November 21 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

164 BC During Maccabbean revolt Judas Maccabaeus recaptures Jersusalem and rededicates the Second Temple, commemorated since as Jewish festival Hanukkah

1818 Russia’s Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine

1906 China prohibits the opium trade

1970 General Hafez al-Assad becomes Prime Minister of Syria following a military coup

1971 Battle of Garibpur: Indian troops aided by the Mukti Bahini, Bengali guerrillas, defeat the army of Pakistan

2017 Robert Mugabe‘s resignation after 37 years in power is read out in Zimbabwe’s parliaments during impeachment proceedings

Today’s Historical Events

164 BC During Maccabbean revolt Judas Maccabaeus recaptures Jersusalem and rededicates the Second Temple, commemorated since as Jewish festival Hanukkah

235 St Anterus begins his reign as Catholic Pope, will only rule for 40 days

695 Pope Sergius names Willibrord as Archbishop Clemens of Friezen

1272 Following Henry III of England’s death on November 16, his son Prince Edward becomes King of England.

1317 Frederik of Sierck/Zyrick becomes bishop of Utrecht

1654 Richard Johnson, a free black, granted 550 acres in Virginia

1696 J Vanbrughe’s “Relapse or Virtue in Danger” premieres in London

1729 Netherlands signs Treaty of Seville

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1920 Silent film “The Last of the Mohicans” released, adapted from James Fenimore Cooper‘s novel, starring Wallace Beery, Barbara Bedford

1931 Horror film “Frankenstein” is released, starring Boris Karloff as the monster, directed by James Whale and based on Mary Shelley‘s 1818 novel “Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus”

1946 “The Best Years of Our Lives”, film directed by William Wyler, based on MacKinlay Kantor’s novella Glory for Me, starring Myrna Loy and Fredric March, is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1947)

1947 Bill Longson beats Lou Thesz in St Louis, to win National Wrestlingg Association world heavyweight title

1953 WKJG TV channel 33 in Ft Wayne, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting

1955 KTVO TV channel 3 in Ottumwa-Kirksville, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting

1959 Entertainer Jack Benny (violin) and US Vice-President Richard Nixon (piano) play their famed duet

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1901 Richard Strauss‘ opera “Feuersnot” premieres in Dresden

1934 Cole Porter‘s musical “Anything Goes” opens at the Alvin Theatre, NYC, later transferred to 46th Street Theatre; runs for 420 performances

1937 Dmitri Shostakovich‘s 5th Symphony premieres in Lenningrad, with the ovation lasting over an hour

1945 Benjamin Britten‘s 2nd String quartet in C premieres

1964 “Something More!” closes at Eugene O’Neill Theater NYC after 15 performances

1964 “Zizi” opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 49 performances

1975 Linda McCartney drug charges in US are dropped

1977 “All ‘N All” 8th studio album by Earth, Wind & Fire is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1978)

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1902 Baseball’s Philadelphia Athletics & Phillies form pro football teams, joining Pitts Stars in 1st attempt at a National Football League

1905 1st match ever played in the Australian National Tennis Championships

1925 Red Grange plays final Univ of Illinois game, signs with Chicago Bears

1934 NY Yankees buy Joe DiMaggio from SF Seals (Pacific Coast League)

1947 Bill Longson beats Lou Thesz in St Louis, to win National Wrestlingg Association world heavyweight title

1949 Bill Veeck sells Cleveland Indians for $22 million, to fund his divorce settlement

1952 Dodgers pitcher Joe Black wins NL Rookie of Year

1956 Don Newcombe wins NL MVP & 1st-ever Cy Young Award

November 20 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

284 Roman soldier Diocletian proclaimed Emperor by the army

762 Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire

1695 Zumbi, the last King of the Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil and ex-slave, is executed and decapitated, his head displayed on a pike to dispel any legends of his immortality

1815 Second Treaty of Paris: France and her allies agree France will pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending the Napoleonic Wars

1945 The Nuremberg war trials begin as 24 Nazi leaders are put on trial before judges representing the victorious Allied powers

1986 World Health Organization announces first global effort to combat AIDS

Today’s Historical Events

284 Roman soldier Diocletian proclaimed Emperor by the army

762 Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire

1168 Giovanni di Struma elected anti-Pope

1194 Palermo, Sicily, is conquered by Emperor Henry VI

1272 Edward I proclaimed King of England after death of his father, Henry III. He would take two years to return to England from the Ninth Crusade.

