April 8th Today in Worldwide History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1767 Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders

1886 William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.

1898 Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese

1913 Opening of China’s 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing)

2004 Darfur conflict: The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups

Today’s Historical Events

217 Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated (and succeeded) by his Praetorian Guard prefect, Marcus Opellius Macrinus

1093 The new Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by bishop Walkelin in Winchester, England

1139 Roger II of Sicily is excommunicated

1149 Pope Eugene III takes refuge in the castle of Ptolemy II of Tusculum

1195 Alexius III Angelus drives out brother Isaak II as Byzantine emperor

1232 Mongol army under General Subedei begins the siege of Chinese Jin capital of Kaifeng – 1st occasion gunpowder used in a major engagement

1271 Krak des Chevaliers, the greatest fortress built by medieval crusaders in the Levant, is finally taken by the forces of Mamlūk sultan Baybars I

1341 Petrarch crowned a poet on the Capitoline Hill in Rome

Today’s Historical Events in Flim and TV

1963 35th Academy Awards: “Lawrence of Arabia“, Anne Bancroft & Gregory Peck win

1968 40th Academy Awards postponed to Apr 10th due to death of Martin Luther King

1968 WKPI TV channel 22 in Pikeville, Kentucky (PBS) begins broadcasting

1974 Discovery Island opens at Walt Disney World, Florida

1975 47th Academy Awards: “The Godfather Part II”, Ellen Burstyn & Art Carney win

1979 205th & final episode of “All in the Family”; followed by “Archie Bunker’s Place” for 4 seasons

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1781 Premiere of Mozart‘s violin sonata K379

1876 Amiliare Ponchielli’s opera “La Gioconda” premieres in Milan

1931 Dmitri Shostakovich‘s ballet “The Arrow” premieres

1935 Béla Bartók’s 5th String quartet premieres in Washington, D.C.

1938 Walter Piston‘s 1st Symphony in E, premieres in Boston, by the Boston Symphony, conducted by the composer

1942 Arnold Schoenberg & Tudor’s ballet “Pillar of Fire” premieres in NYC

1950 “Miss Liberty” closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 308 performances

1954 “By the Beautiful Sea” opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 270 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1935 2nd Augusta National Invitation Tournament (Masters) Golf: Gene Sarazen wins Monday playoff with Craig Wood by 5 strokes

1941 In his 4th title defense in 9 weeks Joe Louis beats Tony Musto by TKO in the 9th round at the Arena, Saint Louis, Missouri to retain NYSAC heavyweight boxing crown

1943 1943 NFL Draft: Frank Sinkwich from University of Georgia first pick by Detroit Lions

1943 Stanley Cup Final, Boston Garden, Boston, MA: Detroit Red Wings beat Boston Bruins, 2-0 for a 4-0 series sweep and their 3rd SC Championship

1945 1945 NFL Draft: Charley Trippi from University of Georgia first pick by Chicago Cardinals

1956 20th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Jack Burke Jr. wins his first major title, 1 stroke ahead of amateur Ken Venturi; final Masters played without a 36-hole cut

1963 Detroit Tigers claim young pitcher Denny McLain on waivers from the Chicago White Sox; McLain goes on the win Cy Young Award 1968, 69 and AL MVP 1968

1966 American Football League votes in 36 year old Al Davis as commissioner after Joe Foss resigns; appointment lasts 3 months when AFL merges with NFL