WHY ODIN IS ONE-EYED

WHY ODIN IS ONE-EYED

Odin’s quest for wisdom is never-ending, and he is willing to pay any price, it seems, for the understanding of life’s mysteries that he craves more than anything else. On one occasion, he hanged himself, wounded himself with his spear, and fasted from food and drink for nine days and nights in order to discover the runes.

On another occasion, he ventured to Mimir’s Well – which is surely none other than the Well of Urd[1] – amongst the roots of the world-tree Yggdrasil. There dwelt Mimir, a shadowy being whose knowledge of all things was practically unparalleled among the inhabitants of the cosmos. He achieved this status largely by taking his water from the well, whose waters impart this cosmic knowledge.

When Odin arrived, he asked Mimir for a drink from the water. The well’s guardian, knowing the value of such a draught, refused unless the seeker offered an eye in return. Odin – whether straightaway or after anguished deliberation, we can only wonder – gouged out one of his eyes and dropped it into the well. Having made the necessary sacrifice, Mimir dipped his horn into the well and offered the now-one-eyed god a drink.[2][3]

An Interpretation

The most general and obvious message of this tale is that, for those who share Odin’s values, no sacrifice is too great for wisdom. The (unfortunately fragmentary) sources for our current knowledge of the pre-Christian mythology and religion of the Norse and other Germanic peoples are, however, silent on exactly what kind of wisdom Odin obtained in exchange for his eye. But we can hazard a guess.

The fact that Odin specifically sacrificed an eye is surely significant. In all ages, the eye has been “seen” as a poetic symbol for perception in general – consider the astonishing number of expressions, both in everyday usage and in the works of the great canonical poets, that use vision as a metaphor for perceiving and understanding something. Given that Odin’s eye was sacrificed in order to obtain an enhanced perception, it seems highly likely that his pledge of an eye symbolizes trading one mode of perception for another.

What mode of perception was exchanged for what other mode, then? The answer to this question lies in the character of Mimir. Mimir, whose name means “The Rememberer,” seems to have been the being who told the gods how to live in accordance with ancestral tradition, and with wisdom more generally.

In the tale of Odin’s discovery of the runes, Odin sacrificed what we might call his “lower self” to his “higher self.” Here, his relinquishment of an eye should surely be understood along similar lines: he exchanged a profane, everyday mode of perception, beleaguered with countless petty troubles, for a sacred mode of perception informed by divine, ancestral wisdom.

Looking for more great information on Norse mythology and religion? While this site provides the ultimate online introduction to the topic, my book The Viking Spirit provides the ultimate introduction to Norse mythology and religion period. I’ve also written a popular list of The 10 Best Norse Mythology Books, which you’ll probably find helpful in your pursuit.

The Viking Spirit Daniel McCoy

References:

[1] Bauschatz, Paul C. 1982. The Well and the Tree: World and Time in Early Germanic Culture.

[2] The Poetic Edda. Völuspá, stanza 28.

[3] Snorri Sturluson. The Prose Edda. Gylfaginning 15.

Published on Norse Mythology for Smart People

ODIN’S DISCOVERY OF THE RUNES

ODIN’S DISCOVERY OF THE RUNES

The Norse god Odin is a relentless seeker after knowledge and wisdom, and is willing to sacrifice almost anything for this pursuit. The most outstanding feature of his appearance, his one eye, attests to this; he sacrificed his other eye for more wisdom. The tale of how he discovered the runes is another example of his unquenchable thirst for understanding the mysteries of life, not to mention his unstoppable will.The runes are the written letters that were used by the Norse and other Germanic peoples before the adoption of the Latin alphabet in the later Middle Ages. Unlike the Latin alphabet, which is an essentially utilitarian script, the runes are symbols of some of the most powerful forces in the cosmos. In fact, the word “rune” and its cognates across past and present Germanic languages mean both “letter” and “secret/mystery.” The letters called “runes” allow one to access, interact with, and influence the world-shaping forces they symbolize. Thus, when Odin sought the runes, he wasn’t merely attempting to acquire a set of arbitrary representations of human vocal sounds. Rather, he was uncovering an extraordinarily potent system of magic.