1342 Pope Clemens VI names John IV of Arkel as bishop of Utrecht

1347 Cola di Rienzo, later Roman Tribunal, addresses a meeting of on the Capitol during people’s revolt in Rome

1407 A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1852 Charles Reade and Tom Taylor’s historical comedy play “Masks & Faces” premieres in London

1954 KTRK TV channel 13 in Houston, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting

1957 Morton Wishengrad’s dramatic play “Rope Dancers”, starring Art Carney, Siobhán McKenna, and Theodore Bikel, premieres at Cort Theatre, NYC; runs for 189 performances

1958 American puppeteers Jim and Jane Henson establish Muppets, Inc. (now known as The Jim Henson Company)

1959 WABC fires Alan Freed over payola scandal

1961 WPLG TV channel 10 in Miami, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting

1965 WCNY TV channel 24 in Syracuse, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting

1976 George Harrison appears on “Saturday Night Live”: haggling with Lorne Michaels; performing “Here Comes the Sun” and “Homeward Bound” with Paul Simon; and airing two music videos

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1805 Ludwig van Beethoven‘s “Fidelio”, his only opera, premieres at Vienna’s Theater an der Wien

1889 Gustav Mahler‘s 1st Symphony premieres in Budapest and is not well received

1901 Opera “Grisélidis” by Jules Massenet, Armand Silvestre and Eugène Morand premieres in Paris

1911 Gustav Mahler‘s “Das Lied von der Erde” (Song of the Earth) premieres in Munich, conducted by Bruno Walter

1945 Dmitri Shostakovich‘s 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres

1964 Dmitri Shostakovich‘s 9th/10th String Quartet premieres in Moscow

1965 Cyril Ornadel and Leslie Bricusse’s musical “Pickwick”, based on Charles Dickens‘ novel “The Pickwick Papers’, featuring Harry Secombe and Charlotte Rae, closes at 46th St Theater, NYC, after 56 performances

1966 John Kander and Fred Ebb’s “Cabaret” opens at Broadhurst Theater, NYC; runs for 1166 performances, wins 8 Tony Awards

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1866 French inventor Pierre Lallement patents rotary crank bicycle

1902 Geo Lefevre and Henri Desgrange create Tour de France bicycle race

1915 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Hamilton Tigers win 2nd title; beat Toronto Rowing Association, 13-7

1928 Boston Gardens opens, Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 1-0

1934 17 year old pitcher Eiji Sawamura gives up just 1 hit, a Lou Gehrig HR, as US All Stars beat Japan, 1-0

1934 Toronto Maple Leafs left wing Busher Jackson becomes first NHL player to score 4 goals in a period in 5-2 win over St. Louis Eagles at St. Louis Arena

1942 NHL abolishes regular season OT until WW II is over

1952 Chicago Cubs slugging left fielder Hank Sauer wins NL MVP

November 19 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1530 The Recess document resulting from the Diet of Augsburg signed by Charles V and catholic princes

1620 The Mayflower reaches Cape Cod and explores the coast

1805 Lewis and Clark Expedition, led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west

1863 US President Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; “Four score and seven years ago…”

1942 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Soviet soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army

1969 Apollo 12’s Charles Conrad and Alan Bean become the 3rd and 4th humans on the Moon

Today’s Historical Events

461 St Hilary begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1274 Mongol army lands at Hakata Bay in Japan during their first invasion attempt and are defeated; a typhoon destroys most of their fleet as they withdraw

1367 League of Cologne goes against Danish king Waldemar IV

1493 Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico, on his 2nd voyage

1521 Battle at Milan: Emperor Charles V‘s pontifical, Spanish and German troops beat French forces and occupy Milan

1523 Giulio de’ Medici chosen as Pope Clemens VII

1530 The Recess document resulting from the Diet of Augsburg signed by Charles V and catholic princes

1544 Pope Paul III opens council of Trente

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1916 Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Picture; the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers

1955 KXMB TV channel 12 in Bismarck, North Dakota (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting

1959 “Rocky & His Friends” debuts on ABC

1962 KOET (now KULC) TV channel 9 in Ogden, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting

1965 ABC radio begins weekly “Vietnam Update” report

1967 The establishment of TVB, the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong

1969 WENY TV channel 36 in Elmira, NY (ABC) begins broadcasting

1971 Disney World’s Fort Wilderness opens

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1923 Béla Bartòk’s “Tancsuite” premieres

1972 “Ambassador” opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 9 performances

1972 “Dear Oscar” closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 5 performances

1976 George Harrison releases single “This Song”, an expression of his frustration at being sued for copyright infringement

1979 Chuck Berry released from prison for income tax evasion conviction

1990 Pop duo Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award after it is learned they did not sing on their award-winning “Girl You Know Its True” album

1992 “3 From Brooklyn” opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 45 performances

1995 “Sacrilege” closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 21 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1906 London selected to host 1908 Olympics

1932 Joe Kershalla scores 71 points in a college football game

1939 Don Lash wins 6th straight AAU cross-country 10K championship

1951 Roy Campanella named NL MVP on his 30th birthday

1953 US Supreme Court rules (7-2) baseball is a sport not a business

1961 Houston Oilers quarterback George Blanda passes for 7 touchdowns in a 49-13 rout of NY Titans at Jeppesen Stadium, Houston

