Deities of the Witches

Deities of the Witches

 

It is certain that the devils have
a profound knowledge of all things.
No theologian can interpret
the Holy Scriptures better than they can;
no lawyer has a more detailed knowledge
of testaments, contracts, and actions;
no physician or philosopher can better understand
the composition of the human body,
and the virtues of the heavens, the stars, birds and fishes,
trees and herbs, metals and stones.

A LIST OF DEITIES BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN WORSHIPPED BY ACCUSED WITCHES DURING THE MIDDLE AGES THROUGH THE RENAISSANCE PERIOD.

Aside from worshipping the Devil, witches were purported to have abased
themselves to a bevy of other deities. Many of these goddesses, gods, devils,
and demons (the classic horned devil included) were simply familiar deities of
antiquity, sometimes given different names. Where an old god was deemed useful
by the Church, it was simply converted into a saint.

The following did not make it into the Christians’ good books:

Abonde, Abundia, Aradia, Ashtaroth, Asmodeus, Beelzebub, Belial, Cernunnos,
Diana, Fraw Fenus, Fraw Holt, Fraw Selga, Gulfora, Hecate, Herodias, Holda,
Leonard, Lilith, Mephistopheles, Minerva, Perchta, Put Satanachia, Satan, Satia,
Venus, Verdelet.

Abonde

Intrinsically linked with the classical goddess Diana, Abonde also went by the
names Abundia, Perchta, and Satia. Abonde led nocturnal hordes of witches
through homes and cellars, eating and drinking all they could find. If food and
drink were left as offerings, Abonde would bestow prosperity upon the occupants
of the home. If nothing was left out for her and her followers, she would deny
the denizens of her blessings and protection.

The Thesaurus pauperum of 1468 condemned “the idolatrous superstition of those
who left food and drink at night in open view for Abundia and Satia, or, as the
people said, Fraw Percht and her retinue, hoping thereby to gain abundance and
riches.” The same practice of offering drink, salt, and food to Perchta, “alias
domine Habundie,” on certain days had been taken note of and subsequently
condemned in 1439 by Thomas Ebendorfer von Haselbach in De decem praeceptis.

According to Roman de la Rose, written at the end of the thirteenth century,
third born children were obligated to travel with Abonde three times a week to
the homes of neighbors. Nothing could stop these people, as they became
incorporeal in the company of Abonde. Only their souls would travel as their
bodies remained behind immobile. There was a downside to this astral
projection: if the body was turned over while the soul was elsewhere, the soul
would never return.
Bibliography. (Ginzburg 40-42)

Abundia

See Abonde, Diana, or Perchta.

Aradia

A corruption of Herodias, Aradia was identified with Diana. Herodias was
directly responsible for the death of John the Baptist. According to C. G.
Leland, Aradia was worshipped by Italian witches. Aradia is still worshipped
today by some neopagans.
Bibliography. (King 25)

Ashtaroth

Also known as Astaroth, Ashtaroth was usually depicted as an ugly demon riding a
dragon and carrying a viper in his left hand. He was the Treasurer of Hell, and
was also the Grand Duke of its western regions. He encouraged sloth and
idleness.

 

Ashtaroth was one of two demons prayed to in the Black Masses of Catherine
Monvoisin, Madame de Montespan (mistress of Louis XIV), and a 67-year-old priest
by the name of Guibourg. (The other demon prayed to was Asmodeus.)

In 1678, Nicolas de la Reynie, Louis XIV’s Lieutenant-General of Police,
arrested these people along with 215 priests, sorcerers, and fortune tellers who
had dabbled in black magic. 110 of these people were tried and sentenced. Some
were hanged, some were exiled, and some were imprisoned for life. Of Guibourg,
La Reynie said:
A libertine who has traveled a great deal…and is at present attached to
The Church of Saint Marcel. For twenty years he has engaged continually in
The practice of poison, sacrilege and every evil business. He has cut the
throats and sacrificed uncounted numbers of children on his infernal altar.
He has a mistress…by whom he has had several children, one or two of whom
he has sacrificed…. It is no ordinary man who thinks it a natural thing
to sacrifice infants by slitting their throats and to say Mass upon the
bodies of naked women.

It seems quite likely that Madame de Montespan was one of the living altars for
Guibourg’s masses. In one such mass, “at the moment of the bread and wine a
child’s throat was cut and its blood drained into the chalice. Simultaneously,
a prayer was recited to the demons Ashtaroth and Asmodeus: ‘Prince of Love, I
beseech you to accept the sacrifice of this child…that the love of the King
may be continued…'”

Shortly before the arrest of Guibourg and his cohorts, a sorcerous attempt was
made upon the life of Louis XIV. An altered consecrated wine was prepared to be
slipped into Louis XIV’s food. In the wine was dried powdered bats, menstrual
blood, semen, and, “to give consistency,” flour.
Bibliography. (Masello 26) Bibliography. (King 110, 111)

