July 27 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1586 Walter Raleigh brings the 1st tobacco to England from Virginia

1689 Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay

1789 US Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs now referred to as the State Department

1866 transatlantic telegraph cable successfully in second attempt comes ashore at Heart’s Content, Newfoundland laid out by Isambard Kingdom Brunel‘s Great Eastern steamship (1,686 miles long)

1921 Frederick Banting and Charles Best isolate insulin at the University of Toronto

Today’s Historical Events

432 St Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1214 1st battle of Bouvines – King Philip II of France vs Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV and King John of England; as a result John lost Normandy and his other possessions in France (hence his nickname John “Lackland”)

1230 Treaty of San Germano between Emperor Frederik II & Pope Gregory IX

1280 Sogen Mugaku, founder of Engakuji temple, arrives in Japan from China

1298 Albert (Albrecht) I, son of Rudolf of Habsburg, crowned King of the Germans

1360 Danish King Waldemar IV destroys Visby, Gotland

1377 First example of quarantine in Rugusa (now Dubroknik); city council passes law saying newcomers from plague areas must isolation for 30 days (later 40 days, quaranta in Italian)

1501 Nicolaus Copernicus formally installed as a canon of Frauenberg Cathedral

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1940 Bugs Bunny, Warner Bros. cartoon character created by Tex Avery, Bob Givens (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debuts in “Wild Hare”

1990 Zsa Zsa Gabor begins a 3 day jail sentence for slapping a police officer in Beverly Hills

1993 NBC TV awarded 1996 Olympic coverage for $456 million

1995 28th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center

2007 Two News helicopters from Phoenix, Arizona television stations KNXV and KTVK collide over Steele Indian School Park in central Phoenix while covering a police chase; there were no survivors. Worst civil aviation incident in Phoenix history.

2018 CBS Chairman Leslie Moonves is accused of sexual misconduct in the “New Yorker” by journalist Ronan Farrow

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1940 Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts

1957 St James’ Theatre in London closes

1977 John Lennon is granted a green card for permanent residence in US

1979 “Broadway Opry ’79” opens at St James Theater NYC for 6 performances

1982 Alan Menken and Howard Ashman’s musical “Little Shop of Horrors” opens Off-Broadway at the Orpheum Theatre in NYC

1997 “Candide” closes at Gershwin Theater NYC after 103 performances

1997 “Victor/Victoria” closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 738 performances

2018 American singer-songwriter Neil Diamond gives a small thank-you concert to firefighters near his home in Colorado

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1913 11th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium

1913 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon, England: Maurice McLoughlin beats Charles Dixon 8-6, 6-3, 6-2 to give US an unassailable 3-1 lead over the British Isles; US wins, 3-2

1914 Roda JC soccer team forms in Kerkrade

1919 13th Tour de France won by Firmin Lambot of Belgium

1920 Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America’s Cup

1920 14th Tour de France: Belgian rider Philippe Thys becomes first to win the race 3 times

1924 VIII Summer Olympic Games close in Paris, France

1927 Mel Ott, 18, hits his 1st league home run (inside the park)