October 21 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1805 Battle of Trafalgar: British Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleet. Nelson shot and killed during battle.

1854 Florence Nightingale with a staff of 38 nurses is sent to the Crimean War

1944 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall

1948 UN rejects Russian proposal to destroy atomic weapons

1950 Chinese forces occupy Tibet

1993 Failed military coup in Burundi, led by ex-President Jean-Baptiste Bagaza, includes assassination President Ndadaye; 525,000 Hutus flee

Today’s Historical Events

310 St Eusebius ends his reign as Catholic Pope

335 Roman Emperor Constantine the Great rules that Jews are not allowed to purchase and circumcise Christian slaves

686 Conon begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1096 Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea defeats The People’s Crusade at the Battle of Civetot, only about 3,000 out of 20,000 Crusaders survive

1187 Alberto de Morra elected as Pope Gregorius VIII (12/17/1187)

1512 Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg.

1520 Explorer Ferdinand Magellan and his fleet reach Cape Virgenes and become the first Europeans to sail into the Pacific Ocean

1555 Emperor Charles V makes Erard of Pallandt earl of Culemborg

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1921 “The Sheik”, a silent film starring Rudolph Valentino, premieres in Los Angeles

1961 Barbra Streisand opens in “Another Evening with Harry Stones”

1964 Film version of “My Fair Lady” directed by George Cukor and starring Rex Harrison and Audrey Hepburn premieres in New York (Academy Awards Best Picture 1965)

1965 KTWU TV channel 11 in Topeka, KS (PBS) begins broadcasting

1975 Elton John is given a star in Hollywood

1988 Bat*21, an American war film, is released

2005 52nd National Film Awards (India): “Page 3” wins the Golden Lotus

2009 55th National Film Awards (India): “Kanchivaram” wins the Golden Lotus

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1858 Jacques Offenbach’s operetta ” Orpheus in the Underworld” (Orphée aux Enfers) premieres in Paris, includes “Infernal Galop” (can-can tune)

1944 Walter Piston‘s “Fugue for a Victory Tune” premieres in NYC

1971 “To Live Another Summer” opens at Helen Hayes NYC for 173 performances

1972 “Dude” closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 16 performances

1972 “Man of La Mancha” closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 140 performances

1972 “Pacific Paradise” closes at Palace Theater NYC after 5 performances

1975 “Treemonisha” opens at Uris Theater NYC for 64 performances

1980 “Banjo Dancing” opens at Century Theater NYC for 38 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1905 In early promotion of soccer in America, England Pilgrim Association XI beats All New York XI, 7-1 at the Polo Grounds, NY

1911 Manitoba, Saskatchewan & Alberta Unions form Western Canada Rugby Football Union

1964 Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia runs a world record 2:12:11.2 to beat Briton Basil Heatley by more than 4 minutes and win the men’s marathon at the Tokyo Olympics; first athlete to win Olympic marathon twice

1964 American men’s 4×400m relay team beats Great Britain by 0.9s to set world record 3:00.7 and win the gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics; Ollan Cassell, Mike Larrabee, Ulis Williams & Henry Carr

1964 Braves ask NL to allow them to leave Milwaukee for Atlanta

1964 New Zealand athlete Peter Snell wins the 1,500m at the Tokyo Olympics; his second gold medal of the Games (800m); 3rd career gold

1964 Polish 4×100m women’s relay team runs a world record 43.6 to beat the US by 0.3s and win the gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics; Teresa Ciepły, Irena Kirszenstein, Halina Górecka & Ewa Kłobukowska

1964 US 4 x 100m men’s relay team of Paul Drayton, Gerry Ashworth, Richard Stebbins & Bob Hayes run world record 39.0s to beat Poland by 0.3s and win the gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics