Learn the Tarot: King of Swords

Learn the Tarot: King of Swords

Employ patient listening and ask penetrating questions










General Meaning

Traditionally, representing the energy of a King, this masculine energy form is The Adjudicator, the wise judge or mediator. He helps parties in conflict discover common ground and build upon it, and guides societies to see their greater good. His archetype is Solomon, ancient lawgiver and philosopher of the Old Testament. Sometimes appearing cool and detached, he can be misunderstood as not caring.

But emotional displays are just not his medium, nor is he moved by appeals to sympathy or pity. With the philosophical overview that comes from long experience, he listens deeply, watches closely and speaks last. In the end, his even-handedness and objectivity earn him the respect he receives from his community, and those who cannot work out their problems come to him voluntarily for advice.

Occasionally this man is subtly detailed to imply that he is a woman in male armor. If you notice this theme in your deck, it is a reference to Joan of Arc, the Maid of Orleans, archetype of a devout and inspired woman warrior, who was mystically led to abandon her social role to defend what she saw as the greater good. Although she was martyred young, her model crystallizes the message that sometimes the good of the whole is more important than the good of the individual, and in that case, even if you lose, you win just for being there.

In the Advice Position

Listen to the inner wisdom offered by the wise elder that dwells inside of you.

The card in the Advice position suggests a course of action which will harmonize what you want with what is currently possible.

In this position, the King of Swords advises that you research your situation and in the process question existing authorities. It may be time to examine underlying assumptions and bring greater clarity into areas that have been left in the dark. Don’t wait for others to do it. Instead, draw your own conclusions.

Spend time reviewing all the ramifications because this King of Swords requires a thorough, methodical examination of ideas and possibilities. Call forth the sober and wise part of yourself — the elder father figure. Then act on the instructions given you.


Tarot.com is Part of the Daily Insight Group ©2018

Your Daily Tarot Card for April 27th is The Emperor

Tarot Card of the Day

The Emperor










In the most practical terms, The Emperor Tarot card represents the highest leadership, a head of state, or the most exemplary and powerful person in the realm. This archetypal ruler is responsible for the affairs of a society or community, which are directly proportional to his well being and happiness.

The more enlightenment and cosmic perspective this energy brings, the better life is for all. The Emperor archetype masters the world of matter and physical manifestation. When you apply this card to your situation, acknowledge your potentials for mastery. Reinforce a sense of sovereignty within yourself, despite any self-limiting beliefs, habits, or appearances to the contrary.


Tarot.com is Part of the Daily Insight Group ©2018

How Each Zodiac Sign Shows Love

How Each Zodiac Sign Shows Love

Discover the covert clues that signal when a Sun sign likes you

Content authored by Kim Rogers-Gallagher

Affection looks different depending on your expectations. If you’re expecting cuddles and chocolates, you’ll be disappointed if you’re with an Aquarius. However, even the Water-bearer has its own way of expressing warmth.Follow these astrological clues to figure out if the person you’re with is “showing the love.”

Will your love go the distance?

Aries (March 21 – April 19)

How to tell if an Aries likes you

Regardless of age or gender, there’s one absolutely infallible way to know if an Aries loves you: they’ll pick a fight. Not a physical fight, of course, but a playful war of words, designed to simultaneously flirt and test your mettle. Aries was the ancient God of War — so, far more than romance, they want a worthy opponent. They also want to count on someone to have their back. Banter, fight back, and play practical jokes on them. Keeping up is tiring, but totally worth it.


Taurus (April 20 – May 20)

How to tell if a Taurus likes you

Taureans express love the way they do everything else — slowly and thoroughly — so they won’t say the words you’re longing to hear until they feel the time is right. Be patient. If you need reassurance, pay attention to their actions. The wining and dining, the sincere compliments, the unswerving reliability … oh, and the gifts! A thoughtful gift given simply because it reminded them of you, or because they knew you’d enjoy it, or even “just because.” Obviously, you must have been very good this year.


Gemini (May 21 – June 20)

How to tell if a Gemini likes you

They’re always funny, but you’ll know they’ve got it for you — and bad — when they’ve gone out of their way to make you laugh. They’ll hang around a lot, too, regaling you with all kinds of trivia. If you’re coworkers and they get in trouble for devoting too much time impressing you, they won’t stop — they’ll just quit. The only thing that will stop them is if you tell them to. But why would you do that? How many people do you know who have their very own charming, brilliant stand-up comedian?


Cancer (June 21 – July 22)

How to tell if a Cancer likes you

Stop wondering if the Cancer you’re attracted to — okay, madly in love with — feels the same. Find out by carefully watching for the following rock-solid, classic astrological indicators. First, they’ll cook or bake for you. Of course, they love their kitchens, so a frosted Bundt cake won’t tell you what you want to know. The flowers and compliments, however, indicate the next stage for the two of you, followed by an evening at their place, poring over scrapbooks … an extremely good sign. The clincher? When they not only worry about you, but actually mention it.


Leo (July 23 – Aug. 22)

How to tell if a Leo likes you

Ever since they tossed you “the eyes” from across the room, which was also the first time you tossed a pretty serious glance right back, you knew the game was on. The thing is, you’re quite smitten, you don’t want it to be just a game, and they’re notorious flirts. So how do you know whether they love you or you’re just their flavor of the month? It’s simple. Their schedule will suddenly be wide open, including lunch, dinner, and even entire weekends. Break a leg, huh?


Virgo (Aug. 23 – Sept. 22)

How to tell if a Virgo likes you

Want to call one of these meticulous creatures your own? Great, but you’d better get your stuff together, because if you don’t, they will. You’ll find them at your place some afternoon, happily alphabetizing your movies or arranging your books by height on the shelves of your freshly waxed entertainment center. Virgos show their love by creating clean, organized environments for those they love because they believe you deserve it. It’s a tremendous compliment, so don’t dare get territorial. Kiss them, thank them, and help them finish.


Libra (Sept. 23 – Oct. 22)

How to tell if a Libra likes you

Rather than trying to decide whether that lovely Libra is attracted to you, watch them with others. They’re always nice, especially when they’re chatting one-on-one, but that’s their nature. And while we’re on the subject, if you get jealous easily, choose another sign. Seriously. Immediately. Anyway, once you’ve seen them with others, you’ll recognize them being even nicer with you — and that’s how you’ll know they’re in love. The surefire way to tell? They’ll create a pet name for you, and only use your real name for official matters or arguments.


Scorpio (Oct. 23 – Nov. 21)

How to tell if a Scorpio likes you

You’ll only pick up on your first clue if you’re naturally perceptive — and you’d better be if you want to keep a Scorpio interested. They’ll watch you intently, for long periods of time. They won’t stare at you directly, though. That would be far too obvious, and these intriguing creatures are born equal parts detective and analyst, which is why you’re so fascinated, right? The absolute dead giveaway will be when you realize their eyes are on you, via reflections: mirrors, sliding glass doors, large windows. That’s when you’ll get the message.


Sagittarius (Nov. 22 – Dec. 21)

How to tell if a Sagittarius likes you

If a Sagittarius loves you, it’s because you’ve learned to hold on with an open hand. You’ll know you’ve succeeded when they call (almost) every day, but more so when you’re invited to travel with them. It doesn’t matter if it’s a weekend at a bed and breakfast or a plane ticket for a week in Rome. Either way, it’s the brass ring. Don’t be surprised if it takes a while, though. Freedom is important to Archers, almost as important as choosing the right travel partner.


Capricorn (Dec. 22 – Jan. 19)

How to tell if a Capricorn likes you

Rules, regulations, and doing things the way they’re supposed to be done … that’s what Capricorn is all about, so if they’re happily attached, they’re all the way in it. When they’re devoted, they’re impossible to distract. If they’re single, get busy proving yourself to be a worthy partner. You won’t have to do that forever, though. Once they get to know you — or “interviewed you,” so to speak — and have decide you’re worth your salt, you’ll know it. They’ll make their love clear with a serious conversation — and you’ll know that they’re not kidding. When and if they say it, lucky you!


Aquarius (Jan. 20 – Feb. 18)

How to tell if an Aquarius likes you

They’ll show their affection by studiously scanning your shoulder, back, or other part of your body and suggesting what type of tattoo, stud, or ring would look really good there. If you weren’t the type to consider agreeing, you wouldn’t want them, but you are, so you do. When they take you to the tattoo or piercing shop themselves and closely scrutinize the artist, you’ll absolutely know they care. But when they ask you to go to a Renaissance fair with them, dressed in period garb that they provide, that’s it. They’re definitely in love.


Pisces (Feb. 19 – March 20)

How to tell if a Pisces likes you

Pisces tends to be more than a tad on the shy side — some of them more than others. So if you’re waiting for them to make the first move and they’re one of the especially shy types, you may end up watching your nails grow. Like all the Water signs, you need to watch them to see if they care. The one and only tip you’ll ever need: If a Pisces loves you, they may find it tough to speak at all at first. But once they get to know you, they’ll be chattier than any Gemini you’ve ever met.



Tarot.com is Part of the Daily Insight Group ©2018

If You Were Born Today, April 27


If You Were Born Today, April 27

You are poised and come across as calm and refined. You are not easy to get close to, and much of your nature remains a mystery to others. Nevertheless, you are charming and others tend to respect you. You are extremely observant and generally think before you speak, and you are a great listener.  Famous people born today: Jack Klugman, Coretta Scott King, Ulysses S. Grant, Sheena Easton, William Moseley.

Your Birthday Year Forecast

Until December, you continue to have a strong, protective, and stabilizing influence with you. It helps you stay on track and meet your responsibilities. Your popularity tends to be strong, and your leadership skills are valued. Work you have done in the past begins to pay off this year–not necessarily in dramatic ways, but in small, measurable ways. You may be recognized or rewarded in some manner for the efforts you put forth. Because you project a more responsible and credible “you”, people in authority are more inclined to appreciate you and recognize your work. This is a year in which you put your life in order in some significant manner. Improved concentration, a more realistic outlook, and a practical awareness of the limits of time all help you to make steady progress, particularly in your career. Your concern for your future this year is stronger than usual, and you may find that projects you start, or investments you make, this year will benefit you for years to come.

Something big is in the works regarding your love or social life. You’ll have a chance to heal old wounds with regards to love this year. You’re also bound to find new ways of making money.

Your ambition is stimulated now, and you are determined to meet or exceed your goals. You can bring great discipline and meaning to your life this year. You might totally revise an important project or area of your life, or you could be bent on getting rid of something in your life so that you can move forward. The tendency to be too willful this year should probably be avoided. You should also watch for overdoing to the point of exhaustion. This can be a compulsive time when power struggles are more likely. On the other hand, it can be a time when you enjoy a strong sense of purposefulness, focus, and determination.

The year ahead can be an ambitious time and a supportive period for reaching your goals. You might solve a long-standing problem, or capitalize upon a resource that was previously hidden.

You might experience some difficulties and delays in communications in the period ahead. It’s a strong year for recognizing flaws and errors. As long as you don’t forget the “big picture”, you could find you are motivated to channel your mental energy into tasks that require structured and organized thought, tackling projects that you may have found too mundane or downright boring in other years. It’s a strong year for polishing your skills and formal learning.

