December 3rd Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1586 Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England from Colombia

1854 Eureka Stockade: In what is claimed by many to be the birth of Australian democracy, more than 20 goldminers at Ballarat, Victoria, are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences

1967 1st human heart transplant performed in South Africa by Dr. Christiaan Barnard on Louis Washkansky

1984 Bhopal disaster: Union Carbide pesticide plant leak 45 tons of methyl isocyanate and other toxic compounds in Bhopal, India, kills 2,259 (official figure) – other estimates as high as 16,000 (including later deaths) and over half a million injured

1989 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and US President George H. W. Bush, declare the Cold War over

Today’s Historical Events

741 St Zachary begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Gregory III

1347 Pope Clemens VI declares Roman tribunal Cola di Rienzo as heretics

1557 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form

1586 Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England from Colombia

1639 1st annulment by court decree passes

1676 Battle of Lund (Scanian War): Swedish army of 8,000 defeats much larger joint Danish/Dutch force of 13,000

1678 Edmond Halley receives MA from The Queen’s College, Oxford

1685 Charles II bars Jews from settling in Stockholm, Sweden

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1730 Colley Cibber is appointed British Poet Laureate under King George II

1907 George M. Cohan‘s musical “Talk of the Town” premieres in NYC

1949 KRLD (now KDFW) TV channel 4 in Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas (CBS) begins broadcasting

1950 Paul Harvey begins his national radio broadcast

1952 1st TV broadcast in Hawaii

1955 KTVE TV channel 10 in Monroe-El Dorado, LA (NBC) begins broadcasting

1956 KFSA (now KFSM) TV channel 5 in Ft Smith, AR (CBS) 1st broadcast

1960 Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe’s musical “Camelot”, starring Richard Burton and Julie Andrews, and introducing Robert Goulet, opens at Majestic Theater, NYC; runs for 873 performances, wins 4 Tony Awards

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1908 Edward Elgar‘s 1st Symphony in A performed by the Hallé Orchestra conducted by Hans Richter, premieres in Manchester, England

1930 Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart‘s musical “Evergreen” premieres in London

1939 Dmitri Shostakovich‘s 6th Symphony premieres

1943 Howard Hanson conducts premiere of his 4th Symphony (“Requiem”) with the Boston Symphony; wins Pulitzer Prize for Music, 1944

1953 Premier of Dmitri Shostakovich‘ 5th String Quartet

1953 Robert Wright and George Forrest’s musical “Kismet” opens at Ziegfeld Theater, NYC; runs for 583 performances, wins Tony Award for Best Musical

1953 Webb Pierce records single “In the Jailhouse Now” (Billboard Song of the Year, 1955)

1954 Samuel Barber‘s cantata “Prayers of Kierkegaard” premieres

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1901 At the MLB meeting, the Milwaukee Brewers franchise is officially dropped from the American League and replaced by the St. Louis Browns

1921 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Toronto Argonauts win 2nd Championship; beat Edmonton Eskimos, 23-0

1929 Boston Bruins beat the Montreal Canadiens 3-1, the first win of an NHL record 14-game winning streak, and a 22-game home winning streak

1932 CFL Grey Cup, AAA Grounds, Hamilton: Hamilton Tigers defeat Regina Roughriders, 25-6 for their 5th Championship

1933 As part of a famous MLB fire sale of players, Philadelphia A’s owner Connie Mack sells catcher Mickey Cochrane to Detroit for $100,000; Cochrane is immediately named Tigers manager

1933 Joe Lilliard QBs Chic Cardinals; last NFL black until 1946

1943 9th Heisman Trophy Award: Angelo Bertelli, Notre Dame (QB)

1944 Temporary merger of 2 NFL teams, the Pittsburgh Steelers and Chicago Cardinals, dissolves at finish of season; WWII ends before start of 1945 season, so both teams resume normal operations