November 19 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1530 The Recess document resulting from the Diet of Augsburg signed by Charles V and catholic princes

1620 The Mayflower reaches Cape Cod and explores the coast

1805 Lewis and Clark Expedition, led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west

1863 US President Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; “Four score and seven years ago…”

1942 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Soviet soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army

1969 Apollo 12’s Charles Conrad and Alan Bean become the 3rd and 4th humans on the Moon

Today’s Historical Events

461 St Hilary begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1274 Mongol army lands at Hakata Bay in Japan during their first invasion attempt and are defeated; a typhoon destroys most of their fleet as they withdraw

1367 League of Cologne goes against Danish king Waldemar IV

1493 Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico, on his 2nd voyage

1521 Battle at Milan: Emperor Charles V‘s pontifical, Spanish and German troops beat French forces and occupy Milan

1523 Giulio de’ Medici chosen as Pope Clemens VII

1530 The Recess document resulting from the Diet of Augsburg signed by Charles V and catholic princes

1544 Pope Paul III opens council of Trente

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1916 Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Picture; the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers

1955 KXMB TV channel 12 in Bismarck, North Dakota (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting

1959 “Rocky & His Friends” debuts on ABC

1962 KOET (now KULC) TV channel 9 in Ogden, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting

1965 ABC radio begins weekly “Vietnam Update” report

1967 The establishment of TVB, the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong

1969 WENY TV channel 36 in Elmira, NY (ABC) begins broadcasting

1971 Disney World’s Fort Wilderness opens

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1923 Béla Bartòk’s “Tancsuite” premieres

1972 “Ambassador” opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 9 performances

1972 “Dear Oscar” closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 5 performances

1976 George Harrison releases single “This Song”, an expression of his frustration at being sued for copyright infringement

1979 Chuck Berry released from prison for income tax evasion conviction

1990 Pop duo Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award after it is learned they did not sing on their award-winning “Girl You Know Its True” album

1992 “3 From Brooklyn” opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 45 performances

1995 “Sacrilege” closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 21 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1906 London selected to host 1908 Olympics

1932 Joe Kershalla scores 71 points in a college football game

1939 Don Lash wins 6th straight AAU cross-country 10K championship

1951 Roy Campanella named NL MVP on his 30th birthday

1953 US Supreme Court rules (7-2) baseball is a sport not a business

1961 Houston Oilers quarterback George Blanda passes for 7 touchdowns in a 49-13 rout of NY Titans at Jeppesen Stadium, Houston

1968 New York Yankees pitcher Stan Bahnsen wins AL Rookie of the Year

1975 Reds 2nd baseman Joe Morgan is named NL MVP

A Laugh for Today

I do not like saying it but I have had one of these kinds of weeks 😂

November 18 Astronomy Picture of the Day

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

2022 November 18

The protostar L1527, shown in this image from the NASA/ESA/CSA James Webb Space Telescope, is embedded within a cloud of material that is feeding its growth. Material ejected from the star has cleared out cavities above and below it, whose boundaries glow orange and blue in this infrared view. The upper central region displays bubble-like shapes due to stellar ‘burps,’ or sporadic ejections. Webb also detects filaments made of molecular hydrogen that has been shocked by past stellar ejections. Intriguingly, the edges of the cavities at upper left and lower right appear straight, while the boundaries at upper right and lower left are curved. The region at lower right appears blue, as there’s less dust between it and Webb than the orange regions above it.

The Protostar within L1527

Image Credit: Science – NASAESACSASTScINIRCam
Processing – Joseph DePasquale (STScI), Anton M. Koekemoer (STScI), Alyssa Pagan (STScI)

Explanation: The protostar within dark cloud L1527 is a mere 100,000 years old, still embedded in the cloud of gas and dust that feeds its growth. In this NIRCam image from the James Webb Space Telescope, the dark band at the neck of the infrared nebula is a thick disk that surrounds the young stellar object. Viewed nearly edge-on and a little larger than our Solar System, the disk ultimately supplies material to the protostar while hiding it from Webb’s direct infrared view. The nebula itself is seen in stunning detail though. Illuminated by infrared light from the protostar, the hourglass-shaped nebula’s cavities are created as material ejected in the star-forming process plows through the surrounding medium. As the protostar gains mass it will eventually become a full-fledged star, collapsing and igniting nuclear fusion in its core. A likely analog to our own Sun and Solar System in their early infancy, the protostar within dark cloud L1527 lies some 460 light-years distant in the Taurus star-forming region. Webb’s NIRCam image spans about 0.3 light-years.

