candle burn for around thirty minutes each time I relight it and it usually lasts me months.

Birthday cake size candles are great for a spell that you want to have the candle burn down completely in a very short amount of time. But it is almost impossible to crave or write anything on this size candle. When I use this size candle, I have a burn proof container about 2 inches deep and about 6 inches in diameter that has about 1-inch of sand in it. The good part about using these is the burn out in under 10 minutes and multiple candles can be burned at the same time with all the drippings falling onto the sand. When done I just pick the candle wax off the top of the sand and bury it. I do this for my ancestor altar on Samhain with my ancestor who I have called in knowing they are to leave when their candle has burned out.

For chime and taper candles which are about 4 inches or 10 to 12 inches tall respectfully I have various holders. I place the holders on a heat proof plate or trivet. I use these when I am doing a whole ritual not just spell work. These and taper candles are the easiest to be tipped over accidently and therefore should only be lit when you are close by and can keep an eye on them. I save taper candles to use for my personal candle and also when I host a family dinner to help everyone get along. Taper candles are easy to engrave deeply or barely a cut on their surface.

For a personal candle I suggest finding a candlestick (actual name of candle holders) that really calls to you. Then carve your pagan or given name or both into it with your atheme or ceremonial knife. On mine I also carve a personal sigil, the names of my totem animals, and used my favorite, all-purpose essential oil Sandalwood to bless it with. Your personal candle is the one you can use for every spell or ritual to light your incense, other candles, anything you may need to burn. This is a candle that gets put out after each time you use it so it will last a while. After I take it out of the freezer the first time, I bless it I do not refreeze it. When lit this candle is the only one, I set right on the surface I am using for my spell work or ritual. Why? No idea that is just what feels right to me.

I hope this article has given you some ideas on where to buy candles from, how they can be used, and how to use them safely.

Lady Beltane 2022

May 19 Today in History and the Word of the Day

Today’s Important Historical Events

1536 Anne Boleyn, second wife of English King Henry VIII, is beheaded at the Tower of London on charges of adultery, incest and treason

1643 Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form the United Colonies of New England

1649 England is declared a Commonwealth by an act of the Rump Parliament making England a republic for the next 11 years

1885 German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon and Togoland

1898 US Congress passes the Private Mailing Card Act, allowing private publishers and printers to produce postcards, had to be labelled “Private Mailing Cards” until 1901, known as “souvenir cards”

1919 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Black Sea coast, beginning the Turkish War of Independence

Today’s Historical Events

715 St Gregory II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1182 The high altar of Paris cathedral Notre Dame is consecrated by Cardinal Henri de Château-Marçay and Maurice de Sully

1506 Christopher Columbus selects his son Diego Columbus as sole heir

1515 George van Saksen-Meissen sells Friesland for 100,000 gold guilders to arch duke Charles

1517 Philip van Bourgondie installed as bishop of Utrecht

1518 Public unveiling of Titian’s masterpiece “Assumption of the Virgin” a painted altarpiece in the Basilica di Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice

1536 Anne Boleyn, second wife of English King Henry VIII, is beheaded at the Tower of London on charges of adultery, incest and treason

1547 Monarch Johan Frederik surrenders to Karel

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1968 20th Emmy Awards: “Get Smart”, “Mission Impossible” & Barbara Bain win

1972 WMAV TV channel 18 in Oxford, MS (PBS) begins broadcasting

1972 25th Cannes Film Festival: “The Working Class Goes to Heaven” directed by Elio Petri and “The Mattei Affair” directed by Francesco Rosi jointly awarded the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film

1975 27th Emmy Awards: “The Mary Tyler Moore Show”, Robert Blake & Jean Marsh win

1977 Film “Smokey & the Bandit” starring Burt ReynoldsSally Field and Jackie Gleason premieres in NYC

1980 Ringo & Barbara Bach are involved in a car crash

1982 Sophia Loren jailed in Naples, Italy for tax evasion

1983 Weird Al Yankovic gives live performance at Wax Museum in Washington, D.C.

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1886 Camille Saint-Saëns’ 3rd Symphony in C premieres at St. James Hall, London, with the composer conducting

1911 Maurice Ravel‘s opera “L’Heure Espagnole” premieres at the Opéra-Comique, Paris, France

1958 “South Pacific” soundtrack album goes #1 & stays #1 for 31 weeks

1962 “Bravo, Giovanni” opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 76 performances

1962 “John Birch Society” by Chad Mitchell Trio hits #99

1973 “Daisy A Day” by Jud Strunk hits #14

1973 “Smith” opens at Eden Theater, NYC: runs for 17 performances

1976 Columbia Records releases “Turnstiles”, singer-songwriter Billy Joel‘s fourth studio album

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1905 Tom Jenkins beats Frank Gotcha for heavyweight wrestling champ

