October 23 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

42 BC Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi – Brutus‘s army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.

1911 1st aerial reconnaissance mission is flown by an Italian pilot over Turkish lines during the Italo-Turkish War

1942 During WWII, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt

1977 Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces discovery of a 3.4-billion year old one-celled fossil, one of the earliest life forms on Earth

1981 US national debt hits $1 trillion

2001 The Provisional Irish Republican Army of Northern Ireland commences disarmament after peace talks

Today’s Historical Events

42 BC Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi – Brutus‘s army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.

425 Valentinian III is elevated to Roman Emperor, at the age of 6

502 The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theodoric the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.

585 Burgundy king Guntram opens synod of Mâcon (Mastico)

787 Byzantine empress Irene recovers Iconoclastic cult at Nicaea

1086 Battle of az-Zallaqah: Almoravid army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI

1091 Tornado (possible T8/F4) strikes the heart of London killing two and demolishing the wooden London Bridge (OS 17 Oct)

1157 The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1932 “Fred Allen Show” premieres on radio

1941 Walt Disney‘s animated film “Dumbo” released

1952 Charlie Chaplin‘s “Limelight”, starring himself and Claire Bloom, with an appearance by Buster Keaton, premieres in New York City; Not released in Los Angeles until 1972, winning Chaplin his only competitive Academy Award for original score

1953 WTRF TV channel 7 in Wheeling-Steubenville, WV (CBS) 1st broadcast

1954 WSAU TV channel 7 in Wausau, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting

1956 First video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast

1958 The Smurfs first appear in the story “Johan and Pirlouit” by Belgium cartoonist Peyo

1962 WCIV TV channel 4 in Charleston, South Carolina (NBC) begins broadcasting

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1919 Orchestra Hall, designed by C. Howard Crane opens in Detroit, Michigan; home of the Detroit Symphony, 1919-39 and 1989 to present, also known as The Paradise Theater, featuring top jazz performers and films, 1941-51

1919 Romberg & Atteridge’s musical “Passing Show” premieres in NYC

1921 Leos Janacek’s opera “Kat’a Kabanova” premieres in Brno

1942 All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is composer Ralph Rainger (“Thanks for the Memory”)

1961 “Kwamina” opens at 54th St Theater NYC for 32 performances

1967 “Henry, Sweet Henry” opens at Palace Theater NYC for 80 performances

1968 “Maggie Flynn” opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 82 performances

1969 “Jimmy” opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 84 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1871 Replacement yacht Sappho (US) beats Livonia (UK) by 25:27 in race 5 to win 3rd America’s Cup off Newport, RI 4-1; original defender Columbia damaged so misses races 4 & 5

1886 “World Championship” Baseball Series, Sportsman’s Park, St. Louis: St.L Browns edge Chicago White Stockings, 4-3 in 10 innings in Game 6 to take series, 4-2

1903 8th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 18-6 in Montgomery

1910 World Series Baseball: Philadelphia A’s beat Chicago Cubs, 7-2 at West Side Park, Chicago to win their first Championship, 4-1

1920 Chicago grand jury indicts Abe Attell, Hal Chase, & Bill Burns as go-betweens in “Black Sox” 1919 World Series Baseball scandal

1921 Green Bay Packers play 1st APFA (forerunner to NFL) game; beat Minneapolis Marines, 7-6 at Hagemeister Park, Green Bay, WI

1923 Legendary Yankees slugger Babe Ruth makes a postseason exhibition appearance in a rival Giants uniform as NY beats Baltimore Orioles, 9-0 in a benefit game for former Giants owner John Day

1945 American baseball player Jackie Robinson signs contract with Montreal Royals, minor league farm team of Brooklyn Dodgers