Astronomy Picture of the Day

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

Today’s Astronomy Picture is a Video. Click here to watch it.

Jupiter Rotates

Video Credit & Copyright: JL DauvergneMusic: Oro Aqua (Benoit Reeves)

Explanation: Observe the graceful twirl of our Solar System’s largest planet. Many interesting features of Jupiter’s enigmatic atmosphere, including dark belts and light zones, can be followed in detail. A careful inspection will reveal that different cloud layers rotate at slightly different speeds. The famous Great Red Spot is not visible at first — but soon rotates into view. Other smaller storm systems occasionally appear. As large as Jupiter is, it rotates in only 10 hours. Our small Earth, by comparison, takes 24 hours to complete a spin cycle. The featured high-resolution time-lapse video was captured over five nights earlier this month by a mid-sized telescope on an apartment balcony in ParisFrance. Since hydrogen and helium gas are colorless, and those elements compose most of Jupiter’s expansive atmosphere, what trace elements create the observed colors of Jupiter’s clouds remains a topic of research.

 

Discovery + Outreach: Graduate student research position open for APOD

 

October 26 On This Day in HIstory

Important Events

1850 Robert McClure sights the fabled Northwest Passage for the first time (from Banks Island towards Melville Island)

1861 Pony Express (Missouri to California) ends after 19 months

1863 International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields – beginning of the Red Cross

1977 Last natural case of smallpox discovered in Merca district, Somalia. Considered the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination

2019 Raid by US Special Forces kills ISIS founder Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in Syria

Today’s Historical Events

Today’s Historical Film and TV’s Events

Today’s Historical Music’s Events

Today’s Historical Sport’s Events

 

October 25 Today in History

Important Events

1415 Battle of Agincourt: Henry V’s forces defeat larger French army and the longbow defeats the armoured knight

1854 The infamous “Charge of the Light Brigade” during the Battle of Balaclava in the Crimean War results in over 100 killed

1962 US Ambassador to the UN Adlai Stevenson demands USSR UN rep Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile bases saying “I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over”

1971 United Nations votes to expel the Chinese Nationalist ruled Taiwan and admit the Communist People’s Republic of China

2017 Chinese Premier Xi Jinping unveils his new ruling council in the Great Hall of the People, none of the five are young enough to succeed him

Today’s Historical Events

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

Today’s Historical Events in Music

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

[2021] Popular and Practical Samhain Rituals and Traditions

From WitchJournal.com

EVA MARIA  WHEEL OF THE YEAR

Beloved Samhain night is just around the corner. This time of the year is definitely the most magical and witchy of all other seasons. Below you can find information on Samhain Rituals, Traditions, and History. Are you going to try any of them?


What is Samhain?

 

October 21 On This Day in History

From On This Day

Important Events

1805 Battle of Trafalgar: British Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleet. Nelson shot and killed during battle.

1854 Florence Nightingale with a staff of 38 nurses is sent to the Crimean War

1944 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall

1948 UN rejects Russian proposal to destroy atomic weapons

1950 Chinese forces occupy Tibet

1993 Failed military coup in Burundi, led by ex-President Jean-Baptiste Bagaza, includes assassination President Ndadaye; 525,000 Hutus flee

All these links include birthdays, deaths, weddings and divorces.

Today’s Historical Events

Today’s Film and TV Historical Events

Today’s Historical Music Events

Today’s Historical Sports Events

 

Astronomy Picture of the Day

From NASA – Astronomy Picture of the Day Archive

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

2021 October 21

SH2-308: The Dolphin-Head Nebula

Image Credit & Copyright: Nik Szymanek

Explanation: Blown by fast winds from a hot, massive star, this cosmic bubble is huge. Cataloged as Sharpless 2-308 it lies some 5,000 light-years away toward the constellation of the Big Dog (Canis Major) and covers slightly more of the sky than a Full Moon. That corresponds to a diameter of 60 light-years at its estimated distance. The massive star that created the bubble, a Wolf-Rayet star, is the bright one near the center of the nebula. Wolf-Rayet stars have over 20 times the mass of the Sun and are thought to be in a brief, pre-supernova phase of massive star evolution. Fast winds from this Wolf-Rayet star create the bubble-shaped nebula as they sweep up slower moving material from an earlier phase of evolution. The windblown nebula has an age of about 70,000 years. Relatively faint emission captured by narrowband filters in the deep image is dominated by the glow of ionized oxygen atoms mapped to a blue hue. Presenting a mostly harmless outline, SH2-308 is also known as The Dolphin-head Nebula.