1968 New York Yankees pitcher Stan Bahnsen wins AL Rookie of the Year

1975 Reds 2nd baseman Joe Morgan is named NL MVP

A Laugh for Today

I do not like saying it but I have had one of these kinds of weeks 😂

November 18 Astronomy Picture of the Day

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

2022 November 18

The protostar L1527, shown in this image from the NASA/ESA/CSA James Webb Space Telescope, is embedded within a cloud of material that is feeding its growth. Material ejected from the star has cleared out cavities above and below it, whose boundaries glow orange and blue in this infrared view. The upper central region displays bubble-like shapes due to stellar ‘burps,’ or sporadic ejections. Webb also detects filaments made of molecular hydrogen that has been shocked by past stellar ejections. Intriguingly, the edges of the cavities at upper left and lower right appear straight, while the boundaries at upper right and lower left are curved. The region at lower right appears blue, as there’s less dust between it and Webb than the orange regions above it.

The Protostar within L1527

Image Credit: Science – NASAESACSASTScINIRCam
Processing – Joseph DePasquale (STScI), Anton M. Koekemoer (STScI), Alyssa Pagan (STScI)

Explanation: The protostar within dark cloud L1527 is a mere 100,000 years old, still embedded in the cloud of gas and dust that feeds its growth. In this NIRCam image from the James Webb Space Telescope, the dark band at the neck of the infrared nebula is a thick disk that surrounds the young stellar object. Viewed nearly edge-on and a little larger than our Solar System, the disk ultimately supplies material to the protostar while hiding it from Webb’s direct infrared view. The nebula itself is seen in stunning detail though. Illuminated by infrared light from the protostar, the hourglass-shaped nebula’s cavities are created as material ejected in the star-forming process plows through the surrounding medium. As the protostar gains mass it will eventually become a full-fledged star, collapsing and igniting nuclear fusion in its core. A likely analog to our own Sun and Solar System in their early infancy, the protostar within dark cloud L1527 lies some 460 light-years distant in the Taurus star-forming region. Webb’s NIRCam image spans about 0.3 light-years.

November 18 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1477 First English dated printed book “Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers” by William Caxton at his press in London

1626 St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated, replacing an earlier basilica on the same site and becoming the world’s largest Christian basilica

1916 British General Douglas Haig finally calls off the 1st Battle of the Somme in World War I after more than 1 million soldiers had been killed or wounded

1978 In Jonestown, Guyana, 918 members of the Peoples Temple are murdered or commit suicide under the leadership of cult leader Jim Jones

1993 Black and white leaders in South Africa approve new democratic constitution

Today’s Historical Events

326 Old St. Peter’s Basilica consecrated in Rome (stood 4th – 16th century), later replaced by current Basilica

794 Japanese emperor Kammu deallocates residence of Nara to Kioto

1105 Maginulf elected anti-Pope Silvester I

1210 Pope Innocent III excommunicates Roman Catholic Emperor Otto IV

1302 Pope Boniface VIII issues papal bull (decree) “Unam sanctam” emphasizing the higher position of the spiritual in comparison with the secular order

1307 William Tell reputedly shoots apple off his son’s head

1421 Southern sea floods 72 villages, killing estimated 10,000 in Netherlands

1424 Storm flood ravages Dutch coast

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1928 Walt Disney‘s “Steamboat Willie” released, first Mickey Mouse sound cartoon

1930 Musical “Smiles” with Bob Hope and Fred Astaire premieres in NYC

1932 “Flowers & Trees” receives 1st Academy Award for a cartoon

1932 5th Academy Awards: Fredric March and Wallace Beery in 1st ever tie for Best Actor. “Grand Hotel” and Helen Hayes also win.

1951 Former Cubs 1st baseman & future TV star of Rifleman Chuck Connors is 1st player to oppose the major league draft

1959 “Ben-Hur” directed by William Wyler and starring Charlton Heston premieres in New York City (Academy Awards Best Picture 1960)

1974 “The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway” by English progressive rock band Genesis is released, their last to feature original frontman Peter Gabriel

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1883 Antonín Dvořák’s “Husitska” (Hussite Overture) premieres at the gala opening of the Prague National Theater

1911 Ludwig Thuille’s opera “Lobetanz” first American performance

1919 H Tierney & J McCarthy’s musical “Irene” premieres in NYC

1945 Arnold Schoenberg‘s Prelude for orchestra & mixed choir, premieres

1961 “Gay Life” opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 113 performances

1961 “Kwamina” closes at 54th St Theater NYC after 32 performances

1975 “Rufus featuring Chaka Khan” 4th studio album by Rufus is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1976)

1984 “3 Musketeers” closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 9 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1905 10th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 30-0 in Birmingham

