December 20th Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1522 Suleiman the Magnificent accepts surrender of the surviving Knights of Rhodes, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually settle in Malta and become known as the Knights of Malta.

1803 French flag lowered in New Orleans to mark the formal transfer of the Louisiana Purchase from France to USA, purchased for $15M

1812 “Grimm’s Fairy Tales” or “Children’s and Household Tales” by Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm Grimm is first published

1917 Cheka formed – Soviet state security force and forerunner to the KGB, under Felix Dzerzhinsky after decree by Lenin

1960 The National Liberation Front, better known as the Viet Cong, is officially formed in South Vietnam

Today’s Historical Events

69 General Vespasian’s troops occupy Rome after defeating the Emperor Vitellius

1046 Pope Gregory VI abdicates at the Council of Sutri, ending a conflict between himself, Benedict IX and Sylvester III; Clement II becomes the new Pope

1192 Richard the Lionhearted captured in Vienna

1448 Pope Nicholas V appoints Rudolf of Diepholt, Bishop of Utrecht, as cardinal

1522 Suleiman the Magnificent accepts surrender of the surviving Knights of Rhodes, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually settle in Malta and become known as the Knights of Malta.

1585 English fleet & Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, reach Vlissingen

1606 The English colonial expedition to America, consisting of the ships Discovery, Godspeed and Susan Constant, departs Blackwall, London to found Jamestown, Virginia

1626 Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and Prince of Transylvania Gabor Bethlen sign Peace of Pressburg (Bratislava)

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1920 Bob Hope becomes an American citizen

1928 Ethel Barrymore Theater opens at 243 W 47th St NYC

1946 Christmas classic “It’s a Wonderful Life” film, directed by Frank Capra, starring James Stewart, Donna Reed and Lionel Barrymore premieres in New York

1950 “Harvey” starring James Stewart premieres in New York

1952 KHQ TV channel 6 in Spokane, WA (NBC) begins broadcasting

1953 KID (now KIDK) TV channel 3 in Idaho Falls, ID (CBS) 1st broadcasting

1953 KWTV TV channel 9 in Oklahoma City, OK (CBS) begins broadcasting

1962 Osmond brothers debut on Andy Williams Show

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1600 Ottario Rinuccini and Giulio Caccini’s opera “Euridice” published

1823 Play “Rosamunde, Princess of Cyprus” by Helmina von Chézy with incidental music by Franz Schubert premieres in Vienna

1943 “Internationale” is no longer USSR National Anthem

1946 Darius Milhaud‘s 2nd Symphony, premieres

1949 Maurice Ravel and John Cranko’s ballet “Beauty And The Beast” premieres

1957 Elvis Presley receives his draft notice to join the US Army for National Service

1967 Ian Anderson & Glenn Cornick form rock group Jethro Tull (SIDE NOTE: Lady Beltane’s all-time favorite rock group)

1969 Peter, Paul & Mary’s cover of John Denver‘s song “Leaving On A Jet Plane” reaches #1 (SIDE NOTE: Lady Beltane’s all-time favorite folk group)

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1894 England beat Australia by 10 runs in the 1st six-day Test Cricket, Australia needed 177 to win, all out at 166 on 6th day

1905 ‘Philadelphia’ Jack O’Brien wins the World Light Heavyweight boxing title after defending champion Bob Fitzsimmons of England retires in round 13 of 20 in San Francisco

1920 Bert Collins scores 104 on Test Cricket debut v England SCG

1921 AL votes to return to best-of-7 World Series, while NL votes best-of-9; Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis casts deciding vote for best-of-7

1925 National Football League Championship: Chicago Cardinals (11-2-1) win controversial first past the post title; Pottsville Maroons suspended after playing unsanctioned game

1926 St. Louis Cardinals trade future Baseball Hall of Fame infielder Rogers Hornsby to NY Giants for Frankie Frisch & Jimmy Ring; concerns over Hornsby’s gambling

1929 Heinie Wagner replaces Bill Carrigan as Red Sox manager

1930 Cricketer Learie Constantine scores 100 runs in 52 mins West Indies v Tasmania (10×4, 1×6, 1×5)