1720 The Ship “Le Grand St Antoine” reaches Marseille, bringing Europe’s last major plague outbreak. Kills around 100,000.
1810 In the May Revolution, citizens of Buenos Aires expel the Spanish Viceroy Cisneros during Semana de Mayo
1914 British House of Commons passes the Irish Home Rule Bill
1961 JFK announces US goal of putting a man on the Moon before the end of decade
2020 Video of African American George Floyd‘s arrest and murder while restrained in Minneapolis police custody shows he was pinned to the ground by police officer Derek Chauvin’s knee for 8 minutes and 46 seconds, ignites widespread condemnation and nationwide protests
2021 US CDC says half of all US adults are now fully vaccinated, with 61% having had their first shot
1085 Alfonso VI of León and Castile captures the Muslim taifa of Toledo
1241 1st attack on Jewish community of Frankfurt am Main, Germany
1420 Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ
1521 Edict of Worms outlaws Martin Luther and his followers
1522 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V returns to Spain
1571 Pope Pius V forms The Holy League to fight the Ottomans with other Catholic maritime states including Spain, Venice, Naples and Sicily
1632 Albrecht von Wallenstein recaptures Prague on Saksen
1659 Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England, earning the nickname “Tumbledown Dick” as a result of his abrupt fall from power
1932 Goofy, aka Dippy Dawg, 1st appears in ‘Mickey’s Revue’ by Walt Disney
1943 Agnes Moorehead appears in “Sorry, Wrong Number” on the radio program “Suspense”, her most successful appearance
1953 1st non-commercial educational television station – Houston, Texas
1964 16th Emmy Awards: “The Dick Van Dyke Show”, Dick Van Dyke & Mary Tyler Moore win
1964 Frank Gilroy’s dramatic play “The Subject Was Roses”, starring Jack Albertson and Martin Sheen, opens at Royale Theatre, NYC; runs for 832 performances; wins Pulitzer Prize, and 2 Tony Awards
1966 “Au Hasard Balthazar”, French film directed by Robert Bresson, starring Anne Wiazemsky and François Lafarge, is released
1969 “Midnight Cowboy” directed by John Schlesinger and starring Jon Voight and Dustin Hoffman is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1970)
1973 26th Cannes Film Festival: “The Hireling” directed by Alan Bridges and “Scarecrow” directed by Jerry Schatzberg jointly awarded the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
1878 W. S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan’s comic opera “H.M.S. Pinafore” premieres in London, their first international success
1887 Gas lamp at Paris Opera catches fire; 200 die
1934 Béla Bartók’s “Cantata Profana – The Nine Enchanted Stags” premieres in London, England, with the BBC Symphony Orchestra and Wireless Chorus conducted by Aylmer Buesst
1957 “Shinbone Alley” closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 49 performances
1962 Isley Brothers release “Twist & Shout”
1963 “Hot Spot” closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 43 performances
1965 Dave Davies of The Kinks knocked unconscious in an on stage scuffle with drummer Mick Avory at Cardiff’s Capital Theatre
1967 John Lennon takes delivery of his psychedelically painted Rolls Royce
1868 Australian Aboriginal Cricket tour of England begins v Surrey Gentlemen
1876 4th Preakness: G. Barbee aboard Shirley wins in 2:44.75
1895 20th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 1:50.5
1899 33rd Belmont: R. Clawson aboard Jean Beraud wins in 2:23
1900 Retired London fire master Eyre Massey Shaw aged 70 reputedly becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics for sailing (disputed)
1904 38th Belmont: George Odom aboard Delhi wins in 2:06.6
1906 After 20 straight wins, Boston Pilgrims lose to Chicago White Sox 3-0
1919 Casey Stengel releases a sparrow from under his baseball cap
Pagan & Magickal Terms and Definitions
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Today’s Word is
An art-science hybrid that ultimately led to chemistry; concerned with the transmutation of matter, often involved attempts to convert base metals into gold or create a universal elixir.