March 23 Today in Worldwide History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1490 1st dated edition of Maimonides “Mishneh Torah”, a code of Jewish religious law is published

1775 Patrick Henry proclaims “Give me liberty or give me death” in speech in favour of Virginian troops joining US Revolutionary war

1919 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir LeninLeon TrotskyJoseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky

1933 Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers

1945 Battle of Okinawa: US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa in preparation for the Allied invasion; it would become the largest battle of the Pacific War in World War II

2019 Syrian Democratic Forces announce that the last Islamic State territory has been retaken raising flags in Baghuz, Syria and ending the five-year Islamic State “caliphate”

Today’s Historical Events

1026 Conrad II crowns himself King of Italy

1066 18th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1153 Treaty of Konstanz between Frederick I “Barbarossa” & Pope Eugene III

1174 Jocelin, abbot of Melrose, is elected bishop of Glasgow

1490 1st dated edition of Maimonides “Mishneh Torah”, a code of Jewish religious law is published

1534 Aragonese legal code formally recognised

1568 Treaty of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike

1579 Friesland joins Union of Utrecht

Today’s Historical Events in Flim and TV

1940 1st radio broadcast of “Truth or Consequences” on CBS

1950 22nd Academy Awards: “All The King’s Men”, Broderick Crawford and Olivia de Havilland win

1972 Geoge Harrison and Friends’ “The Concert for Bangladesh” concert film, directed by Saul Swimmer released in the US

1986 6th Golden Raspberry Awards: “Rambo: First Blood Part II” wins

1994 Howard Stern formally announces his Libertarian run for NY governor

1997 “Mandy Patinkin in Concert” closes at Lyceum Theater NYC

1997 17th Golden Raspberry Awards: “Striptease” wins

1997 WrestleMania XIII, Rosemont Horizon, IL: Undertaker beats Sycho Sid for WWF Heavyweight title

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1743 George Frideric Handel‘s oratorio “Messiah” premieres at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London

1881 Gas lamp sets fire to Théâtre Municipal” opera house in Nice, France; 70 die, and building completely destroyed

1886 Tchaikovsky‘s “Manfred” symphony premieres in Moscow, Russia, conducted by Max Erdmannsdörfer

1896 Umberto Giordano’s opera “Andrea Chénier” premieres in Milan

1901 Australian opera star Dame Nellie Melba reveals secret of her now famous toast

1923 Frank Silver and Irving Conn publish their hit song “Yes, We Have No Bananas”

1933 Kroll Opera in Berlin opens

1939 1st performance of Béla Bartók’s 2nd Violin Concerto at the Concertgebow, Amsterdam with Zoltán Székely on violin and Willem Mengelberg conducting the Concertgebouw Orchestra

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1877 39th Grand National: Fred Hobson aboard 15/1 shot Austerlitz wins by 4 lengths from Congress

1878 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers beat Royal Engineers, 3–1; Wanderers’ back-to-back and 5th title overall

1888 50th Grand National: George Mawson aboard 40/1 outsider Playfair easily wins by 10 lengths from Frigate

1923 82nd Grand National: Capt. Tuppy Bennett wins aboard 13-year-old 100/6 shot Sergeant Murphy; first US bred horse to win race

1930 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson

1930 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

1934 93rd Grand National: Gerry Wilson wins aboard 8/1 Golden Miller in race record 9:20.04; becomes only horse to win both UK’s premier steeplechases with Cheltenham Gold Cup victory 1934

1938 MLB Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 St Louis Cardinals minor league players from their contracts