1949 NL batting leader (.342) Jackie Robinson wins NL MVP

1951 Former Cubs 1st baseman & future TV star of Rifleman Chuck Connors is 1st player to oppose the major league draft

1960 Charlie Finley makes a bid to purchase expansion LA Angels

1964 Baltimore Orioles third baseman Brooks Robinson wins American League MVP

1966 Sandy Koufax announces his retirement due to arthritic left elbow

1970 Joe Frazier KOs Bob Foster in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1970 Johnny Bench wins NL MVP

November 17 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1558 Elizabeth I aged 25, ascends the English throne upon death of her half sister, Queen “Bloody” Mary (SIND NOTE: Queen Elizabeth II ascended the throne at age 25 years old also in 1952)

1800 Congress holds its 1st session in Washington, D.C. in an incomplete Capitol Building

1831 Ecuador and Venezuela separated from Greater Colombia

1855 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls, in what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe

1869 Suez Canal in Egypt opens, linking Mediterranean and Red seas

1922 The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, is expelled to Malta on a British warship

1970 Douglas Engelbart receives the patent for the first computer mouse

November 16 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

534 Second and final revision of the Justinian Code published, a codified set of imperial and classical laws begun initially in 528

1532 Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro captures Inca Emperor Atahualpa after a surprise ambush at Cajamarca in the Peruvian Andes

1776 British troops capture Fort Washington during American Revolution

1945 Founding of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Today’s Historical Events

13 General Tiberius‘ (later Emperor) triumphant procession through Rome after siege of Germany

534 Second and final revision of the Justinian Code published, a codified set of imperial and classical laws begun initially in 528

1491 An auto de fe, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside of Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects.

1519 City of Havana moved to its current location to avoid mosquito infestations

1532 Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro captures Inca Emperor Atahualpa after a surprise ambush at Cajamarca in the Peruvian Andes

1572 Troops under Don Frederik (the Spanish General Fadrique Alvarez de Toledo) occupy and plunder Zutphen, Netherlands

1581 Tsar Ivan the Terrible attacks his son and heir, Ivan Ivanovich, with a scepter after an argument leading to the latter’s death three days later

1632 Battle of Lützen: Significant battle of Thirty Years’ War – Swedish and Saxon forces defeat the Holy Roman Empire, at cost of the death of Swedish King Gustavus Adolphus

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1957 BBC’s 1st pop music show, the “Six-Five Special”, is broadcast from the tiny 2i’s Coffee Bar in London

1965 Walt Disney launches Epcot Center: Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow

1982 Tom Stoppard‘s play “The Real Thing” premieres in London starring Felicity Kendal and Roger Rees

1988 Robin Givens sues Mike Tyson for $125 million for libel

2001 “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone”, 1st film adaptation of the book series by J. K. Rowling starring Daniel Radcliffe, premieres in US (Titled “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s’s Stone” in some markets)

2003 31st American Music Awards: Kid Rock, Jennifer Lopez & Luther Vandross win

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1903 V Herbert & H Smith’s musical “Babette” premieres in NYC

1908 Arturo Toscanini begins conducting NY’s Metropolitan Opera

1916 I. Berlin, V. Herbert, H. Blossoms musical premieres in NYC

1935 Cole Porter‘s musical “Anything Goes” closes at 46th Street Theatre, NYC, after 420 performances

1935 Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart‘s musical “Jumbo” premieres in NYC

1956 Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor, named Musical Director of La Scala, Milan

1957 “Copper & Brass” closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 36 performances

1959 “The Sound of Music” musical by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater, NYC; runs for 1443 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1907 12th Iron Bowl: Auburn and Alabama tie 6-6 in Birmingham

1909 Dutch football club FC Eindhoven is founded in southern part of the city; Eredivisie 1954; KNVB Cup 1937

1924 Cleveland Bulldogs lose, 12-7 to Frankford Yellow Jackets at Dunn Field; ends 31-game undefeated streak; NFL and major-league football record

1926 New York Rangers ice hockey club first game; beat Montreal Maroons, 1-0 at Madison Square Garden, NYC

1957 Boson Celtics’ center Bill Russell sets NBA record of 49 rebounds as Boston beats Philadelphia Warriors, 111-89 at Boston Gardens

1957 University of Oklahoma Football NCAA win streak ends at 47 after losing 7-0 to Notre Dame at Oklahoma Memorial Stadium

1959 Boston business executive Billy Sullivan is awarded eighth and final franchise of developing American Football League (AFL); later branded Boston Patriots

1962 SF Warriors center Wilt Chamberlain scores 73 points in 127-111 win over NY Knicks at Madison Square Garden

November 15 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1492 Christopher Columbus notes 1st recorded reference to tobacco

1884 European Colonization and trade in Africa is officially regulated at the international Berlin Conference, formalizing European powers “Scramble for Africa”

1904 King C. Gillette patents the Gillette razor blade

1948 Mackenzie King retires after 22 years as Prime Minister of Canada

1969 An estimated 2 million people take part in the Vietnam War Moratorium Demonstration across the United States

Today’s Historical Events

655 Battle of the Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Bernicia.

1315 Battle of Morgarten: Swiss beat duke Leopold I of Austria

1348 Rudolph of Oron claims Jews have confessed to poisoning wells

1492 Christopher Columbus notes 1st recorded reference to tobacco

1492 In La Guardia, Spain, 6 Jews & 5 Conversos are accused of ritual murder

1515 Thomas Wolsey is invested as an English Cardinal

1527 Treaty of Schoonhoven: Henry of the Palatinate, Bishop of Utrecht, cedes lands to the Habsburgs in return for security help against resistant citizens

