July 30 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1178 Frederick I (Barbarossa), Holy Roman Emperor, crowned King of Burgundy

1419 First defenestration of Prague: anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed reformer Jan Hus, storm Prague town hall and throw the judge, mayor and several city council members out the windows. They die in the fall or killed by crowd outside.

1619 House of Burgesses Virginia forms, 1st elective American governing body

1863 Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah

1869 The Charles, considered the world’s first “oil tanker”, departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil

1935 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution

1937 Russian Politburo issues NKVD Order no. 00447, to repress former kulak and anti-soviets, 269,100 to be arrested, 76,000 to be shot. Part of the Great Purge.

Today’s Historical Events

101 BC Battle of Vercellae: Roman army under Gaius Marius defeats the Cimbri in Cisalpine Gaul, ending the Celto-Germanic threat on Italy’s border with over 100,000 Cimbri killed

579 Benedict I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

657 St Vitalian begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Eugene I

762 City of Baghdad founded by abbasid caliph Al-Mansur, just north of ancient Baghdad

1178 Frederick I (Barbarossa), Holy Roman Emperor, crowned King of Burgundy

1419 First defenestration of Prague: anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed reformer Jan Hus, storm Prague town hall and throw the judge, mayor and several city council members out the windows. They die in the fall or killed by crowd outside.

1537 Resistant of Bomy: French Dutch cease fire

1601 Spanish garrison of Rhine birch surrenders to Earl Mauritius

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1930 1st broadcast of “Death Valley Days” on NBC-radio

1948 Professional wrestling premieres on prime-time network TV (DuMont)

1953 Rikidōzan holds a ceremony announcing the establishment of the Japan Pro Wrestling Alliance

1969 Barbra Streisand opens for Liberace at International Hotel, Las Vegas

1969 KAEC TV channel 19 in Lufkin, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting

1975 7th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel

1976 Future TV personality (‘Keeping Up with the Kardashians’) and transgender figure, Bruce Jenner (now Caitlin Jenner) sets WR 8,618 points to win decathlon gold at Montreal Olympics

1977 “I Just Want to Be Your Everything” by Andy Gibb reaches number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1792 500 Marseillaisian men sing France’s national anthem for 1st time

1824 Gioachino Rossini becomes manager of Theatre Italian, Paris

1954 Elvis Presley joins the Memphis Federation of Musicians, Local 71

1965 Charles Ives‘ “From the Steeples & the Mountains” premieres

1965 Duke Ellington‘s “Golden Brown & the Green Apple” premieres

1966 Beatles’ “Yesterday… & Today” album goes #1 & stays #1 for 5 weeks

1971 George Harrison releases single “Bangladesh”

1972 “Ain’t Supposed to Die Death” closes at Barrymore NYC after 325 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1844 1st US yacht club – NY Yacht Club organized by John Cox Stevens and 8 friends aboard the Gimcrack

1874 1st baseball teams to play outside US, Boston-Philadelphia in British Isles

1884 Nonpareil Dempsey [John Edward Kelly] fights George Fulljames, possibly the 1st middleweight fight with boxing gloves

1905 3rd Tour de France won by Louis Trousselier of France

1908 Around the World Automobile Race ends in Paris

1909 John Heyder becomes president of baseball’s National League

1911 9th Tour de France won by Gustave Garrigou of France

1930 1st FIFA World Cup Final, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo, Uruguay: Uruguay beats Argentina, 4-2 in the inaugural event

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