1909 In his first title defence Jack Johnson fights “Philadelphia” Jack O’Brien to a no decision in 6 rounds in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to retain his world heavyweight crown

1912 AL President Ban Johnson tells Tigers if they continue protest of Ty Cobb‘s suspension, they will be banned from baseball

1923 49th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande wins aboard Zev for his first Derby success

1928 54th Kentucky Derby: Chick Lang aboard Reigh Count wins in 2:10.4

1929 Cloudburst causes stampede in Yankee Stadium, crushes 2 people to death

1935 NFL adopts an annual college draft to begin in 1936

1941 Germany occupiers in Holland forbid bicycle taxis

Today’s Word is

Merry Andrew

Brought to you by

Merry Andrew / noun / mer·ry an·drew

“Merry Andrew” is an archaic definition we use to describe people who behave in a clownish or buffoonish fashion. This early 16th-century noun represents the silly antics or behavior of a person who others consider as being foolish and “jester-like.” Being called a “Merry Andrew” is not a compliment. Someone being called a “Merry Andrew” is being insulted and described as a fool. Merry Andrew is also the name of the 1958 American musical film directed by Michael Kidd and starring famed actor Danny Kaye.

In a Sentence

Look out, here comes that unfunny Merry Andrew from last night’s performance.

A court jester and a Merry Andrew are one and the same.

The king and queen demanded to be entertained by the local Merry Andrew.


We saw the first use of Merry Andrew around the late 16th-century in 1670. Etymologists say the term was used to represent people who were kept around because of their entertaining qualities that regularly included them making foolish jokes and public spectacles of themselves.


Comedian, Jester


Wise, Humorless


830 million-year-old organisms found locked in ancient crystals could be resurrected

An interesting article that shows some of the wonders that Mother Earth/Gaia has made.

I found this on NewsBreak: 830 million-year-old organisms found locked in ancient crystals could be resurrected

May 17 Today in History and the Word of the Day

Today’s Important Historical Events

1527 Pánfilo de Narváez departs Spain to explore Florida with 600 men – by 1536 only 4 survive

1792 24 merchants form New York Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street

1803 John Hawkins & Richard French patent the Reaping Machine

1973 Senate Watergate Committee begins its hearings

2004 Massachusetts becomes the first U.S. state to legalize same-sex marriage

2014 The center-right Hindu Nationalist Party, the BJP, wins landslide election victory in India

Today’s Historical Events

218 7th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

352 Liberius begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Julius I

884 St Adrian III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1521 Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, is executed for treason

1525 Battle at Zabern: duke of Lutherans beats rebels

1527 Pánfilo de Narváez departs Spain to explore Florida with 600 men – by 1536 only 4 survive

1536 Anne Boleyn‘s 4 “lovers” executed shortly before her own beheading

1544 Scot Earl Matthew Lennox signs secret treaty with Henry VIII

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1938 Radio quiz show “Information Please!” debuts on NBC Blue Network

1939 1st televised baseball game is broadcast on NBC, with Princeton defeating Columbia 2-1

1957 10th Cannes Film Festival: “Friendly Persuasion” directed by William Wyler wins the Palme d’Or

1963 Bruno Sammartino beats Buddy Rogers in NYC, to become WWWF champ

1966 KFDO (now KVIJ) TV channel 8 in Sayre, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting

1970 Anonymous buyer purchases one of the pairs of ruby slippers worn by Judy Garland in “The Wizard of Oz” for $15,000 at MGM Studio auction, and donates them to the Smithsonian Institute

1975 NBC pays $5M for rights to show “Gone With The Wind” one time

1976 28th Emmy Awards: “The Mary Tyler Moore Show, Jack Albertson & Michael Learned win

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1713 Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi‘s first opera “Ottone in villa” opens at Teatro delle Grazie in Vicenza, Republic of Venice (now Italy)

1890 Pietro Mascagni’s opera “Rustic Chivalry” premieres in Rome at the Teatro Costanzi

1904 Maurice Ravel‘s song cycle “Shéhérazade” premieres with Jeanne Hatto as soprano, at the Salle Nouveau Théâtre, Paris, France

1947 “Street Scene” closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 148 performances

1969 “My Wife, My Dog, My Cat” by Maskman & The Agents hits #92

1971 Stephen Schwartz’ musical “Godspell” premieres off-Broadway

1973 “Nash at Nine” opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 21 performances

1973 Stevie Wonder releases the music single “You Are The Sunshine Of My Life”, goes to #1 and wins him a Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1860 German football club TSV 1860 München is founded