November 18 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1477 First English dated printed book “Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers” by William Caxton at his press in London

1626 St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated, replacing an earlier basilica on the same site and becoming the world’s largest Christian basilica

1916 British General Douglas Haig finally calls off the 1st Battle of the Somme in World War I after more than 1 million soldiers had been killed or wounded

1978 In Jonestown, Guyana, 918 members of the Peoples Temple are murdered or commit suicide under the leadership of cult leader Jim Jones

1993 Black and white leaders in South Africa approve new democratic constitution

Today’s Historical Events

326 Old St. Peter’s Basilica consecrated in Rome (stood 4th – 16th century), later replaced by current Basilica

794 Japanese emperor Kammu deallocates residence of Nara to Kioto

1105 Maginulf elected anti-Pope Silvester I

1210 Pope Innocent III excommunicates Roman Catholic Emperor Otto IV

1302 Pope Boniface VIII issues papal bull (decree) “Unam sanctam” emphasizing the higher position of the spiritual in comparison with the secular order

1307 William Tell reputedly shoots apple off his son’s head

1421 Southern sea floods 72 villages, killing estimated 10,000 in Netherlands

1424 Storm flood ravages Dutch coast

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1928 Walt Disney‘s “Steamboat Willie” released, first Mickey Mouse sound cartoon

1930 Musical “Smiles” with Bob Hope and Fred Astaire premieres in NYC

1932 “Flowers & Trees” receives 1st Academy Award for a cartoon

1932 5th Academy Awards: Fredric March and Wallace Beery in 1st ever tie for Best Actor. “Grand Hotel” and Helen Hayes also win.

1951 Former Cubs 1st baseman & future TV star of Rifleman Chuck Connors is 1st player to oppose the major league draft

1959 “Ben-Hur” directed by William Wyler and starring Charlton Heston premieres in New York City (Academy Awards Best Picture 1960)

1974 “The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway” by English progressive rock band Genesis is released, their last to feature original frontman Peter Gabriel

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1883 Antonín Dvořák’s “Husitska” (Hussite Overture) premieres at the gala opening of the Prague National Theater

1911 Ludwig Thuille’s opera “Lobetanz” first American performance

1919 H Tierney & J McCarthy’s musical “Irene” premieres in NYC

1945 Arnold Schoenberg‘s Prelude for orchestra & mixed choir, premieres

1961 “Gay Life” opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 113 performances

1961 “Kwamina” closes at 54th St Theater NYC after 32 performances

1975 “Rufus featuring Chaka Khan” 4th studio album by Rufus is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1976)

1984 “3 Musketeers” closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 9 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1905 10th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 30-0 in Birmingham

1949 NL batting leader (.342) Jackie Robinson wins NL MVP

1951 Former Cubs 1st baseman & future TV star of Rifleman Chuck Connors is 1st player to oppose the major league draft

1960 Charlie Finley makes a bid to purchase expansion LA Angels

1964 Baltimore Orioles third baseman Brooks Robinson wins American League MVP

1966 Sandy Koufax announces his retirement due to arthritic left elbow

1970 Joe Frazier KOs Bob Foster in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1970 Johnny Bench wins NL MVP

November 17 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1558 Elizabeth I aged 25, ascends the English throne upon death of her half sister, Queen “Bloody” Mary (SIND NOTE: Queen Elizabeth II ascended the throne at age 25 years old also in 1952)

1800 Congress holds its 1st session in Washington, D.C. in an incomplete Capitol Building

1831 Ecuador and Venezuela separated from Greater Colombia

1855 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls, in what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe

1869 Suez Canal in Egypt opens, linking Mediterranean and Red seas

1922 The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, is expelled to Malta on a British warship

1970 Douglas Engelbart receives the patent for the first computer mouse

November 16 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

534 Second and final revision of the Justinian Code published, a codified set of imperial and classical laws begun initially in 528

1532 Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro captures Inca Emperor Atahualpa after a surprise ambush at Cajamarca in the Peruvian Andes

1776 British troops capture Fort Washington during American Revolution

1945 Founding of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Today’s Historical Events

13 General Tiberius‘ (later Emperor) triumphant procession through Rome after siege of Germany

534 Second and final revision of the Justinian Code published, a codified set of imperial and classical laws begun initially in 528

1491 An auto de fe, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside of Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects.

1519 City of Havana moved to its current location to avoid mosquito infestations

1532 Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro captures Inca Emperor Atahualpa after a surprise ambush at Cajamarca in the Peruvian Andes

1572 Troops under Don Frederik (the Spanish General Fadrique Alvarez de Toledo) occupy and plunder Zutphen, Netherlands

1581 Tsar Ivan the Terrible attacks his son and heir, Ivan Ivanovich, with a scepter after an argument leading to the latter’s death three days later

1632 Battle of Lützen: Significant battle of Thirty Years’ War – Swedish and Saxon forces defeat the Holy Roman Empire, at cost of the death of Swedish King Gustavus Adolphus

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1957 BBC’s 1st pop music show, the “Six-Five Special”, is broadcast from the tiny 2i’s Coffee Bar in London

1965 Walt Disney launches Epcot Center: Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow

1982 Tom Stoppard‘s play “The Real Thing” premieres in London starring Felicity Kendal and Roger Rees

1988 Robin Givens sues Mike Tyson for $125 million for libel

2001 “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone”, 1st film adaptation of the book series by J. K. Rowling starring Daniel Radcliffe, premieres in US (Titled “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s’s Stone” in some markets)

