A Look at Today’s USA Army’s View on Wicca and Other Pagan Paths

(I thought it was important to follow the proceeding article with an update from the USA miltary views on Pagan paths)

Today’s Military Views on Wicca US Army Chaplain’s Manual from wicca.com

Excerpt from the U.S. Army’s Religious Requirements and Practices of Certain Selected Groups: A Handbook for Chaplains (pgs 231-236). Available from:

USAF Chaplain’s Service Institute
Resource Division
525 Chenault Circle
Maxwell AFB
Montgomery, AL 36112-6429


Witchcraft; Goddess worshippers; Neo-Paganism, Paganism, Norse (or any other ethnic designation) Earth Religion, Old Religion, Druidism, Shamanism.

Note: All of these groups have some basic similarities and many surface differences of expression with Wicca.

No central leadership. The Covenant of the Goddess annually elects a First Officer and there is a constitutional limit of two consecutive terms, but in practice officers have almost always served for one year only. In 1991, there are two Co-First Officers, Phoenix Whitebirch and Brandy Williams.

Note: This Covenant does not govern any Coven other than its’ own.

Because of the complete autonomy of covens, this cannot be determined. There are an estimated of 50,000 Wiccans in the United States.

Hernes note: This number is now substantially higher and estimated at over 200,000 (now over 1.5 million in 2020). Wicca is currently the fastest growing spiritual path in the U.S.

Wicca is a reconstruction of the Nature worship of tribal Europe, strongly influenced by the Living Nature worship traditions of tribal peoples in other parts of the world.

The works of such early twentieth century writers as Margaret Murray, Robert Graves and Gerald B. Gardner began the renewal of interest in the Old Religion. After the repeal of the anti-Witchcraft laws in Britain in 1951, Gardner publicly declared himself a Witch and began to gather a group of students and worshipers.

In 1962, two of his students, Raymond and Rosemary Buckland (religious names: Lady Rowen and Robat), emigrated to the United States and began teaching Gardnerian Witchcraft here. At the same time, other groups of people became interested through reading books by Gardner and others. Many covens were spontaneously formed, using rituals created from a combination of research and individual inspiration. These self-created covens are today regarded as just as valid as those who can trace a “lineage” of teaching back to England.

In 1975, a very diverse group of covens who wanted to secure the legal protections and benefits of church status formed Covenant of the Goddess (CoG), which is incorporated in the State of California and recognized by the Internal Revenue Service. CoG does not represent all, or even a majority of Wiccans. A coven or an individual need not be affiliated with CoG in order to validly practice the religion. But CoG is the largest single public Wiccan organization, and it is cross-Traditional (i.e. non-denominational).

Wiccans worship the sacred as immanent in Nature, often personified as Mother Earth and Father Sky. As polytheists, they may use many other names for Deity. Individuals will often choose Goddesses or Gods from any of the world’s pantheons whose stories are particularly inspiring and use those Deities as a focus for personal devotions.

Similarly, covens will use particular Deity names as a group focus, and these are often held secret by the groups. It is very important to be aware that Wiccans do not in any way worship or believe in “Satan,” “the Devil,” or any similar entities. They point out that “Satan” is a symbol of rebellion against and inversion of the Christian and Jewish traditions.

Wiccans do not revile the Bible. They simply regard it as one among many of the world’s mythic systems, less applicable than some to their core values, but still deserving just as much respect as any of the others. Most Wiccan groups also practice magic, by which they mean the direction and use of “psychic energy,” those natural but invisible forces which surround all living things. Some members spell the word “magick,” to distinguish it from sleight of hand entertainments.

Wiccans employ such means as dance, chant, creative visualization and hypnosis to focus and direct psychic energy for the purpose of healing, protecting and aiding members in various endeavors. Such assistance is also extended to non-members upon request.

Many, but not all, Wiccans believe in reincarnation. Some take this as a literal description of what happens to people when they die. For others, it is a symbolic model that helps them deal with the cycles and changes within this life. Neither Reincarnation nor any other literal belief can be used as a test of an individual’s validity as a member of the Old Religion.

Most groups have a handwritten collection of rituals and lore, known as a Book of Shadows. Part of the religious education of a new member will be to hand copy this book for him or herself. Over they years, as inspiration provides, new material will be added. Normally, access to these books is limited to initiated members of the religion.

