April 4 Today in Worldwide History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1581 Francis Drake knighted by Queen Elizabeth I aboard ‘Golden Hind’ at Deptford, England

1655 Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbary pirates

1789 1st US Congress begins regular sessions during George Washington‘s presidency at Federal Hall, NYC (ending 1791)

1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty signed in Washington, D.C.

1968 US civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated by James Earl Ray at the Lorraine Hotel in Memphis, Tennessee

1973 World Trade Center, then the world’s tallest building, opens in New York (110 stories). Later destroyed in 9/11 terrorist attacks.

1975 Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800

Today’s Historical Events

1081 Alexius I Comnenus occupies Byzantine throne

1460 University of Basle in Swizerland forms

1541 Ignatius of Loyola becomes 1st superior-general of Jesuits

1552 Mauritius van Saksen begins alliance with Karel Anikita Stroganov

1558 Tsar Ivan IV gives parts of North-Russia to fur traders

1581 Francis Drake knighted by Queen Elizabeth I aboard ‘Golden Hind’ at Deptford, England

1588 Christian IV succeeds Frederick II as king of Denmark

1655 Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbary pirates

Today’s Historical Events in Flim and TV

1914 Film serial “Perils of Pauline” shown for the first time in Los Angeles

1932 George Bernard Shaw‘s comedy play “Too True To Be Good” premieres in NYC; runs for 59 performances

1949 WKRC TV channel 12 in Cincinnati, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting

1953 KFDA TV channel 10 in Amarillo, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting

1958 Cheryl Crane (14), daughter of actress Lana Turner, stabs to death organized crime figure Johnny Stompanato, her mother’s boyfriend, in self-defense; crime later ruled a “justifiable homicide”

1960 32nd Academy Awards: “Ben-Hur”, Charlton Heston & Simone Signoret win

1975 British sitcom “The Good Life” starring Richard Briers, Felicity Kendal, Paul Eddington and Penelope Keith debuts on BBC One

1988 Last broadcast of British soap opera “Crossroads” on ITV

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1859 Opera “Dinorah” is produced in Paris

1929 Sigmund Romberg and Oscar Hammerstein II’s operetta “The New Moon” opens at the Drury Lane Theatre in London’s West End

1940 Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart‘s musical “Higher & Higher” premieres in NYC

1957 Heitor Villa-Lobos’ 10th Symphony premieres French Radio National Orchestra, conducted by the composer, in Paris

1964 “Anyone Can Whistle” opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 9 performances

1964 Beatles’ “Can’t Buy Me Love” single goes #1 & stays #1 for 5 weeks

1968 “Education of Hyman Kaplan” opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 28 performances

1971 Stephen Sondheim‘s “Follies” opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 524 performances, then most expensive Broadway musical at the time

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1911 Hugh Chalmers, automaker, suggests idea of baseball MVP

1913 75th Grand National: Percy Woodland wins aboard 100/9 chance Covertcoat; owner Sir Charles Assheton-Smith’s 2nd straight GN victory and 3rd overall

1921 Stanley Cup Final, Denman Arena, Vancouver, BC: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 2-1 for a 3-2 series victory

1930 England cricket batsman Andy Sandham ends Day 2 of 4th Test against West Indies in Kingston, Jamaica unbeaten on 309; 1st triple century in Test history; out for 325

1930 Les Ames makes the 1st Test Cricket century by a wicketkeeper (149)

1937 4th Augusta National Invitation Tournament (Masters) Golf: Byron Nelson wins first of his 5 major titles by 2 strokes ahead of Ralph Guldahl

1938 5th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Henry Picard wins his only Masters, 2 strokes ahead of runners-up Harry Cooper and Ralph Guldahl

1948 84-year-old Connie Mack challenges 78-year-old Clark Griffith to a race from home to 1st base; it ends in a tie