1532 Pope Clemens VII tells Henry VIII to end relationship with Anna Boleyn

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1926 1st formal radio network, RCA takes over AT&T 25 station Network (NBC)

1932 Walt Disney Art School created

1949 KRON-TV channel 4 in San Francisco, California (NBC) begins broadcasting; call letters a nod to the owners other business, The San Francisco Chronicle newspaper

1953 WIBW TV channel 13 in Topeka, KS (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting

1953 WRBL TV channel 3 in Columbus, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting

1964 KBYU TV channel 11 in Provo, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting

1967 WLTV TV channel 23 in Miami, FL (IND) begins broadcasting

1969 The 1st ever colour television commercial in the UK, for Birds Eye peas, airs on ATV in the Midlands during a Thunderbirds episode

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1832 Felix Mendelssohn‘s “Symphony No. 5 (Reformation)” premieres

1845 Opera “Maritana” is produced (London)

1903 Eugen d’Albert’s opera “Tiefland” premieres in Prague

1935 “A Night at the Opera”, directed by Sam Wood, starring the Marx Brothers, is released

1956 “Li’l Abner” opens at St James Theater, NYC; runs for 693 performances

1956 “Love Me Tender” (The Reno Brothers) film with Elvis Presley in his debut premieres in the US

1969 Janis Joplin, accused of vulgar & indicent language in Tampa, Florida

1975 “Mammas Don’t Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys” single released by Ed Bruce

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1900 Dutch soccer club NEC is established in Nijmegen

1901 6th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 17-0 in Tuscaloosa

1901 James J. Jeffries TKOs Gus Ruhlin in 6 for heavyweight boxing title in San Francisco

1913 Australasian Championships Men’s Tennis, Perth: Australian Ernie Parker beats NZ namesake Harry Parker 2-6, 6-1, 6-3, 6-2

1946 Ted Williams is picked as AL MVP

1947 Bradman scores his 100th 100, 172 v Indians at the SCG

1947 Soccer team GVVV forms in Veenendaal

1951 1st-class cricket debut of future great Pakistani batsman Hanif Mohammad; scores 26 in drawn tour match, Pakistan XI v MCC, Lahore

November 14 Astronomy Picture of the Day

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

2022 November 14

NGC 7380: The Wizard Nebula

Image Credit & Copyright: Ioan Popa

Explanation: What powers are being wielded in the Wizard Nebula? Gravitation strong enough to form stars, and stellar winds and radiations powerful enough to create and dissolve towers of gas. Located only 8,000 light years away, the Wizard nebula, featured here, surrounds developing open star cluster NGC 7380. Visually, the interplay of stars, gas, and dust has created a shape that appears to some like a fictional medieval sorcerer. The active star forming region spans 100 about light years, making it appear larger than the angular extent of the Moon. The Wizard Nebula can be located with a small telescope toward the constellation of the King of Aethiopia (Cepheus). Although the nebula may last only a few million years, some of the stars being formed may outlive our Sun.

November 14 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1680 Gottfried Kirch discovers the Great Comet of 1680 (Kirch’s Comet/Newton’s Comet)

1896 Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation

1908 Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light

1920 The Russian Bolshevik army occupies Sebastopol, ending anti-communist attempts to regain the government of Russia

Today’s Historical Events

1524 Francisco Pizarro begins his 1st great expedition, near Colombia

1550 Pope Julius III proclaims new seat on Council of Trente

1666 Samuel Pepys reports on 1st blood transfusion (between dogs)

1675 Pope Clemens X declares Gorcumse martyrs divine

1680 Gottfried Kirch discovers the Great Comet of 1680 (Kirch’s Comet/Newton’s Comet)

1698 Spanish king Carlos appoints grandson prince Jozef Ferdinand as heir

1732 First professional librarian in north America, Louis Timothee, hired in Philadelphia

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1957 Dick Hutton beats Lou Thesz in Toronto, to become NWA wrestling champion

1965 KCST TV channel 39 in San Diego, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting

1968 U.S. premiere of film version of Morris L. West’s best seller “The Shoes of the Fisherman”

1976 “Network”, directed by Sidney Lumet, starring Faye Dunaway, Peter Finch and William Holden, premieres in Los Angeles and New York City (Finch – Academy Awards Best Actor 1977)

1980 Kimberley Santos, 19 of Guam, crowned 30th Miss World

1985 Holmfriour Karlsdottir of Iceland, 22, crowned 35th Miss World

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1908 Oscar Strauss’ musical “Der tapfere Soldat” premieres in Vienna

