April 9 Today in Worldwide History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1483 Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England. He is never crowned, and disappears presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London with his younger brother Richard (the “Princes in the Tower”)

1731 British mariner Robert Jenkins’ ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain

1768 John Hancock refuses to allow two British customs agents to go below deck of his ship, considered by some to be the first act of physical resistance to British authority in the colonies

1865 Confederate General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant ending the Civil War in North Virginia

1869 Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada

1992 John Major elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his Conservative Party wins the most votes in British electoral history

2003 Baghdad falls to U.S. forces, ending the Invasion of Iraq, but resulting in widespread looting

Today’s Historical Events

193 Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum

475 Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position

715 Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope

817 Louis the Pious, King of the Franks, barely survives when wooden gallery collapses in Aachen, prompts him to later name his succession

1241 Battle of Liegnitz – Mongolian armies inflict one of the largest defeats in Polish history on Polish and Germans force led by Henry of Silesia with 20-25,000 killed or massacred, including Henry

1388 Battle of Näfels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army

1413 Henry V crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey

1440 Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark (1440-48)

Today’s Historical Events in Flim and TV

1928 Mae West‘s NYC debut in a daring new play “Diamond Lil”

1950 Bob Hope‘s 1st TV appearance

1954 7th Cannes Film Festival: “Gate of Hell” directed by Teinosuke Kinugasa wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film

1954 WECT TV channel 6 in Wilmington, NC (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting

1962 34th Academy Awards: “West Side Story” (Best Picture, Director, and 8 more), Sophia Loren (Two Women) & Maximilian Schell (Judgement At Nuremberg) win

1967 Shortwave broadcaster Radio NY Worldwide’s transmitter burns down

1971 Ringo Starr releases single “It Don’t Come Easy” in the UK

1973 “Paper Moon” film starring Ryan O’Neal and his daughter, Tatum O’Neal, directed by Peter Bogdanovich premieres in Hollywood, California; Tatum O’Neal becomes youngest (age 10) Academy Award winner (Supporting Actress)

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1894 1st performance of Anton Bruckner‘s 5th Symphony in B in Graz

1939 Marian Anderson sings before 75,000 at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.

1942 Alexander Gretchaninov‘s 4th Symphony premieres at Carnegie Hall, NYC, with John Barbirolli conducting the New York Philharmonic

1949 Revival of Sidney Howard’s Pulitzer Prize-winning 1924 stage drama “They Knew What They Wanted”, closes at the Music Box Theatre, NYC, after 61 performances

1950 4th Tony Awards: “The Cocktail Party” (play) & “South Pacific” (musical) win

1957 Howard Hanson‘s “Song of Democracy” premieres in Washington, D.C.

1965 Beatles “Ticket to Ride” is released in UK

1967 “At the Drop of Another Hat” closes at Booth NYC after 105 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1880 British Open Men’s Golf, Musselburgh Links: Scotsman Bob Ferguson wins first of 3 straight titles; beats Peter Paxton by 5 strokes

1896 Australian athlete Edwin Flack claims the middle distance double at the Athens Olympics winning the 800m final in 2:11.0; his 2nd victory of the Games after success in the 1500m

1896 Greek shooter Pantelis Karasevdas scores a perfect 40 hits to win the military rifle event at the Athens Olympics; Greek 1-2-3 with Pavlos Pavlidis and Nicolaos Trikupis taking out the minor placings

1912 1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs Harvard)

1913 Brooklyn Superbas’ (later Dodgers) Ebbets Field opens; visiting Philadelphia Phillies win, 1-0

1925 Babe Ruth rushed to hospital

1928 Top-Oss soccer team forms in Oss

1931 Chicago Cy Wentworth beats Montreal Canadiens at 13:50 of 6th period