1875 1st Kentucky Derby: Oliver Lewis aboard Aristides wins in 2:37.75

1881 7th Kentucky Derby: Jim McLaughlin aboard Hindoo wins in 2:40

1894 19th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Assignee wins in 1:49.25

1895 W. G. Grace completes his 100th 100 v Somerset at Bristol

1903 Cleveland Indians beat NY Highlanders 9-2 in Columbus Ohio

1905 Waseda U of Tokyo defeats LA High School 5-3 in baseball

1911 36th Preakness: Eddie Dugan aboard Watervale wins in 1:51

Today’s Word is


Brought to you by

Cattywampus / Adjective / cat·​ty·​wam·​pus

Cattywampus is an American-based colloquialism or slang that etymologists believe to be of Scottish influence. We use “cattywampus” in the English language as an adjective. The word has alternate spellings and we also use it as “catawampus.” This American-based noun modifier has a multi-part description. In one sense of the word, “cattywampus” describes people, places or things we believe to be fierce, animal-like or savage. When used in this sense, the word describes someone we see as frightening.

In a Sentence

The cattywampus became upset and lunged at me!

I’m terribly afraid of a “cattywampus” staring at me when I ride public transportation.

That “cattywampus” of a woman is coming this way, and she looks very upset!


Etymologists say we find the word “cattywampus” used in North American-based slang in the late 1800s. American English-speakers used “cattywampus” to describe people with outrageous temperaments and those seen to go “off-kilter” or ‘awry’ with little provocation. This colloquial slang has been in use with its original definition since its inception in 1864.


Awry, Twisted


Affable, Hospitable


In my family we used this word to mean something being off kilter.

Greek Temples of Sicily

There are at least a thousand reasons to visit Sicily, the great island – indeed the largest in the Mediterranean – that forms the triangular football to the boot that is the Italian peninsula. They are all very good reasons, including amazing landscapes, a uniquely complex and delicious cuisine, a history that is diverse and multifaceted beyond belief, excellent wines, a vast array of archaeological sites, an even vaster one of historical towns and villages. But one key reason to visit the island is missing from the list above: Greek temples!

Greek temples are one of the earliest well-defined expressions of what we now recognise as the Western tradition in architecture, and one of the most influential ones by a vast margin to this day. They go back to the 8th or 7th centuries BCE, and, as the name entails, they are indeed a key achievement of the Archaic Greeks. They originated in what is the south of modern Greece, namely the Peloponnese and Central Greece, where Greek temple architecture appears to have its main roots, probably derived from local wooden predecessors.

The Greek mainland’s architectural style is the Doric one, considered to be the most austere and ‘male’ in character. The eastern Aegean and Asia Minor were famous for their own development, the more elegant and ‘female’ Ionic style, conceived about a century after the Doric one. Its most prominent examples at SamosEphesus, and Didyma (much better preserved than the other two) are also marked by their …


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May 16 Today in History and the Word of the Day

Today’s Important Historical Events

1920 Joan of Arc (Jeanne D’arc) canonized a saint

1943 Operation Chastise: No. 617 Squadron RAF begins the famous Dambusters Raid, bombing the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing bombs

1944 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz

1989 Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev and Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping meet in Beijing and formally end a 30-year rift

2013 Human stem cells are successfully cloned

Today’s Historical Events

955 Octavian, son of Duke Alberic II of Spoleto, elected Pope John XII

1165 Ramjbam & his family reach Acre Palestine

1204 Baldwin IX, Count of Flanders, is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople

1220 English King Henry III lays the foundation stone for a new Lady Chapel, start of the rebuilding of Westminster Abbey, in London

1527 Florence becomes a republic

1532 Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England

1547 Protestant German monarch surrenders to Karel in Wittenberg

1568 Mary Queen of Scots flees to England

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1929 1st Academy Awards: “Wings”, Emil Jannings and Janet Gaynor win

1941 Nazis forbid Dutch Organization of Actors (NOT)

1948 CBS news correspondent George Polk’s body is found in Greece

1954 WGAN (now WGME) TV channel 13 in Portland, ME (CBS) 1st broadcast

1959 WTOM TV channel 4 in Cheboygan, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting

1961 13th Emmy Awards: Jack Benny Show, Raymond Burr & Barbara Stanwyck win

1965 WNJU TV channel 47 in NY-Linden, NY (TEL) begins broadcasting

1965 18th Cannes Film Festival: “The Knack…and How to Get It” directed by Richard Lester wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1868 Bedřich Smetana’s opera “Dalibor” premieres at the New Town Theatre in Prague