The core ethical statement of Wicca, called the “Wiccan Rede” states “an it harm none, do what you will.” The rede fulfills the same function as does the “Golden Rule” for Jews and Christians; all other ethical teachings are considered to be elaborations and applications of the Rede. It is a statement of situational ethics, emphasizing at once the individual’s responsibility to avoid harm to others and the widest range of personal autonomy in “victimless” activities. Wicca has been described as having a “high-choice” ethic.

Because of the basic Nature orientation of the religion, many Wiccans will regard all living things as Sacred, and show a special concern for ecological issues. For this reason, individual conscience will lead some to take a pacifist position. Some are vegetarians. Others will feel that, as Nature’s Way includes self-defense, they should participate in wars that they conscientiously consider to be just. The religion does not dictate either position, but requires each member to thoughtfully and meditatively examine her or his own conscience and to live by it. Social forces generally do not yet allow Witches to publicly declare their religious faith without fear of reprisals such as loss of job, child custody challenges, ridicule, etc. Prejudice against Wiccans is the result of public confusion between Witchcraft and Satanism. Wiccans in the military, especially those who may be posted in countries perceived to be particularly intolerant, will often have their dog tags read “No Religious Preference.” Concealment is a traditional Wiccan defense against persecution, so non-denominational dog tags should not contravene a member’s request for religious services.

Wiccans celebrate eight festivals, called “Sabbats,” as a means of attunement to the seasonal rhythms of Nature. These are January 31 (Called Oimelc, Brigit, or February Eve), March 21 (Ostara or Spring Equinox), April 30 (Beltane or May Eve), June 22 (Midsummer, Litha or Summer Solstice), July 31 (Lunasa or Lammas), September 21 (Harvest, Mabon or Autumn Equinox), October 31 (Samhain, Sowyn or Hallows), and December 21 (Yule or Winter Solstice.)

Some groups find meetings within a few days of those dates to be acceptable, others require the precise date. In addition, most groups will meet for worship at each Full Moon, and many will also meet on the New Moon.

Meetings for religious study will often be scheduled at any time convenient to the members, and rituals can be scheduled whenever there is a need (i.e. for a healing). Ritual jewelry is particularly important to many Wiccans. In addition to being a symbol of religious dedication, these talismans are often blessed by the coven back home and felt to carry the coven’s protective and healing energy.

Most Wiccans meet with a coven, a small group of people. Each coven is autonomous. Most are headed by a High Priestess, often with the assistance of a High Priest. Some are headed by a High Priestess or High Priest without a partner, and some regard themselves as a gathering of equals. Covens can be of mixed gender, or all female or male, depending on the preferences of the members. Every initiate is considered to be a priestess or priest.

Most covens are small. Thirteen is the traditional maximum number of members, although not an absolute limit. At that size covens form a close bond, so Wiccans in the military are likely to maintain a strong affiliation with their covens back home. There are many distinct “Traditions” of Wicca, just as there are many denominations within Christianity.

The spectrum of Wiccan practice can be described as ranging from “traditional” to “eclectic,” with Traditions, covens and individuals fitting anywhere within that range. A typical difference would be that more traditional groups would tend to follow a set liturgy, whereas eclectic groups would emphasize immediate inspiration in worship.

These distinctions are not particularly important to the military chaplain, since it is unlikely that enough members of any one Tradition would be at the same base. Worship circles at military facilities are likely to be ad-hoc cross-Traditional groups, working out compromise styles of worship for themselves and constantly adapting them to a changing membership.

Therefore, the lack of strict adherence to the patterns of any one Tradition is not an indicator of invalidity. While many Wiccans meet in a coven, there are also a number of solitairies. These are individuals who choose to practice their faith alone. The may have been initiated in a coven or self initiated. They will join with other Wiccans to celebrate the festivals or to attend the various regional events organized by the larger community.

Within a traditional coven, the High Priestess, usually assisted by her High Priest, serves both as leader in the rituals and as teacher and counselor for coven members and unaffiliated Pagans. Eclectic covens tend to share leadership more equally.

Wiccans usually worship in groups. Individuals who are currently not affiliated with a coven, or are away from their home coven, may choose to worship privately or may form ad-hoc groups to mark religious occasions. Non-participating observers are not generally welcome at Wiccan rituals.

Some, but not all, Wiccan covens worship in the nude (skyclad) as a sign of attunement with Nature.

