Deities

Deity of the Day for February 10th is Mars, The Roman God of War

Deity of the Day

Mars

Categories: Articles, Daily Posts, Deities, The Gods | Tags: , , , , | 2 Comments

Deity of the Day for February 8th is Wadjet

Deity of the Day

 

Wadjet

 

Wadjet (/ˈwɑːdˌɛt/ or /ˈwædˌɛt/; Egyptian wꜣḏyt, “green one”), known to the Greek world as Uto /ˈjt/ or Buto /ˈbjt/ among other names, was originally the ancient local goddess of the city of Dep (Buto), which became part of the city that the Egyptians named Per-Wadjet, House of Wadjet, and the Greeks called Buto (Desouk now), a city that was an important site in the Predynastic era of Ancient Egypt and the cultural developments of the Paleolithic. She was said to be the patron and protector of Lower Egypt and upon unification with Upper Egypt, the joint protector and patron of all of Egypt with the “goddess” of Upper Egypt. The image of Wadjet with the sun disk is called the uraeus, and it was the emblem on the crown of the rulers of Lower Egypt. She was also the protector of kings and of women in childbirth.

As the patron goddess, she was associated with the land and depicted as a snake-headed woman or a snake—usually an Egyptian cobra, a venomous snake common to the region; sometimes she was depicted as a woman with two snake heads and, at other times, a snake with a woman’s head. Her oracle was in the renowned temple in Per-Wadjet that was dedicated to her worship and gave the city its name. This oracle may have been the source for the oracular tradition that spread to Greece from Egypt.

The Going Forth of Wadjet was celebrated on December 25 with chants and songs. An annual festival held in the city celebrated Wadjet on April 21. Other important dates for special worship of her were June 21, the Summer Solstice, and March 14. She also was assigned the fifth hour of the fifth day of the moon.

Wadjet was closely associated in the Egyptian pantheon with the Eye of Ra, a powerful protective deity. The hieroglyph for her eye is shown below; sometimes two are shown in the sky of religious images. Per-Wadjet also contained a sanctuary of Horus, the child of the sun deity who would be interpreted to represent the pharaoh. Much later, Wadjet became associated with Isis as well as with many other deities.

In the relief shown to the right, which is on the wall of the Hatshepsut Temple at Luxor, there are two images of Wadjet: one of her as the uraeus sun disk with her head through an ankh and another where she precedes a Horus hawk wearing the double crown of united Egypt, representing the pharaoh whom she protects.

 

Protector of country, pharaohs, and other deities

Eventually, Wadjet was claimed as the patron goddess and protector of the whole of Lower Egypt and became associated with Nekhbet, depicted as a white vulture, who held unified Egypt. After the unification the image of Nekhbet joined Wadjet on the crown, thereafter shown as part of the uraeus.

The ancient Egyptian word Wadj signifies blue and green. It is also the name for the well known Eye of the Moon. Indeed, in later times, she was often depicted simply as a woman with a snake’s head, or as a woman wearing the uraeus. The uraeus originally had been her body alone, which wrapped around or was coiled upon the head of the pharaoh or another deity

Wadjet was depicted as a cobra. As patron and protector, later Wadjet often was shown coiled upon the head of Ra; in order to act as his protection, this image of her became the uraeus symbol used on the royal crowns as well.

Another early depiction of Wadjet is as a cobra entwined around a papyrus stem, beginning in the Predynastic era (prior to 3100 B.C.) and it is thought to be the first image that shows a snake entwined around a staff symbol. This is a sacred image that appeared repeatedly in the later images and myths of cultures surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, called the caduceus, which may have had separate origins.

Her image also rears up from the staff of the “flag” poles that are used to indicate deities, as seen in the hieroglyph for uraeus above and for goddess in other places.

 

Associations with other deities

An interpretation of the Milky Way was that it was the primal snake, Wadjet, the protector of Egypt. In this interpretation she was closely associated with Hathor and other early deities among the various aspects of the great mother goddess, including Mut and Naunet. The association with Hathor brought her son Horus into association also. The cult of Ra absorbed most of Horus’s traits and included the protective eye of Wadjet that had shown her association with Hathor.

When identified as the protector of Ra, who was also a sun deity associated with heat and fire, she was sometimes said to be able to send fire onto those who might attack, just as the cobra spits poison into the eyes of its enemies. In this role she was called the Lady of Flame.

She later became identified with the war goddess of Lower Egypt, Bast, who acted as another figure symbolic of the nation, consequently becoming Wadjet-Bast. In this role, since Bast was a lioness, Wadjet-Bast was often depicted with a lioness head.

After Lower Egypt had been conquered by Upper Egypt and they were unified, the lioness goddess of Upper Egypt, Sekhmet, was seen as the more powerful of the two warrior goddesses. It was Sekhmet who was seen as the Avenger of Wrongs, and the Scarlet Lady, a reference to blood, as the one with bloodlust. She is depicted with the solar disk and Wadjet, however.

Eventually, Wadjet’s position as patron led to her being identified as the more powerful goddess Mut, whose cult had come to the fore in conjunction with rise of the cult of Amun, and eventually being absorbed into her as the Mut-Wadjet-Bast triad.