1952 First regular UK singles chart published by the New Musical Express

1959 “Girls against the Boys” closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 16 performances

1960 Ray Charles‘ single “Georgia On My Mind” reaches #1

1964 “Fade Out-Fade In” closes at Mark Hellinger NYC after 199 performances

1964 “Folies Bergere” closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 191 performances

1964 “Oliver!” closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 774 performances

1965 “Baker Street” closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 313 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1888 St Andrews Golf Club, Yonkers NY, opens with just 6 holes

1936 More than 21,000 watch Don Bradman score 192 for South Australia v Victoria in a drawn Sheffield Shield match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground

1943 Chic Bear Sid Luckman passes for 7 touchdowns vs NY Giants (56-7)

1957 Milwaukee Brave Hank Aaron wins NL MVP

1964 Detroit Red Wings Gordie Howe sets NHL record 627th career goal

1966 Muhammad Ali TKOs Cleveland Williams in 3 for heavyweight title

1973 Canada begins production of Olympic coins

1973 Jim Palmer is named AL Cy Young winner

November 13 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1789 Benjamin Franklin writes “Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes”

1933 1st modern sit-down strike by Hormel meat packers in Austin, Minnesota

1956 US Supreme court rules race separation on buses in Alabama unconstitutional

1980 US spacecraft Voyager 1 sends back 1st close-up pictures of Saturn during its fly-by

1985 Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupts in Colombia, killing 25,000 in the town of Armero

Today’s Historical Events

833 Louis the Pious, King of the Franks, performs public act of penance at the Church of Saint Medard in Soissons

866 Pope Nicholas I answers the envoys of Boris (Ad consulta vestra)

1002 English king Ethelred II (the ‘Unready’) launches ‘St Brice’s Day’ massacre of Danish settlers

1553 English Lady Jane Grey and Archbishop Thomas Cranmer accused of high treason

1565 King Philip II‘s “Letters out Segovia” reaches Brussels

1565 Pope Pius IV publishes decree Professi fidei

1642 Battle at Turnham Green outside London: King Charles I vs English parliament

1673 Christopher Wren is appointed architect for the rebuilding of St Paul’s Cathedral in London by King Charles II [1]

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1922 George M. Cohan‘s musical “Little Nellie Kelly” premieres in NYC

1937 NBC forms first full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio

1940 Walt Disney‘s animated film “Fantasia”, starring Leopold Stokowski, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Mickey Mouse, and ballet dancing hippopotamuses, premieres at the Broadway Theatre, New York City

1952 KLBK TV channel 13 in Lubbock, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting

1960 Fire in movie theater kills 152 children in Amude, Spain

1961 WCBB TV channel 10 in Augusta, ME (PBS) begins broadcasting

1965 Director Kenneth Tynan says the word “F*ck” on BBC

1966 American comedian Flip Wilson makes his debut appearance on “The Ed Sullivan Show”; he returns 10 times [1]

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1948 “As the Girls Go” opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 420 performances

1951 Janet Collins is the first 1st African-American dancer to appear at the Metropolitan Opera, in a production of Aida

1953 Dmitri Shostakovich‘s 4th String Quartet premieres

1959 The Academy of St Martin in the Fields’ first professional concert takes place in London

1965 “Skyscraper” opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 248 performances

1973 “Gigi” opens at Uris Theater NYC for 103 performances

1975 “Musical Jubilee” opens at St James Theater NYC for 92 performances

1989 Paul McCartney releases single “Figure of 8” & “Ou Est Le Soleil”

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1875 Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms

1900 Baltimore Orioles (now NY Yankees) enter baseball’s American League

1906 C. W. Gregory out for 383 as NSW make 763 v Queensland, in record cricket innings by an Australian

1907 French cyclist Paul Cornu flies 1st helicopter (twin rotor)

1946 Bradman scores 106 for an Australian XI v the MCC

1951 Lefty O’Doul’s all-stars, including Joe DiMaggio and Billy Martin, lose 3-1 to Pacific League all-star team (Japan)

1954 1st Rugby League World Cup, Parc des Princes, Paris: Great Britain beats France, 16-12; Man of The Match: GB second rower Don Robinson

1958 NYC Mayor Robert Wagner announces plans to begin a new baseball called the Continental League

November 11 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1620 Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims at Cape Cod, the 1st framework of government in the territory that is now the USA [N.S. Nov 21]

1675 German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie‘s army enters England

Today’s Historical Events

308 The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.

725 English pilgrim Willibald (later St. Willibald) arrives in Jerusalem. One of the first known Europeans to visit the Holy Land.