Asmodeus

Asmodeus was one of the busiest demons. He was not only the overseer of all the
gambling houses in the court of Hell, but the general spreader of dissipation.
On top of that, Asmodeus was the demon of lust, personally responsible for
stirring up matrimonial trouble. Maybe it was because he came from the original
dysfunctional family. According to Jewish legend, his mother was a mortal woman,
Naamah, and his father was one of the fallen angels. (Or, possibly, Adam before
Eve came along.) Characterized in The Testament of Solomon, the great manual of
magic, as “furious and shouting,” Asmodeus routinely did everything he could to
keep husbands and wives from having intercourse, while encouraging them at every
turn to indulge their pent-up drives in adulterous and sinful affairs. When he
condescended to appear before a mortal, he did so riding a dragon, armed with a
spear; he had three heads–one a bull’s, one a ram’s, and one a man’s–as all
three of these were considered lecherous creatures by nature. His feet, on the
same theory, were those of a cock.

For information on a black mass held for Asmodeus, see Ashtaroth.
Bibliography. (Masello 26)

Beelzebub

Part of the Christian mythos, Beelzebub was one of the powerful seraphim first
recruited by Satan. From his new home in Hell, Beelzebub discovered how to
tempt people with pride. He became associated with flies because he had sent a
plague of the insects to Canaan. He may also have become known as the “Lord of
the Flies” because of the popular belief that decaying corpses generated flies.

Regardless, when summoned by sorcerers or witches, he would appear in the form
of a fly.
Bibliography. (Masello 25)

Belial

Much has been made of Belial, one of the Devil’s most venerable demons. As the
demon of lies, he was immortalized in Milton’s Paradise Lost (Book II):
A fairer person lost not Heaven; he seemed
For dignity composed and high exploit:
But all was false and hollow; though his tongue
Dropped manna, and could make the worse appear
The better reason, to perplex and dash
Maturest counsels: for his thoughts were low;
To vice industrious, but to noble deeds
Timorous and slothful.

 

Before Satan had been the established leader of the forces of evil, Belial had
been the undisputed regent of darkness. This view is reinforced in The War of
the Sons of Light and the Sons of Darkness from one of the Dead Sea Scrolls:
“But for corruption thou hast made Belial, an angel of hostility. All his
dominion is in darkness, and his purpose is to bring about wickedness and
guilt.”

Magician and necromancer Gilles de Rais attempted to summon both Belial and
Beelzebub by using the severed body parts of a murdered child.
Bibliography. (Masello 27, 28)

Cernunnos

A Celtic god whose physical attributes came to be applied to those of Satan.
Known as the Horned God and as Hu Gadarn, Cernunnos was the god of nature,
astral planes, virility, fertility, animals, sex, the underworld, reincarnation,
and shamanism.
Bibliography. (van Hattem)

Diana

The classical moon goddess, Diana, is still worshipped by neopagans today. Long
after Christianity’s triumph over classical paganism, her worship is still going
strong. St. Kilian, a Celtic missionary to the pagan Franks, was martyred when
he attempted to persuaded the peasants to abandon their worship of this goddess.
A writing on the life of St. Caesarius offhandedly mentions “a demon whom simple
folk call Diana.”

Diana was the personification of the positive aspects of lunar forces. She was
also believed to have led groups of nightriders (known as the “Wild Hunt” or the
“Furious Horde”) who flew through the air. The “Wild Hunt” was comprised of
“people taken by death before their time, children snatched away at an early
age, victims of a violent end.” The goddess would accompany her followers as
they wandered at night among the houses of the well-to-do. Whenever they would
arrive at a home that was particularly well-kept, Diana would bestow her
blessings upon it.

Many benandanti (from the Italian for “those who go well” or “good-doers”) were
followers of Diana. The benandanti were members of a fertility cult who were
basically anti-witches and practicers of white magic. Nonetheless, they were
tortured by the Inquisitors just the same as practicers of the black arts were.

Diana was intrinsically linked with several other witch deities, including
Abonde, Abundia, Aradia, Hecate, Herodias, Holda, Perchta, Satia, and Venus.
Bibliography. (Ginzburg 40-46) Bibliography. (King 24)

Fraw Fenus

See Venus.

Fraw Holt

See Holda.

Fraw Selga

Fraw Selga is yet another goddess believed to have led the “Furious Horde.” A
Germanic deity, Fraw Selga was said to be the sister of Fraw Fenus (Venus), and
like Venus and Diana, was referred to as “the mistress of the game.” The
processions following Fraw Selga “were composed of souls in purgatory, as well
as of the damned who were suffering various punishments.”

Fraw Selga could impart wisdom to her followers. She knew where buried
treasure intended for the God-fearing could be found.

During Fraw Selga’s conventicles (which took place during the Ember Days),
followers would partake in scrying. They stared into a basin “in which the
fires of hell appeared,” and they saw “likenesses of the members of the parish
who were destined to die within the year.”
Bibliography. (Ginzburg 51)

Gulfora

Gulfora, also known as the Queen of the Sabbat, was another goddess in the same
vein as Holda, Perchta, and Diana. She led the Wild Hunt, which is also known
as “the days of Jupiter.”