2003 31st American Music Awards: Kid Rock, Jennifer Lopez & Luther Vandross win

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1903 V Herbert & H Smith’s musical “Babette” premieres in NYC

1908 Arturo Toscanini begins conducting NY’s Metropolitan Opera

1916 I. Berlin, V. Herbert, H. Blossoms musical premieres in NYC

1935 Cole Porter‘s musical “Anything Goes” closes at 46th Street Theatre, NYC, after 420 performances

1935 Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart‘s musical “Jumbo” premieres in NYC

1956 Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor, named Musical Director of La Scala, Milan

1957 “Copper & Brass” closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 36 performances

1959 “The Sound of Music” musical by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater, NYC; runs for 1443 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1907 12th Iron Bowl: Auburn and Alabama tie 6-6 in Birmingham

1909 Dutch football club FC Eindhoven is founded in southern part of the city; Eredivisie 1954; KNVB Cup 1937

1924 Cleveland Bulldogs lose, 12-7 to Frankford Yellow Jackets at Dunn Field; ends 31-game undefeated streak; NFL and major-league football record

1926 New York Rangers ice hockey club first game; beat Montreal Maroons, 1-0 at Madison Square Garden, NYC

1957 Boson Celtics’ center Bill Russell sets NBA record of 49 rebounds as Boston beats Philadelphia Warriors, 111-89 at Boston Gardens

1957 University of Oklahoma Football NCAA win streak ends at 47 after losing 7-0 to Notre Dame at Oklahoma Memorial Stadium

1959 Boston business executive Billy Sullivan is awarded eighth and final franchise of developing American Football League (AFL); later branded Boston Patriots

1962 SF Warriors center Wilt Chamberlain scores 73 points in 127-111 win over NY Knicks at Madison Square Garden

November 15 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1492 Christopher Columbus notes 1st recorded reference to tobacco

1884 European Colonization and trade in Africa is officially regulated at the international Berlin Conference, formalizing European powers “Scramble for Africa”

1904 King C. Gillette patents the Gillette razor blade

1948 Mackenzie King retires after 22 years as Prime Minister of Canada

1969 An estimated 2 million people take part in the Vietnam War Moratorium Demonstration across the United States

Today’s Historical Events

655 Battle of the Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Bernicia.

1315 Battle of Morgarten: Swiss beat duke Leopold I of Austria

1348 Rudolph of Oron claims Jews have confessed to poisoning wells

1492 Christopher Columbus notes 1st recorded reference to tobacco

1492 In La Guardia, Spain, 6 Jews & 5 Conversos are accused of ritual murder

1515 Thomas Wolsey is invested as an English Cardinal

1527 Treaty of Schoonhoven: Henry of the Palatinate, Bishop of Utrecht, cedes lands to the Habsburgs in return for security help against resistant citizens

1532 Pope Clemens VII tells Henry VIII to end relationship with Anna Boleyn

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1926 1st formal radio network, RCA takes over AT&T 25 station Network (NBC)

1932 Walt Disney Art School created

1949 KRON-TV channel 4 in San Francisco, California (NBC) begins broadcasting; call letters a nod to the owners other business, The San Francisco Chronicle newspaper

1953 WIBW TV channel 13 in Topeka, KS (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting

1953 WRBL TV channel 3 in Columbus, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting

1964 KBYU TV channel 11 in Provo, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting

1967 WLTV TV channel 23 in Miami, FL (IND) begins broadcasting

1969 The 1st ever colour television commercial in the UK, for Birds Eye peas, airs on ATV in the Midlands during a Thunderbirds episode

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1832 Felix Mendelssohn‘s “Symphony No. 5 (Reformation)” premieres

1845 Opera “Maritana” is produced (London)

1903 Eugen d’Albert’s opera “Tiefland” premieres in Prague

1935 “A Night at the Opera”, directed by Sam Wood, starring the Marx Brothers, is released

1956 “Li’l Abner” opens at St James Theater, NYC; runs for 693 performances

1956 “Love Me Tender” (The Reno Brothers) film with Elvis Presley in his debut premieres in the US

1969 Janis Joplin, accused of vulgar & indicent language in Tampa, Florida

1975 “Mammas Don’t Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys” single released by Ed Bruce

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1900 Dutch soccer club NEC is established in Nijmegen

1901 6th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 17-0 in Tuscaloosa

1901 James J. Jeffries TKOs Gus Ruhlin in 6 for heavyweight boxing title in San Francisco

1913 Australasian Championships Men’s Tennis, Perth: Australian Ernie Parker beats NZ namesake Harry Parker 2-6, 6-1, 6-3, 6-2

1946 Ted Williams is picked as AL MVP

1947 Bradman scores his 100th 100, 172 v Indians at the SCG

1947 Soccer team GVVV forms in Veenendaal

1951 1st-class cricket debut of future great Pakistani batsman Hanif Mohammad; scores 26 in drawn tour match, Pakistan XI v MCC, Lahore

November 14 Astronomy Picture of the Day

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

2022 November 14

NGC 7380: The Wizard Nebula

Image Credit & Copyright: Ioan Popa

Explanation: What powers are being wielded in the Wizard Nebula? Gravitation strong enough to form stars, and stellar winds and radiations powerful enough to create and dissolve towers of gas. Located only 8,000 light years away, the Wizard nebula, featured here, surrounds developing open star cluster NGC 7380. Visually, the interplay of stars, gas, and dust has created a shape that appears to some like a fictional medieval sorcerer. The active star forming region spans 100 about light years, making it appear larger than the angular extent of the Moon. The Wizard Nebula can be located with a small telescope toward the constellation of the King of Aethiopia (Cepheus). Although the nebula may last only a few million years, some of the stars being formed may outlive our Sun.