887 Parliament in Tribur: King Charles III resigns

1158 Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy

1208 Otto van Wittelsbach chosen German king

1215 4th Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

1400 Battle of Aleppo: Timur and his army defeat the forces of Sultan Faraj, Mameluke ruler of Egypt, 20,000 people reportedly massacred and a pyramid of their skulls built

1417 Oddo Colonna elected as Pope Martinus V

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1947 “Gentlemen’s Agreement” directed by Elia Karan and starring Gregory Peck and Dorothy McGuire premieres in New York (Best Picture 1948)

1949 WTTV TV channel 4 in Bloomington-Indianapol, IN (IND) 1st broadcast

1954 Publication of “Two Towers”, 2nd volume of “Lord of the Rings”, by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

1959 1st episode of Jay Ward’s cartoon series “Rocky & His Friends”, featuring Rocket J. (“Rocky”) Squirrel and Bullwinkle J. Moose. airs on NBC

1963 Brian Epstein and Ed Sullivan sign a 3 show contract for appearances by The Beatles

1971 Neil Simon‘s “Prisoner of Second Avenue” premieres in NYC

1982 Susan Cooper and Hume Cronyn’s stage drama with songs “Foxfire”, strring Jesica Tandy, Keith Carradine, and Cronyn, opens at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre, NYC; runs for 213 performances and wins a Tony Award for Tandy

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1901 Maurice Ravel‘s piano composition “Jeux d’eau” premieres

1925 Louis Armstrong and his Hot Five begin their first recording session

1931 Cornerstones laid for Opera House & Veteran’s Building in San Francisco, California

1933 Billie Holiday‘s second song and first hit, “Riffin’ the Scotch”, is released

1939 Kate Smith first sings Irving Berlin‘s “God Bless America”

1957 Sun Record’s release single “Great Balls of Fire” by Jerry Lee Lewis; sells a million copies in first ten day

1958 “La Plume de Ma Tante” opens at Royale Theater NYC for 835 performances

1968 John Lennon and Yoko Ono appear nude on cover of “Two Virgins” album

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1889 British Open Men’s Golf, Musselburgh Links: Willie Park Jr wins his second Open title; beats Andrew Kirkaldy by 5 in 36-hole playoff

1926 Future Baseball Hall of Fame second baseman Eddie Collins is released as Chicago White Sox player/manager; replaced by another future HOF’er catcher Ray Schalk

1943 New York Yankees pitcher Spud Chandler wins AL MVP; St. Louis Cardinals outfielder Stan Musial wins NL MVP

1944 New York Rangers beat Detroit Red Wings, 5-2 to end NHL record 25 game winless streak (0-21-4)

1946 New York Knicks play their first Basketball Association of American (BAA) home game at Madison Square Garden; lose, 78-68 to Chicago Stags in overtime

1959 Seals Stadium, a minor league baseball park and temporary home of MLB Giants) in San Francisco, California demolished

1960 Record New York Knicks’ crowd for the third Madison Square Garden venue on 49th Street, NYC; 18,499 see Knicks beat Syracuse Nationals, 112-108

1972 Rugby League World Cup, Stade de Gerland, Lyon, France: Australia and Great Britain draw 10-10; Great Britain awarded the Trophy

November 7 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1492 Ensisheim Meteorite strikes a wheat field near the village of Ensisheim in Alsace, France. Oldest meteorite with a known date of impact.

1872 Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned four weeks later

1917 [OS Oct 25] October Revolution in Russia; Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize power, capture the Winter Palace and overthrow the Provisional Government.

1931 Chinese People’s Republic proclaimed by Mao Zedong

2000 Controversial US presidential election between George W. Bush and Al Gore is inconclusive; the result, in Bush’s favor, is eventually resolved by the Supreme Court

2020 Former Vice-President Joe Biden declared the winner of the US Presidential race, four days after the US election, defeating sitting President Donald Trump

Today’s Historical Events

680 Third Council of Constantinople (6th ecumenical council) opens

921 Treaty of Bonn: East France & West France recognize each other

1492 Ensisheim Meteorite strikes a wheat field near the village of Ensisheim in Alsace, France. Oldest meteorite with a known date of impact.

1512 Medici’s discharge Niccolo Machiavelli from Florence

1519 University of Leuven convicts teaching of Luther

1558 French King Henry II occupies Calais

1631 Pierre Gassendi observes 1st ever transit of Mercury predicted by Kepler

1637 Anne Hutchinson tried in Massachusetts Bay Colony as a heretic

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1722 Richard Steele‘s sentimental comedy play “The Conscious Lovers” premieres in London

1874 1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by Thomas Nast

1904 George M. Cohan‘s 1st full-length musical “Little Johnny Jones”, featuring the songs “Yankee Doodle Dandy” and “Give My Regards To Broadway”, opens at the Liberty Theatre, NYC; runs for 52 performances be before going on tour

1921 Ed Wynn’s musical revue “The Perfect Fool” premieres in NYC

1932 1st broadcast of “Buck Rogers in the 25th century” on CBS-radio

1953 WIS TV channel 10 in Columbia, SC (NBC) begins broadcasting

1957 WEEQ (now WWTO) TV channel 35 in La Salle, IL (IND) 1st broadcast

1960 KNRR TV channel 12 in Pembina, ND (IND) begins broadcasting

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1786 The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded in Boston, Massachusetts as the Stoughton Musical Society