In 1519, Girolamo Folengo wrote Maccaronea, which says,
Not only do old hags bestride cats and goats and pigs, but many
dignitaries too, and civic officials and those who administer justice
to the people in the august senate range themselves to be governed
under Gulfora’s sway. They observe the days of Jupiter; they anoint
their limbs, hurrying to pay court to the Mistress, who is called
Gulfora.
Bibliography. (Wedeck 126)

Hecate

Perhaps the most notorious of all witch goddesses, Hecate was a dark
manifestation of Diana. Hecate is the patron goddess of witches and sorceresses
because of her skill in the arts of black magic. She is the queen of darkness,
perverse sexuality, and death. Classically, she is the goddess of “roads in
general and crossroads in particular, the latter being considered the center of
ghostly activities, particularly in the dead of night. . . . Offerings of food
(known as Hecate’s suppers) were left to placate her, for she was terrible both
in her powers and in her person–a veritable Fury, armed with a scourge and
blazing torch and accompanied by terrifying hounds.”

The followers of Hecate were rumored to have strange powers, such as that of
being able to draw down the moon in order to employ the averse aspects of lunar
forces. Followers could metamorphose into animals and birds, had insatiable
sexual appetites, and had an intrinsic understanding of aphrodisiac and
poisonous herbs. Witches in the service of Hecate had intense scatological
interests, and in one classical account, were known to have “pissed long and
vigorously” on the face of a man they captured. Indeed, one of the epithets of
Hecate was “excrement-eating.”

According to Apuleius, (a classical author who once stood trial himself on
charges of black magic), witches’ dens contained many questionable materials:
incenses, the skulls of criminals who had been thrown to wild animals, metal
discs engraved with occult signs, small vials of blood taken from the murdered
victims of the witches, the beaks and claws of birds of ill omen, and various
bits of human flesh, particularly the noses of crucifixion victims.
Bibliography. (Morford & Lenardon 182) Bibliography. (King 16,
17)

Herodias

See Aradia or Diana.

 

Holda

Also known as Fraw Holt, Holda became virtually synonymous with Abonde, Diana,
and Perchta. Originally, Holda had been a Germanic goddess of vegetation and
fertility, much like Perchta. Holda was also the goddess of spinning and
weaving.

She, like her other manifestations, was the leader of the “Furious Horde” or
“Wild Hunt” (Wütischend Heer, Wilde Jagd, Mesnie Sauvage)–“namely of the
ranks of those who had died prematurely and passed through village streets at
night, unrelenting and terrible, while the inhabitants barricaded their doors
for protection.”

Holda had two forms, that of a beautiful girl dressed all in white, and that of
a hideous crone with fangs, a hooked nose, and long, tangled gray hair. In the
latter form, she looked just like the stereotypical image of a witch or the evil
stepmother of fairy tales. As the White Lady, she was a fertility goddess who
granted prosperity to home, family, and field. As the Hag, she offered those
who ignored or insulted her death, illness, and misfortune. In this form, she
was responsible for fog and snow.

Many animals were sacred to Holda: birds of prey, bears, horses, goats, wolves,
pigs, and hounds. Along with her sometimes partner the Wood Man, she was the
guardian of wild animals.

Holda may be part of the origin of the Santa Clause mythos as well. She treated
children ambivalently.
If they behaved themselves during the year then at Christmas she
rewarded them with gifts and good luck. If they had been naughty they
would be severely punished. Sometimes Holda was used as a bogey
figure and mothers threatened their children that if they did not
behave then she would come and take them off to the woods and teach
them good manners. Holda allegedly kept the children in a well,
endowing the good ones with abundant luck, health and wealth, and
turning the bad ones into Faerie changelings.
Bibliography. (Ginzburg 40) Bibliography. (Hilton)

 

Leonard

Although he had a rather unlikely name for a demon, Leonard was a kind of
quality control expert for black magic and sorcery. He was also the master of
sabbats, presiding over them in the form of an enormous three-horned black goat
with the head of a fox.
Bibliography. (Masello 43)

Lilith

Lilith is a kabalistic demon who appealed more to magicians than to witches.
According to legend, Lilith was the first wife of Adam, and the first social
feminist. Made from filth before the creation of Eve, Lilith believed herself
to be Adam’s equal and objected to “missionary style” sex. She believed that
sexual relations should take place with the two of them lying side by side. Adam
objected to this, so Lilith left him to mate with fallen angels.

Together with the fallen angels, Lilith parented a huge family of female demons
called lilim. Lilim are identical to succubi for all intents and purposes. Both
seduce men and take away men’s strength in the night hours.
Bibliography. (King 95)

Mephistopheles

The name Mephistopheles comes from the Greek for “he who does not like light.”
Mephistopheles is perhaps most famous for being the demon summoned by Faust.
Faust had summoned Mephistopheles to teach him great knowledge and to grant him
immense power.

Mephistopheles fulfilled all of Faust’s desires. Nevertheless, at the end of
the twenty-four year contract, it was Faust’s turn to please Mephistopheles. All
that was left of Faust at the end of the contract was his torn and bloodied
corpse. The soul had been consigned to Mephistopheles in Hell.
Bibliography. (Marlowe)

Minerva

Minerva (known by the Greeks as Athena) is yet another goddess thought to have
led the Wild Hunt. Like Holda, Minerva was traditionally thought of as the
goddess of weaving, spinning, and of women’s household arts in general.

