March 30 Today in Worldwide History

Today’s Historical Events

240 BC 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

804 Ludger becomes 1st Bishop of Münster in the Holy Roman Empire

988 Boudouin IV with the Beard becomes earl of Flanders

1282 The people of Sicily rebel against the Angevin king Charles I, in what becomes known as the Sicilian Vespers

1296 Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England

1422 Ketsugan, Zen teacher, performs exorcisms to free aizoji temple

1456 Prince Louis of Bourbon elected Bishop of Liege

1474 Duke Sigismund of Tirol ends contacts with Switzerland

1856 The Russian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France and the Kingdom of Sardinia sign the Treaty of Paris ending the Crimean War

1867 Alaska Purchase: US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 ($109 million in 2018), roughly 2 cents an acre

1870 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race

1959 Dalai Lama flees China and is granted political asylum in India

1972 Northern Ireland’s Government and Parliament dissolved by the British Government and ‘direct rule’ from Westminster is introduced

Today’s Historical Events in Flim and TV

1894 George Bernard Shaw‘s comedy play “Candida” premieres at Theatre Royal, South Shields, England

1895 British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford and Cambridge boat race

1946 3rd Golden Globes: “The Lost Weekend” and its star Ray Milland, & Ingrid Bergman win

1955 27th Academy Awards: “On the Waterfront”, Marlon Brando & Grace Kelly win

1959 WNED TV channel 17 in Buffalo, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting

1966 “Color Me Barbra”, Barbra Streisand‘s second TV special and the first in color, premieres on CBS

1970 American television soap opera “Another World in Somerset” premieres on NBC, runs until 1976

1972 Revival of Stephen Sondheim‘s musical-comedy “A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum”, starring Phil Silvers, opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theatre, NYC; runs for 156 performances and wins 2 Tony Awards

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1866 Bedřich Smetana’s comic opera”Verkaufte Braut” (The Bartered Bride) premieres at Prague Provisional Theatre

1946 Harold Arlen and Johnny Mercer‘s musical “St Louis Woman”, starring Pearl Bailey and featuring the Nicholas Brothers, opens at Martin Beck Theater, NYC; runs for 113 performances

1951 1st performance of Walter Piston‘s 4th Symphony commissioned to mark the University of Minnesota’s centennial, debuts by the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti conducting

1952 6th Tony Awards: “The Fourposter” (play) and “The King & I” (musical) win

1967 Cover picture of Beatles’ “Sgt Pepper’s lonely hearts Club Band” album is photographed by Michael Cooper

1970 Columbia Records releases jazz artist Miles Davis‘s influential double album “Bitches Brew”; it becomes his highest charting title, wins a Grammy, and earns him his 1st gold record

1970 Strouse, Adams, Comden & Green’s musical “Applause”, an adaptation of the 1950 film “All About Eve”, starring Lauren Bacall, opens at the Palace Theatre, NYC; runs for 896 performances, and wins 4 Tony and 3 Drama Desk Awards

1978 “History of the American Film” opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 21 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1883 45th Grand National: Austrian breeder, owner Count Karel Kinsky rides Zoedone to 10 length win; only 10 starters, the smallest GN field in history; first winning jockey from outside Britain and Ireland

1894 56th Grand National: Jockey Arthur Nightingall wins his second GN aboard 5/1 joint favourite Why Not

1900 62nd Grand National: Algy Anthony wins aboard Ambush II; owner is Prince Of Wales (King Edward VII)

1906 68th Grand National: Aubrey Hastings wins aboard 20/1 shot Ascetic’s Silver

1916 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-2 series victory

1918 Stanley Cup, Mutual Street Arena, Toronto, ON: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-2 series victory; first series contested by the new NHL

1925 Stanley Cup Final, Patrick Arena, Victoria, BC: Victoria Cougars (WCHL) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 6-1 for a 3-1 series win; last non-NHL team to win trophy

1928 87th Grand National: Mr. William Dutton aboard 100/1 long-shot Tipperary Tim wins as all of the 41 other starters fall during the race