You are determined and focused in the year ahead, and you can move mountains in important areas of your life. As well, this can be a wonderful year for meeting new people or more thoroughly enjoying your current friendships. It’s a powerful year for relationships and excellent for making lifestyle changes.

2018 is a Number Six year for you. Ruled by Venus. This is a year of relative contentment. It’s a time when love is the easiest to attract, and partnerships formed under this vibration have a better chance for longevity. You are especially able to attract others–and material things as well–this year. This is a good year for establishing harmony in the family and the home. Advice – develop existing relationships, be positive and receptive because these kinds of energies help you to attract what you desire.

2019 will be a Number Seven year for you. Ruled by Neptune. This is a year of preparation, chance, and refinement. It is not a time of dramatic changes. Instead, it’s a year when reflection on the past is helpful, and when refinements to your life path should be made. It’s a good year to study, observe, research, and analyze. Unexpected twists to your life story and “chance” meetings are probable. Advice – take stock of your life in order to prepare for more exciting years to come, examine the past and plan for the future, get in touch with your deepest needs and uncover your personal power, don’t strain yourself or actively try to expand.



Cafe Astrology

Different Types of Spellcrafting: Banishing


In many traditions of Paganism, banishing is done to get rid of negative or unwanted energy, or even people who may be causing problems in our lives. While some traditions frown upon banishing as manipulative magic, on the theory that it impacts the free will of another, if your tradition has no prohibitions against such things, then there’s no reason you can’t do a banishing spell.


There are a number of different methods to accomplishing a successful banishing. Which one you choose will vary, depending on how comfortable you are with the different techniques, and what you’re trying to achieve.


Disclaimer: The spells contained here are collected from years of personal experience, folk magic traditions, and various occult sources as noted. They are posted with the intention of being helpful to those who are looking for spell resources, and may need to be adjusted to fit your individual need. Please bear in mind that if your particular belief system prohibits you from casting certain types of spells, you should probably not do so—however, it’s important to recognize that not all magical traditions follow the same set of guidelines when it comes to spellwork.


If you’re here, chances are good you’ve already read about the basics of banishing and getting unwanted metaphysical entities out of your life. However, sometimes, we have actual people in our lives that cause problems, and this is where a banishing spell comes in handy. There are a number of different methods you can try – just make sure that the one you use doesn’t violate any of your own personal moral or ethical guidelines.


If you’re trying to get rid of an unwanted spirit, one of the most effective methods is to simply give it its marching orders. Be firm and blunt, and say something along the lines of, “This is not the place for you, and it’s time for you to leave.” You may wish to offer a blessing or well-wishes if it makes you feel better about things, and say, “It is time for you to move on, and we wish you the best in your new place.” Frequently, this will do the trick and eliminate whatever problems you may have been having.


Elemental Banishing
A popular method of banishing is the use of the various elements, such as fire or water. Fire can be used as a method of purification and cleansing, by way of destruction. Water is used in a number of religions for a variety of purposes, including banishing. You can make your own consecrated water for use in rituals.


Salt is also a great tool for banishing. In some magical traditions, it represents earth, and has been used for centuries to get rid of negative energy. In some folk magic traditions, black salt – a blend of sea salt and another item such as charcoal – is used as a protective barrier.


Use fire to burn a symbol of whatever it is you wish to be rid of, or earth to bury it.


Ritual and Spellwork
In some circumstances, banishing may involve more than simply sprinkling some salt and telling someone (or something) to go away. If you have a person, for instance, who is harassing you, it may be time to do a full fledged banishing ritual. A banishing ritual usually includes a combination of the following:


The name of the person you wish to banish from your life
A specific and active description of what you intend to happen. For instance, “Make Susan a better person” is rather vague and passive – instead, try “Susan will stop harassing me at work.”
A magical link, or taglock, connected to the person you wish to banish
A great deal of magic relies on symbolism, so use this to your advantage in a banishing. You can freeze someone’s behavior by magically binding them, or even reflect the negative behavior back at them. A couple of simple methods include:


A basic binding which metaphysically ties the hands of the individual. Try the tongue-binding spell if you’re dealing with someone who is spreading nasty rumors about you.

Use a box with mirrors inside it to reflect negativity back to the individual who is harassing you.

You can create a banishing spell using the basic Spell Creation Template, and perform it as necessary. Feel free to make your banishing ritual or spell as over-the-top and extreme as you wish – getting rid of someone who is causing you pain or heartache is a pretty significant thing, so unleash as much magical mojo as you feel you need!


Banishing Folklore
To Make Someone Leave You Alone


This one comes in handy when you’ve got someone in your life that you can’t avoid—a co-worker or classmate—but you’re tired of being harassed by them. They’ll still be around, but they’ll stop bothering you.


Write the individual’s name on a piece of paper. Burn the paper around the edges using a black candle (black is associated with banishing magic), and as you do so, let them know that you are burning away whatever feelings (animosity, lust, jealousy, whatever) they may have towards you. Burn as much of the paper as you can, until all that’s left is their name.


Take the last bit of paper to the place where you normally see them— work or school or wherever—and dig a hole and bury it. You can also tear the paper into tiny pieces, and blow it away or scatter it to the winds.


Another option? Use the Chill Out spell, to get the person to chill out and move on.


How about some balloon banishing? Write the person’s name on a small piece of paper, and insert it into a balloon. Fill the balloon with helium, and then take it far away and release it into the sky.


The Get Out of My Life Poppet
This is a good one to use when you not only want to be left alone, you want the person completely out of your life. Light two black candles (black for banishment!), one on each side of your workspace.


Create a poppet out of whatever material you prefer to use (cloth, clay, wax, etc). As you assemble the poppet, make sure you tell the poppet how much you dislike it, and how your life would be a heck of a lot better if it would get out. Make sure you use a magical link so the poppet knows who it represents.


If you’re in a hurry to get the person out of your life, you can “light a fire under their butt” with the candles (important safety tip here, make sure you only SINGE the bottom of the poppet rather than actually lighting it on fire). Take it to the edge of your town, and bury it outside the city limits… if you make it out of clay you can smash it instead of burying it. Allow the candles to burn down until they are gone.


Four Thieves Banishing Spell
In some Hoodoo and folk magic tradition, an item known as Four Thieves vinegar is used. You’ll need to brew up a batch before you get started. Use the recipe here: Four Thieves Vinegar


Use this spell to keep someone bothersome away from you.


Write your target’s name on a piece of paper—some traditions recommend you use brown paper, or parchment. Soak the paper in Four Thieves Vinegar. Fold the piece of paper up as small as you can, and bury in the dirt somewhere. One school of thought is that you should bury it in a pot, preferably under a plant like a cactus, so no one will ever disturb it.


Banishing Spellcrafting


Banishing spells are spells designed to send something or someone away or to prevent their return.


To banish something means to send it away or drive it away from a location. In the mundane world banishment implies that whoever is banished can never return or is no longer welcome, but magical banishment is a little different.


Banishing Rituals
A banishing ritual is often performed at the beginning of a ceremony in order to rid the ritual area of negative or unwanted energy or entities that may interfere with magick or unbalance energies that will be raised or summoned during the ceremony. Most magical paths prescribe a banishing ritual of this type prior to any spellwork or magick of any sort.


A banishing may also be performed at the end of a ritual to banish any entities that were evoked or invoked during the procedure or to clear the energy that has been raised from the ritual area to allow it to return to mundane use. For example, you would banish the energy from the love spell that you performed in your living room so that it can return to normal living room use and not affect everyone who comes in there innocently trying to watch the evening news.


A banishing may be performed on the ritual space or on the magic-user(s) or both, however, when you perform a banishing ritual on an area, you do internalize it somewhat automatically. The Lesser Banishing Ritual of the Pentagram is a basic banishing ritual that is a primary requirement of initiates into the Golden Dawn. It is used to prepare a ritual area and also to prepare the magic-user by focusing their mind and energy on the task at hand, creating a magical atmosphere and an altered state of consciousness.


One may banish summoned energies and entities as well once their presence is no longer required. Although the word “releasing” is most often used, the Watchtowers that are evoked at the four corners of the Circle in many rituals are, in fact, banished at the ritual’s end.


Introduction to Banishing Rites by Phil Hines

Banishing Spells
Banishing spells are designed to drive away anything the magic-user feels is a threat or a nuisance; a person, an obstacle, a debt, a disease, an addiction, a bad habit, etc.


A banishing may be performed on a home, to drive away unwanted energies, discord, stress, etc. undesirable entities, such as ghosts and troublesome faeries and other spirits.


A banishing spell may be performed on a person to banish an addiction, an affliction or an influence another person has over them.


Banishing spells are also performed on objects to rid them of connections to prior owners or any energies picked up during their use, often in preparation for programming or charging them for a a new purpose.


The term cleansing refers to a banishing done to remove unwanted energies from an person, location or object. The term exorcism is used to describe a banishing for an unwanted entity, especially an uncooperative, unfriendly one.


Performing a Banishing Spell
While banishing spells can be performed at any time, they are most effective if performed during the waning phase of the moon while the moon is in the sign of Capricorn or Scorpio. Saturday is a good day for general banishing spells. (See also Spell Timing as there are better times for the banishing of specific things.) The best time is at the dark of the moon, but before the new moon appears.


Some say that your movements should be widdershins when performing a banishing spell, but some believe that it’s bad luck to move in any direction other than sunwise while performing a spell.


For many banishing spells, an object is chosen to represent the person, idea, thing or energy to be banished. This item is then charged or programed to represent the target using various means and then symbolically sent away. Running water, such as a river, a sewer drain or even a flushing toilet is often utilized in this way. It is important that the item be of safely biodegradable nature so that your spell work does not bring harm to the environment or clog up the pipes.


Banishing of energy or entities may take the form of a more complicated ritual involving fumigating or asperging an area, person or object. If you are banishing energy from your person, a ritual bath may be in order.


These Herbs are Useful for Banishing Spells
• Angelica
• Anise
• Bay Laurel
• Black Cohosh
• Cyclamen
• Devil’s Claw
• Garlic
• Heliotrope
• Hellebore
• Holly
• Mistletoe
• Nettle
• Pine
• Pokeweed
• Rosemary
• Rue
• Solomon’s Seal
• Stinging Nettle
• Thyme
• Vervain

These Minerals are Useful for Banishing Spells
• Black Salt
• Bloodstone
• Jet
• Smoky Quartz
• Tourmaline
These Incense are Useful for Banishing
• Dragon’s Blood
• Pine Incense and Oil


Patti Wigington, Published on ThoughtCo


Famous Witches Throughout History: Scott Cunningham

Scott Cunningham


Scott Douglas Cunningham (June 27, 1956 – March 28, 1993) was a U.S. writer. Cunningham is the author of several books on Wicca and various other alternative religious subjects.


His work Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner, is one of the most successful books on Wicca ever published; he was a friend of notable occultists and Wiccans such as Raymond Buckland, and was a member of the Serpent Stone Family, and received his Third Degree Initiation as a member of that coven.