Perchta

Perchta or Percht was yet another manifestation of Diana and was synonymous with
Abonde as the leader of the host of the dead. Perchta was originally a southern
German goddess of vegetation and fertility. She had many different names (and
changed her sex) depending on the geographical region. In “southern Austria, in
Carintia, among the Slovenes, ‘Quantembermann’ (the man of the four Ember Days)
or ‘Kwaternik’; in Baden, in Swabia, in Switzerland, and with the Slovenes
again, ‘Frau Faste’ (the lady of the Ember Days) or similar names such as
‘Posterli,’ ‘Quatemberca,'” and ‘Fronfastenweiber.’
Bibliography. (Ginzburg 189, 190)

Put Satanachia

Put Satanachia was the commander-in-chief of Satan’s army of darkness. Aside
from having profound power over mothers, Put Satanichia had an immense knowledge
of the planets. He also provided witches with their animal familiars.
Bibliography. (Masello 40)

 

See Abonde or Diana.

Venus

Venus was originally the Roman goddess of love, but by the time of the
witchcraze she was relegated to demon status. She became synonymous with Diana
in terms of being followed at night by a retinue of women. Witches knew her as
Fraw Fenus, stating they visited her at night-time.

Venus could grant to these witches the power of astral projection. Witches
could fall into “swoons which rendered them insensible to pricks or scaldings.”
When the women revived, they said they had been to heaven and “spoke of stolen
or hidden objects.”
Bibliography. (Ginzburg 43, 44)

Verdelet

“Verdelet was something of a cross between a maitre d’ and a transportation
coordinator. He was master of ceremonies in Hell, and also shouldered the
responsibility of making sure witches on Earth got to their sabbats safely and
on time.
Bibliography. (Masello 44)

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The Cycle of Transformations of February Goddesses

The Cycle of Transformations of February Goddesses

In Her Cycle of Transformations day 031, February 01 is dedicated to:

Flora, Flourishing-One.

Italy: Roman.

Maiden Goddess of spring, blooming plants, gardens & merriment; Grand Madam of
prostitutes.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 032, February 02 is dedicated to:

Februata, Queen-of-Love’s-Fever.

Italy: Roman Perhaps originally Sabine.

Oracular Goddess of love’s passion; She Who calls forth animals from their
winter hibernation.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 033, February 03 is dedicated to:

Freya, Lady.

Scandinavia: Norse.

Shape-shifting White Goddess of midsummer, beauty, love, magic, death &
divination; Fate-ruler.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 034, February 04 is dedicated to:

Frigg, Beloved.

Scandinavia: Norse.

Matron Goddess of earth, vegetation, compassion, healing, fertility & love;
Eponym of Friday.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 035, February 05 is dedicated to:

Philyra, Linden-Tree.

Greece: Hellenic.

Shape-shifting Goddess of beauty, perfume, healing, writing & divination;
Discoverer of paper.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 036, February 06 is dedicated to:

Fides, Faith.

Italy: Roman.

Hoary Goddess of trust, integrity & generously co-operative dealings between
human-beings.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 037, February 07 is dedicated to:

Phyllis, Leafy.

Greece: Hellenic.

Goddess of spring, trees, wisdom, women’s secrets & the genetic knowledge
contained in seeds.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 038, February 08 is dedicated to:

Ereshkigal, Queen-of-Deadland.

Mesopotamia: Sumer.

Compassionless & violent Goddess of gloom, death & the dead; She Who is full of
rage; Holy-one.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 039, February 09 is dedicated to:

Eriu, Noble-One.

Celtic: Ireland.

Bestower of Sovereignty; Eponym and Anthropomorph of Eriu; shapeshifting
Goddess of fate.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 040, February 10 is dedicated to:

Erinyes, Spirits-of-Anger-and-Revenge.

Greece: Hellenic.

Winged Triple Crone Goddess of fate, [creative anger], women’s rights & sudden
destruction.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 041, February 11 is dedicated to:

Eris, Strife.

Greece: Hellenic.

Goddess of deceit, discord & disputation; Provoker of rivalry, contention,
murder & wars.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 042, February 12 is dedicated to:

Erigone, Plentiful-Offspring.

Greece: Marathon & Attica.

Goddess of death, trees & fertility; She Who is associated with wine & a
pastoral economy.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 043, February 13 is dedicated to:

Djanggau, ___.

Australia: North East Arherm Land.

With Her sister Djunkgao, Dual fertility Goddess Who brought forth all life in
the beginning.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 044, February 14 is dedicated to:

Juno, [Shining-One].

Italy: Roman (English pronunciation).

Goddess of beauty & the lunar measurement of time; Essence of life; Protectress
of women.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 045, February 15 is dedicated to:

Jubchas-Guaya, Mother-of-Joy.

America, South: Columbia.

