November 18 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1477 First English dated printed book “Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers” by William Caxton at his press in London

1626 St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated, replacing an earlier basilica on the same site and becoming the world’s largest Christian basilica

1916 British General Douglas Haig finally calls off the 1st Battle of the Somme in World War I after more than 1 million soldiers had been killed or wounded

1978 In Jonestown, Guyana, 918 members of the Peoples Temple are murdered or commit suicide under the leadership of cult leader Jim Jones

1993 Black and white leaders in South Africa approve new democratic constitution

Today’s Historical Events

326 Old St. Peter’s Basilica consecrated in Rome (stood 4th – 16th century), later replaced by current Basilica

794 Japanese emperor Kammu deallocates residence of Nara to Kioto

1105 Maginulf elected anti-Pope Silvester I

1210 Pope Innocent III excommunicates Roman Catholic Emperor Otto IV

1302 Pope Boniface VIII issues papal bull (decree) “Unam sanctam” emphasizing the higher position of the spiritual in comparison with the secular order

1307 William Tell reputedly shoots apple off his son’s head

1421 Southern sea floods 72 villages, killing estimated 10,000 in Netherlands

1424 Storm flood ravages Dutch coast

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1928 Walt Disney‘s “Steamboat Willie” released, first Mickey Mouse sound cartoon

1930 Musical “Smiles” with Bob Hope and Fred Astaire premieres in NYC

1932 “Flowers & Trees” receives 1st Academy Award for a cartoon

1932 5th Academy Awards: Fredric March and Wallace Beery in 1st ever tie for Best Actor. “Grand Hotel” and Helen Hayes also win.

1951 Former Cubs 1st baseman & future TV star of Rifleman Chuck Connors is 1st player to oppose the major league draft

1959 “Ben-Hur” directed by William Wyler and starring Charlton Heston premieres in New York City (Academy Awards Best Picture 1960)

1974 “The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway” by English progressive rock band Genesis is released, their last to feature original frontman Peter Gabriel

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1883 Antonín Dvořák’s “Husitska” (Hussite Overture) premieres at the gala opening of the Prague National Theater

1911 Ludwig Thuille’s opera “Lobetanz” first American performance

1919 H Tierney & J McCarthy’s musical “Irene” premieres in NYC

1945 Arnold Schoenberg‘s Prelude for orchestra & mixed choir, premieres

1961 “Gay Life” opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 113 performances

1961 “Kwamina” closes at 54th St Theater NYC after 32 performances

1975 “Rufus featuring Chaka Khan” 4th studio album by Rufus is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1976)

1984 “3 Musketeers” closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 9 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1905 10th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 30-0 in Birmingham

1949 NL batting leader (.342) Jackie Robinson wins NL MVP

1951 Former Cubs 1st baseman & future TV star of Rifleman Chuck Connors is 1st player to oppose the major league draft

1960 Charlie Finley makes a bid to purchase expansion LA Angels

1964 Baltimore Orioles third baseman Brooks Robinson wins American League MVP

1966 Sandy Koufax announces his retirement due to arthritic left elbow

1970 Joe Frazier KOs Bob Foster in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1970 Johnny Bench wins NL MVP

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