Early life
Scott Cunningham was born at the William Beaumont Hospital in Royal Oak, Michigan, USA, the second son of Chester Grant Cunningham and Rose Marie Wilhoit Cunningham. The family moved to San Diego, California in the fall of 1959 due to Rose Marie’s health problems. The doctors in Royal Oak declared the mild climate in San Diego ideal for her. Outside of many trips to Hawaii, Cunningham lived in San Diego all his life.


Cunningham had one older brother, Greg, and a younger sister, Christine.


He studied creative writing at San Diego State University, where he enrolled in 1978. After two years in the program, however, he had more published works than several of his professors, and dropped out of the university to write full-time. During this period he had as a roommate, magical author Donald Michael Kraig and often socialized with witchcraft author Raymond Buckland, who was also living in San Diego at the time.


In 1980 Cunningham began initiate training under Raven Grimassi and remained as a first-degree initiate until 1982 when he left the tradition to pursue a solo practice of witchcraft.


Cunningham practiced a fairly basic interpretation of Wicca, often worshipping alone, though his book series for solitaries describes several instances in which he worshipped with friends and teachers.


He also believed that Wicca, which had been a closed tradition since the 1950s, should become more open to newcomers.


Cunningham was also drawn to Huna and a range of new age movements and concepts that influenced and coloured his spirituality.


In 1983, Scott Cunningham was diagnosed with lymphoma, which he successfully overcame. In 1990, while on a speaking tour in Massachusetts, he suddenly fell ill and was diagnosed with AIDS-related cryptococcal meningitis. He suffered from several infections and died in March 1993. He was 36.


Published works
1980 – Shadow of Love (fiction)
1982 – Magical Herbalism: The Secret Craft of the Wise (ISBN 0-87542-120-2)
1983 – Earth Power: Techniques of Natural Magic (ISBN 0-87542-121-0)
1985 – Cunningham’s Encyclopedia of Magical Herbs (ISBN 0-87542-122-9)
1987 – The Magical Household: Spells and Rituals for the Home (with David Harrington) (ISBN 0-87542-124-5)
1987 – Cunningham’s Encyclopedia of Crystal, Gem, and Metal Magic (ISBN 0-87542-126-1)
1988 – The Truth About Witchcraft Today (ISBN 0-87542-127-X)
1988 – Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner (ISBN 0-87542-118-0)
1989 – The Complete Book of Incense, Oils & Brews (ISBN 0-87542-128-8)
1989 – Magical Aromatherapy: The Power of Scent (ISBN 0-87542-129-6)
1991 – Earth, Air, Fire, and Water: More Techniques of Natural Magic (ISBN 0-87542-131-8)
1991 – The Magic in Food (ISBN 0-87542-130-X)
1993 – Cunningham’s Encyclopedia of Wicca in the Kitchen (ISBN 0-7387-0226-9)
1993 – Divination For Beginners (ISBN 0-7387-0384-2)
1993 – Living Wicca: A Further Guide for the Solitary Practitioner (ISBN 0-87542-184-9)
1993 – Spell Crafts: Creating Magical Objects (with David Harrington) (ISBN 0-87542-185-7)
1993 – The Truth About Herb Magic (ISBN 0-87542-132-6)
1994 – The Truth About Witchcraft (ISBN 0-87542-357-4)
1995 – Hawaiian Magic and Spirituality (ISBN 1-56718-199-6)
1997 – Pocket Guide to Fortune Telling (ISBN 0-89594-875-3)
1999 – Dreaming the Divine: Techniques for Sacred Sleep (ISBN 1-56718-192-9)
2009 – Cunningham’s Book of Shadows: The Path of An American Traditionalist (ISBN 0-73871-914-5) – A rediscovered manuscript written by Cunningham in the late 1970s or early 1980s.

Scott Cunningham

Scott Douglas Cunningham was a popular Wiccan author of more than thirty books on both fiction and non-fiction topics. More than fifteen of his books were written on Wicca and its related subjects, he also wrote scripts for occult videos. Scott was a key player in opening up Wicca to solitary practice, and by making a great deal of information available to the public, he helped influence many newcomers entering the craft.


Scott was born on the 27th June 1956 at the William Beaumont Hospital in Royal Oak, Michigan, USA. His parents Chester Grant Cunningham and Rose Marie Wilhoit Cunningham had two other children, an older brother Greg and a younger sister Christine. In 1959 due to his mothers recurring health problems, the family moved to San Diego, California, were the doctors declared the mild climate would be more beneficial for her. Aside from his many trips to Hawaii, Scott continued to live in San Diego until his death in 1993.


His introduction to the craft came through a book he read in 1971, one purchased by his mother (The Supernatural, by Douglas Hill and Pat Williams). Scott had always shown an interest in plants, minerals and other natural earth products, and this book furthered his interest. It also showed diagrams of Italian hand gestures used to ward of the evil eye, and these particularly fascinated him. Later in high school he used these gestures to attract the attention of a female classmate he knew to be involved with the occult and a working coven. She introduced Scott into Wicca, which further intensified his interest in the powers of nature. Over the next few years he took initiation into several covens of varying traditions gaining experience, but really he preferred to practice as a solitary practitioner.


In 1974 he enrolled at San Diego State University were he studied creative writing, inspired to do so by his father. His father was a professional writer who had authored some 170 non-fiction and fiction books. Scott started writing truck and automobile articles for trade publications, he also wrote advertising copy on a freelance basis. His roommate during this period was the author Donald Michael Kraig, he also made the acquaintance of Raymond Buckland, who was living in San Diego at the time. After only two years of his University course, Scott had collected more published credits than most of his professors, and so decided to drop out from the rest of the course and began to write full-time. The first book he had published was an Egyptian romance novel, Shadow of Love (1980).


Scott’s writing style was easy to understand being simple and direct, his teachings focused on encouraging people to employ whatever works for them in their religious, spiritual, and magickal endeavours. He was a fine herbalist and produced several books dealing with herbs, including Magickal Herbalism (Llewellyn Publications, 1982), and Cunningham’s Encyclopedia of Magickal Herbs (Llewellyn Publications, 1985). His books on Wicca led to a steady rise in its popularity, and he soon became one of the best-read Wiccan authors of his time. Sales of his most popular book Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner (Llewellyn, 1988), reached over 400,000 copies by the year 2000.


His prominence was instrumental in influencing the changes that took place in the Wicca movement during the eighties. Due to his influence, the Wiccan religion shifted primarily from the hands of initiates into the public arena, and many eclectic traditions were formed as a result. While essentially a self-styled Wiccan and a solitary practitioner, he was initiated into several established Craft Traditions. In 1980 he entered into the Aridian Tradition, where he undertook a course of study on Witchcraft and Magick from Raven Grimassi. Then in 1981 he entered the Reorganized Traditional Gwyddonic Order of Wicca, and the Ancient Pictish Gaelic Tradition. Additionally, he was an initiate of the American Traditionalist Wicca.


Scott traveled around the country giving lectures and occasionally making media appearances on behalf of the craft. He viewed the craft as a modern religion created in the 20th century, and thought that Wicca, while containing pagan folk magic derived of ancient times, should be stripped of it’s quasi-historical and mythological trappings and represented to the public as a modern religion utilizing ancient concepts. He also believed that Wicca, which had been a closed and secretive tradition since the 1950s, should become more open to newcomers.


A sudden onset of health issues began to affect his public appearances, then later his writing. In 1983 he was diagnosed with Lymphoma, a form of cancer. To make matters worse in 1990, he also contracted Cryptococcal Meningitis. His health continued to decline as he suffered opportunistic infections related to his primary disease. Finally on the 28th March 1993, he succumbed, and Scott passed from this world and into the next. As an ambassador of the pagan way of life, his books today continue to influence us all.



Work Complied by George Knowles, Published on Controverscial.com

Various Paths of Witchcraft/Wicca: Seax-Wica






Seax-Wica (also known as Saxon Witchcraft) is a tradition of modern Pagan Witchcraft which is largely inspired by the iconography of historical Anglo-Saxon Paganism. The tradition also draws inspiration from Anglo-Saxon Witchcraft in England between the 5th and 11th centuries CE, during the Early Middle Ages. However, unlike Asatru or Theodism, Saxon Witchcraft is not a reconstruction of the early medieval religion itself.


The tradition was founded in 1973 by Raymond Buckland, an English-born High Priest of Gardnerian Wicca who moved to the United States in the 1970s. Buckland had been dissatisfied with the corruption, abusive behavior, and ego trips he saw in some covens and developed Seax-Wica to answer those concerns. His book, “The Tree”, was one of the first books to explore modern Pagan Witchcraft from a solitary perspective. He offered serious seekers both an introductory text on Saxon Witchcraft, a tradition of modern Witchcraft that could be practiced alone, as well as with a coven.


The tradition primarily honours Germanic deities such as Woden and Freya, the typical 8 Sabbats of modern Pagan Witchcraft, and uses a minimal set of the usual ceremonial tools and a spear. Runes are significant and regularly discussed.



The Tree (1974) was the founding text of the Seax tradition.
Seax-Wica is a tradition, or denomination, of the neopagan religion of Wicca which is largely inspired by the iconography of the historical Anglo-Saxon paganism, though, unlike Theodism, it is not a reconstruction of the early mediaeval religion itself.


The tradition was founded in 1973 by Raymond Buckland, an English-born high priest of Gardnerian Wicca who moved to the United States in the 1970s. His book, The Tree, was written with the intent for it to be a definitive guide to Seax-Wica, and was published in 1974 by Samuel Weiser, and subsequently republished in 2005 as Buckland’s Book of Saxon Witchcraft.


The tradition primarily honours four principal deities: Woden, Thunor, Frig or Freya and Tiw. These are seen as representations of the Wiccan deities of the Horned God and the Mother Goddess. The tradition uses a minimal set of ceremonial tools, including a spear. Runes are also significant.


Seax-Wica does not employ any secrecy oath. Buckland’s Book of Saxon Witchcraft was written in mind that the reader would already be well versed in the various techniques of Witchcraft and Wiccan ritual. However, Buckland has pointed out that his Complete Book of Witchcraft gives instructions on how to proceed when no tools are available. These instructions are enough to allow one to begin, self-initiate, and consecrate one’s first tools.


Seax-Wica allows self-dedication as entry into its tradition. In the Seax tradition, covens work by a form of democracy, electing, un-electing, and re-electing coven officers, the high priest and priestess. Within ritual settings, there are the thegn, a type of sergeant-at-arms/guard/watchman, who can also be responsible for the covenstead (the meeting place of the coven), or guarding a ceremony being performed; there is also a scribe/secretary, who keeps most, if not all, of the coven’s records. The word “Thegn”, or “Thane” is an Anglo-Saxon title (Anglo-Saxon: þeg(e)n meaning “a servant, one who does service for another.”)


Buckland was not the head of the tradition, but is respected as its founder, and continued to practice and contribute to it, until his death on September 27, 2017.


The first elected steward of Seax Wica is Wulfeage (Sean Percival) on 2006,[citation needed] who was elected by covens worldwide and is still steward to this day



The History of Seax-Wica is a short and interesting one. There are no long myths of the origins of the tradition, no claims to antiquity, and very few conflicting versions of how the tradition came to be.


Mostly Seax-Wica came from the vision of one man, Raymond Buckland. While he was in America teaching the tradition he learned from Gardner to us willing Americans, he found his own ideas developing along lines that differed in important ways from Gardner’s. So, he kept true to his oaths of silence and split with Gardner. He spent many years researching Pagan traditions, and he sat down and wrote, from start to finish, Seax-Wica.


Seax-Wica has a basis of Saxon belief. From what Buckland has said and what I have read, there is a mish-mash of traditions and celebrations intermixed into this tradition, mainly because the Saxon culture itself was made up of many different traditions as well. Many scholars have tried to separate out “pure” Saxon from the rest, and it can’t be done.


Because of this, you have a Norse influence in the Gods’ names. Instead of something completely different, the God is Woden and the Goddess is Freya. If you didn’t know that the Saxons were heavily influenced by the Norse, you could get more than a bit confused by this seeming deity displacement.


Along with the deity influence, probably the best known feature of Seax-Wica is the rune script. In the research I have done on the Internet to see what everyone else thinks of Seax-Wica, I have found 30 different pages with just the rune script on it, and no other information on Seax-Wica. I find this interesting since this rune script is very close to that used by the Norse and their famous FUThARK script. Why use a copy when you can use the original?


One thing that was a novelty in 1974 when Buckland started Seax-Wica was that none of the ceremonies or rites were secret. There was no oath of secrecy binding members of the groups together, nor was there an iron-clad rule that stated everything learned must be passed down without any changes. Individual Priests and Priestesses were encouraged to do research and add to the tradition if it suited them, and to share that knowledge with everyone that was interested.


Regardless of any of that, Raymond Buckland developed Seax-Wica in 1973 and wrote The Tree which was published in December of 1974. This book encouraged the seeker to look beyond what he wrote and to add it to the tradition if they wanted to.


The rituals are on a solar cycle, although Moon rites are encouraged. However, unlike many traditions, it is not only the God that is celebrated during the Sabbats, but both deities, and the same holds true for the Moon Esbats as well. Both God and Goddess are honored at each rite or ritual held in their honor. There is no ritual sacrifice of the God, no supremacy of the Goddess and the Priestess.


There is also a transition time from the Lord to the Lady and vice-versa. In the Seax-Wica tradition, Samhain is the time of the start of the new year, and it is also the time when the Lord is more influential than the Lady. The Lord is supposed to lead the Wiccans through the night of winter into the spring. At Beltane the Lady takes over from the Lord and leads the Wiccans through the summer and fall, when the Earth is alive and growing. Note that one is not supreme to the other, but rather it is a division of who has more guidance over the world during their times. Like every good parent, if necessary the Lady will respond if called upon during the winter and the Lord will act if called upon during the Summer.


There are no power plays because the Covens are truly autonomous and democratic. Each year a vote is taken by the Coven, and a new Priest or Priestess may be elected at this time to lead the Coven for the coming year. Some Covens elect both at the same time each year, others elect the Priest in the Summer, and the Priestess in the Winter. But it is plain that it is almost impossible to have a “Coven Cronies” syndrome without some extraordinary circumstances occurring. There are no degree systems, no initiations, other than the one that makes one a Wiccan. After that, the new initiate has the same right and authority to speak and be heard as the Priestess of the Coven. From the moment of initiation, the new Wiccan is considered a Priest/ess of the Gods.


The actual rituals that are written down in The Tree are short and to the point. There is little that is confusing about the rite itself, other than some unclarity about just what some of the tools are used for. In a few cases, a tool is called for in a ritual that is never used again. For instance, the wand is called upon as necessary for the Ostara celebration, but in actual practice it is not used in the rite at all.


One of the more prominent differences between Seax-Wica and other traditional practices is the Athame (called a Seax in Seax-Wica). In this tradition it can be single or double edged. The Seax is also used in a variety of everyday uses that many traditional practitioners would be shocked to find a ritual knife being used for, from cutting herbs in the garden to cutting the roast for the dinner table that night. The rationale for this is that the more you use a ritual knife, in whatever purpose, the more of yourself you put into the blade and the better able it is to mesh with your energies during a ritual.


This is the reason that many of the standard tools are missing from Seax-Wican practice. For example, the White Handled Knife, normally used for making inscriptions, is replaced by the Seax. The same for the Boline or herb knife. The Cords, used in many traditional Covens, are absent from most of the Seax-Wican tradition except during initiation and cord magick, in which any cord can be used. There is also no Scourge and no ritual flagellation in the Seax-Wican practice. A spear is added to the ritual implements for one of the officers to use in the execution of his duties.


Seax-Wica is focused more on the religion of Wicca than the Witchcraft and spellcraft aspects. In The Tree there is some information on spell casting, herbs and divination, but a practitioner of Seax-Wica would be well-rewarded to get some supplemental works and books on magick and divination to round out their education. This is intentional. The Tree assumes that the person going into Seax-Wica is either already well read in Witchcraft or they are willing to become so.


Another change is the absence of the Maiden and the Crone coven positions. There are four officers in a Seax-Wican coven, but to replace them, the Thegn (pronounced Thain) and the Scribe were made. The thegn position combines many duties but mostly they act as the coven Sergeant-at-Arms. They are responsible for summoning the Coven for the ritual, drawing the physical boundaries of the Circle and acting as the Stage Manager during the ritual. The holder of this position uses the Spear.


The Scribe is the Coven secretary. This person is responsible for keeping all of the coven records, from membership rolls to monies received from donations, to agreements for hand partings. If the coven chooses to become a legal church, this would be the person that handles all the paperwork involved in this undertaking.


One other major difference is that Seax-Wica, unlike most traditional groups, recognizes self initiation. The rationale for this stance can be summed up in one phrase, “who initiated the first Witch?” As such, the declaration of Self Dedication is seen as just as valid as a coven initiation and little to no emphasis is placed upon “So and so, initiated by whom, initiated by this person…” or the lineage of a witch.


While this can and does cause some conflict with other traditions, it also encourages those who have little to no contact with other like minded people to acknowledge their deities and their choice of religion.


With all the advantages listed above, there are some problems with the practice however.


The encouragement to add to the tradition can lead to eclecticism run rampant. Researching the roots of Paganism and Witchcraft can lead to a mixing of cultures that can be confusing to a new practitioner of Seax-Wica. However, many good covens try to break out what has been added to the tradition from Buckland’s teachings and truly try to not confuse cultures and practices.


Another drawback is because Seax-Wica recognized self dedication, it can promote the “one book and I’m a Witch” mind set that has been so prevalent in recent years. With a book like The Tree this is especially dangerous. The Tree, the main Book of Shadows for this tradition, is spare in the rituals and explanations of those rituals. As stated before, it assumes you are already well read in Wicca. If a new practitioner started with The Tree as their primary reference, it could lead into the new person leaping into Wicca full bore without much of the information that is needed and without consideration of what they are about to do or how it will affect the rest of their life. But this problem is more prevalent if one uses The Complete Book of Witchcraft as the sole source of information rather than The Tree.


It also can lead to the “Insta-Priest/ess” syndrome where this practitioner is considered a Priest/ess of Seax-Wica and they have little to no study in many of the areas that are important to the Priests and Priestesses out there. However, to those with a true vocation, who are willing to put in the time and effort to research Wicca and Paganism and Witchcraft, this can be a tremendous advantage. There are those who were not able to find a coven to join or a group who was practicing to initiate them who were able to be with the Gods and participate in an environment that is, to all intents and purposes, free of politics.


This, unfortunately, leads to many various levels of knowledge in the Seax-Wica community as a whole. One good thing that comes out of the sparsity of information is that if you do have a call upon your heart, the finding of information is a joy, and all the others who don’t have a similar call will probably leave Wicca and Seax-Wica after a while and it’s popularity has faded. But this is also a problem in the Wiccan community as a whole, rather than unique to Seax-Wica.


The rituals as written by Buckland and his wife, Tara, are somewhat perfunctory. This “minimalistic ritual” can be good in that there is little to read or memorize for a specific ritual and it leaves a lot of room for elaboration. But this can also be bad in that there is little feel for the ritual because you are not given time to become involved with the rite before the celebration is over. However, some judicious elaboration and rewriting of the rituals can take care of that problem, and some of the rituals, like the hand fasting, are exceedingly powerful if done properly.


The final disadvantage that I can think of is that the way Buckland writes the tradition, it seems shallow. Not that the practitioners are shallow, but the practices, rites and way of doing things feels like it has no depth to it.


I must state this this last point is my personal opinion, and it stems mostly from how I got to Seax-Wica in the first place. I came to Seax-Wica from Mormonism, where rituals and a close connection with God are encouraged, but conformity in the Church is even more encouraged. So it is possible in the framework of Mormonism to have absolutely no testimony of the Church, the Bible, God or anything else they believe in and still be a member. Just so long as you know what to do and when to do it. I had no sense of the Religion, and was looking for something to fill that void. Seax-Wica was the instrument I chose to fill that gap, and over time it did. I have a sense of the Gods now, but I did not when I first started out. All of this sense of the Gods came from independent study of outside materials.


This can be overcome with study and a true sense of the Gods, but it could turn some off. I think in some ways, this was intentional, but I don’t know. It may simply be that there are no illusions about Seax-Wica being the continuation of something from the mists of time, so it will take time for a deep respect for Seax-Wica to be developed.


As you can see from this introduction to Seax-Wica, there are many strengths to it and the disadvantages can be overcome with study and perseverance. This tradition of Wicca is one that has a great deal going for it, but it is also a tradition that has mostly been dismissed by more traditional groups because of it’s lack of antiquity. However, if one accepts that all religious paths are ultimately made by humanity for humanity, then this lack of roots becomes a small matter.


It can even become the basis for an in-depth study of many Pagan paths, as well as a starting point for a lifelong seeking of knowledge.


I, myself, started with Seax-Wica. I jumped into the Wiccan Religion and into Seax-Wica completely from the beginning. That starting point led me to Celtic Religions, Druidry, and eventually into Witchcraft. It taught me a sense of who I am, and Seax-Wica showed me what I did and didn’t want in a religion that I followed. For a time, I thought, like many, that Buckland was a God and that everything he said was the TRUTH and completely infallible. But I also believed that the picture of Covens he painted was the truth, where all the members got along, and cooperated with each other and that the members loved each other with everything they had. I believed that Wiccans were a group of people who had identified what was dark and negative inside themselves and that they had taken steps to eradicate it in their lives. I believed it so strongly that I desperately wanted to be part of that group.


Well, time passed and I am wiser than I was. But because of how Seax-Wica was presented to me, and how Wicca was presented through Seax-Wica, I still wish to be part of this group


Seax-Wica is not for everyone. If you decide to follow this tradition there will be much asked for by the Gods. Study, practice, reading and research, internalizing lessons and evolutions of yourself will all become necessary. You will be asked to present the Best of what a Wiccan Priest/ess can be at all times, to your fellow Wiccans, and to others who will never understand what Wicca is about.


But despite all that, or because of it, your relationship with the Gods will truly become personal and internal. This is an excellent starting point, so long as you are willing to work and do your share.