November 13 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1789 Benjamin Franklin writes “Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes”

1933 1st modern sit-down strike by Hormel meat packers in Austin, Minnesota

1956 US Supreme court rules race separation on buses in Alabama unconstitutional

1980 US spacecraft Voyager 1 sends back 1st close-up pictures of Saturn during its fly-by

1985 Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupts in Colombia, killing 25,000 in the town of Armero

Today’s Historical Events

833 Louis the Pious, King of the Franks, performs public act of penance at the Church of Saint Medard in Soissons

866 Pope Nicholas I answers the envoys of Boris (Ad consulta vestra)

1002 English king Ethelred II (the ‘Unready’) launches ‘St Brice’s Day’ massacre of Danish settlers

1553 English Lady Jane Grey and Archbishop Thomas Cranmer accused of high treason

1565 King Philip II‘s “Letters out Segovia” reaches Brussels

1565 Pope Pius IV publishes decree Professi fidei

1642 Battle at Turnham Green outside London: King Charles I vs English parliament

1673 Christopher Wren is appointed architect for the rebuilding of St Paul’s Cathedral in London by King Charles II [1]

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1922 George M. Cohan‘s musical “Little Nellie Kelly” premieres in NYC

1937 NBC forms first full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio

1940 Walt Disney‘s animated film “Fantasia”, starring Leopold Stokowski, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Mickey Mouse, and ballet dancing hippopotamuses, premieres at the Broadway Theatre, New York City

1952 KLBK TV channel 13 in Lubbock, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting

1960 Fire in movie theater kills 152 children in Amude, Spain

1961 WCBB TV channel 10 in Augusta, ME (PBS) begins broadcasting

1965 Director Kenneth Tynan says the word “F*ck” on BBC

1966 American comedian Flip Wilson makes his debut appearance on “The Ed Sullivan Show”; he returns 10 times [1]

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1948 “As the Girls Go” opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 420 performances

1951 Janet Collins is the first 1st African-American dancer to appear at the Metropolitan Opera, in a production of Aida

1953 Dmitri Shostakovich‘s 4th String Quartet premieres

1959 The Academy of St Martin in the Fields’ first professional concert takes place in London

1965 “Skyscraper” opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 248 performances

1973 “Gigi” opens at Uris Theater NYC for 103 performances

1975 “Musical Jubilee” opens at St James Theater NYC for 92 performances

1989 Paul McCartney releases single “Figure of 8” & “Ou Est Le Soleil”

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1875 Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms

1900 Baltimore Orioles (now NY Yankees) enter baseball’s American League

1906 C. W. Gregory out for 383 as NSW make 763 v Queensland, in record cricket innings by an Australian

1907 French cyclist Paul Cornu flies 1st helicopter (twin rotor)

1946 Bradman scores 106 for an Australian XI v the MCC

1951 Lefty O’Doul’s all-stars, including Joe DiMaggio and Billy Martin, lose 3-1 to Pacific League all-star team (Japan)

1954 1st Rugby League World Cup, Parc des Princes, Paris: Great Britain beats France, 16-12; Man of The Match: GB second rower Don Robinson

1958 NYC Mayor Robert Wagner announces plans to begin a new baseball called the Continental League

November 11 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1620 Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims at Cape Cod, the 1st framework of government in the territory that is now the USA [N.S. Nov 21]

1675 German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie‘s army enters England

Today’s Historical Events

308 The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.

725 English pilgrim Willibald (later St. Willibald) arrives in Jerusalem. One of the first known Europeans to visit the Holy Land.

887 Parliament in Tribur: King Charles III resigns

1158 Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy

1208 Otto van Wittelsbach chosen German king

1215 4th Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

1400 Battle of Aleppo: Timur and his army defeat the forces of Sultan Faraj, Mameluke ruler of Egypt, 20,000 people reportedly massacred and a pyramid of their skulls built

1417 Oddo Colonna elected as Pope Martinus V

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1947 “Gentlemen’s Agreement” directed by Elia Karan and starring Gregory Peck and Dorothy McGuire premieres in New York (Best Picture 1948)

1949 WTTV TV channel 4 in Bloomington-Indianapol, IN (IND) 1st broadcast

1954 Publication of “Two Towers”, 2nd volume of “Lord of the Rings”, by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

1959 1st episode of Jay Ward’s cartoon series “Rocky & His Friends”, featuring Rocket J. (“Rocky”) Squirrel and Bullwinkle J. Moose. airs on NBC

1963 Brian Epstein and Ed Sullivan sign a 3 show contract for appearances by The Beatles

1971 Neil Simon‘s “Prisoner of Second Avenue” premieres in NYC

1982 Susan Cooper and Hume Cronyn’s stage drama with songs “Foxfire”, strring Jesica Tandy, Keith Carradine, and Cronyn, opens at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre, NYC; runs for 213 performances and wins a Tony Award for Tandy

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1901 Maurice Ravel‘s piano composition “Jeux d’eau” premieres

1925 Louis Armstrong and his Hot Five begin their first recording session

1931 Cornerstones laid for Opera House & Veteran’s Building in San Francisco, California

1933 Billie Holiday‘s second song and first hit, “Riffin’ the Scotch”, is released

1939 Kate Smith first sings Irving Berlin‘s “God Bless America”

1957 Sun Record’s release single “Great Balls of Fire” by Jerry Lee Lewis; sells a million copies in first ten day

1958 “La Plume de Ma Tante” opens at Royale Theater NYC for 835 performances

1968 John Lennon and Yoko Ono appear nude on cover of “Two Virgins” album

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1889 British Open Men’s Golf, Musselburgh Links: Willie Park Jr wins his second Open title; beats Andrew Kirkaldy by 5 in 36-hole playoff

1926 Future Baseball Hall of Fame second baseman Eddie Collins is released as Chicago White Sox player/manager; replaced by another future HOF’er catcher Ray Schalk

1943 New York Yankees pitcher Spud Chandler wins AL MVP; St. Louis Cardinals outfielder Stan Musial wins NL MVP

1944 New York Rangers beat Detroit Red Wings, 5-2 to end NHL record 25 game winless streak (0-21-4)

1946 New York Knicks play their first Basketball Association of American (BAA) home game at Madison Square Garden; lose, 78-68 to Chicago Stags in overtime

1959 Seals Stadium, a minor league baseball park and temporary home of MLB Giants) in San Francisco, California demolished

1960 Record New York Knicks’ crowd for the third Madison Square Garden venue on 49th Street, NYC; 18,499 see Knicks beat Syracuse Nationals, 112-108

1972 Rugby League World Cup, Stade de Gerland, Lyon, France: Australia and Great Britain draw 10-10; Great Britain awarded the Trophy

November 7 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1492 Ensisheim Meteorite strikes a wheat field near the village of Ensisheim in Alsace, France. Oldest meteorite with a known date of impact.

1872 Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned four weeks later

1917 [OS Oct 25] October Revolution in Russia; Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize power, capture the Winter Palace and overthrow the Provisional Government.

1931 Chinese People’s Republic proclaimed by Mao Zedong

2000 Controversial US presidential election between George W. Bush and Al Gore is inconclusive; the result, in Bush’s favor, is eventually resolved by the Supreme Court

2020 Former Vice-President Joe Biden declared the winner of the US Presidential race, four days after the US election, defeating sitting President Donald Trump

Today’s Historical Events

680 Third Council of Constantinople (6th ecumenical council) opens

921 Treaty of Bonn: East France & West France recognize each other

1492 Ensisheim Meteorite strikes a wheat field near the village of Ensisheim in Alsace, France. Oldest meteorite with a known date of impact.

1512 Medici’s discharge Niccolo Machiavelli from Florence

1519 University of Leuven convicts teaching of Luther

1558 French King Henry II occupies Calais

1631 Pierre Gassendi observes 1st ever transit of Mercury predicted by Kepler

1637 Anne Hutchinson tried in Massachusetts Bay Colony as a heretic

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1722 Richard Steele‘s sentimental comedy play “The Conscious Lovers” premieres in London

1874 1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by Thomas Nast

1904 George M. Cohan‘s 1st full-length musical “Little Johnny Jones”, featuring the songs “Yankee Doodle Dandy” and “Give My Regards To Broadway”, opens at the Liberty Theatre, NYC; runs for 52 performances be before going on tour

1921 Ed Wynn’s musical revue “The Perfect Fool” premieres in NYC

1932 1st broadcast of “Buck Rogers in the 25th century” on CBS-radio

1953 WIS TV channel 10 in Columbia, SC (NBC) begins broadcasting

1957 WEEQ (now WWTO) TV channel 35 in La Salle, IL (IND) 1st broadcast

1960 KNRR TV channel 12 in Pembina, ND (IND) begins broadcasting

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1786 The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded in Boston, Massachusetts as the Stoughton Musical Society

1912 The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven‘s Fidelio

1946 Katherine Dunham’s song and dance revue “Bal Nègre” opens at Belasco Theater, NYC; runs for 54 performances

1966 John Lennon meets Yoko Ono at an avante-garde art exposition at Indica Gallery in London [1]

1969 John Lennon and Yoko Ono release their second album “Wedding Album” in UK

1970 “Purlie” closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 689 performances