When the pairing of deities occurred in later Egyptian myths, since she was linked to the land, after the unification of Lower and Upper Egypt she came to be thought of as the wife of Hapy, a deity of the Nile, which flowed through the land.

Wadjet, as the goddess of Lower Egypt, had a big temple at the ancient Imet (now Tell Nebesha) in the Nile Delta. She was worshipped in the area as the ‘Lady of Imet’. Later she was joined by Min and Horus to form a triad of deities. This was based on an Osiriac model identified elsewhere in Egypt.

Wadjet is not to be confused with the Egyptian demon Apep, who is also represented as a snake in Egyptian mythology.

 

Source:
Wikipedia

Categories: Articles, Daily Posts, Deities, The Goddesses | Tags: , , , | Leave a comment

Deity of the Day for Feb. 6th is Venus, Goddess of Love and Beauty

Deity of the Day

Venus -

Goddess of Love and Beauty

The Roman Version of the Greek Goddess Aphrodite

Categories: Articles, Daily Posts, Deities, The Goddesses | Leave a comment

Brighid – Hearth Goddess of Ireland

Brighid – Hearth Goddess of Ireland

Categories: Articles, Daily Posts, The Goddesses | Tags: | Leave a comment

Deity of the Day for January 23rd is Calliope, Greek Muse

Deity of the Day

Calliope

Greek Muse

The Greek muse Calliope was, along with her other eight sisters, the muses, the daughter of Zeus and of the Titaness Mnemosyne.

She was the oldest and the wisest of the muses. She was considered the muse of epic poetry and of eloquence and was often depicted as holding a writing tablet and a stylus or a scroll and with a golden crown on her head.

Calliope was thought to be the muse who had inspired Homer to write the Illiad and the Odyssey. Some even think that she was Homer’s real mother.

Her most famous son is Orpheus, whose father was the king Oeagrus of Thrace. Orpheus lived with his mother on mount Parnassus. God Apollo taught him to play the lyre and his mother taught him to make the verses (but some consider Apollo as his father).

Some say that Zeus appointed Calliope as a judge in the dispute between Persephone and Aphrodite over the handsome Adonis. Calliope decided that Adonis should spend half of the year with Aphrodite and the other half with Persephone. But the goddess of love was not satisfied with this arrangement, so she made the Thracian women kill Calliope’s son, Orpheus.

Calliope is also considered the mother of Linus, another famous singer in Greek mithology.

It is also said that the muse of heroic poetry had children – the Corybantes – with her own father, Zeus, but in other versions the Corybantes took care of baby Zeus, so they can’t possibly be his children.

 

Source:

Greek Gods and Goddesses

Categories: Articles, Daily Posts, Deities, The Goddesses | Tags: , , , , | 1 Comment

Deity of the Day for January 21st is Mimir, Norse God of Wisdom

Deity of the Day

 

Mimir

Norse God of Wisdom

 

Mimir is the Norse god of wisdom, and while many of the deities are known for their great degree of wise intellect, Mimir was the greatest of them all in this capacity, the Norse counterpart of Athena from the Greek pantheon and Thoth from the Egyptian pantheon. His council was greatly favored by even All-Father Odin, along with the rest of the Aesir tribe of deities.  Tragedy would soon strike the wise deity soon after the Aesir picked a fight with another tribe of deities, the Vanir, who dwelt in the nearby dimensional realm of Vanaheim. The fight ended in a stalemate, and to facilitate the truce intended to lead into the merging of the two tribes, both sides agreed to an exchange of hostages.  The Vanir gave the great deities Freya and Frey to the Aesir, and in return the latter gave Mimir and the warrior deity Hoenir to the Vanir. Though the Vanir were impressed by Mimir, they disliked the fact that Hoenir rarely had anything to say at all, so feeling they were partially double-crossed by the Aesir, they took out their frustration on Mimir by killing him and sending his remains back to Odin. Determined to preserve the invaluable council that Mimir provided, the All-Father used a combination of his vast power with some magickal herbs to preserve Mimir’s severed head, so the deceased god could once again speak to him and have full access to his vast repository of memories and knowledge. The head of Mimir was then kept in a special chamber of Odin’s palace where the king of the gods alone retained access to his great wisdom. Somehow the Well of Mimir, said to be located in some unknown section of Midgard (the Earth realm), was infused with the sum total of Mimir’s great knowledge in a manner that was never fully explained in the surviving myths; Odin sacrificed one of his eyes to this sentient well in order to receive all the knowledge in the universe.

 

   

While the current status of Mimir in the cosmos is unknown, it is entirely possible for mortal followers of the Nordic path to call upon his indispensable wisdom when in need (where they will receive it largely whilst in the dream state or while in various altered states of consciousness entered into via meditation).  It is not known if this wise advice is acquired from the metaphysical “remains” of Mimir or from the Well of Mimir, but ultimately it doesn’t matter which since the wisdom of the universe–which Mimir personifies–is there to aid any follower of the Norse path who may wish to access it.