And, ultimately, isn’t that what a religion is supposed to do?




Erin’s Journal

The Tree by Raymond Buckland Publisher: Samuel Weiser Publication date: December 1974 ISBN: 0877282587
Buckland’s Complete Book of Witchcraft by Raymond Buckland Publisher: Llewellyn Publication date: December 1986 ISBN: 0875420508

The Witches Magickal Journal for Friday, April 27th

The Witches Magickal Journal for Friday, April 27th

“The Great Spirit is in all things, he is in the air we breathe. The Great Spirit is our Father, but the earth is our mother. She nourishes us; that which we put into the ground she returns to us…”

– Big Thunder (Bedagi) (Wabanaki Algonquin Tribe)

Friday, April 27th


Friday is the day of Venus. It takes it name from Frigg, the Goddess of love and transformation. She rules the spiritual side of a person that manifests in the physical. Because of this, Friday is often thought of as dangerously unpredictable. This is expressed in an old East Anglian adage:


Friday’s day will have its trick
The fairest or foulest day of the week.


Deity: Frigg

Zodiac Sign: Taurus/Libra

Planet: Venus

Tree: Apple

Herb: Vervain

Stone: Sapphire/Chrsolite

Animal: Bull/Serpent

Element: Earth

Color: Yellow/Violet

Number: 7

Rune: Peorth(P)


The Celtic Tree Month Saille (Willow) (April 14 – May 12)


Runic Half Month of Man(human being) (April 14 – April 28)


Goddess of the Month of Maia (April 18 – May 15th)



The Pagan Book of Days
Nigel Pennick

The Goddess Book of Days for Friday, April 27

Feast of St. George in the Western Church calendar; he is the God Ogun, Ogan or Ogu in African Santeria and Voodoun. (Hephaestus, Eros, Vulcan, Quetzalcoatl, Mars.) The saint was originally derived from Apollo, twin of Diana and a Sun God.


The Goddess Book of Days
Diane Stein

Goddesses Associated with Friday

For Freya: Astarte, Aphrodite, Erzulie, Aida Wooo, Eve, Venus, Diana, Isis, the Witch of Gaeta, Chalchiuhtlique


The Goddess Book of Days
Diane Stein

Friday: The day of beauty

Frigg was the Norse goddess of beauty, love, household, fertility and motherhood. She was Odin’s wife. She wonderfully balances out the dreadfulness of all the masculine gods sitting around our week table.


Derived from Latin Dies Veneris, Friday is viernes in Spanish, vendredi in French and venerdi in Italian. The day belongs to Venus, the Roman goddess of beauty, love and fertility.


Friday: Is associated with Venus and the colors of – Green, Pink and White

Friday is the best time to deal with such matters as: Affection, Alliances, Architects, Artistic Ability, Artists, Balance, Beauticians, Beauty, Change, Chiropractors, Cosmetics, Courage, Courtship, Dancers, Dating, Decorating, Designers, Engineers, Entertainers, Fashion, Fertility, Friendship, Gardening, Gifts, Grace, Harmony, Herbal Magick, Household Improvements, Income, Luck, Luxury, Marriage, Material Things, Music, Painting, Partners, Peace, Physical Healing, Planning Parties, Poetry, Prosperity, Relationships, Romantic Love, Shopping, Social Activity, Soul-mates, Success


Practical Magick for the Penny Pinching Witch
Carol Moyer

Ritual Influences for Friday, April 27th


Friday Venus


Perfumes: Stephanotis, Apple Blossom, Musk, Ambergris


Incense: Saffron, Verbena


Wood: Myrtle


Color: Light Blue, Pale Green


Influences: All Love Matters, Friendships, Affection, Partnerships, Money, Sex


A Book of Pagan Rituals
Herman Slater

Magickal Days of the Week: Friday

Friday falls at the end of the work week for many of us, and that means we get a chance to relax for a little bit! Mark your Fridays with colors like pink and aqua, and metals such as copper. This is a day ruled by the planet Venus, so it should be no surprise that Venus and Aphrodite – goddesses of love and beauty – are associated with Fridays. This is a day named for the Norse goddess Freyja, so be sure to take a moment to honor her as well.


Gemstones associated with Friday include coral, emerald and rose quartz, and plants like strawberries, apple blossoms and feverfew are also related. This is a good day to do spellwork associated with family life and fertility, sexuality, harmony, friendship, growth. Take advantage of Friday’s correspondences and plant a seed, make something grow, and enjoy your blessings


*Note: There are a lot of disputes as to the origins of the word Friday, because there is still a great deal of discussion as to whether it was named for Freyja or Frigga, and whether they were the same deity or two separate ones. Some scholars believe that while they may have eventually become two distinctly different goddesses, they could have had their origins in a single, common Proto-Germanic deity.



Patti Wigington, Paganism/Wicca Expert
Article published on & owned by ThoughtCo

On Friday, April 27th, We Celebrate…

Smell the Breeze Day (Egypt)

Themes: Air, Health


Symbols: A Pot; Turquoise; Musk; a Star; Wind; Cow Images


About Nut: This great Egyptian sky goddess bears a star-spangled belly that stretches over the earth like a protective atmosphere. Today she breaths on us with a late-March zephyr bearing health and well-being.


Legend tells us that when Ra went to escape the earth, Nut offered her aid by becoming a huge cow who lifted him into heaven. Wen Nut found herself dizzy from the effort, four gods rushed to her aid. They later became the four pillars of creation—the four winds.


To Do Today: If the weather permits, I highly recommend a brish, refreshing walk. Breathe deeply of the air, which has rejuvenating, healthy energies today. As you exhale, repeat the goddess’s name, Nut, and listen as she responds in the breeze.


Any type of wind magick honors Nut, and it is certainly fitting today. If the wind blows from the west, sprinkle water into it for emotional healing. If it blows from the east, toss a feather out so it can return to you with healthy outlooks. If it blows from the north, sift a little soil into the wind to give fruitful foundations to a generating idea, and if it blows from the south, burn musk incense to manifest vital energy and a little passion.



365 Goddess, A Daily Guide to the Magick and Inspiration of the Goddess
Patricia Telesco

Friday–The Day of Freya

In the stories of the gods and goddesses of the Angles and Saxons we find two goddesses, Frigga, the wife of Odin and queen of the gods, and Freya, the Goddess of Love. Some people think that Friday was named after Frigga, and others that it was Freya’s day. Since very similar stories are told of each of them, it is quite probable that they were really the same person. The Roman name for the day was Dies Veneris, the day of Venus, who, it will be remembered, was the Goddess of Love, and so corresponded to Freya. The modern French name is taken from the Latin and is vendredi.


Frigga was the Goddess of the Clouds, and, when she was not with her husband Odin, spent her time in spinning clouds. Her spinning-wheel was studded with jewels, and at night could be seen in the sky as the constellation to which the Romans gave the name of Orion’s Belt, as we have seen in the story of Orion.


Frigga was also the Goddess of Spring, and as such was known as Eastre, whom we have already mentioned as giving us the word Easter.


Freya, the Goddess of Love and Beauty, like the Venus of the Romans, received a great welcome when she came to the home of the gods, and was given a special kingdom called Folk Meadow, where was a vast hall known as the Hall of Many Seats. Here she received half of those slain in battle, the other half being entertained by Odin, as we have seen.


Freya is depicted as having blue eyes and golden hair, and often as wearing a robe of feathers, which enabled her to fly through the air like a bird.


The goddess is said to have married Odur, who was probably Odin under another name. Odur once had occasion to leave Freya and travel over the world, and the goddess was broken-hearted at his departure. Her tears fell among the rocks and were changed to gold, while some which fell into the sea were transformed into amber. All nature mourned with her: the trees shed their leaves, the grass withered, and the flowers drooped their heads. At last Freya in her distress set out to find her husband, and, passing through many lands, where her golden tears were afterwards found, came to the sunny south, and there overtook the wandering Odur. As the lovers returned, the fields and the flowers rejoiced with them. The frost and snow fled before them, and the earth became green again as they passed.


“And Freya next came nigh, with golden tears;
The loveliest Goddess she in Heaven, by all
Most honour’d after Frea, Odin’s wife.
Her long ago the wandering Odur took
To mate, but left her to roam distant lands;
Since then she seeks him, and weeps tears of gold.”



This story, of course, reminds us of Ceres and Persephone, and is only another fanciful explanation of summer and winter.


Freya was the proud possessor of a dazzling necklace of gold, which had been made by the dwarfs, and which she wore night and day. On one occasion only did she lend the necklace, when Thor, disguised as Freya, went to the land of the giants to recover his hammer, which had been stolen by the Giant Thrym. Loki, by borrowing Freya’s robe of feathers and flying over the country of the giants, had discovered the thief, but had also found that Thrym would only return the hammer on condition that Freya would become his wife. When Freya heard of the giant’s presumption, she became greatly enraged, and vowed that she would never leave her beloved Odur and go to live in that dreary and desolate land of cold. Heimdall, the guardian of the bridge Bifrost, then suggested that Thor should go to Thrym disguised as Freya, in company with Loki disguised as Freya’s attendant. The gods at last allowed themselves to be persuaded, and Thor, having borrowed Freya’s clothes and necklace and wearing a thick veil, set out with Loki, who was dressed as a handmaiden. On reaching the giant’s palace, they were welcomed by Thrym, who was delighted at the success of his plan, and who led them to the banqueting hall, where a great feast was held. At the end of the feast, Thrym ordered the famous hammer to be brought in, and he himself laid it in his bride’s lap as a marriage gift. Thor’s hand immediately closed over the hammer, and in a few moments Thrym and all the guests invited to the wedding feast lay dead.


Freya was greatly relieved to have her necklace returned in safety, but the evil Loki, attracted by its wonderful beauty, determined to steal it. One night the god, by changing himself into a fly, succeeded in entering Freya’s palace. He then resumed his own shape, and, creeping stealthily to Freya’s bed, gently removed the necklace from the goddess’s neck. The watchful Heimdall, however, had heard Loki’s footsteps, and, looking in the direction of the Folk Meadow, became a witness of the theft. He at once set off in pursuit of Loki, and, overtaking him, drew his sword and was about to kill the thief, when Loki changed himself into a flame. Heimdall immediately changed himself into a cloud, and sent down a shower of rain to put out the fire. Loki then took the form of a bear, and opened his mouth to catch the water. Heimdall also took the form of a bear and attacked Loki, who, finding that he was being overpowered, changed himself yet again, into a seal. Heimdall followed suit, and fought again with Loki, and at length compelled him to give up the necklace, which was returned to Freya.


