November 11 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1620 Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims at Cape Cod, the 1st framework of government in the territory that is now the USA [N.S. Nov 21]

1675 German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie‘s army enters England

Today’s Historical Events

308 The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.

725 English pilgrim Willibald (later St. Willibald) arrives in Jerusalem. One of the first known Europeans to visit the Holy Land.

887 Parliament in Tribur: King Charles III resigns

1158 Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy

1208 Otto van Wittelsbach chosen German king

1215 4th Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

1400 Battle of Aleppo: Timur and his army defeat the forces of Sultan Faraj, Mameluke ruler of Egypt, 20,000 people reportedly massacred and a pyramid of their skulls built

1417 Oddo Colonna elected as Pope Martinus V

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1947 “Gentlemen’s Agreement” directed by Elia Karan and starring Gregory Peck and Dorothy McGuire premieres in New York (Best Picture 1948)

1949 WTTV TV channel 4 in Bloomington-Indianapol, IN (IND) 1st broadcast

1954 Publication of “Two Towers”, 2nd volume of “Lord of the Rings”, by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

1959 1st episode of Jay Ward’s cartoon series “Rocky & His Friends”, featuring Rocket J. (“Rocky”) Squirrel and Bullwinkle J. Moose. airs on NBC

1963 Brian Epstein and Ed Sullivan sign a 3 show contract for appearances by The Beatles

1971 Neil Simon‘s “Prisoner of Second Avenue” premieres in NYC

1982 Susan Cooper and Hume Cronyn’s stage drama with songs “Foxfire”, strring Jesica Tandy, Keith Carradine, and Cronyn, opens at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre, NYC; runs for 213 performances and wins a Tony Award for Tandy

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1901 Maurice Ravel‘s piano composition “Jeux d’eau” premieres

1925 Louis Armstrong and his Hot Five begin their first recording session

1931 Cornerstones laid for Opera House & Veteran’s Building in San Francisco, California

1933 Billie Holiday‘s second song and first hit, “Riffin’ the Scotch”, is released

1939 Kate Smith first sings Irving Berlin‘s “God Bless America”

1957 Sun Record’s release single “Great Balls of Fire” by Jerry Lee Lewis; sells a million copies in first ten day

1958 “La Plume de Ma Tante” opens at Royale Theater NYC for 835 performances

1968 John Lennon and Yoko Ono appear nude on cover of “Two Virgins” album

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1889 British Open Men’s Golf, Musselburgh Links: Willie Park Jr wins his second Open title; beats Andrew Kirkaldy by 5 in 36-hole playoff

1926 Future Baseball Hall of Fame second baseman Eddie Collins is released as Chicago White Sox player/manager; replaced by another future HOF’er catcher Ray Schalk

1943 New York Yankees pitcher Spud Chandler wins AL MVP; St. Louis Cardinals outfielder Stan Musial wins NL MVP

1944 New York Rangers beat Detroit Red Wings, 5-2 to end NHL record 25 game winless streak (0-21-4)

1946 New York Knicks play their first Basketball Association of American (BAA) home game at Madison Square Garden; lose, 78-68 to Chicago Stags in overtime

1959 Seals Stadium, a minor league baseball park and temporary home of MLB Giants) in San Francisco, California demolished

1960 Record New York Knicks’ crowd for the third Madison Square Garden venue on 49th Street, NYC; 18,499 see Knicks beat Syracuse Nationals, 112-108

1972 Rugby League World Cup, Stade de Gerland, Lyon, France: Australia and Great Britain draw 10-10; Great Britain awarded the Trophy

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