 

Source:
Shrine to the Gods of Asgard

Categories: Articles, Daily Posts, Deities, The Gods | Tags: , , , , | Leave a comment

Deities of the Day for January 20th is The Norns

Deities of the Day

The Norns

 

The Norns are amongst the most powerful and mysterious beings known in the cosmos, and in fact they are not even unique to the Norse pantheon, as an identical triad of sisters are extant in the Greek pantheon, where they are known as the Fates. The Norns and the Fates may very well be the same beings, with power that extends over all pantheons and all sentient beings anywhere in the universe. Though the Norns are described in the myths as the three goddesses of destiny, it’s quite clear they are not so much deities as personifications of the universal force of Fate, Destiny, or Kismet (take your pick of terminology), with each of the sisters representing a different aspect of time as mortals experience it in seemingly linear fashion–Urd represents the past, Verdnadi represents the present along with destiny in general, and Skuld represents the future. They are visualized by both the Norse and the Greeks in the form of three enigmatic sisters of variant ages (sometimes, but not always, as elderly) who are garbed in hooded robes.  They are said to weave the tapestry of destiny for all sentient beings in the cosmos, including the deities themselves, which is why even the most powerful of the Asgardians respects their power and scope of influence. Though predestination is unknown to the Norse, and free will is believed to predominate our sphere of existence, certain events can be foredestined, but the individual decisions made by various beings during the course of their lives will determine to what degree–if any–these events will be actualized on any given timeline. Despite the existence of free will, the Norns nevertheless possess the power to greatly influence the course of events and to insure a beneficial outcome for the universe in general in most cases. They are said to often congregate before the Well of Urd (I am not sure why this celestial well was named after this particular sister), located in some far distant reaches of Asgard, but more likely in some realm that is accessible from but not actually within any of the Nine Worlds of Norse cosmology, since these beings could interact with deities of other pantheons who resided in otherworldly realms that were entirely outside of the Nine Worlds (such as Olympus, where the Greek deities live). It would appear that wells were for some reason archetypal symbols of areas where great knowledge or forces of various sorts could be accessed (note the Well of Mimir, also).  This is possibly related to the fact that wells played such an important role in the material realm of humanity in ages past, since they provided life-sustaining water to those who lived in these agrarian societies of previous eras.

 

Forces of the universe have always been a major part of the mythos of various faith systems, and polytheistic faiths have often perceived them as able to manifest as sentient beings who are interpreted by mortals to be particularly powerful and mysterious deities.  Even the proper deities give reverence to these great forces, because though some of the gods and goddesses are able to tap into and control these forces to a great extent, they nevertheless remain subject to their universal influence just as their mere mortal followers are. This is implicit in the story of Ragnarok, as Odin went to great lengths to try and prevent this destined cataclysm that would destroy all the Nine Worlds of Norse cosmology, but according to the myths he was ultimately helpless to prevent it. This would appear to make it clear that even the most powerful of the deities must to some degree bow to the great Universal Forces (which includes Fate/Destiny/Kismet, Death, Eternity, Order, Chaos), or at the very least being required to work with these forces rather than rising above them entirely.  For this reason, I fear the Norns and the force of the universe they represent more than any single deity (including Odin, Loki, and Hela), and I often feel helpless beneath their irresistible metaphorical heel. However, I am also well aware that free will is another powerful force in the universe to be reckoned with, and I realize that I can affect the world I live in by the wisest possible decisions that I make, as well as by calling upon various of the deities, along with the Norns themselves, to do my best to control my destiny and forge it into something positive for both myself and for the greater good.

 

Source:

Shrine To The Gods of Asgard

Categories: Articles, Daily Posts, Deities, The Goddesses | Tags: , , , , | Leave a comment

Deity of the Day for January 15th – Banba, Irish Goddess

Deity of the Day

Banba

 

In Irish mythology, Banba (modern spelling: Banbha, pronounced [ˈbˠanˠəvˠə]), daughter of Ernmas of the Tuatha Dé Danann, is the patron goddess of Ireland.

She was part of an important triumvirate of goddesses. According to Seathrún Céitinn she worshipped Macha, who is also sometimes named as a daughter of Ernmas. The two goddesses may therefore be seen as equivalent. Céitinn also refers to a tradition that Banbha was the first person to set foot in Ireland before the flood, in a variation of the legend of Cessair.

In the ‘Tochomlad mac Miledh a hEspain i nErind: no Cath Tailten’, it is related that as the Milesians were journeying through Ireland, ‘they met victorious Banba among her troop of faery magic hosts’ on Senna Mountain, the stony mountain of Mes. A footnote identifies this site as Slieve Mish in Chorca Dhuibne, County Kerry. The soil of this region is a non-leptic podzol. If the character of Banbha originated in an earth-goddess, non-leptic podzol may have been the particular earth-type of which she was the deification.

The LÉ Banba (CM11), a ship in the Irish Naval Service (now decommissioned), was named after her.

Initially, she could have been a goddess of war as well as a fertility goddess.

 

Source:
Wikipedia

Categories: Articles, Daily Posts, Deities, The Goddesses | Tags: , , , , , | Leave a comment

Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. The Adventure Journal Theme.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 2,589 other followers