On another occasion Freya was sought by one of the giants, and it was only by the cunning of Loki and by an act of bad faith on the part of the gods that she was saved. The gods, ever anxious lest the giants should invade Asgard, decided to build a stronghold which would prove impregnable. They received an offer from a stranger, who was willing to undertake the work in return for the sun, the moon, and the goddess Freya. By Loki’s advice they accepted the offer on condition that he should complete the work in one winter, aided only by his horse. To the surprise of the gods the stranger agreed to these conditions, and with the help of his horse, which could haul the heaviest stone, set to work. The gods, who at first felt sure that their conditions had made the task impossible, were alarmed to find as time went on that the stranger was working so quickly that it seemed certain that he would be able to keep his promise. The gods on their side had no intention whatever of keeping their promise, since they could not possibly part with the sun and the moon and the Goddess of Love, and they angrily pointed out to Loki that since it was he who had got them into this difficulty, he must find some way out of it. Loki replied that the gods need have no fear, for with his usual cunning he had thought of a plan whereby the stranger might be made to forfeit his reward. On the last day, when only one stone remained to be dragged into position, Loki changed himself into a horse, and, trotting out from the forest, neighed loudly to attract the attention of the stranger’s horse. Tired of his continual labour and longing for freedom and rest, the horse broke free from its load and galloped after Loki. The stranger, after pursuing it vainly through the forest, at last made his way to Asgard, and, full of anger at the trick which had been played upon him, took on his real shape, for he was a frost-giant, and was about to attack the gods when Thor hurled his hammer at him and killed him.


Frey, the god mentioned in the story of Loki and Sif’s golden hair, was Freya’s brother. He was the God of the Fields, and sacrifices were made to him for the crops. In the early spring his wooden image was driven in a chariot through the countryside, in order that he might bless the fields and bring a fruitful harvest: Frey, as we have seen, became the possessor of a ship which could travel over land and sea, and though large enough to contain all the gods, yet could be folded up like a cloth, and he also possessed a boar with golden bristles. The god often rode on this boar, which was swifter than a horse, and was no doubt a symbol of the sun, which ripened the crops. We find the same idea of sunshine in Frey’s flashing sword, which fought of its own accord as soon as it was drawn from its sheath.


The month of the Angles and Saxons which begins just before our Christmas was sacred to both Frey and Thor, and it was customary at that time, as we have already mentioned, to bind a huge wooden wheel with straw, and, setting fire to it, to roll it down a hill. The wheel was a symbol of the sun, which at that time began to chase away the winter. At this time, too, was held a great feast to all the gods, and the chief meat eaten was a boar’s head, in honour of Frey. The missionaries who first brought Christianity to the Northmen, finding this feast was of great importance and was celebrated by all the people, did not try to do away with it. Instead, they changed it from a heathen to a Christian festival by putting Christ in the place of the Norse gods, and calling it the Feast or Mass of Christ. A similar change was made, it will be remembered, in the case of the Easter festival, held in honour of Eastre or Frigga, the wife of Odin.

Friday’s Witchery


Love magick is a perennial popular topic. However, there is more to this topic than meets the eye. There are many enchanting layers here for us to explore on this day of the week. What about creating a loving home, or producing a loving and nurturing family? What about keeping your intimate relationships vital and on track? How about promoting happy, healthy, and enduring friendships? See, there is more to be considered than just the “You shall be mine…” type of fictional love spell.


Don’t forget that many of the deities associated with Fridays are also parents. So, yes, while this is the day to work on romance, sex, and love spells, there is additional magick to be considered here, which makes Fridays a more well-rounded and bigger opportunity for witchery than many folks ever truly realize. The truest, strongest magick always comes from the heart.


Book of Witchery – Spells, Charms & Correspondences For Every Day of the Week
Ellen Dugan

The Witches Almanac for Friday, April 27th

Arbor Day

Waxing Moon

Moon phase: Second Quarter

Moon Sign: Libra

Incense: Rose

Color: White

About the Waxing Moon Phase

The period when the Moon is waxing occurs between a New Moon and a Full Moon, which is characterized by many changes in appearance. The first is known as a Waxing crescent, where 1-49% of the Moon is illuminated. Which side appears illuminated will depend on the observer’s location. For those living in the northern hemisphere, the right side will appear illuminated; whereas for those in the southern hemisphere, the reverse is the case.


Next up is the First Quarter, where 50% of the Moon’s face is illuminated – again, the right side for those in the northern hemisphere and the left for those in the south. This is followed by a Waxing Gibbous Moon, where 51 – 99% of the Moon’s surface is illuminated – right side in the northern hemisphere, left side in the southern. The waxing phase concludes with a Full Moon.


Universe Today

The Witches Correspondences for Friday, April 27


The day of Venus, Friday takes its name from Frigga, the Goddess of Love and Transformation. She rules the spiritual aspects of people as they manifest on the physical. because of this, Friday is sometimes thought of as unpredictable.

Element : Water / Earth

Planet: Venus

Zodiac Sign : Taurus / Libra
Angel : Ariel

Metal : Tin

Incense / Perfumes : Strawberry, Sandalwood, Rose, Saffron and Vanilla

Oils : Cardamom, Palmrosa, Rose, Yarrow

Color : Green, Aqua, Rose

Stones : Emerald, Rose Quartz, Moonstone, Pink Tourmaline, Peridot, Jade

Plants/Herbs : Apple, Balm of Gilead, Bergamot, Birch, Catnip, Clematis, Damiana, Dragons Blood, Geranium, Heather, Hibiscus, Ivy, Magnolia, Mugwort, Plumeria, Rose, Rose Geranium, Sage, Strawberry, Vanilla, Vervain, Violet, Water Lilly

Magick to Work: love, friendship, beauty, sensuality, arts, attraction, healing, peace, harmony, artistic ability, creativity generally, reconciliation, beauty, female sexuality, luxury, music, pleasure, scent, sensuality, social affairs

Friday Is Ruled by Venus


Archangel: Anael

Candle colour: Green or pink

Incenses: Rose or geranium

Crystals: Jade or rose quartz

Use Fridays for spells for love, fidelity, healing, for anything to do with beauty, the arts and crafts and for all spells concerning the environment.

Where possible, work in any enclosed beautiful place outdoors, for example a botanical garden, a field, park or your own garden – even in a circle of plants indoors.

The Energy of Venus


Weekday ruled by Venus: Friday


Rose quartz
Pink tourmaline

Herbs and Plants:

Pink rose

Magickal intentions: Love, romance, marriage, sexual matters, physical beauty, friendship and partnerships, strangers and heart matters.

Friday’s Magickal Applications

Fridays are days of loving enchantments and passionate emotions.


See how many ways you could add a little loving enchantment into your life and the lives of your loved ones. If you wish to explore the topic of love and romance witchery even further, then check out my book How to Enchant a Man: Spells to Bewitch, Bedazzle &Beguile. If cat magick has tickled your fancy, then for further study read my book The Enchanted Cat: Feline Fascinations, Spells &Magick.


In the meantime, try sharing red berries with your partner some enchanted evening. Work that meditation, and see what other mysteries Freya has to teach you. Wear a Venus planetary color and call on the Goddess for a little inner sparkle. Burn some floral incense, light up some rosy candles, and set a romantic mood. Try wearing a little copper jewelry, and see how it affects you and your Friday magick. Get those potpourri and philter recipes going, and see what you can conjure up.


Advancing your magickal skills takes drive, ambition, and passion. Work with Eros to discover just how much enthusiasm, inspiration, and drive he can bring into your days, for the imagination is a place where dreams flourish and ideas come to fruition.


Call on these fertile and romantic powers, and create your own unique spells and charms. Just think of all the magickal information that you can now add to your repertoire of witchery. Lastly, remember this: when you combine imagination and a loving heart with magick, you’ll succeed every time.


Book of Witchery – Spells, Charms & Correspondences For Every Day of the Week
Ellen Dugan

The Witches Magick for Friday, April 27th

Spell To Put A Little Adventure Into A Life That Has Turned Sort of Dull


Goal: To bring a spark of adventure into a life that has gotten a little dull


Optional extras: Cut out or draw pictures of a specific kind of activity if you have one in mind (travel, a new hobby or craft, etc.), and place them on the altar if you are using one; red or orange candle; cinnamon oil or a small bowl of powdered cinnamon


Note: Be sure to fix your mind and intent on positive adventures. After all, a hurricane might be an adventure, but it probably isn’t one you want to experience! This spell should be done in a spirit of fun and is a good one to do with a group if so desired.




Life is good
And all is well
But now and then
I find it dull

I wish for fire
To add a spark
A flash of light
Inside the dark

Let adventure come
In a positive way
So I might laugh
Have fun and play.

Let doors swing wide
And open my heart
As on life’s journey
I depart.

So Mote It Be.


Everyday Witch A to Z Spellbook: Wonderfully Witchy Blessings, Charms & Spells
Deborah Blake


Let’s Talk Witch: Supernatural Entities

Some of your magical workings may involve the help or guidance of supernatural entities. These entities could be Gods or Goddesses. They may be Angels, ancestors or the Fae. There is a belief that witchcraft requires the use of at least one of these beings, however many witches don’t use any of them but that’s entirely up to you.

It is useful and important to know the difference between the various types of supernatural entities. Some have their own rules and etiquettes that it pays to know before engaging in any kind of contact with them. Some may make specific demands on you so it’s best to discover what is required for each and then decide for yourself whether or not it’s a good idea to get them involved. There is always a price and if you expect their help it is advisable to find out what that price is before you start.


When it comes to using any entity in spell working, it means that you are asking them to provide you with what you are trying to achieve; perhaps that they’ll go on an information gathering mission for you, or that they’ll harass an enemy for you. A lot of this depends on your desired outcome. If you are trying to clear or heal a piece of land, getting in touch with the genius loci first and asking what they need is always smart. I personally can’t think of much that I would bother the Fae for, but that’s me and I know that others enlist their help for various workings.


In Vodou and other African Tribal Religions, spirits are used for nearly every piece of magic. It’s the spirits that go and make your purpose become reality and those spirits require offerings and food.


It is my belief that the various entities have different areas of expertise and usefulness. Deities can be included in almost everything but as for the others, I’d recommend learning more before asking for help or guidance from them. Just like you would for mundane matters. If you need to borrow money you have various options; banks, pawn shops or loan sharks etc. You wouldn’t sensibly enter into any kind of relationship without first discovering the ins and outs and any possible risks associated with each. Why would you be any less vigilant in magic?


The Common Sense Spell Book
Debbie Dawson

WOTC Extra: Deities

The first thought with regards to Deities is usually prayer. There are often great discussions about the difference between spell casting and prayer. Many describe spell casting as ‘prayer with props’ and indeed, I have done this in the past. But personally, I have come to the conclusion that there is a difference aside from the addition of tools. Prayer is sometimes pure worship, not the request of favours. Prayer can also include asking the Divine (in whatever form you experience It) to watch over or intercede for you. Casting a spell is taking matters into your own hands and doing what you can to make something happen. I saw it described recently as:

Prayer— Asking Dad for $ 20
Spell— Mowing the neighbour’s lawn to earn $ 20.

In the context of prayer vs spells, this is correct, but in the context of asking Deity to help in your spell, it would be more like asking Dad to help fix the lawn mower so you can mow the neighbour’s lawn for $ 20

If and when you choose to ask for Divine help and intervention in your spell workings, there are a few things that must be considered.

Is this a God or Goddess that you are familiar with? By familiar with I mean one that you have prayed to, researched and come to know well. Or are you going to expect a Deity to perform a task for a complete stranger and have Them leave again afterwards with no thought to payment, return or reward? Frankly, I think that is quite rude and would recommend some serious thought into what happens when you disrespect Gods.

Do you understand any required forms of address? Some Gods are fickle or proud and expect their honorifics when you call on Them. Some have come to us with different names and slightly different functions. Isis is the Greek name for Aset, for example, but over several thousand years, Isis and Aset are no longer the same Goddess. Differences exist between the two. The same can be said for several of the other Egyptian Netjer who have become more commonly known by Greek names. There is also the duplication of Greek Deities with Roman ones. A belief exists, that still holds to this day among some people, that though each Deity is named differently, the functions and analogues can be found in across pantheons. While this is true between the Roman and Greek pantheons, it is not necessarily accurate with relations to other pantheons.

Do you know and understand the dynamics between pantheons and the individual Deities within pantheons? I have a friend who wanted to call on Hecate and Hela in the same ritual. I understand that she was thinking of dark Goddesses, but she hadn’t thought the whole thing through. Scandinavia was never conquered by the Greeks or the Romans which is still a source of pride for modern Asatru or followers of the Norse Gods. Understandably calling on Deities from these pantheons could cause friction between the two which may rebound on the caller.

Within pantheons there are also frictions and problems. Hera cursed many within Her husband’s family tree. Set murdered Osiris. Loki caused problems for most of the Aesir. Yemaya and Oya don’t get on well together. It’s especially important to do some research before mixing and matching



Is your purpose for casting a spell within the understanding and realm of your chosen Deity? While I don’t believe that the Gods are stuck in a vacuum, existing unchanged eternally and unable to evolve, there are still things that need to be considered. A Goddess of the sea is unlikely to be able to help you to find a job as a secretary and a God of war is not likely to be able or willing to help bring your true love into your life, at least not in a healthy or desirable way.

Are you addressing a specific Deity or an archetype? Archetypal energies refer to certain constants. Many Goddesses may come under the heading of ‘Mother Goddess’ but there is no actual ‘Mother Goddess’. When you call on Her as such, you are calling upon those energies in an archetypal form. I cringe when I see or hear people talking about ‘The Goddess’. Which one specifically? Or are they monolatrous— believing that all are reflections or facets of the same being? In my experience, it’s never a good idea to be that general. There are many trickster entities just waiting for such an opening.


If you do happen to think that way, then why not clarify which aspect of Goddess you are calling on? ‘Great Goddess in the form of Persephone’ or ‘The Goddess who is also known as Brighid’. This keeps it specific to which type of energy or Deity you are calling on, without the risk of having something else turn up.

When you have worked with a Deity for a period of time, there is a relationship that only familiarity grows. I’ve found that I don’t need to worship my Gods, that’s not what they need from me. They need me to work in their name, do the work they set me (which isn’t always obvious) and in return they look out for me. I have left a few things in Their hands, when I’m not certain if this person has crossed me with intent or just carelessness and thoughtlessness. These days I rarely do actual spellworking, I discuss it with my Gods and stuff happens. I have called upon the Patron Goddess of another person who was busily breaking oaths they’d made to Her and to others publicly. I asked if She wanted me to deal with it or did She want to take care of it Herself. She took care of it and did a much better job than I would have. Importantly though, I have taken part in a number of rituals in Her honour, so we did have a passing acquaintance.

Communication with Deity is experiential. It comes under the heading of Unverifiable Personal Gnosis. Your experience is very personal and cannot be verified by anyone else. This means that someone else who has an experience that differs from yours is not wrong or lying about your chosen Deity. Neither are they necessarily being disrespectful, they may have merely had a different experience. Perhaps that Deity chose to show them another side for reasons of their own— they are all quite capricious.

Another point worthy of noting with regards to Deity is that They don’t require your belief. They are there, believing in Them is, to quote Terry Pratchett, like believing in a table. They will answer questions so do not be shy about asking them. You may not get the answer you want to hear, but you will get an answer.

If you are going to do some research into Deities, don’t stick purely to the pagan or Wiccan books. Read mythology from the time period, there are plenty of translations available nowadays. Read history books, read poetry and speculative fiction. The pagan books are often filled with wishful thinking and fantasy. Some authors make the Gods out to be purely noble and nice and that’s just not true. Any mention of anything dark or that they required sacrifice is skipped over or justified as “having been demonised by the Patriarchy”. There will be a bias, there always is whenever thought is turned into words, however, that doesn’t automatically mean it’s wrong. Read more than one translation if possible. There are several famous works being re-translated in recent years with completely different meanings and depictions of events. Whether any of them are actually correct, I don’t know, I can’t read the original languages and don’t have access to the manuscripts either but it’s important to get more than one person’s interpretation of the material.

When you’ve finished with the serious stuff, I recommend Terry Pratchett’s Discworld series. You may wonder why a book of spell crafting would suggest reading comic fantasy. Woven within the comic fantasy world is a very clever social commentary that is rather accurate, especially when it comes to his witches.


The Common Sense Spell Book
Debbie Dawson


Celebrating Legends, Folklore & Spirituality 365 Days A Year for April 26 & 27

April 26 & 27

African Fertility Festival

In many African republics, this New Year’s Day celebrates the ancient seed-sowing ceremony performed in honor of the Goddess of fertility, Mawu. Associated with the moon, Mawu is considered to be cool and gentle. She is the creatrix who made people from clay and brings abundance to the land. In some areas, Mawu (moon) is combined with Lisa (sun) to create a dynamic union between the two controlling factors of universe for the protection of crops and people.


The Witches Astronomy Journal for Friday, April 27th

The Witches Astronomy Journal for Friday, April 27th

Beltane Union


A woman stands, Alone in the woods, Awaiting her fate once more, Returning to her place in the cycle of life.


What is that? A rustling in the forest, Closer and closer the noise creeps, Is this the one to seal her destiny?


Now he stands before her, Clad in nothing but the sky, Grown to full manhood, and awaiting, Her.


Their eyes met, Locked in a familiar gaze, Have they been here before, Shall they dance this dance again?


No words were spoken as they met, Quietly they drew close together, And trembling with anticipation, They were united again once more.


He touched her face carefully, She seemed so familiar to him, As if he had always been a part of her, As if they completed a whole.


Beneath the hallowing moonlights glow, They danced the dance of ages, They met, and loved, and joined as one, Completing the holy union.


As they lay their after, A new cycle had already begun, She lay now holding his child, And he lay foreseeing his death.


They would come apart again, And meet together once more. For it is the cycle of everything, As goes the Beltane Lore…..


Lady Amhranai (2002)
“Is beachd a buitseach. Neoini annsa, Neoini lugha”
Published on Pagan Library

Your Daily Sun & Moon Data for Friday, April 27th

The Sun
Sun Direction: ↑ 79.39° E
Sun Altitude: 9.19°
Sun Distance: 93.562 million mi
Next Solstice: Jun 21, 2018 5:07 am (Summer)
Sunrise Today: 6:04 am↑ 72° East
Sunset Today: 7:40 pm↑ 288° West
Length of Daylight: 13 hours, 35 minutes


The Moon
Moon Direction: ↑ 289.62° WNW
Moon Altitude: -22.74°
Moon Distance: 236575 mi
Next Full Moon: Apr 29, 20187:58 pm
Next New Moon: May 15, 20186:47 am
Next Moonrise: Today5:24 pm
Current Moon Phase: Waxing Gibbous
Illumination: 92.7%



Astrology of Today – Friday, April 27, 2018

The Moon is in Libra.
The Moon is waxing and in its Waxing Gibbous phase.
The First Quarter Moon occurred on the 22nd, and the Full Moon will occur on April 29th.
Mercury is in its post-retrograde shadow until May 3.

Moon in Libra

Creating order is the focus, not necessarily through tidying or organizing as was the case while the Moon was in Virgo, but rather through pleasing interactions with others and aesthetics in our environment. We tend to solve problems through diplomacy, and we are more able to put aside our own emotions in order to achieve the peace we crave. The tendency now is to avoid direct confrontations. Decisions do not come easily. Seeing both sides to any given situation is the main reason for hesitation. Fear of losing others’ approval is another.


The Moon in Libra generally favors the following activities: Relationship and partnership issues, activities involving teamwork and cooperation, activities that involve self-examination, activities related to beauty.

A Look At Your Planets And Stars for Friday, April 27th

The Moon spends the day in Libra, The more sober side of Libra might dominate midday as the Moon forms an inhibitive Moon-Saturn square and opposes Mercury. We may not express ourselves very warmly or clearly now. However, the Libra Moon inclines us to make an extra effort to be inclusive, compromising, and polite. We’re seeking to find balance in our lives today, and relationships can be in high focus. We tend to weigh all perspectives and to consider all possibilities while the Moon is in Libra.


The Sky This Week for April 27 to 29

The return of the Lyrid meteor shower, a slew of bright planets, and a full night of the Full Moon, all in the sky this week.
By Richard Talcott

Friday, April 27

It’s about time to grab your final evening views of Orion the Hunter. This bright constellation now hangs low in the west as darkness falls and starts to set around 9:30 p.m. local daylight time. The three 2nd-magnitude stars that form the Hunter’s Belt now appear parallel to the horizon. A line through these stars and extended to the left points directly to the sky’s brightest star, Sirius.

Saturday, April 28

Dwarf planet 1 Ceres is the largest object in the asteroid belt, which lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. It currently shines at magnitude 8.4 and is an easy object to spot through binoculars or a telescope. Ceres resides in the northern part of the constellation Cancer the Crab, which appears high in the west-southwest after twilight fades to darkness. This evening, Ceres lies 0.7° north of 67 and 70 Cancri, a pair of stars that shine between 6th and 7th magnitude.

Sunday, April 29

Full Moon occurs at 8:58 p.m. EDT, but our satellite will look completely illuminated all night. You can find it rising in the east as the Sun sets and peaking in the south around 1 a.m. local daylight time. The Moon lies among the background stars of Libra, less than 10° from brilliant Jupiter.

Mercury reaches greatest elongation today, when it lies 27° west of the Sun and appears some 4° above the eastern horizon 30 minutes before sunrise. Unfortunately, this is one of the planet’s worst apparitions of the year for Northern Hemisphere observers. Mercury shines at magnitude 0.4 and appears as an inconspicuous dot even through binoculars.


The Astronomy Magazine

In the Sky This Month

The constellations of spring begin to dominate the evening sky this month. Leo, the celestial lion, stands in good view at nightfall and leaps high across the south later on. Virgo follows the lion across the sky, with their brightest stars, Regulus and Spica, respectively, separated by more than 50 degrees — more than five times the width of your fist held at arm’s length.

April 27: Moon and Spica
Two big stars with different futures stand below the Moon at nightfall. Their light blurs together into one point: Spica, the brightest star of Virgo. One of the stars will explode as a supernova, while the other faces a fate similar to the Sun’s.

April 28: Venus and Aldebaran
Two bright lights are passing close to each other in the western evening sky. The brighter light is Venus, the brilliant “evening star.” The other one, to the left or upper left of Venus tonight, is Aldebaran, the eye of Taurus, the bull.

April 29: Moon and Jupiter
The mighty planet Jupiter looks like a brilliant star. And tonight, it has a close companion: the full Moon. Jupiter is to the lower left of the Moon at nightfall, and follows the Moon across the sky later on.

