February 26 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1616 Roman Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo demanding he abandon his belief in heliocentrism, which states the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun

1797 Bank of England issues first £1 note

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte and his supporters leave Elba to start a 100 day re-conquest of France

1885 Berlin Conference gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to Great Britain

1935 RADAR (Radio Detection and Ranging) first demonstrated by Robert Watson-Watt

1991 Coalition planes bomb Iraqi forces retreating from Kuwait during the Gulf War, killing hundreds and creating the so-called ‘Highway of Death

2005 Hosni Mubarak, President of Egypt, orders the constitution changed to allow multi-candidate presidential elections, asking Egyptian parliament to amend Article 76

Today’s Historical Events

747 BC Epoch (origin) of Ptolemy’s Nabonassar Era

364 Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman Emperor

1266 Battle of Benevento fought in Southern Italy between Manfred of Sicily and army of Charles of Anjou

1401 English Catholic priest William Sawtrey convicted of heresy and later becomes 1st Lollard martyr to be publicly burnt at the stake

1534 Pope Paul II affirms George van Egmond as bishop of Utrecht

1548 Ottoman fleet under Piri Reis retakes the port of Aden (modern Yemen) from the Portuguese

1590 Mauritius of Nassaus sails to Breda

1597 Cornelis de Houtman‘s Dutch fleet departs Bali and sets sail for the Netherlands

Today’s Historical Events in Flim and TV

1916 Mutual signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract

1920 German silent horror film classic “The Cabinet of Dr Caligari” starring Werner Krauss is released

1947 4th Golden Globes: “The Best Years of Our Lives”, Gregory Peck, & Rosalind Russell win

1953 10th Golden Globes: “The Greatest Show on Earth”, Gary Cooper, & Shirley Booth win

1955 Leigh, Charlap, Styne, Comden and Green’s musical “Peter Pan”, starring Mary Martin and Cyril Ritchard, closes at Winter Garden Theater, NYC, after 152 performances

1960 Vera Miles stars in”Mirror Image” episode of CBS anthology series “The Twilight Zone”

1966 KBIM TV channel 10 in Roswell, NM (CBS) begins broadcasting

1975 1st televised kidney transplant (Today Show)

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1869 Franz Schubert‘s Symphony number 4, “The Tragic”, premieres

1917 1st jazz records recorded – “Dixie Jazz Band One Step” and “Livery Stable Blues” by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company

1930 Play “Green Pastures” opens at Mansfield Theater

1950 Jerome Robbin’s ballet choreographed to Leonard Bernstein‘s “Age of Anxiety” premieres at the New York City Center Theater

1970 Carole Bayer (Sager) and George Fischoff’s musical “Georgy” opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 4 performances

1970 The Beatles release “Hey Jude” compilation album in US (originally to be titled “Beatles Again”)

1973 8th Academy of Country Music Awards: Merle Haggard and Donna Fargo win

1975 “Night… Made America Famous” opens at Barrymore, NYC; runs for 75 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1839 1st Grand National steeplechase, Aintree Racecourse, Liverpool: Jem Mason wins aboard 5/1 favourite Lottery

1851 13th Grand National: Terry Abbott wins aboard Irish stallion Abd-El-Kader at 7/1; first dual winner and first to win back-to-back

1859 Paul Morphy‘s chess match vs Augustus Mongredien begins; Morphy wins

1887 George Lohmann took 1st 8-wkt haul in test cricket, 8-35 at Sydney Cricket Ground

1918 Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse & burn, killing 604

1930 West Indies make 1st Test Cricket win, by 289 runs over England

1935 NY Yankees release Babe Ruth, he signs with Boston Braves

1938 Rie Van Veen swims world record 200m free style (2:24.6)


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