Odin’s Discovery of the Runes

At the center of the Norse cosmos stands the great tree Yggdrasil. Yggdrasil’s upper branches cradle Asgard, the home and fortress of the Aesir gods and goddesses, of whom Odin is the chief.

Yggdrasil grows out of the Well of Urd, a pool whose fathomless depths hold many of the most powerful forces and beings in the cosmos. Among these beings are the Norns, three sagacious maidens who create the fatesof all beings. One of the foremost techniques they use to shape fate is carving runes into Yggdrasil’s trunk. The symbols then carry these intentions throughout the tree, affecting everything in the Nine Worlds.

Odin watched the Norns from his seat in Asgard and envied their powers and their wisdom. And he bent his will toward the task of coming to know the runes.

Since the runes’ native home is in the Well of Urd with the Norns, and since the runes do not reveal themselves to any but those who prove themselves worthy of such fearful insights and abilities, Odin hung himself from a branch of Yggdrasil, pierced himself with his spear, and peered downward into the shadowy waters below. He forbade any of the other gods to grant him the slightest aid, not even a sip of water. And he stared downward, and stared downward, and called to the runes.

He survived in this state, teetering on the precipice that separates the living from the dead, for no less than nine days and nights. At the end of the ninth night, he at last perceived shapes in the depths: the runes! They had accepted his sacrifice and shown themselves to him, revealing to him not only their forms, but also the secrets that lie within them. Having fixed this knowledge in his formidable memory, Odin ended his ordeal with a scream of exultation.

Having been initiated into the mysteries of the runes, Odin recounted:

Then I was fertilized and became wise;
I truly grew and thrived.
From a word to a word I was led to a word,
From a work to a work I was led to a work.

Equipped with the knowledge of how to wield the runes, he became one of the mightiest and most accomplished beings in the cosmos. He learned chants that enabled him to heal emotional and bodily wounds, to bind his enemies and render their weapons worthless, to free himself from constraints, to put out fires, to expose and banish practitioners of malevolent magic, to protect his friends in battle, to wake the dead, to win and keep a lover, and to perform many other feats like these.[1]

“Sacrificing Myself to Myself”

Our source for the above tale is the Hávamál, an Old Norse poem that comprises part of the Poetic Edda. In the first of the two verses that describe Odin’s shamanic initiatory ordeal itself (written from Odin’s perspective), the god says that he was “given to Odin, myself to myself.” The Old Norse phrase that translates to English as “given to Odin” is gefinn Óðni, a phrase that occurs many times throughout the Eddas and sagas in the context of human sacrifices to Odin. And, in fact, the form these sacrifices take mirrors Odin’s ordeal in the Hávamál; the victim, invariably of noble birth, was stabbed, hung, or, more commonly, both at the same time.[2]

Odin’s ordeal is therefore a sacrifice of himself to himself, and is the ultimate Odinnic sacrifice – for who could be a nobler offering to the god than the god himself?

So, it seems that a statement above is in need of qualification. Part of Odin survived the sacrifice in order to be the recipient of the sacrifice – in addition to the runes themselves – and another part of him did indeed die. This is suggested, not just by the imagery of death in these verses, but also by the imagery of rebirth and fecundity in the following verses that speak of his being “fertilized,” and, like a seedling, “growing,” and “thriving.”

Even a casual browsing of the Eddas and sagas alerts the reader to how accomplished, self-possessed, and inwardly strong many of their central figures are, especially the most Odinnic of them (such as Egill Skallagrimsson, Starkad, Sigurd, and Grettir Asmundarson). Perhaps their strength of character was largely due to the example set by their divine patron, with the songs sung in his honor telling of how he wasn’t afraid to sacrifice what we might call his “lower self” to his “higher self,” to live according to his highest will unconditionally, accepting whatever hardships arise from that pursuit, and allowing nothing, not even death, to stand between him and the attainment of his goals.