1912 The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven‘s Fidelio

1946 Katherine Dunham’s song and dance revue “Bal Nègre” opens at Belasco Theater, NYC; runs for 54 performances

1966 John Lennon meets Yoko Ono at an avante-garde art exposition at Indica Gallery in London [1]

1969 John Lennon and Yoko Ono release their second album “Wedding Album” in UK

1970 “Purlie” closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 689 performances

1982 Revival of Alex Bradford, Vinnette Carroll, and Micki Grant’s “Your Arms are Too Short to Box With God”, based on the Bible’s Book of Matthew, and featuring Al Green and Patti LaBelle, closes at Alvin Theatre, NYC. after 69 performances

1990 “Little Night Music” closes at New York State NYC after 11 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1933 Pennsylvania voters overturn blue law, by permitting Sunday sports

1942 Italian cyclist Fausto Coppi establishes world hour record 45.798km in Vigorelli, Milan, Italy

1943 Detroit Lions 0, NY Giants 0; last scoreless tie in NFL

1954 Cleveland Browns’ Chet Hanulak sets club record with 7 punt returns & win by their largest margin of victory (59) beating Wash 62-3

1957 Phillies pitcher Jack Sanford wins NL Rookie of Year

1959 Ryder Cup Golf, Eldorado GC: Sam Snead leads US to comprehensive 8½-3½ win

1962 Glenn Hall set NHL record of 503 consecutive games as goalie

1963 New York Yankee catcher Elston Howard is first African-American to be voted AL MVP

November 4 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1576 Eighty Years’ War: In Flanders, Spanish defeat Walloon and capture Antwerp

1841 First wagon train arrives in California after a five and a half month and 1,730 mile journey over the Sierra Nevada from Missouri [1]

1845 First nationally observed uniform election day in the United States, the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November

1862 American inventor Richard Jordan Gatling patents the hand cranked Gatling machine gun in Indianapolis

1879 African American inventor Thomas Elkins patents the Refrigerating Apparatus [1]

1922 Howard Carter discovers the intact tomb of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun in Egypt

2008 Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate John McCain

Today’s Historical Events

922 Richarius becomes bishop of Luik

1333 Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani

1429 Joan of Arc and Charles d’Albret liberate the heavily fortified town of Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier after a siege

1501 Philip de Blank & Juana “la Loca” depart to Spain

1519 Flood ravages Dutch and Friese coast

1520 Danish Norwegian king Christian II crowned King of Sweden

1529 English cardinal Thomas Wolsey arrested on charges of treason

1576 Eighty Years’ War: In Flanders, Spanish defeat Walloon and capture Antwerp

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1914 Vogue holds 1st model show (“Fashion Fete”, NYC)

1929 John L. Balderston’s play “Berkeley Square” starring Leslie Howard premieres in NYC

1948 American humorist Will Rogers commemorated by US Postage Service on 3-cent stamp

1968 WRDU (now WPTF) TV channel 28 in Raleigh-Durham, NC (NBC) 1st broadcast

1968 WTOG TV channel 44 in St Petersburg-Tampa, FL (IND) 1st broadcast

1985 “Edge of Darkness” first airs on BBC Two, featuring Bob Peck and Joanne Whalley

1992 NY Jets announce they are moving from WABC to WFAN radio

2001 “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” 1st film adaptation of the book series by J. K. Rowling starring Daniel Radcliffe, premieres in London (Titled “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone” in some markets)

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1783 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart‘s “Symphony No. 36” premieres in Linz, Austria

1876 Johannes Brahms‘ 1st Symphony in C premieres in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden

1890 Alexander Borodin’s opera “Prince Igor” debuts at Mariinsky Theatre, St. Petersburg, Russia

1908 Brooklyn Academy of Music opens in NYC

1909 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari‘s opera “Il Segreto di Susanna” (Susanna’s Secret) is first produced in Munich

1946 “Park Avenue” opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 72 performances

1950 “Barrier” closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 4 performances

1950 “Consul” closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 269 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1889 Players League begins, declaring independence from baseball’s NL

1924 California legalizes professional boxing (illegal since 1914)

1934 After posting 7 straight shutouts to start the NFL season, Detroit Lions beat Pittsburgh, 40-7 at University of Detroit Stadium; scored upon for the first time of the season; rush for NFL single game record 426 yards

1951 NY Giants & NY Yanks score back-to-back TDs on kickoff returns

1951 Ryder Cup Golf, Pinehurst Resort: US wins 9½-2½; Sam Snead playing captain for US; Arthur Lacey non-playing GB skipper

1951 Vijay Merchant scores 154 v England in his last Test Cricket innings

1953 New baseball balk rule gives the batter option of accepting the outcome of the pitch or the balk

1959 Ernie Banks, Cubs shortstop, wins 2nd consecutive NL MVP