1982 Revival of Alex Bradford, Vinnette Carroll, and Micki Grant’s “Your Arms are Too Short to Box With God”, based on the Bible’s Book of Matthew, and featuring Al Green and Patti LaBelle, closes at Alvin Theatre, NYC. after 69 performances

1990 “Little Night Music” closes at New York State NYC after 11 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1933 Pennsylvania voters overturn blue law, by permitting Sunday sports

1942 Italian cyclist Fausto Coppi establishes world hour record 45.798km in Vigorelli, Milan, Italy

1943 Detroit Lions 0, NY Giants 0; last scoreless tie in NFL

1954 Cleveland Browns’ Chet Hanulak sets club record with 7 punt returns & win by their largest margin of victory (59) beating Wash 62-3

1957 Phillies pitcher Jack Sanford wins NL Rookie of Year

1959 Ryder Cup Golf, Eldorado GC: Sam Snead leads US to comprehensive 8½-3½ win

1962 Glenn Hall set NHL record of 503 consecutive games as goalie

1963 New York Yankee catcher Elston Howard is first African-American to be voted AL MVP

November 4 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1576 Eighty Years’ War: In Flanders, Spanish defeat Walloon and capture Antwerp

1841 First wagon train arrives in California after a five and a half month and 1,730 mile journey over the Sierra Nevada from Missouri [1]

1845 First nationally observed uniform election day in the United States, the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November

1862 American inventor Richard Jordan Gatling patents the hand cranked Gatling machine gun in Indianapolis

1879 African American inventor Thomas Elkins patents the Refrigerating Apparatus [1]

1922 Howard Carter discovers the intact tomb of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun in Egypt

2008 Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate John McCain

Today’s Historical Events

922 Richarius becomes bishop of Luik

1333 Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani

1429 Joan of Arc and Charles d’Albret liberate the heavily fortified town of Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier after a siege

1501 Philip de Blank & Juana “la Loca” depart to Spain

1519 Flood ravages Dutch and Friese coast

1520 Danish Norwegian king Christian II crowned King of Sweden

1529 English cardinal Thomas Wolsey arrested on charges of treason

1576 Eighty Years’ War: In Flanders, Spanish defeat Walloon and capture Antwerp

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1914 Vogue holds 1st model show (“Fashion Fete”, NYC)

1929 John L. Balderston’s play “Berkeley Square” starring Leslie Howard premieres in NYC

1948 American humorist Will Rogers commemorated by US Postage Service on 3-cent stamp

1968 WRDU (now WPTF) TV channel 28 in Raleigh-Durham, NC (NBC) 1st broadcast

1968 WTOG TV channel 44 in St Petersburg-Tampa, FL (IND) 1st broadcast

1985 “Edge of Darkness” first airs on BBC Two, featuring Bob Peck and Joanne Whalley

1992 NY Jets announce they are moving from WABC to WFAN radio

2001 “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” 1st film adaptation of the book series by J. K. Rowling starring Daniel Radcliffe, premieres in London (Titled “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone” in some markets)

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1783 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart‘s “Symphony No. 36” premieres in Linz, Austria

1876 Johannes Brahms‘ 1st Symphony in C premieres in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden

1890 Alexander Borodin’s opera “Prince Igor” debuts at Mariinsky Theatre, St. Petersburg, Russia

1908 Brooklyn Academy of Music opens in NYC

1909 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari‘s opera “Il Segreto di Susanna” (Susanna’s Secret) is first produced in Munich

1946 “Park Avenue” opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 72 performances

1950 “Barrier” closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 4 performances

1950 “Consul” closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 269 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1889 Players League begins, declaring independence from baseball’s NL

1924 California legalizes professional boxing (illegal since 1914)

1934 After posting 7 straight shutouts to start the NFL season, Detroit Lions beat Pittsburgh, 40-7 at University of Detroit Stadium; scored upon for the first time of the season; rush for NFL single game record 426 yards

1951 NY Giants & NY Yanks score back-to-back TDs on kickoff returns

1951 Ryder Cup Golf, Pinehurst Resort: US wins 9½-2½; Sam Snead playing captain for US; Arthur Lacey non-playing GB skipper

1951 Vijay Merchant scores 154 v England in his last Test Cricket innings

1953 New baseball balk rule gives the batter option of accepting the outcome of the pitch or the balk

1959 Ernie Banks, Cubs shortstop, wins 2nd consecutive NL MVP

October 25 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1415 Battle of Agincourt: Henry V‘s forces defeat larger French army and the longbow defeats the armoured knight

1854 The infamous “Charge of the Light Brigade” during the Battle of Balaclava in the Crimean War results in over 100 killed

1962 US Ambassador to the UN Adlai Stevenson demands USSR UN rep Valerian Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile bases saying “I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over”

1971 United Nations votes to expel the Chinese Nationalist ruled Taiwan and admit the Communist People’s Republic of China

2017 Chinese Premier Xi Jinping unveils his new ruling council in the Great Hall of the People, none of the five are young enough to succeed him