Golden Opportunity: How to Make Your Own Safe Food Coloring at Home

I was amazed when I read this article about what manufactured food coloring can do to a person. Than I was excited to read how it explains how to make your own out of vegetables and other things.

Information on how and why to make your own food coloring

It’s hard to imagine birthday cakes without colorful writing, vibrant flowers, or other exciting designs. But the colors in our cakes, candies, and other popular foods may not be as innocuous as their pretty exteriors would lead us to believe.

Research suggests that synthetic food coloring may harm human health in a variety of ways. But in spite of the risk factors, these colorants are cropping up in more foods than ever before. Although they provide no nutritional value, they’re added to a wide range of foods to intensify color or give those foods the color people expect to see.1 (For example, boxed cake batters may be dyed yellow in to look like they’re made from real eggs.)

With a little effort, you can avoid synthetic food coloring. Here’s why

What Happened on October 17 in the Past

From On This Day

Important Events

  • 1854 French and British forces bombard Sevastopol for the first time during the Crimean War
  • 1907 Guglielmo Marconi‘s company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland
  • 1943 Burma railway completed, built by Allied POWs and Asian laborers for use of the Japanese army
  • 1973 OPEC oil ministers use oil as an economic weapon in the Arab-Israeli War, mandating a cut in exports and recommending an embargo against unfriendly states
  • 2017 Islamic State headquarters Raqqa declared under full control of US-led alliance by Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) spokesman Talal Sello after 4 months of fighting

October 17 Historical Events

Film and TV History

October 17 Music History

October 17 Sport History

 

The Seven Alchemical Metals & Planets of the Week

From joedubs.com – To read more about the daily planets and metals

Ancient Mesopotamian astrologers devised a seven day week inspired by the heavenly bodies that wandered about the sky.  There were seven in total.  The equally sized flashlight and nightlight in the sky, the sun and moon, along with the other five wandering orbs of light thus form the basis of this alchemical cosmology.

The word planet comes from the Greek planētēs, meaning “wanderer”.  So by definition the Sun and Moon were considered planets to the Ancients.

Of the days that are not named directly after the seven planets, their name is derived from the Norse Gods associated with the respective planet.  The origin of Sunday is of course from the Sun in the sky.  Of the seven known metals, the Sun has always represented gold, irrespective of time and place.

Monday or more properly, ‘Moon-day’, is known as …

Prayer and Sacrifice Franco C. | Ancient Civilizations, Latest Updates, Roman Empire, Roman Religion

To read the rest of this article from History Cooperative

Prayer and Sacrifice in Ancient Rome

In the Roman mind, there was a sort of contract between the gods and the mortals. As part of this agreement each side would provide as well as receive services.

Thee role of the mortal in this partnership with the gods was to worship the mighty gods. For this there was prayer and sacrifice. And for both of these activities there was firmly defined rituals. To perform these ritual correctly was of paramount importance. One mistake and one would have to begin all over again.

The very nature of Roman religion itself, with its numerous gods, many of which had multiple roles, was cause for problems. Particularly as in some cases not even the sex of a deity was clear. Hence the phrase ‘wether you be god or goddess’ was a widespread in the worship of certain deities. Many Roman gods also had entire colelction of additional names, according to what aspect of life they were a patron to.

So, for example Juno was Juno Lucina in her role of goddess of childbirth. But as goddess of the mint she was known as Juno Moneta (this curious role came about because for a long time the Roman state mint was housed in her temple on the Capitoline hill).

There appear to have been few things for which there was not a special prayer. So, for example, …

October 11 – Today in History

Important Events

  • 1138 Earthquake in Aleppo, Syria, kills an estimated 230,000
  • 1634 Burchardi flood – “the second Grote Mandrenke” kills about 15,000 in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany
  • 1737 Earthquake reported to have killed 300,000 and destroyed half of Calcutta in India. Now thought to have been an exaggerated account of a hurricane which claimed 3,000 of the city’s estimated 20,000 residents. [1]
  • 1797 Battle of Camperdown (Kamperduin): British navy defeats Dutch fleet
  • 1945 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong‘s Communist Party
  • 1962 Second Vatican Council (21st ecumenical) convened by Pope John XXIII
  • 1986 Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev open talks at a summit in Reykjavik, Iceland

History of October 11 from OnThisDay.com

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

Today’s astronomy picture is a video.