April 30: Good Night, Orion
Orion, one of the most beautiful constellations, is putting in its final evening appearance of the season over the next few nights. It soon will disappear in the Sun’s glare. The next time we see it, it will be in the morning sky shortly before sunrise.

May 1: May Day
In Britain, today is known as May Day. In ancient times, it marked the beginning of summer, not the middle of spring. It is one of the year’s four cross-quarter days, which come roughly half way between a solstice and an equinox.

May 2: Centaurus
Centaurus, the centaur, hugs the southern horizon this month, and stands due south in late evening. The brightest star of Centaurus that is visible from the United States is Theta Centauri.

May 3: Moon and Planets
The Moon will stand almost due south at first light tomorrow. The bright planet Saturn will be close to its lower left, with the brighter planet Mars a good bit farther along the same line.



Your Daily Cosmic Calendar

APRIL 27, 2018

If the recent Mercury, Saturn and Pluto stations, the annual convergence of the sun with eccentric Uranus on April 18, all amplified by yesterday’s double-dose of difficulty, have created a chain reaction composed of nebulous feelings and mental anxiety, then do something pro-active to rid yourself of any tendency to experience excessive worry and self-doubt.


The moon in affable Libra is a monthly reminder to improve the quality of key relationships. Challenges are still likely to ensue since Venus forms a dicey contra-parallel with Pluto (12:51am), the moon squares off with Saturn (10:22am) and then opposes Mercury (1:18pm).


Nevertheless, with peace-loving Juno about to enter fiery Aries early tomorrow and therefore joining up with healer-in-chief Chiron on Sunday when a potent full moon occurs, there is an abundance of good vibrations that every thoughtful, kind-hearted individual can tune into with confidence.


[Note to readers: All times are now calculated for Pacific Daylight Time. Be sure to adjust all times according to your own local time so the alignments noted above will be exact for your location.]


Copyright 2018 Mark Lerner & Great Bear Enterprises, Ltd.
Published on Astrology.com

The Witches Current Moon Phase for Friday, April 27th

Waxing Gibbous
Illumination: 93%

Tommorow the Moon will be in a Waxing Gibbous phase. This phase is when the moon is more than 50% illuminated but not yet a Full Moon. The phase lasts round 7 days with the moon becoming more illuminated each day until the Full Moon. During a Waxing Gibbous the moon will rise in the east in mid-afternoon and will be high in the eastern sky at sunset. The moon is then visible though most of the night sky setting a few hour before sunrise. The word Gibbous first appeared in the 14th century and has its roots in the Latin word “gibbosus” meaning humpbacked.



Phase: Waxing Gibbous
Illumination: 93%
Moon Age: 12.22 days
Moon Angle: 0.53
Moon Distance: 378,752.53 km
Sun Angle: 0.53
Sun Distance: 150,604,272.81 km



About The Waxing Gibbous Moon

This intermediate Moon phase starts after the First Quarter Moon and lasts until the Full Moon.

50.1% to 99.9% Illuminated

Just after the First Quarter Moon, when we can see exactly half of the face of the Moon illuminated, the intermediate phase called Waxing Gibbous Moon starts.

Waxing means that it is getting bigger. Gibbous refers to the shape, which is less than the full circle of a Full Moon, but larger than the semicircle shape of the Moon at Third Quarter.

With some exceptions, the Waxing Gibbous Moon rises during the day, after noon. It is usually visible in the evening and sets after midnight.

During this period, the lit up portion of the Moon increases from 50.1% to 99.9%.

Technically, this phase lasts until the moment of Full Moon. However, it can be difficult to differentiate the last stage of a Waxing Gibbous Moon from a Full Moon when as much as 98% to 99% of the Moon’s surface is illuminated.

Sun Lights Up the Moon
The Moon does not radiate its own light, but the Moon’s surface reflects the Sun’s rays. Half of the Moon’s surface is always illuminated by direct sunlight, except during lunar eclipses when Earth casts its shadow on the Moon. Just how much of that light we can see from Earth varies every day, and we refer to this as a Moon phase.

Primary and Intermediate Moon Phases
In Western culture, we divide the lunar month into 4 primary and 4 intermediate Moon phases.

The Moon phases start with the invisible New Moon. The first visible Moon phase is the thin sliver of a Waxing Crescent Moon. Around a week later, half of the Moon’s surface is illuminated at First Quarter Moon.

The illuminated part continues to grow into a Waxing Gibbous Moon, until 14 to 15 days into the cycle, we see the entire face of the Moon lit up at Full Moon.

The illuminated part then gradually shrinks into a Waning Gibbous Moon, and when it reaches Third Quarter, the opposite half from the First Quarter is illuminated. From there, it fades into a Waning Crescent Moon. Finally, the Moon disappears completely from view into another New Moon phase, only to reemerge and repeat this cycle over and over.

Same Phase Looks Different
Moon phases are the same all over the world. The same percentage and area of the Moon are illuminated no matter where on Earth you are. However, the Moon is rotated in different ways depending on the time, the date, your location, and the Moon’s position in the sky. Therefore, the illuminated part of a Waxing Gibbous Moon can appear on the left, the right, the top, or the bottom.

The line–or curve–dividing the illuminated and dark parts of the Moon is called the terminator. The terminator of a Waxing Gibbous Moon can be on the right side, the left, the top, or the bottom.




Warrior energy is running high today, thanks to the residual effects of yesterday’s powerful conjunction between Mars and Pluto. When these two planets find themselves in close proximity, sexuality and aggression are amplified, so be mindful of the urge to mow over everyone in your path.

Did you know that Pluto is currently retrograde in Capricorn?

This is a time ripe for charismatic moves, but there’s a risk of coming on too strong with frightening acts of ego and malefic power plays. You may want to continue to avoid the dark and dangerous side today, since this transit is notoriously problematic and destructive. The plus side? The Mars-Pluto conjunction can give a boost to physical performance. So, channel your “fight or flight” energy into pushing yourself to meet that fitness goal.

We’re also at the doorway of a powerful full moon in Scorpio on April 29, amplifying shadow work and further turning up the sensual heat this week. This is an especially transformative moon, signaling deeply emotional endings and beginnings. Clean and recycle within your internal and external world to make room for all the juicy change this full moon may bring.



Christine Aprile, Author
Published on Astrology.com



The energy has been building, and the seeds we planted at the new moon have been steadily growing. Now, as they come to fruition, we can express gratitude for the new things manifesting in our lives—and just as importantly, identify the old stuff that’s taking up too much space.

What will we need to let go of to make room for new growth?

That’s the question on all of our minds during the full moon in Scorpio—the sign that’s all about natural cycles of life, death, and rebirth.

Every month, the moon and sun face off from opposite ends of the zodiac, reflecting the opposing forces that need to be balanced or integrated in our own lives. With this full moon lighting up the Scorpio/Taurus axis, we’re asked to balance our desire for transformation (Scorpio) with our need for stability and security (Taurus).

With the sun in Taurus, we’re not so interested in being “transformed.” (We’re perfectly comfortable as we are, thank you very much!) But deep down, we know all too well that nothing in life is permanent—and the full moon in Scorpio is a powerful reminder.

This awareness can stir up a lot of deep, intense emotions that disrupt the laid-back Taurus vibe. But still waters run deep, and there’s a lot more going on beneath the surface than we realize. This full moon brings attention to the subtle undercurrents and energies playing out in all our interactions.

We may even find ourselves in situations where people in our lives confront us with our own “shadow” side. But no reason to fear—look at it as an opportunity to know yourself better and transform your less-desirable qualities into more positive expressions.

Here, how this full moon transit will affect you, based on your sun sign.


Nothing escapes your watchful eye—but like it or not, you’re the one under the microscope at this full moon. Relationships are mirrors, and the way you see (and treat) the people in your life says much more about you than it does about them. Positive or negative, desirable or undesirable, the qualities you’re picking up on in a significant other are almost certainly part of you, too.

For all the pride you take in a job well done, you can’t shake the feeling that there’s so much more to you than your current work allows you to express. And yet, you may have no idea how to translate your hidden talents or spiritual gifts into anything “useful” or “productive.” That doesn’t mean you should ignore them—they’re coming up right now for a reason. But it may take some time for the ultimate purpose to reveal itself, so for now be patient and stay the course.

Ever the pragmatist, you enjoy socializing most when there’s an objective purpose behind it. But ultimately you (and everyone involved) will gain more from the association if you actually enjoy each other’s company. This full moon inspires you to take a closer look at who’s in your social network, and why. If it’s purely a marriage of convenience, you may want to cut ties and start looking for a new tribe.

About 99% of the time, you’re content just to do your thing and be yourself, whether anyone else notices or not—caring what other people think is beneath you anyway! But this full moon is that other 1% of the time, when you could really use a little validation. The question is, how to earn that seal of approval without compromising your principles?

With an imagination like yours, you don’t have to leave your neighborhood (or even your house) to go on an adventure. Still, as much as you love the familiar faces and places of home, this full moon could hit you with a serious case of wanderlust. It doesn’t matter whether the journey is to a foreign land, or the outer reaches of your mind—as long as it takes you somewhere new and exciting.

When things get rough, you like to think you’re someone who can pull themselves up by their bootstraps. But let’s be honest, we all need a little help sometimes—and this full moon could bring you to the point where you finally swallow your pride and ask. It doesn’t mean you’ve failed, it means you’ve matured.

This is your season in the sun, and no one’s denying your right to enjoy it. But if all the attention you’re paying yourself has left loved ones out in the cold, this full moon brings their feelings into the open. Just like a garden, relationships need tending in order to thrive—and right now, you’re being asked to weed out any old, selfish habits of yours that are crowding your partner’s space and keeping them small.

A little indulgence now and then can be good for you, but lately you’re wondering if your favorite vice is compromising your health. Don’t brush these feelings aside—pay attention to what your body and your subconscious are trying to tell you at this full moon. Chances are, they’re sending some not-so-subtle hints about what you should cut out to keep living your best life.

“Living in the moment” is easier said than done when there’s so much to look forward to and so many plans to make. But this full moon reminds you that the present moment is the only thing you really have. The future is never guaranteed, and even your best-laid plans may not turn out exactly how you envisioned. Might as well learn to ride the wave and see where it takes you!

All the world’s a stage, and you’ve been cast in the role of a lifetime. So why do you feel so unsatisfied? Maybe it’s because the part you’re playing bears very little resemblance to the person you know yourself to be. This full moon turns up the volume on that little voice insisting on authenticity. How can you bring your public and private selves into a truer alignment?

It’s easy to appreciate people and places you only get to see on special occasions—it’s much harder to see the beauty in your own backyard and the people you interact with every day. But if you approach it with an open mind, this full moon could transform the way you view your little corner of the world.

There’s no doubt about it, you’ve got good people in your life who will always have your back. But this full moon can raise some doubts and insecurities about your ability to stand on your own two feet, should the need arise. Dig deep, take stock of your own resources (material and otherwise), and connect with your own inner strength.


Rachel Celeste Hansen, Author
Published on Astrology.com