Today’s Historical Events

625 Boniface V ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1131 Crowning of Louis VII the Young, King of France

1147 King Afonso I of Portugal occupiers Lisbon

1147 Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum

1241 Goffredo Castiglioni elected as Pope Coelestinus IV (-Nov 10 1241)

1315 Adam Banastre, Henry de Lea and William Bradshaw, led an attack on Liverpool Castle

1415 Battle of Agincourt: Henry V‘s forces defeat larger French army and the longbow defeats the armoured knight

1415 John IV van Bourgondy becomes Duke of Brabant and Limburg

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1953 KIEM TV channel 3 in Eureka, CA (NBC/CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting

1964 The Rolling Stones make their 1st appearance on “The Ed Sullivan Show”; they perform a cover of Chuck Berry’s “Around & Around,” and their own hit “Time Is On My Side” [1]

1978 “Halloween”, directed by John Carpenter, starring Donald Pleasence and Jamie Lee Curtis in her film debut, is released

1980 Barbra Streisand‘s “Guilty” album goes #1 for 3 weeks & her single “Woman In Love,” goes #1 for 3 weeks

1988 ABC News reports on potbellied pygmy pigs’ popularity as pets

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1577 Pope Gregory XIII asks renewal of ecclesiastical hymns

1875 The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given in Boston, Massachusetts with Hans von Bülow as soloist

1885 Johannes Brahms conducts the premiere of his 4th Symphony in e, Op. 98, in Meiningen, Germany

1938 American Archbishop of Dubuque (Iowa), Francis J. L. Beckman, denounces Swing music as “a degenerated musical system… turned loose to gnaw away at the moral fiber of young people”, warning that it leads down a “primrose path to hell”.

1940 Vernon Duke and John Latouche’s musical “Cabin In The Sky” opens at the Martin Beck Theatre, NYC; runs for 156 performances

1947 Manning Sherwin and Harold Purcell’s musical “Under the Counter” closes at Shubert Theater, NYC, after 27 performances

1953 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 10th Symphony

1963 The Beatles begin their 1st full foreign tour in Karlstad, Sweden, performing twice at a secondary school auditorium

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1621 Governor Bradford head of the colony of American Plymouth disallows sport on Christmas Day

1884 1st “World Championship” Baseball Series, Polo Grounds, NYC: Providence Grays (NL) beat NY Mets (American Association), 12-2 in 6 innings for 3 game sweep; game abandoned because of bitter cold

1905 1st College Football Crab Bowl Classic: Navy beats Maryland 17-0 in Annapolis

1909 Australasian Championships Men’s Tennis, Perth: Anthony Wilding of New Zealand wins his 2nd Australasian title; beats Ernie Parker of Australia 6–1, 7–5, 6–2

1925 Lester Patrick takes over NY Rangers

1926 Lester Patrick becomes 1st coach & gm of NY Rangers

1937 Casey Stengel signs to manage Boston Bees

1947 Bradman scores 156 for South Australia v India, 152 mins, 22 fours

October 24 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1260 Qutuz, Mamluk Sultans of Egypt (1259-60), is assassinated by Baibars, a fellow Mamluk leader, who seizes power for himself

1648 Treaty of Westphalia ends The Thirty Years’ War in the Holy Roman Empire; Switzerland’s independence recognized

1929 “Black Thursday”, start of stock market crash, Dow Jones down 12.8%

1962 Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet ships approach but stop short of the US blockade of Cuba

2008 “Bloody Friday” saw many of the world’s stock exchanges experienced the worst declines in their history, with drops of around 10% in most indices.

Today’s Historical Events

79 Mt. Vesuvius erupts, burying the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis and Stabiae and killing thousands. New research in 2018 suggests the eruption occurred at about this date, not the previously used 24 August. [1] [2]

1260 Qutuz, Mamluk Sultans of Egypt (1259-60), is assassinated by Baibars, a fellow Mamluk leader, who seizes power for himself

1260 The spectacular Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; now a UNESCO World Heritage Site

1360 The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years’ War

1492 24 Jews are burned at the stake in Mecklenburg, Germany

1531 Bavaria joins Schmalkaldic League

1593 Alleged teleportation of Spanish soldier Gil Perez from the Philippines to Mexico

1596 -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1926 Harry Houdini‘s last performance, at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit, Michigan

1929 Rudy Vallee’s “The Fleishmann’s Yeast Hour” begins broadcasting on NBC radio

1948 WJBK TV channel 2 in Detroit, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting

1953 KOOL (now KTSP) TV channel 10 in Phoenix, AZ (CBS) begins broadcasting

1962 “The Manchurian Candidate”, directed by John Frankenheimer, starring Frank Sinatra and Laurence Harvey, is released

1976 1st Toronto International Film Festival opens

1987 NBC technicians accept pact, end 118 day strike

2002 Wuxia film “Hero” directed by Zhang Yimou, starring Jet Li released in China (US release 2004)

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1818 Felix Mendelssohn, aged 9, performs his first public concert in Berlin

