June 20 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

451 Battle of the Catalaunian Plains: Roman and Visigoths forces defeat Attila the Hun in north east France, alting Hun invasion of Roman Gaul (exact date disputed)

1214 The University of Oxford receives its charter

1789 French Revolution: The Third Estate of the French Estates-General swears the Tennis Court Oath at the Palace of Versailles, swearing not to disband until a new constitution is formed

1840 Samuel Morse patents his telegraph

1895 1st female PhD from an American University, earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin (in Science) at Cornell University

2020 Highest-ever temperature recorded in the Arctic circle, 38C (100F) in Verkhoyansk, Siberia

Today’s Historical Events

451 Battle of the Catalaunian Plains: Roman and Visigoths forces defeat Attila the Hun in north east France, alting Hun invasion of Roman Gaul (exact date disputed)

1212 French and Spanish crusaders unite against the Almohaden at Toledo

1214 The University of Oxford receives its charter

1221 Foundation stone laid for Burgos Cathedral in the presence of Ferdinand III of Castile (made a UNESCO World Heritage Site 1984)

1530 German Parliament joins to Augsburg together

1567 Jews are expelled from Brazil by order of regent Don Henrique

1582 Bishop Domingo de Salazar of Manila suppresses the Philippines

1591 Mauritius and Willem van Nassau occupy Devente

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1948 “Toast of the Town” hosted by Ed Sullivan premieres on CBS-TV

1960 12th Emmy Awards: Playhouse 90, Robert Stack & Jane Wyatt win

1970 “Ray Stevens Show” debuts on NBC-TV

1974 “Chinatown“, directed by Roman Polanski starring Jack Nicholson and Faye Dunaway, is released

1975 “Jaws”, based on the book by Peter Benchley, directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Roy Scheider is released

1976 Disney’s River Country opens at Bay Lake (closed 2001)

1980 Musical comedy film “The Blues Brothers”, starring Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi, and featuring appearances by Aretha Franklin; Cab Calloway; and Ray Charles opens in 594 theaters

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1955 “Almost Crazy” opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 16 performances

1963 Beatles form “Beatles Ltd” to handle their income

1969 200,000 attend Newport ’69’, then largest-ever pop concert in Northridge, California. Jimi Hendrix gets $120,000 to appear.

1971 Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England opens: David Bowie headlines; other performs include: Joan Baez, Hawkwind, Melanie, Traffic, Fairport Convention, and Quintessence

1981 Guitarist Gerry Cott quits Boomtown Rats

1986 Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England opens: The Cure, Psychedelic Furs, and Level 42 headline; other performers include: Simply Red, Madness, Ruby Turner, Amazulu, Lloyd Cole, Black Uhuru, The Wailers Band, Loudon Wainwright III, John Martyn, The Housemartins, The Waterboys, The Pogues, Gil Scott-Heron, Robert Cray Band, and Christy Moore

2007 Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England opens: Arctic Monkeys, The Killers, and The Who headline; other performers include The Fratellis, Amy Winehouse, Shirley Bassey, Paul Weller, and Bright Eyes

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1896 US National Championship Women’s Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Elisabeth Moore beats defending champion Juliette Atkinson 6-4, 4-6, 6-2, 6-2

1910 US Open Men’s Golf, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Alex Smith of Scotland wins an 18-hole playoff over younger brother Macdonald Smith and John McDermott to win his 2nd Open title

1912 NY Giants lead Bost Braves 14-2 into 9th, Giants win 21-12

1913 3 of 1st 4 Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record 6 hit batsman

1914 46th Belmont: Merritt Buxton aboard Luke McLuke wins in 2:20

1919 US National Championship Women’s Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman beats Marion Zinderstein 6-1, 6-2 for her 4th US singles title

1920 Yanks win protest of 1-0 White Sox win & game is replayed

1930 British Open Men’s Golf, Royal Liverpool GC: Bobby Jones wins his 3rd Open title, 2 strokes ahead of Leo Diegel and Macdonald Smith on his way to the single-season Grand Slam

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