Looking for more great information on Norse mythology and religion? While this site provides the ultimate online introduction to the topic, my book The Viking Spirit provides the ultimate introduction to Norse mythology and religion period. I’ve also written a popular list of The 10 Best Norse Mythology Books, which you’ll probably find helpful in your pursuit.

The Viking Spirit Daniel McCoy

References:

[1] The Poetic Edda. Hávamál, stanzas 138-163.

[2] Turville-Petre, E.O.G. 1964. Myth and Religion of the North: The Religion of Ancient Scandinavia. p. 42-50.

Published on Norse Mythology for Smart People

RUNIC PHILOSOPHY AND MAGIC

RUNIC PHILOSOPHY AND MAGIC

 

n the pre-Christian Germanic worldview, the spoken word possesses frightfully strong creative powers. As Scandinavian scholar Catharina Raudvere notes, “The pronouncement of words was recognized to have a tremendous influence over the concerns of life. The impact of a sentence uttered aloud could not be questioned and could never be taken back – as if it had become somehow physical. … Words create reality, not the other way around.”[20] This is, in an important sense, an anticipation of the philosophy of language advanced by the twentieth-century German philosopher Martin Heidegger in his seminal essay Language. For Heidegger, language is an inescapable structuring element of perception. Words don’t merely reflect our perception of the world; rather, we perceive and experience the world in the particular ways that our language demands of us. Thinking outside of language is literally unthinkable, because all thought takes place within language – hence the inherent, godlike creative powers of words.[21] In traditional Germanic society, to vocalize a thought is to make that thought part of the fabric of reality, altering reality accordingly – perhaps not absolutely, but in some important measure.[22]

Each of the runes represents a phoneme – the smallest unit of sound in a language, such as “t,” “s,” “r,” etc. – and as such is a transposition of a phoneme into a visual form.

Most modern linguists take it for granted that the relationship between the signified (the concrete reality referred to by a word) and the signifier (the sounds used to vocalize that word) is arbitrary.[23][24][25] However, a minority of linguists embrace an opposing theory known as “phonosemantics:” the idea that there is, in fact, a meaningful connection between the sounds that make up a word and the word’s meaning. To put this another way, the phoneme itself carries an inherent meaning. The meaning of the word “thorn,” for example, derives in large part from the combined meaning of the phonemes “th,” “o,” “r,” and “n.”

The phonosemantic view of language is in agreement with the traditional northern European view, where “words create reality, not the other way around.” The runes, as transpositions of phonemes, bring the inherent creative powers of speech into a visual medium. We’ve already noted that the word “rune” means “letter” only secondarily, and that its primary meaning is “secret” or “mystery” – the mysterious power carried by the phoneme itself. We must also remember the ordeal Odin undertook in order to discover the runes – no one would hang from a tree without food or water for nine days and nights, ritually wounded by his own spear, in order to obtain a set of arbitrary signifiers.

With the runes, the phonosemantic perspective takes on an additional layer of significance. Not only is the relationship between the definition of a word and the phonemes that comprise it inherently meaningful – the relationship between a phoneme and its graphic representation is inherently meaningful as well.

Thus, the runes were not only a means of fostering communication between two or more humans. Being intrinsically meaningful symbols that could be read and understood by at least some nonhuman beings, they could facilitate communication between humankind and the invisible powers who animate the visible world, providing the basis for a plethora of magical acts.

In the verses from the Völuspá quoted above, we see that the carving of runes is one of the primary means by which the Norns establish the fateof all beings (the other most often-noted method being weaving). Given that the ability to alter the course of fate is one of the central concerns of traditional Germanic magic, it should come as no surprise that the runes, as an extremely potent means of redirecting fate, and as inherently meaningful symbols, were thereby inherently magical by their very nature. This is a controversial statement to make nowadays, since some scholars insist that, while the runes may have sometimes been used for magical purposes, they were not, in and of themselves, magical.