1885 Johann Strauss’ operetta “Zigeunerbaron (Gypsy Baron)” premieres in Vienna

1939 Benny Goodman records “Let’s Dance”

1948 Francis Poulenc’s “Sinfonietta” premieres

1959 US premiere of Dmitri Shostakovich‘s 1st Cello concert

1961 “Evening with Yves Montand” opens at John Golden Theatre, NYC for 55 performances

1963 “110 in the Shade” opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 330 performances

1964 “Cambridge Circus” closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 23 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1857 Recognised by FIFA as oldest existing club still playing football in the world, Sheffield FC is founded in Yorkshire, England; now based in Dronfield, Derbyshire

1885 “World Championship” Baseball Series, Cincinnati Base Ball Grounds: St. Louis Browns beat Chicago White Stockings, 13–4 in Game 7; disputed series tied at 3-3-1

1889 Softball rules adopted by Mid Winter Indoor Baseball League

1892 “World Championship” Baseball Series, South End Grounds, Boston: Boston Beaneaters beat Cleveland Spiders, 8-3 for a 5-0-1 championship victory; last of the pre-modern-era World Series

1913 Joe Tinker fired as Cincinnati Reds manager

1939 Joe DiMaggio wins AL MVP, Jimmie Foxx is runner-up

1940 Japan eliminates US terms (strike, play ball) from baseball

1954 Britain’s Mike Hawthorne wins season ending Spanish Grand Prix at Pedralbes; Argentine Maserati driver Juan Manuel Fangio takes second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 17 points from countryman José Froilán González

October 23 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

42 BC Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi – Brutus‘s army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.

1911 1st aerial reconnaissance mission is flown by an Italian pilot over Turkish lines during the Italo-Turkish War

1942 During WWII, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt

1977 Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces discovery of a 3.4-billion year old one-celled fossil, one of the earliest life forms on Earth

1981 US national debt hits $1 trillion

2001 The Provisional Irish Republican Army of Northern Ireland commences disarmament after peace talks

Today’s Historical Events

42 BC Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi – Brutus‘s army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.

425 Valentinian III is elevated to Roman Emperor, at the age of 6

502 The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theodoric the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.

585 Burgundy king Guntram opens synod of Mâcon (Mastico)

787 Byzantine empress Irene recovers Iconoclastic cult at Nicaea

1086 Battle of az-Zallaqah: Almoravid army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI

1091 Tornado (possible T8/F4) strikes the heart of London killing two and demolishing the wooden London Bridge (OS 17 Oct)

1157 The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1932 “Fred Allen Show” premieres on radio

1941 Walt Disney‘s animated film “Dumbo” released

1952 Charlie Chaplin‘s “Limelight”, starring himself and Claire Bloom, with an appearance by Buster Keaton, premieres in New York City; Not released in Los Angeles until 1972, winning Chaplin his only competitive Academy Award for original score

1953 WTRF TV channel 7 in Wheeling-Steubenville, WV (CBS) 1st broadcast

1954 WSAU TV channel 7 in Wausau, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting

1956 First video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast

1958 The Smurfs first appear in the story “Johan and Pirlouit” by Belgium cartoonist Peyo

1962 WCIV TV channel 4 in Charleston, South Carolina (NBC) begins broadcasting

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1919 Orchestra Hall, designed by C. Howard Crane opens in Detroit, Michigan; home of the Detroit Symphony, 1919-39 and 1989 to present, also known as The Paradise Theater, featuring top jazz performers and films, 1941-51

1919 Romberg & Atteridge’s musical “Passing Show” premieres in NYC

1921 Leos Janacek’s opera “Kat’a Kabanova” premieres in Brno

1942 All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is composer Ralph Rainger (“Thanks for the Memory”)

1961 “Kwamina” opens at 54th St Theater NYC for 32 performances

1967 “Henry, Sweet Henry” opens at Palace Theater NYC for 80 performances

1968 “Maggie Flynn” opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 82 performances

1969 “Jimmy” opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 84 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1871 Replacement yacht Sappho (US) beats Livonia (UK) by 25:27 in race 5 to win 3rd America’s Cup off Newport, RI 4-1; original defender Columbia damaged so misses races 4 & 5

1886 “World Championship” Baseball Series, Sportsman’s Park, St. Louis: St.L Browns edge Chicago White Stockings, 4-3 in 10 innings in Game 6 to take series, 4-2

1903 8th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 18-6 in Montgomery

1910 World Series Baseball: Philadelphia A’s beat Chicago Cubs, 7-2 at West Side Park, Chicago to win their first Championship, 4-1

1920 Chicago grand jury indicts Abe Attell, Hal Chase, & Bill Burns as go-betweens in “Black Sox” 1919 World Series Baseball scandal

1921 Green Bay Packers play 1st APFA (forerunner to NFL) game; beat Minneapolis Marines, 7-6 at Hagemeister Park, Green Bay, WI

1923 Legendary Yankees slugger Babe Ruth makes a postseason exhibition appearance in a rival Giants uniform as NY beats Baltimore Orioles, 9-0 in a benefit game for former Giants owner John Day

1945 American baseball player Jackie Robinson signs contract with Montreal Royals, minor league farm team of Brooklyn Dodgers