1941 1st US radio performance of Robert Russell Bennett”s “Symphony in D for the Dodgers”

1946 Irving Berlin, Dorothy and Herbert Fields’ musical “Annie Get Your Gun” starring Ethel Merman and featuring “There’s No Business Like Show Business” opens at Imperial Theater, NYC

1947 Billie Holiday is arrested in her New York apartment for possession of narcotics

1952 “New Faces of 1952” opens at Royale Theater, NYC; runs for 365 performances

1963 “Beast in Me” opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 4 performances

1965 “Roar of the Greasepaint” opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 232 performances

1966 The Beach Boys release their groundbreaking album “Pet Sounds”, containing hit singles “Sloop John B” and “Wouldn’t It Be Nice”, and “God Only Knows”

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1882 8th Kentucky Derby: Babe Hurd aboard Apollo wins in 2:40.00

1884 10th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Buchanan wins in 2:40.25

1894 Fire in Boston destroys the South End Grounds baseball stadium and 200 other buildings

1914 American Horseshoe Pitchers Association organizes in Kansas City

1914 Ewing Field baseball park opens near Masonic Street, San Francisco. Relocated a year later.

1916 41st Preakness: Linus McAtee aboard Damrosch wins in 1:54.8

1921 46th Preakness: F Coltiletti aboard Broomspun wins in 1:54.2

1925 51st Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Flying Ebony wins in 2:07.6

Today’s Word is


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Debonair / adjective / deh·buh·nehr

We use the word “debonair” in the English language as an adjective to describe a person who embodies the characteristics of superior and sophisticated charm. A “debonair” person has a laid-back, relaxed, and carefree attitude that makes others feel comfortable around them and want to be in their presence. Since its inception, the word “debonair” has changed its meaning at least twice.

In a Sentence

The debonair gentleman commanded the attention of everyone in the room when he walked in.

Most true gentlemen will dress in “debonair” suits and ties that attract lots of female attention.

She became enraptured by his confident demeanor and “debonair” style of dress.


Before the 13th-century, the word “debonair” entered language as Middle English with a definition that meant ‘meek or courteous. Around the same time, there was another definition of “debonair,” Old French meaning ‘to have a pleasant disposition.’ English speakers adopted the word “debonair” in the early 13th-century. They used the word to represent people raised in a genteel fashion and those that ‘came from good homes.’ We use the word in English to represent dynamic people with outstanding people skills that can mesmerize everyone around them with their charm.


Suave, Refined


Unsophisticated, Uncharming

In Case You Missed the Lunar Eclipse on May 15 Nothern Hemisphere/16 Southern Hemisphere

What You Need to Know about the Lunar Eclipse

The Moon moves right to left, passing through the penumbra and umbra, leaving in its wake an eclipse diagram with the times at various stages of the eclipse. Credit: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center/Scientific Visualization Studio

What is a lunar eclipse?

lunar eclipse occurs when the Sun, Earth, and Moon align so that the Moon passes into Earth’s shadow. In a total lunar eclipse, the entire Moon falls within the darkest part of Earth’s shadow, called the umbra. When the Moon is within the umbra, it will turn a reddish hue. Lunar eclipses are sometimes called “Blood Moons” because of this phenomenon.

How can I observe the eclipse?

You don’t need any special equipment to observe a lunar eclipse, although binoculars or a telescope will enhance the view and the red color. A dark environment away from bright lights makes for the best viewing conditions.

The eastern half of the United States and all of South America will have the opportunity to see every stage of the lunar eclipse. Totality will be visible in much of Africa, western Europe, Central and South America, and most of North America.

Click here for more information about Lunar Eclipse from NASA – May 2022

Live Video of the Total Lunar Eclipse – May 15/16, 2022 (unhosted)

May’s flower full moon will blossom in the sky this weekend

May’s full moon, known as the flower moon, will blossom in the sky on Sunday night into Monday.

The moon will reach its peak at 12:15 a.m. ET on Monday, May 16, so it will appear at its roundest the evening of May 15, according to The Old Farmer’s Almanac.

The flower moon is named after the flowers that blossom this time of year in the Northern Hemisphere, The Old Farmer’s Almanac said.

The lunar event is also known as the full corn planting moon because May marks the end of winter’s frost, which allows farmers to plant their seeds.

Vesak, a sacred day for Buddhists, corresponds with May’s full moon, according to the United Nations. The birth of Gautama Buddha, the moment he attained enlightenment and his death all took place on days of Vesak, according to the organization.

Stargazers will be in for a treat as the flower moon transforms into a scarlet color during the total lunar eclipse happening at the same time. A total lunar eclipse is when the sun and …

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