Juno Flyby of Ganymede and Jupiter

Video Credit: Images: NASAJPL-CaltechSWRIMSSS;
Animation: Koji KuramuraGerald Eichstädt, Mike Stetson; Music: VangelisExplanation: What would it be like to fly over the largest moon in the Solar System? In June, the robotic Juno spacecraft flew past Jupiter‘s huge moon Ganymede and took images that have been digitally constructed into a detailed flyby. As the featured video begins, Juno swoops over the two-toned surface of the 2,000-km wide moon, revealing an icy alien landscape filled with grooves and craters. The grooves are likely caused by shifting surface plates, while the craters are caused by violent impacts. Continuing on in its orbit, Juno then performed its 34th close pass over Jupiter’s clouds. The digitally-constructed video shows numerous swirling clouds in the north, colorful planet-circling zones and bands across the middle — featuring several white-oval clouds from the String of Pearls, and finally more swirling clouds in the south. Next September, Juno is scheduled to make a close pass over another of Jupiter’s large moons: Europa.

A Little About What Happened on October 10 in History

History of October 10 from OnThisDay.com

Important Events

  • 680 Al-Hussein (Al-Ḥusayn ibn) and his followers killed at Karbala by army of Yazid, the Umayyad caliph, on the way to Kufa
  • 1780 Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000 to 30,000 in the Caribbean, hitting Barbados first. Atlantic’s deadliest recorded hurricane.
  • 1954 Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after withdrawal of French troops
  • 1957 A fire at the Windscale nuclear plant in Cumbria, England becomes the world’s first major nuclear accident

Today’s Historical Events

Events in Film and TV

  • 1954 1st National Film Awards (India): “Shyamchi Aai” wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1956 “Giant”, directed by George Stevens, starring Elizabeth TaylorRock Hudson and James Dean in his last role, premieres in NYC
  • 1960 WGTE TV channel 30 in Toledo, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 Variety TV show “The Bob Newhart Show” premieres on NBC in the US
  • 1963 “From Russia With Love” 2nd James Bond film based on a novel by Ian Fleming, starring Sean Connery and Daniela Bianchi, premieres in London
  • 1965 The Supremes appear on the “The Ed Sullivan Show”
  • 1979 Fleetwood Mac gets a star in Hollywood
  • 1983 NBC premiere of true life drama “Adam”, based on John Walsh’s son’s murder

History of Today’s Film and TV

Events In Music

  • 1938 Premier of Dmitri Shostakovich‘s 1st String Quartet
  • 1947 Rodgers & Hammerstein’s musical “Allegro” premieres at Majestic Theater NYC for 318 performances
  • 1959 “Happy Town” closes at 84th St Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • 1960 “Laughs & Other Events” opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 8 performances
  • 1961 “Milk & Honey” opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 543 performances
  • 1965 “Drat! – The Cat!” opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 8 performances

Today’s Events in Music History

Events in Sports

  • 1892 Entire Hong Kong national cricket team dies in shipwreck off Taiwan
  • 1899 African-American inventor Issac R. Johnson patents the bicycle frame
  • 1904 Boston pitchers achieve 148 complete games-an AL record, also record for total complete games AL 1,098, NL 1,089
  • 1916 In Game 3, Charlie Ebbets becomes the 1st owner to raise the price of World Series grandstand seats to $5-up from $3
  • 1920 Phoenix Cardinals (then in Chicago) play 1st NFL game, a 0-0 tie
  • 1920 Indian Bill Wambsganns makes 1st unassisted World Series triple play
  • 1920 Cleveland Indians outfielder Elmer Smith hits baseball’s first ever World Series grand slam (Game 5, 1920)
  • 1921 NFL Decatur Staleys become Chicago Staleys, win 14-10

History of Today’s Sports

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

[I cannot get the video for today to copy anywhere that I can upload it from so instead here is a link that will take you to view it) From NASA.gov – Full Moon Silhouettes

Full Moon Silhouettes
Video Credit & Copyright: Mark GeeMusic: Tenderness (Dan Phillipson)Explanation: Have you ever watched the Moon rise? The slow rise of a nearly full moon over a clear horizon can be an impressive sight. One impressive moonrise was imaged in early 2013 over Mount Victoria Lookout in WellingtonNew Zealand. With detailed planning, an industrious astrophotographer placed a camera about two kilometers away and pointed it across the lookout to where the Moon would surely soon be making its nightly debut. The featured single shot sequence is unedited and shown in real time — it is not a time lapse. People on Mount Victoria Lookout can be seen in silhouette themselves admiring the dawn of Earth’s largest satellite. Seeing a moonrise yourself is not difficult: it happens every day, although only half the time at night. Each day the Moon rises about fifty minutes later than the previous day, with a full moon always rising at sunset. This Saturday, October 16, is International Observe the Moon Night, where you observe a first-quarter Moon along with other lunar enthusiasts.