Rebellious, light-hearted, wild & lovely Goddess of the moon, love, happiness &
intoxication.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 046, February 16 is dedicated to:

Juturna

Italy: Roman (English pronunciation).

Goddess of springs, rivers, aqueducts & fountains; Matron of architects &
sculptors.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 047, February 17 is dedicated to:

Juventas, Youthfulness.

Italy: Roman (English pronunciation).

Goddess of increase & blessings; Representative of the eternal youth &
solidarity of a species.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 048, February 18 is dedicated to:

Jezanna, ___.

Africa: Zimbabwe.

Glowing Goddess of the golden moon, abundant crops, healthy children &
plentiful cattle.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 049, February 19 is dedicated to:

Druantia, Queen-of-the-Oak.

Celtic: Britain & Gaul, Druids.

Goddess of birth, wisdom, death & metempsychosis; Mother of the Irish
tree-calendar alphabet.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 050, February 20 is dedicated to:

Jyestha, Elder-Sister.

India: especially Dravidian.

Goddess of the cosmic energy which motivates evolution; She Who dances the
dance of life.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 051, February 21 is dedicated to:

Jagadhamba, World-Mother.

India: Hindu.

Goddess of the cosmic energy which motivates evolution; She Who dances the
dance of life.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 052, February 22 is dedicated to:

Jara, Becoming-Old.

India: Hindu.

Goddess of the household, domestic health, happiness & prosperity; Night-eater
of corpses.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 053, February 23 is dedicated to:

Uni, [Dove].

Italy: Etruria.

Singular Mother of the uni-verse; Goddess of the sea & sky; Ultimate Womb;
Matron of women.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 054, February 24 is dedicated to:

Una-Kuagsak, Great-Mother.

America, North & Siberia: Inuit.

One-eyed Queen Goddess of the Arctic Ocean; Mistress of life & death; Mother of
sea-mammals.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 055, February 25 is dedicated to:

Ubasti, She-of-the-City-Bast.

Egypt.

Goddess of the kindly sun, merriment, mental-health, music & dance; Guardian of
pregnant women.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 056, February 26 is dedicated to:

Uke-Mochi-No-Kami, She-Who-Possesses-Food.

Japan.

Goddess of fertility & nourishment; Provider, through death, of life sustaining
substances.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 057, February 27 is dedicated to:

Ourania, ___.

Greece: < the east.

Mountain Goddess of summer, especially mid-summer; Queen of the winds; Ruler of
the night sky.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 058, February 28 is dedicated to:

Urmya, ___.

India: Hindu, Vedic.

Goddess of night & the celestial order; Protectress of sleep; She Who guards
against thieves.

——————————————————————————–
In Her Cycle of Transformations day 059, February 29 is dedicated to:

Nana, Old-Queen.

Mesopotamia.

Virgin Mother Goddess of the Spirit of vegetation & fertility; beloved Consort
of kings.

On September 2, We Celebrate the Goddess Demeter

Autumn Fantasy

On September 2, We Celebrate the Goddess Demeter

 

Demeter

Greek Goddess of Agriculture, Fertility, Sacred Law and the Harvest

 

Demeter is the goddess of the harvest and presides over grains and the fertility of the earth. Although she was most often referred to as the goddess of the harvest, she was also goddess of sacred law and the cycle of life and death.

 

Her virgin daughter Persephone was abducted by the god of the underworld, Hades, and Demeter endlessly searched for her, preoccupied with loss and grief. The seasons halted and living things stopped growing and died. At this point, Zeus had to intervene and send his messenger Hermes to the underworld to bring Persephone back and prevent the extinction of all life on Earth.

 

Hades agreed to Persephone’s relief but gave her a pomegranate as she left. When she ate the pomegranate seeds, she was bound to him for one third of the year, either the dry Mediterranean summer, when plant life is threatened by drought, or the autumn and winter.

 

Demeter and Persephone were also the central figures to the Eleusinian Mysteries – a series of large and secretive concerts held every five years. These mysteries represented the abduction of Persephone by Hades in three phases. The “descent” (loss), the “search” and the “ascent”. The main theme is the “ascent” of Persephone and the reunion with her mother.

Facts about Demeter
Demeter was the daughter of Cronos and Rhea.

She was the goddess of harvest and fertility.

She had one daughter, Persephone; Zeus was Persephone’s father.

After Hades abducted Persephone, Demeter grieved. The earth became barren through her neglect; thus, the winter season and its manifestations were a reflection of Demeter’s emotional state during Persephone’s absence.

She revealed to man the art of growing and using corn.

Only women attended the Thesmophoria, a fertility festival held in honor of Demeter.

The fields of grain and the threshing-floor were under her protection. They were temples at which she could occupy at any moment.

Her chief festival came at the harvest time. It began as a humble feast and over time morphed into a mysterious worship. This great festival occurred only every five years.

Demeter and Dionysus were worshipped at Eleusis, a little town near Athens. Their worship was referred to as the Eleusinian Mysteries.

Demeter was older than Dionysus. They were the two great gods of the Earth.

Metaneira, a mother herself, comforted Demeter in Persephone’s absence. In fact, Demeter nursed one of Metaneira’s children. She doted on the child and anointed him with ambrosia on a daily basis. Demeter’s attachment to the child alarmed Metaneira, and the two ultimately went their separate ways.

Still angry over the abduction of Persephone, Demeter subjected the world to famine. Zeus sent the gods to Demeter one by one to try and bring her out of her despondency. Demeter and Persephone were ultimately reunited at Zeus’s decree.

Demeter was granted four months per year with Persephone; her daughter would remain with Hades for the remaining months.

Men called Demeter the “Good Goddess” despite the desolation she had brought about as a result of her grief.

She named Triptolemus her ambassador to men.

She taught Triptolemus and Celeus her sacred rites.

In ancient art, Demeter was pictured wearing a wreath made of ears of corn.

The snake and the pig were sacred to her.

The torch is often depicted in connection with Demeter because of her persistent search for Persephone.

Demeter came to Eleusis during the reign of King Erechtheus of Athens.

 

 

 

Demeter: https://greekgodsandgoddesses.net – Greek Gods & Goddesses, September 19, 2014

On Thursday, July 6th, We Celebrate the Goddess Haumea

Posted by Mistress of the Myst

SpellCaster

On Thursday, July 6th, We Celebrate the Goddess Haumea

 

HAUMEA, A POLYNESIAN GODDESS, was credited with teaching women how to give birth by pushing their babies out from between their legs. Before this, folklore claims that children were cut from their wombs, extracted by knife like a pit from ripe fruit. Thanks to Haumea, women were able to forego this dangerous life passage.

Haumea mated with the god Kane Milohai. Their numerous children included Hi’iaka, who taught the hula dance to the Hawaiians, and Pele, the tempestuous fire goddess associated with volcanoes. One myth claims that Pele was born from the goddess’s armpit, suggesting the overwhelming fertility of Haumea—life was created from all of her body, not just her womb. In some ways, Pele reflected the mirror aspect of Haumea. Just as Haumea creates life, Pele destroys with fire. Haumea was also credited with giving birth to many fantastic creatures who populated the earth.

Also a goddess of vegetation, Haumea is honored as the mother of Hawaii. It is appropriate that a goddess so closely associated with fertility would be tied to this verdant island paradise.

 

 

The Book of Goddesses: Expanded Anniversary Edition
Kris Waldherr

On Wednesday, July 5th, We Honor the Goddess Yemanja

celtic druids
On Wednesday, July 5th, We Honor the Goddess Yemanja

 

YEMANJA, THE SANTERIA GODDESS of the ocean, is believed to be the daughter of the earth goddess Oddudua, and the sister and wife of the god Aganju. As the mother of the fourteen gods and goddesses who make up the pantheon, Yemanja occupies an exalted position in the Santeria religion.

Santeria developed during the nineteenth century from the Yoruba religion practiced by enslaved Africans who were brought to Cuba to work on sugarcane plantations. plantations. Since the Yoruba were not allowed to practice their native beliefs, they camouflaged their rituals with the symbols of the Roman Catholicism they were forced to observe; one example of this is the affinity of the goddess Yemanja to the Virgin Mary. By this practice, the Yoruba remained loyal to their orishas, or deities, and avoided detection and punishment. The Santeria religion spread from Cuba, where it originated, through the Caribbean to North and South America. It is still widely practiced today.

At some time in their lives, each practitioner of Santeria chooses one of the gods or goddesses to be their spiritual parent. Those who are the children of Yemanja try to please the goddess in many ways. Since seven is the number sacred to Yemanja, they wear seven silver bracelets on their arms. They also burn candles as blue as the ocean Yemanja rules. Beautiful blue and crystal beads, strung into necklaces as ethereal as iridescent moonlight upon the sea, adorn their necks.

 

The Book of Goddesses: Expanded Anniversary Edition
Kris Waldherr

 

 

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Today We Honor The Goddess Selene, The Moon Goddess

Book of Shadows

Selene The Moon Goddess

 

Areas of Influence: Selene was moon Goddess of the ancient Greeks and influenced the lunar cycles. She was traditionally worshipped on the full and new moon.

She was the Titan personification of the moon itself unlike the later moon Goddesses Hekate and Artemis.

Origins and Genealogy: She was daughter of the Titans Theia and Hyperion and had two siblings Helios (the sun God) and Eos (the goddess of the dawn). She had a number of lovers, most famously falling for the mortal Endymion. In this affair she is unable to come to terms with the fact that he would age and die.

A spell was cast on Endymion to grant him everlasting youth by placing him into a deep sleep. This did not prevent the Goddess from visiting him and having fifty of his children (This number represents the number of lunar months between each Olympiad).

This Goddess also had a daughter Pandeia after an affair with Zeus.

This serial seductress is also linked to Pan who gave her the Oxent that drove her chariot.

Strengths: The personification of the moon, passionate.

Weaknesses: Fears abandonment and is unable to be faithful to either men or Gods.

 

Symbolism

In art this Goddess is shown with a very white face with a crescent moon crown or cloak.

She rides a silver chariot pulled by winged white horses or oxen.

