March 20 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1602 United Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) forms

1800 Alessandro Volta reports his discovery of the electric battery in a letter to Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society of London

1815 Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule

1900 US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an ‘open door’ policy in China have essentially accepted his stand

1933 Dachau the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed

2016 Barack Obama becomes the first US President to visit Cuba since 1928, arriving for a 3 day tour

Today’s Historical Events

141 6th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1345 Saturn, Jupiter and Mars-conjunction: thought “cause of plague epidemic”

1525 Paris’ parliament begins pursuit of Protestants

1569 Duke of Alva leads “tenth penning” in Les Ponts de Cé

1598 Governor of Brittany, Philippe Emmanuel the Duke of Mercœur submits to French King Henry IV at Angers

1600 The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden

1602 United Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) forms

1616 Walter Raleigh released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana

Today’s Historical Events in Flim and TV

1948 1st live televised symphony performances: Eugene Ormandy leads Philadelphia Orchestra on CBS, followed 90 minutes later by Arturo Toscanini leading the NBC Orchestra on NBC

1948 20th Academy Awards: “Gentleman’s Agreement”, Loretta YoungRonald Colman win

1952 24th Academy Awards: “An American in Paris”, Humphrey Bogart & Vivien Leigh win

1955 KXTV TV channel 10 in Sacramento, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting

1967 The Supremes release single “The Happening”

1967 WOET (now WPTD) TV channel 16 in Dayton, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting

1973 NBC TV premiere of pilot episode of “Police Story”, based on Los Angeles Police Dept. Joseph Wambaugh’s writings

1987 Soap opera “Capitol” final episode

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1885 Yiddish theater opens in NY with Goldfaden operetta

1888 The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta staged in Moscow, Russia.

1954 “King & I” closes at St James Theater NYC after 1246 performances

1965 10th Eurovision Song Contest: France Gall of Luxembourg wins singing “Poupee de cire, poupee de son” written by Serge Gainsbourg in Naples

1982 Joan Jett & Blackhearts’ “I Love Rock ‘n’ Roll” goes #1 for 7 weeks

1990 Singer Gloria Estefan fractures her spine when a truck hits her tour bus near Scranton, Pennsylvania

1991 Michael Jackson signs $65M deal with Sony Records to produce 6 albums

1994 “Cyrano – The Musical” closes at Neil Simon NYC after 137 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1891 53rd Grand National: Irish jockey, trainer Harry Beasley wins aboard 4/1 Come Away

1892 54th Grand National: Capt. Roddy Owen wins aboard 20/1 chance Father O’Flynn

1911 National Squash Tennis Association forms (NYC)

1914 1st international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven

1920 Australasian Championships Men’s Tennis, Adelaide: Pat O’Hara Wood beats fellow Australian Ronald Thomas 6-3, 4-6, 6-8, 6-1, 6-3

1920 US Men’s Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger

1934 American all-round female super athlete Babe Didrikson Zaharias pitches a hitless inning for Philadelphia A’s in their exhibition pre-season baseball game against Brooklyn Dodgers

1937 England beats Scotland, 6-3 at Murrayfield, Edinburgh to clinch the Home Nations Rugby Championship and Triple Crown