April 14th Today in Worldwide History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1865 US President Abraham Lincoln is shot in the head by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater in Washington; he dies a day later

1912 RMS Titanic, the world’s largest ocean liner, hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland, sinks in the early hours of 15 April

1914 Dr. Harry Plotz isolates the bacteria that causes Typhus Fever (Mt. Sinai Hospital, New York City)

1935 Black Sunday: Severe dust storm ravages the US Midwest, led to the region being named “the Dust Bowl”

1981 1st Space Shuttle, Columbia 1, returns to Earth

2003 The Human Genome Project is completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99%

Today’s Historical Events

43 BC Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar‘s assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed.

193 Lucius Septimius Severus crowned Emperor of Rome

754 Pact of Quierzy: between Pope Stephen II, [III] & Pippin the Korte

966 Christianisation of Poland – Polish ruler Mieszko I and his court baptized

972 Notger becomes bishop of Liege

979 Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England

1028 German emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, king

1191 85-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III

Today’s Historical Events in Flim and TV

1894 1st public showing of Thomas Edison‘s kinetoscope (moving pictures)

1926 George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin‘s 1st collaborative musical “Lady, Be Good!”, featuring siblings Fred Astaire and Adelle Astaire as a brother and sister dance team, opens at Empire Theatre, London’s West End; runs for 326 performances

1953 WHYN (now WGGB) TV channel 40 in Springfield-Holyoke, MA (ABC) begins

1955 WBRZ TV channel 2 in Baton Rouge, LA (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting

1956 Ampex Corp demonstrates 1st commercial videotape recorder

1959 KDIN TV channel 11 in Des Moines, IA (PBS) begins broadcasting

1960 Lee Adams and Charles Strouse’s musical “Bye Bye Birdie”, starring Dick Van Dyke, Chita Rivera, and Dick Gautier, opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC; runs for 607 performances

1961 1st live television broadcast from Soviet Union

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1883 Leo Delibes’ opera “Lakmé” premieres with the Opéra-Comique at the Salle Favart in Paris

1932 Bizet, Massine & Mira’s “Jeux d’Enfants” premieres in Monte Carlo

1936 French singer Édith Piaf questioned after nightclub owner and her patron Louis Leplée murdered in Paris

1946 “Day Before Spring” closes at National Theater NYC after 167 performances

1956 “Plain & Fancy” closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 476 performances

1956 Cole Porter‘s final Broadway musical “Silk Stockings”, loosely based on the Melchior Lengyel’s “Ninotchka”, closes at the Imperial Theatre, NYC, after 478 performances

1960 American record company Motown, founded by Berry Gordy Jr, is incorporated as Motown Record Corporation in Detroit. Michigan

1963 Quiet Beatle George Harrison is impressed by unsigned British blues band “Rolling Stones”

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1904 NY Highlanders’ future Baseball HOF pitcher Jack Chesbro‘s first of 41 wins this season; pitches complete game and beats Boston Americans, 8-2 at Hilltop Park, NYC

1910 US President William Howard Taft begins tradition of throwing ceremonial first pitch on Opening Day of baseball season

1925 First regular-season Chicago Cubs game broadcast on radio (WGN) by caller Quin Ryan; Cubs beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 8-2

1928 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: In only their 2nd season in the NHL, New York Rangers beat Montreal Maroons, 2-1 for a 3-2 series win

1931 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 2-0 for a 3-2 series win; Canadiens’ back-to-back Championships

1941 45th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson in 2:30:38; his third victory in the event

1948 Stanley Cup Final, Olympia Stadium, Detroit, MI: Toronto Maple Leafs go back-to-back with a 7-2 win over Detroit Red Wings for a 4-0 series sweep