The Full moon.

Sacred Plant: Selentrope.

Roman Equivalent: Lunar.

 

Selene’s Archetype

The Lover

Represents passion and selfless devotion to another person. It also extends to the things that make our hearts sing, like music art or nature.

The shadow aspect is obsessive passion that completely takes over and negatively impacts on your health and self esteem.

Selene is a seductress and has numerous lovers. Her obsessive love for Endymion’s beauty leads her to place him into a deep sleep to preserve his youthfulness.

Please follow this link to the Archetypes page to discover which other Goddess Archetypes resonate with you.

 

How To Work With This Archetype

The Lover

You may be drawn to this stereotype if you are looking to attract a new lover or to re-ignite the fire in an existing relationship.

The Lover can also be a useful tool to discover what you are passionate about in life.

On the shadow side you need to ask, whether the amount of energy and time you are putting into relationships, or enthusiasm for projects is excessive? If this continues for too long you are likely to suffer from stress and physical ill health.

 

Source

Goddess-Guide.com

 

Let’s Talk Witch – The God and Goddess

Possessed by you

Let’s Talk Witch – The God and Goddess

The Goddess and the God are everything and everywhere. They are the sun, the moon, the sky, the oceans, ants, flowers, nature, everything. You can see their splendor in a sunset, a child, a tree, in the stars; it’s everywhere, you just have to look and see it. They reveal themselves quite often in the most simplest forms. That seems quite a contradiction to what I just said about them being complex, but it’s true. Take a walk in the woods, or look at a butterfly, you’ll see it. The Goddess and The God are inherent in nature, and since they are so entwined in nature, we have to treat nature with just as much respect as we would a divine being.

The Goddess and the God as being part of the same being, just different aspects of that being. “Goddess”, refers to the female, creative aspect of that being. Both The Goddess and The God are equal, neither deserving more respect than the other. When you start focusing on just The Goddess, or just The God, things become unbalanced and unnatural. The ideal is a perfect balance of both energies. They are all of the deities that have ever existed, and the ones that will exist.

All the different gods and goddesses of all the different religions are the same being; almost but not quite the same idea as the 99 names of Allah, each name refers to a different aspect of that God. When you call the Goddess by the name of Bridget or Margawse, you are calling upon those aspects of The Goddess.

THE GODDESS

The Goddess is the universal mother. She is fertility, endless wisdom and love. She is all aspects of nature, harmful and helpful. Wiccans acknowledge both aspects of Her nature.

The Goddess has three aspects; The Maiden (Anu, Elaine, Blodeuwedd), The Mother (Badb, Arianrhod, Margawse), and The Crone (Morgan LeFey, Cerridwen, Macha). The Maiden is innocence, Springtime, renewal, youth, dawn and the continuation of all life. The Mother is the richness of life, nurturing, Summer, the day and a teacher. The Crone is darkness, night, the rest before the continuation of life, wisdom, counsel and reincarnation. Each of these aspects shows different stages of a women’s life, and each can be placed with the phases of the moon; The Maiden being the waxing moon, The Mother the full moon and The Crone the waning moon.

The Goddess of the Wicca is the Great Goddess. She is the Ground of Being, the Mother of All Living; the Creatrix, and the Destroyer, for She is ever Dual. She is the Earth Mother, the Lady of the Moon, and the Star Goddess. She is Queen of Heaven, Queen of Earth, and Queen of the Underworld. She is the Triple Goddess: the Virgin, the Bride, and the Hag, called the Three Mothers in Celtic regions.

The three aspects of the Triple Goddess are usually described as the Maiden, the Mother, and the Crone; it must be remembered that the connotations of age associated with those titles derive from the experience of humans, who are subject to age and death; the Goddess is eternal: ever-changing and ever self-renewing, She will be young or old as She pleases.

As the Virgin, She is the Creatrix, the Lady of Birth and Death, the Star Goddess, the Queen of Heaven, the Giver of Inspiration, the Initiatrix.

She is Diana, Lady of the Moon and the Wild Things, Ever Virgin unto Pan: virgin unto the All, and therefore wed to None.She is also the Virgin Mother; and Her blue and white colors, and title “Queen of Heaven”, were borrowed by the Catholic Church for the Virgin Mary. Hers are the Waxing Moon, Venus as Morning and Evening Star, and all the vast starry realm; Her sacred color is White.

As the Bride, She is the Preserver, the Lady of Growth and Fertility, the Earth Mother, the Goddess of flocks and herds, Lady of Love and Fruitfulness and the fertility of the land; as Goddess of the Land She is also the Goddess of Sovereignty, and it is only by Sacred Marriage to Her that the King holds the right to the Throne. Hers are the Full Moon, the Earth, fruits and flocks and fields; Her sacred color is Red.

As the Hag, She is the Destroyer, the Lady of Decay and Death, the Goddess of Night and the Underworld, and also the cave and the tomb. For that which is born must also age, and decay, and die; and out of that which is dead and decaying arises new fertility, for life feeds ever on life. She is the Sow who eats Her own young, the “Nightmare Fertility and Death in One”, the Great Necessity by which the food chain and the cycle of life continue. Hence She is also the Goddess of regeneration. Hers is the Waning Moon, the dark night, the silence of the shadows, the midnight crossroads, and the wailing of the widow; Her sacred color is Black.

