It’s Leap Day! Here’s the history behind it

Lucky Black Cats

It’s Leap Day! Here’s the history behind it

Every four years, an extra day is added to the calendar in order to synchronize it with the solar year.

It takes the earth 365.242 days to orbit the Sun. For this reason, the full day is only added once every four years.

The extra day, called leap day or intercalary day, is added at the end of February, giving it 29 days instead of 28.

Leap year occurs in every year that is divisible by four and only in century years that are evenly divided by 400. For example, 800, 1200, 2000 were leap years but 1700 and 1900 were not because they are not divisible by 400, even though they are divisible by four.

The practice of adding the extra day began with the creation of the Julian calendar and a decree by Julius Caesar in the year 46 B.C. The Julian calendar creates an extra day every four years, and does not follow the century-divisible-by-400 rule so there is still an 11-minute, 14-second discrepancy each year.

The 11-minute discrepancy in the Julian calendar had added up to ten days by the year 1582 A.D. so Pope Gregory XIII created the Gregorian calendar and dropped ten days from the month of October. He also established February 29 as the official date to add during a leap year, coined the term leap year, and created the rules for adding the leap year.

Currently the solar year is approximately 26 seconds shorter than the Gregorian year.
In the U.S., leap year coincides with presidential election years.
 

Source

Cable News Network

Current Moon Phase for Wednesday, Feb. 10th is Waxing Crescent

February 10
Waxing Crescent
Illumination: 5%

The Moon today is in a Waxing Crescent Phase. A Waxing Crescent is the first Phase after the New Moon and is a great time to see the features of the moon’s surface. During this phase the Moon can be seen in the western sky after the sun dips below the horizon at sunset. The moon is close to the sun in the sky and mostly dark except for the right edge of the moon which becomes brighter as the days get closer to the next phase which is a First Quarter with a 50% illumination.

Phase Details for – Wednesday, February 10, 2016

Phase: Waxing Crescent
Illumination: 5%
Moon Age: 2.08 days
Moon Angle: 0.54
Moon Distance: 366,338.55 km
Sun Angle: 0.54
Sun Distance: 147,627,912.53 km

The Witches Moon Phase for February 4th is Waning Crescent

February 4
Waning Crescent
Illumination: 19%

The Moon today is in a Waning Crescent phase. In this phase the Moon’s illumination is growing smaller each day until the New Moon. During this phase the Moon is getting closer to the Sun as viewed from Earth and the night side of the Moon is facing the Earth with only a small edge of the Moon being illuminated. This phase is best viewed an hour or 2 before the sunrise and can be quite beautiful if you’re willing to get up early. It can also be a great time to see the features of the Moon’s surface. Along the edge where the illuminated portion meets the dark side, the craters and mountains cast long shadows making them easier to observe with a telescope or binoculars.

Phase Details for – Thursday, February 4, 2016

Phase: Waning Crescent
Illumination: 19%
Moon Age: 25.25 days
Moon Angle: 0.51
Moon Distance: 392,302.86 km
Sun Angle: 0.54
Sun Distance: 147,477,823.30 km

The Witches’ Moon Phase for Wednesday, Feb. 3rd – Waning Crescent

February 3
Waning Crescent
Illumination: 28%

The Moon today is in a Waning Crescent phase. In this phase the Moon’s illumination is growing smaller each day until the New Moon. During this phase the Moon is getting closer to the Sun as viewed from Earth and the night side of the Moon is facing the Earth with only a small edge of the Moon being illuminated. This phase is best viewed an hour or 2 before the sunrise and can be quite beautiful if you’re willing to get up early. It can also be a great time to see the features of the Moon’s surface. Along the edge where the illuminated portion meets the dark side, the craters and mountains cast long shadows making them easier to observe with a telescope or binoculars.

Phase Details for – Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Phase: Waning Crescent
Illumination: 28%
Moon Age: 24.30 days
Moon Angle: 0.50
Moon Distance: 396,509.38 km
Sun Angle: 0.54
Sun Distance: 147,455,010.67 km

The Witches Almanac for Wednesday, January 27th

Y.A.M._White Unicorns
The Witches Almanac for Wednesday, January 27th

Wednesday (Mercury): The conscious mind, study, travel, divination, and wisdom.

Vogelgruff (Swiss)

Waning Moon
The Waning Moon (from the Full Moon to the New) is a time for study, meditation, and little magical work (except magic designed to banish harmful energies).

Moon phase: Third Quarter

Moon Sign: Virgo
Virgo: Favors accomplishment of details and commands from higher up. Focuses on health, hygiene, and daily schedules.

Incense: Lavender

Color: Topaz

Home & Hearth Magick for Sunday, January 24

A White Wolf Winter
Home & Hearth Magick for Sunday, January 24

On Sunday, work for success, healing and blessings.

Planetary Influence: The Sun

Household Symbols: A rooster, a sun, gold jewelry

Colors: Yellow and gold

Kitchen Spices: Cinnamon and orange peels

Source:
Cottage Witchery, Natural Magick for Hearth and Home
Author: Ellen Dugan

The Witches Correspondences for Sunday, January 24th

wolves
The Witches Correspondences for Sunday, January 24th

Magickal Intentions: Growth, Advancements, Enlightenment, Rational Thought, Exorcism, Healing, Prosperity, Hope, Exorcism, Money

Incense: Lemon, Frankincense

Planet: Sun

Sign: Leo

Angel: Michael

Colors: Gold, Yellow, Orange and White

Herbs/Plants: Marigold, Heliotrope, Sunflower, Buttercup, Cedar, Beech, Oak

Stones: Carnelian, Citrine, Tiger’s Eye, Amber, Clear Quartz and Red Agate

Oil: (Sun) Cedar, Frankincense, Neroli, Rosemary

The first day of the week is ruled by the Sun. It is an excellent time to work efforts involving business partnerships, work promotions, business ventures, and professional success. Spells where friendships, mental or physical health, or bringing joy back into life are an issue work well on this day, too.

The Witches Almanac for Sunday, January 24th

Vintage, winter, forest with wolves // Winter Collection Blingee
The Witches Almanac for Sunday, January 24th

Sunday(Sun): Healing, spirituality, success, strength and protection.

Alasitas Fair (Bolivian)

Waning Moon
The Waning Moon (from the Full Moon to the New) is a time for study, meditation, and little magical work (except magic designed to banish harmful energies).

Moon phase: Third Quarter

Moon Sign: Leo
Leo: Draws emphasis to the self, central ideas, or institutions, away from connections with others and other emotional needs. People tend to be melodramatic.

Incense: Heliotrope

Color: Yellow