But consider the following episode from Egil’s Saga. While traveling, Egil eats a meal with a farmer whose house is on the Viking’s route. The farmer’s daughter is dangerously ill, and he asks Egil for help. When Egil examines the girl’s bed, he finds a whalebone with runes carved on it. The farmer explains to Egil that these runes were carved by the son of a local farmer – presumably an ignorant, illiterate person whose knowledge of the runes could have only been flimsy at best. Egil, being a master of runic lore, readily discerns that this inscription is the cause of the girl’s woes. After destroying the inscription by scraping the runes off into the fire and burning the whalebone itself (!), Egil carves a different message in different runes so as to counteract the malignancy of the earlier writing. After this has been accomplished, the girl recovers.[26]

We can see from this incident that the heathen northern Europeans made a sharp distinction between the powers of the runes themselves, and the uses to which they were put. While the body of surviving runic inscriptions and literary descriptions of their use definitely suggest that the runes were sometimes put to profane, silly, and/or ignorant purposes,[27] the Eddas and sagas make it abundantly clear that the signs themselves do possess immanent magical attributes that work in particular ways regardless of the intended uses to which they’re put by humans.

 

References:

[20] Raudvere, Catharina. 2002. Trolldómr in Early Medieval Scandinavia. In Witchcraft and Magic in Europe, Volume 3: The Middle Ages. Edited by Bengt Ankarloo and Stuart Clark. p. 91.

[21] Heidegger, Martin. 1971. Language. In Poetry, Language, Thought. Translated by Albert Hofstadter.

[22] For a cogent discussion of the role of the spoken word in the Norse creation narrative itself, see:

Kure, Henning. 2003. In the Beginning Was the Scream: Conceptual Thought in the Old Norse Myth of Creation. In Scandinavia and Christian Europe in the Middle Ages: Papers of the 12th International Saga Conference. Edited by Rudolf Simek and Judith Meurer. p. 311-319.

[23] de Saussure, Ferdinand. 2002. Writings in General Linguistics. Translated by Simon Bouquet. p. 68.

[24] Sapir, Edward. 1921. Language. p. 8.

[25] Trager, George. 1949. The Field of Linguistics. p. 5.

[26] Egils saga Skalla-Grímssonar 75.

[27] MacLeod, Mindy, and Bernard Mees. 2006. Runic Amulets and Magic Objects.

 

Published on Norse Mythology for Smart People

THE ORIGINS OF THE RUNES

THE ORIGINS OF THE RUNES

While runologists argue over many of the details of the historical origins of runic writing, there is widespread agreement on a general outline. The runes are presumed to have been derived from one of the many Old Italic alphabets in use among the Mediterranean peoples of the first century CE, who lived to the south of the Germanic tribes.[7][8] Earlier Germanic sacred symbols, such as those preserved in northern European rock carvings, were also likely influential in the development of the script.[9][10]

The earliest possibly runic inscription that we know of is found on the Meldorf brooch, which was manufactured in the north of modern-day Germany around 50 CE. The inscription is highly ambiguous, however, and scholars are divided over whether its letters are runic or Roman. The earliest unambiguous runic inscriptions are found on the Vimose comb from Vimose, Denmark and the Øvre Stabu spearhead from southern Norway, both of which date to approximately 160 CE.[11] The earliest known carving of the entire futhark (alphabet), in order, is that on the Kylver stone from Gotland, Sweden, which dates to roughly 400 CE.[12]

The transmission of writing from southern Europe to northern Europe likely took place via Germanic warbands, the dominant northern European military institution of the period, who would have encountered Italic writing firsthand during campaigns amongst their southerly neighbors.[13] This hypothesis is supported by the association that runes have always had with the god Odin, who, in the Proto-Germanic period, under his original name *Woðanaz, was the divine model of the human warband leader and the invisible patron of the warband’s activities. The Roman historian Tacitus tells us that Odin (“Mercury” in the interpretatio romana) was already established as the dominant god in the pantheons of many of the Germanic tribes by the first century.[14] Whether the runes and the cult of Odin arose together, or whether the latter predated the former, is of little consequence for our purposes here. As esteemed Indo-European scholar Georges Dumézil notes:

If Odin was first and always the highest magician, we realize that the runes, however recent they may be, would have fallen under his sway. New and particularly effective implements for magic works, they would become by definition and without contest a part of his domain. … Odin could have been the patron, the possessor par excellence of this redoubtable power of secrecy and secret knowledge, before the name of that knowledge became the technical name of signs both phonetic and magic which came from the Alps or elsewhere, but did not lose its former, larger sense.[15]

From the perspective of the ancient Germanic peoples themselves, however, the runes came from no source as mundane as an Old Italic alphabet. The runes were never “invented,” but are instead eternal, pre-existent forces that Odin himself discovered by undergoing a tremendous ordeal. This tale has come down to us in the Old Norse poem Hávamál(“The Sayings of the High One”):

I know that I hung
On the wind-blasted tree
All of nights nine,
Pierced by my spear
And given to Odin,
Myself sacrificed to myself
On that pole
Of which none know
Where its roots run.

No aid I received,
Not even a sip from the horn.
Peering down,
I took up the runes –
Screaming I grasped them –
Then I fell back from there.[16]

The tree from which Odin hangs himself is surely none other than Yggdrasil, the world-tree at the center of the Germanic cosmos whose branches and roots hold the Nine Worlds. Directly below the world-tree is the Well of Urd, a source of incredible wisdom. The runes themselves seem to have their native dwelling-place in its waters. This is also suggested by another Old Norse poem, the Völuspá (“Insight of the Seeress”):

There stands an ash called Yggdrasil,
A mighty tree showered in white hail.
From there come the dews that fall in the valleys.
It stands evergreen above Urd’s Well.

From there come maidens, very wise,
Three from the lake that stands beneath the pole.
One is called Urd, another Verdandi,
Skuld the third; they carve into the tree
The lives and fates of children.[17]

These “three maidens” are the Norns, and their carvings surely consist of runes. We therefore have a clear association between the Well of Urd, the runes, and magic – in this case, the ability of the Norns to carve the fates of all beings.

Presumably, then, after Odin discovered the runes by ritually sacrificing himself to himself and fasting for nine days while staring into the waters of the Well of Urd, it was he who imparted the runes to the first human runemasters. His paradigmatic sacrifice was likely symbolically imitated in initiation ceremonies during which the candidate learned the lore of the runes,[18][19] but, unfortunately, no concrete evidence of such a practice has survived into our times.

References:

[7] Looijenga, Tineke. 2003. Texts & Contexts of the Oldest Runic Inscriptions. p. 87.

[8] Flowers, Stephen E. 1986. Runes and Magic: Magical Formulaic Elements in the Older Runic Tradition. p. 71-73.

[9] Ibid. p. 70.

[10] Simek, Rudolf. 1993. Dictionary of Northern Mythology. Translated by Angela Hall. p. 268.

[11] Looijenga, Tineke. 2003. Texts & Contexts of the Oldest Runic Inscriptions. p. 78.

[12] Elliott, Ralph W. V. 1959. Runes: An Introduction. p. 14.

[13] Flowers, Stephen E. 1986. Runes and Magic: Magical Formulaic Elements in the Older Runic Tradition. p. 85-105.

[14] Tacitus, Cornelius. Germania 9.

[15] Dumézil, Georges. 1973. Gods of the Ancient Northmen. Edited by Einar Haugen. p. 34.

[16] The Poetic Edda. Hávamál, stanzas 138-139. My translation. The original Old Norse verses read:

138.
Veit ek, at ek hekk
vindga meiði á
nætr allar níu,
geiri undaðr
ok gefinn Óðni,
sjalfr sjalfum mér,
á þeim meiði,
er manngi veit
hvers af rótum renn.

139.
Við hleifi mik sældu
né við hornigi;
nýsta ek niðr,
nam ek upp rúnar,
æpandi nam,
fell ek aftr þaðan.

[17] The Poetic Edda. Völuspá, stanzas 19-20. My own translation. The original Old Norse verses are:

19.
Ask veit ek standa,
heitir Yggdrasils,
hár baðmr, ausinn
hvíta auri;
þaðan koma döggvar,
þærs í dala falla,
stendr æ yfir grænn
Urðarbrunni.

20.
Þaðan koma meyjar
margs vitandi
þrjár ór þeim sæ,
er und þolli stendr;
Urð hétu eina,
aðra Verðandi,
– skáru á skíði, –
Skuld ina þriðju;
þær lög lögðu,
þær líf kuru
alda börnum,
örlög seggja.

[18] Flowers, Stephen E. 1986. Runes and Magic: Magical Formulaic Elements in the Older Runic Tradition. p. 161.

[19] Eliade, Mircea. 1964. Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy. Translated by Willard R. Trask. p. 380.

 

Published on Norse Mythology for Smart People

Your Daily Rune for December 15th & 16th

Your Daily Rune for December 15 is Elhaz

917px-algiz-svg

Elhaz

Also known as: Algiz, Eoih, Elgr

Pronunciation: el-hahz

Letter sound: Z

Translation: protection, elk, sedge plant

Keywords: protection, defense, opportunity

Primary Themes Elhaz is the rune of defense and protection. Its shape is said to represent both the elk, with its imposing antlers, and the sedge plant, whose sharp leaves act as natural protection from would-be predators. Both images illustrate the power represented by this rune— a built-in protective force that discourages negative influences from affecting your personal experience.

Drawing Elhaz indicates that you are safe from danger and that there is no need to fear. However, don’t take the protective energy for granted by being reckless with your actions, as this rune does not mean that there is no danger present whatsoever. It simply means that as long as you remain alert and clear-minded and in touch with your intuition, you are headed for a positive outcome. Elhaz has also been interpreted as a symbol of reaching up to connect with the divine for support. By listening to your higher guidance, you will know which moves to make to stay out of harm’s way.

Magical Uses: Protection from negative energy and people, protection of property, strengthen friendships, astral communication

 

Runes for Beginners: A Guide to Reading Runes in Divination, Rune Magic, and the Meaning of the Elder Futhark Runes

Lisa Chamberlain

 

 

Your Daily Rune for December 16

Laguz

“Log-uhz” – Literally: “Water” or Ocean – Esoteric: Unconscious, Collective Memory

Rune of the unconscious context of becoming or the evolutionary process. Rune of Life’s longing for itself.

Psi: emotion, psychic powers, unconscious mental processes, love, dreaming

Energy: life energy, ocean spirit, origins of life, collective unconscious, the astral plane, love as unity, evolution

Mundane: water, imagination, occultism, dreams

Divinations: Life, passing a test, sea of vitality and of the unconscious growth, memory, dreams; or fear, circular motion, avoidance, withering, depression, manipulations, emotional blackmail, lack of moral fiber, fantasy, poison, toxicity

Governs:

Transpersonal powers
Mastery of emotion in order to shape wyrd
Guidance through difficult initiatory tests, ie. initiation into life
Increase in vitality and life force
Communication between your conscious mind to another’s unconscious mind
Development of ‘second sight’ or prophetic wisdom
All powers of dreaming (lucid dreams, astral projection)

Your Erotic Tarot Card for December 15th & 16th

Your Erotic Tarot Card for December 15th

The Judgment

The Judgement card indicates that you’ve had some sexual hang-ups in the past, but you’re working toward getting over them. This is a period of transition, and although you’re doing the work, you may not be getting the exact results you desire. Forgive yourself for past missteps in order to take a sexual step forward today. Being afraid to express your true erotic self can even effect other areas of your life, so getting beyond Ryour sexual inhibitions translates into a happier overall existence.

 

 

 

 

Your Erotic Tarot Card for December 16th

The Empress

There is an abundance of wealth surrounding The Empress card, which shows that your sexual needs are almost certainly being met, or are about to be. What would it hurt to push the envelope a little though? When it comes to sensual pleasures, go for all that you can get, both in quantity and in quality. Don’t forget that there’s an especially intense sense of satisfaction from sex when there’s an emotional connection, though. Your friends may be jealous, but there’s no reason that the sexually rich shouldn’t get richer!