The Goddess is the Queen of all Witcheries: She is the Enchantress, the Shape-Changer; She is Isis, the “Lady of the Words of Power”; She is Cerridwen, the Sorceress at Her Cauldron; She is Hecate, the Mistress of the Magick of the Dark Moon. She is the Great Lady. She is the Goddess.

THE GOD

The God of the Wicca is the Horned God, the ancient God of Fertility: the God of forest, flock, and field and also of the hunt. He is Lord of Life, and the Giver of Life, yet He is also Lord of Death and Resurrection. For, like the Goddess, the nature of Her Horned Consort is also dual. For the Horned God is not only the Hunter, He is also the Hunted; He is the Sun by day, but He is also the Sun at Midnight; He is the Lord of Light, but He is also the Lord of Darkness: the darkness of night, the darkness of the Shadows, the darkness of the depths of the forest, the darkness of the depths of the Underworld.

The Horned God is the group soul of the hunted animal, invoked by the primitive shaman and the tribe: and as such, He is the Sacrificial Victim, the beast who is slain that the tribe might live, a gift from that group soul, who was often revered as the tribal totem or ancestral spirit. The Celts believed they were the descendents of the God of the Underworld, who was also the God of Fertility: the Latinized form of His name was Cernunnos, which means simply, the Horned One.

The Horned God is also the spirit of vegetation, of the green and growing things, whether of the vine or of the forest or of the field. Dionysus, Adonis, and many other vegetation and harvest Gods were all often depicted as horned, wearing the horns of the bull, the goat, the ram, or the stag: of whichever of the horned beasts was held sacred in that place and time. This aspect is the Dying and Resurrecting God who dies with the harvest and is rent asunder, as the grain is gathered in the fields; who is buried, as is the seed; who then springs forth anew, fresh and green and young, in the spring, reborn from the Womb of the Great Mother.

The Horned God is Osiris, who was often depicted with the horns of a bull. Osiris was believed to be incarnate in a succession of sacred bulls, and worshipped in that form as the god Apis. This was yet another form and manifestation of Osiris as the God of Fertility and also of Death and Resurrection. And Osiris bears the marks of a lunar, rather than a solar god, for Set tears the body of Osiris into fourteen pieces, the number of days of the waning moon; and then Isis, the Great Mother, gathers those pieces together and restores Osiris to life again.

The Horned God is the Great God Pan, the Goat-foot God with a human torso and a human but goat-horned head, the God whose ecstatic worship was so hated by the Church that they used His description for their “Devil” and called Him the lord of all evil. Yet, to the ancients who worshipped Him, and to the modern Pagans and Witches that worship Him still, “Pan is greatest, Pan is least. Pan is all, and all is Pan.”

The Horned God is not “the Devil”, except to those who fear and reject Nature, and the Powers of Life and human sexuality, and the ecstasy of the human spirit. The Horned God is the God of the Wicca.

Source

Wiccan One

May The Goddess Bless You & Yours On This Glorious Wednesday Morn’! Summer Has Arrived Early This Year, Gee!

Isis

The Ten Commandments (of the Goddess)

 

You shall adore (worship) my Spirit.

Your Adorations should be once a month and best when the Moon is full.

You shall gather in a secret place.

You shall worship naked before me.

You shall sing in the joy my freedom brings to thee.

You shall feast sharing the bounty of the earth I pour out unto thee.

You shall dance my dance of divine ecstacy.

Play music in Honor of She who is Queen of the Wise.

Make Love that thy Bonds with one another become sacred.

Place no sacrifice of any living creature upon my Altar for I am the Mother of All Things Living.

 

—H.P. Jacobus

About The Goddess of the Month – Hera

Witch
About The Goddess of the Month – Hera

HERA WAS HONORED AS the goddess of marriage in ancient Greece. As ruler of this sacred institution, she was responsible for its protection. Her anger when the bonds of matrimony were not respected is perhaps as legendary as her difficult, tempestuous relationship with her husband Zeus, the powerful ruler of the Greek gods and goddesses.

 
To win Hera as his bride, Zeus courted her for three hundred years upon the island of Samos, the goddess’s birthplace. Frustrated by his lack of success, he transformed himself into a cuckoo. Hera, charmed by the bird, allowed it into her lap, where Zeus immediately took back his natural form and seduced her. But marital happiness was not to be had: The god was as notoriously unfaithful to Hera as she was loyal to him. He had affairs with many women, including the mortal Danae and the divine Maia. Hera’s anger at Zeus’s infidelity was often expressed in the form of storms as violent as their domestic squabbling.

 
Sacred to Hera are the pomegranate and the lily—two potent symbols of feminine fertility seen in many cultures around the world—as well as oxen, trees, and mountains. Ancient rituals to Hera usually involved the use of these elements in some way or form

 
The Book of Goddesses: Expanded Anniversary Edition
Kris Waldherr