December 16 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

755 An Lushan revolts against Chancellor Yang Guozhong at Fanyang, initiating the An Shi Rebellion during Chinese Tang Dynasty

1598 Seven Year War: Battle of Noryang Point – in the final battle of the war Korean navy decisively defeats the Japanese

1620 Mayflower Pilgrims come ashore in Plymouth Bay, traditionally thought to be at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts [NS: Dec 26]

1653 Parliamentarian General Oliver Cromwell appointed as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland

1773 Boston tea party incident – Sons of Liberty protesters throw tea shipments into Boston harbour in protest against British imposed Tea Act

1920 8.5 earthquake rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000

1944 Nazi Germany launches a counteroffensive against the Allies in the Ardennes region of Belgium, beginning the ‘Battle of the Bulge’

1998 Iraq disarmament crisis: Operation Desert Fox – the United States and United Kingdom bomb targets in Iraq

Today’s Historical Events

755 An Lushan revolts against Chancellor Yang Guozhong at Fanyang, initiating the An Shi Rebellion during Chinese Tang Dynasty

882 Marinus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding John VIII

1392 Nanboku-chō – Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu

1431 King Henry VI of England crowned King of France (only English monarch to wear both crowns)

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama is 1st European to sail along Africa’s East Coast, names it Natal

1538 King Francois I orders renewed pursuit of Protestants

1575 The 1575 Valdivia earthquake takes place.

1577 Danzig surrenders to troops of Polish king Istvan Bathory

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1913 Charlie Chaplin begins his film career at Keystone for $150 a week

1924 Noël Coward‘s “Vortex” premieres in London

1936 John Monks and Fred Finklehoff’s play “Brother Rat” premieres in New York City

1950 Child star Shirley Temple announces her retirement from films aged 22

1951 NBC premiere of “Dragnet” in black and white

1962 “Lawrence of Arabia” film directed by David Lean and starring Peter O’Toole, is released in the United States

1967 “Playtime”, French film directed by Jacques Tati, starring himself, is released

1968 KFIZ TV channel 34 in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin begins broadcasting

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1767 Van Ritter von Glucks opera “Alceste” premieres

1877 Anton Bruckner‘s 3rd Symphony in D, premieres

1893 Antonín Dvořák’s Symphony No. 9 – “New World Symphony” premieres at Carnegie Hall, New York

1926 Darius Milhaud‘s opera “Le Pauvre Matelot” premieres in Paris

1948 “Lend an Ear” opens at National Theater NYC for 460 performances

1950 “Let’s Make an Opera” closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 5 performances

1956 “Fanny” closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 888 performances

1960 “Wildcat” opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 172 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1892 Commencement of 1st Sheffield Shield cricket game, SA v NSW

1899 Italian football club A.C. Milan founded as Milan Foot-Ball and Cricket Club by Englishmen Alfred Edwards and Herbert Kilpin (disputed possibly 13 Dec)

1918 Jack Dempsey KOs Carl Morris in 14 seconds

1922 Mutual Association of Eastern Colored Baseball Clubs formally organizes

1922 NSW all out for 786 against South Australia Cricket

1923 National Football League Championship: undefeated Canton Bulldogs (11-0-1) repeat as champions

1926 MLB owners renew contract with Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis for a second 7-years term

1927 Australian cricket’s batting maestro Don Bradman makes his 1st-class debut for NSW v South Australia at the Adelaide Oval finishing Day 1 on 65 not out