Your Daily Love Tarot Card for December 15 & 16

Your Daily Love Tarot Card for December 15

The Fool

Love is exciting, extraordinary and stimulating. You’ve found it if you are experiencing a childlike curiosity to get to know someone lately. You are even one step closer to your soul mate if you are on the same wavelength. Free yourself from the idea that in a couple, you are either friends or lovers, but you cannot be both. Yes, you can. Friendship in this light turns into deeper, meant-to-be, long-lasting love.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Your Daily Love Tarot Card for December 16

The Empress

The Empress promises a fruitful and loving union. It is about the maturation of affections in a natural rhythm that unfolds into something genuine, in time. In this light, no need to hurry any relationship along. Sparks reignite if you and your partner are going through a rough patch. You can rebuild and restore through the power and force of love. The two of you learn not to put conditions on unconditional love.

Your Daily Tarot Cards for December 15 & 16

Your Daily Tarot Card for December 15

The Chariot

Keywords: victory, (material) success, mastery, graduation, completion!

Astrological Correspondence: Cancer

The Chariot symbolizes enthusiasm, competitiveness, and triumph. Success and victory are achieved by employing all powers at one’s disposal – physical, spiritual, and intellectual. The Chariot symbolizes the positive side of the self, being strong and self-controlled, balancing conflicting emotions, triumphing over obstacles, sustaining an effort, and support attaining goals, thereby leading the way to transformation and self-knowledge. A dictatorial approach, recklessness, and extreme ambition can be on the other, negative side of the equation.

 

 

 

Your Daily Tarot Card for December 16

The Hermit

Keywords: awakening, enlightening, shedding light, the “key” to a situation, crisis, isolation!

Astrological Correspondence: Virgo

The Hermit card symbolizes meditation, reflection, and solitude. As one of the cards resembling old age it also represents bearing the light of wisdom, looking into the unconscious, observing dreams. There is an emphasis on peace and patience, by which maturity is reached, and a striving to connect to the higher spiritual self. The Hermit also depicts the spiritual leader, the taskmaster who leads with purpose, conscience, and wisdom. A mature person, the Hermit symbolizes deliberation about which path to follow, reassessment of achievements and goals, and taking the time to reflect and plan. In a negative environment this card can resemble excessive isolation, lack of communication, intolerance, crisis and doubt.

Sexual Compatibility by Zodiac Sign

Sexual Compatibility by Zodiac Sign

Find your best Astrology match — in bed!

Fern Feto Spring

Each zodiac sign has a sizzling pairing that’ll really raise the heat between the sheets. Is yours a steamy blend of Water and Fire, or a sensual mud created from Water and Earth? Read on to see who’s your most sexy match in bed, and find out what happens when the elements combine in new and interesting love combinations!

Aries (March 21 – April 19)

Hot and passionate Aries loves a challenge in bed, and what better sign than Gemini to keep this Fire sign guessing? Gemini’s flirtatious nature and non-stop motion matches Aries’ own fast pace, providing the sign of the Ram with plenty of excitement. Gemini’s airy intelligence and witty banter will also keep Aries interested long after the initial passion wears off, giving this duo a chance for more than just a one time fling.

 

Taurus (April 20 – May 20)

Opposites do attract, and in the case of Taurus and Scorpio, opposites not only attract, but they can’t seem to get enough of each other! Sensual and earthy Taurus is magnetically drawn to the depth and passionate intensity of watery Scorpio. Scorpio’s many layers keep Taurus hooked, always searching for this Scorpion’s essential nature. The smoldering chemistry between these two creates a magnetic force that’s obvious to even the most casual observer.

 

Gemini (May 21 – June 20)

Curious, chatty and fun, Gemini loves to experiment and gets bored quickly. Aries’ pioneering spirit manages to keep Gemini engaged and breathless, introducing the sign of the Twins to innovative and unusual ways to pass the time under the sheets. Together, these two signs move through life at a rapid pace, absorbing exciting and interesting experiences as quickly as possible. Their shared enthusiasm and daring spirit keep this duo together long past the initial thrill has subsided.

 

Cancer (June 21 – July 22)

Like the moon, Cancer’s passionate nature ebbs and flows, changing constantly. Earthy Capricorn provides this watery sign a stable and firm structure, allowing Cancer to really let go and relax. The opposing nature of these signs creates a secret and sexy tension between them, one that only they may be aware of. Capricorn’s private and reserved nature also brings out Cancer’s desire to soothe the inner beast that resides within this sign of the Goat.

 

Leo (July 23 – Aug. 22)

Leo the Lion is eager to please, enjoying the appreciation and attention of an audience both inside the bedroom and out. Charming Libra knows just what to say to bring out the biggest and the best in Leo, encouraging a performance that few can compete with. Libra’s seamless ability to create a romantic backdrop for acts of passion also feeds Leo’s desire for luxury and drama, ensuring that this Lion’s roar will soon transform into a contented purr.

 

Virgo (Aug. 23 – Sept. 22)

When Virgo relaxes, this earthy zodiac sign’s strong attention to detail can really pay off between the sheets. Intuitive Pisces knows just what to do to help Virgo escape from the details of daily life and focus on more important matters. Bringing their magical powers of imagination to the bedroom, Pisces helps Virgo shed its inhibitions and open up. Virgo is intrigued by Pisces’ “go with the flow” approach and loves to help Pisces reach new heights of pleasure and bliss.

 

Libra (Sept. 23 – Oct. 22)

Beautiful, diplomatic and artistic, Libra wants sex to not only feel good, but look good too. Leo can transform even the most mundane of experiences into a legendary good time. Leo gives Libra an affair to remember, creating romantic encounters filled with drama, intensity and excitement. Libra loves Leo’s expansive approach to love, and is turned on by the Lion’s willingness to do almost anything to please and entertain in the

Scorpio (Oct. 23 – Nov. 21)

Scorpio’s magnetic force is hard to resist and its sex appeal is legendary, yet Taurus’ grounded and earthy nature manages to provide Scorpio with just the kind of challenge this watery sign loves. Placid, stable and content, Taurus is an oasis of calm, just waiting to be stirred up. Scorpio is more than intrigued by Taurus’ Bull-like nature and will do just about anything to generate a reaction from this second sign of the zodiac.

 

Sagittarius (Nov. 22 – Dec. 21)

Fun loving, adventurous and risk-taking, Sagittarius is always up for just about anything. Aquarius’ inventive nature keeps just one step ahead of the sign of the Archer, creating day time dalliances and evening encounters that no one else could even come close to dreaming up. Sagittarius loves feeling slightly off-kilter and is electrified by Aquarius’ unusual approach to love and sex. Between the two of them, this pair can just about create lightning when they really get going.

 

Capricorn (Dec. 22 – Jan. 19)

Capricorn’s approach to sensual matters, like everything else in life, is deeply serious and committed. The sign of the Goat loves nothing more than to get goaty with watery Cancer, who provides just right amount of fluid openness for Capricorn’s earthy substance. Cancers bring an emotional touch to their encounters, helping Capricorn go deeper and act with greater intensity. Together, these two opposing signs can create steamy encounters between the sheets that are unforgettable.

 

Aquarius (Jan. 20 – Feb. 18)

Quirky Aquarius loves to be surprised with new and unusual ways to connect in the bedroom. As the wanderer of the zodiac, Sagittarius acts as Aquarius’ guide to exploring the unknown. Sagittarius is a connoisseur of diverse techniques to experience pleasure, and loves to share these with uninhibited Aquarius, who is always up for a challenge. Together, this duo ventures into new and virgin territory, ready to experience whatever life has to offer.

 

Pisces (Feb. 19 – March 20)

Pisces has a rich fantasy life, full of interesting encounters and situations. When earthy Virgo comes along to help bring Pisces’ imagination to life, things heat up as fact mixes with fiction, creating a whole new reality. Pisces loves capable Virgo’s ability to hit all the right spots with perfect attention to detail. As these two explore the fine line between fantasy and reality, they create a synergy that is unique just to them.

 

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