Most, but not all, Wiccan covens bless and share a cup of wine as part of the ritual. Almost all Wiccans use an individual ritual knife (an “athame”) to focus and direct personal energy. Covens often also have ritual swords to direct the energy of the group. These tools, like all other ritual tools, are highly personal and should never leave the possession of the owner.

Other commonly used ritual tools include a bowl of water, a bowl of salt, a censer with incense, a disk with symbols engraved on it (a “pentacle”), statues or artwork representing the Goddess and God, and candles. Most groups will bless and share bread or cookies along with the wine. All of these items are used in individual, private worship as well as in congregate rituals.


None. Recognition of the death of a member takes place within the coven, apart from the body of the deceased. Ritual tools, materials, or writings found among the effects of the deceased should be returned to their home coven (typically a member will designate a person to whom ritual materials should be sent). It is desirable for a Wiccan priest or priestess to be present at the time of death, but not strictly necessary. If not possible, the best assistance would be to make the member as comfortable as possible, listen to whatever they have to say, honor any possible requests, and otherwise leave them as quiet and private as possible. (Sind Note Pagans can now have a pentagram on their headstone in any official USA military cemetary)

No medical restrictions. Wiccans generally believe in the efficacy of spiritual or psychic healing when done in tandem with standard medical treatment. Therefore, at the request of the patient, other Wiccan personnel should be allowed visiting privileges as though they were immediate family, including access to Intensive Care Units. Most Wiccans believe that healing energy can be sent from great distances, so, if possible, in the case of any serious medical condition, the member’s home coven should be notified.

With respect to attitude toward military service, Wiccans range from career military personnel to conscientious objectors. Wiccans do not proselytize and generally resent those who do. They believe that no one Path to the Sacred is right for all people, and see their own religious pattern as only one among many that are equally worthy. Wiccans respect all religions that foster honor and compassion in their adherents, and expect the same respect. Members are encouraged to learn about all faiths, and are permitted to attend the services of other religions, should they desire to do so.


Note by Herne: Since this was written by the military, the list of books available has grown subtantially. For more topics and titles, see our Suggested Reading List.

The best general survey of the Wiccan and neo-Pagan movement is: Adler, Margot. Drawing Down the Moon. Boston: Beacon Press, 1986. 595pp

For more specific information about eclectic Wicca, see: Starhawk. The Spiral Dance. New York: Harper & Row, 1979.

For more specific information about traditional Wicca, see: Farrar, Janet, and Stewart Farrar. Eight Sabbats for Witches. London: Robert Hale, 1981. 192pp.

The Witches’ Way. London: Robert Hale, 1984. 394pp.


Pagan Military Newsletter c/o Terri Morgan, Editor, 829 Lynnhaven Parkway 114-198 Virginia Beach, VA 23452

Because of the autonomy of each coven and the wide variance of specific ritual practices, the best contact person would be the High Priestess or other leader of the member’s home coven.

S. H. A Yule Story for Children ~ The Tiniest Fairy ~ Plus a Coloring Page of the Tiniest Fairy

r CTT4 Coloring Babay Fairy.jpg

Alicia was a small and tiny earthen spirit with sparkling blue eyes and a pinched up nose; even in the fairy world, where all things are small, she was the smallest of them all.

Her home was deep inside the strong and twisting roots of a big Oak. It was safe and none of the winter cold snows could find their way in.

She loved playing around her cozy and warm home with her mom and dad. They would play hide and seek and she could easily hide in the corners or under the furniture. They would read books by the firelight and sing songs that only the fairies knew.

Alicia was frightened of the other earthen creatures, as well as of what might be outside her cozy home under the big Oak. She had never been out before and saw no reason to go into the “outside.”

When company came over Alicia would not come out of her tiny seedpod bed. When the Bunny family who lived next door came to visit, she was frightened that being so small, one of the many bunny babies might accidentally hop on her. She would only peek over the beds edge with her tiny pinched nose when the Gloends, a family of glowworms came to visit, because she wanted to see where the warm yellow glow was coming from.

At dinner one evening, Alicia’s mom and dad told her that soon winter’s hold would be ending. That frightened Alicia since she only knew the winter and could not imagine what might happen if it was to end.

They explained to her that in the entire magickal world, it was her magick that would call in the changing of seasons and the turning of the great wheel. On the eve of the next night Alicia, her mom and her dad would go on a journey into the forest. Here, there would be a great gathering and all the mystical creatures of Earth would see her gift of magick.

But Alicia shivered with fear — what was this wheel and how can she stop this magick and changing? She liked things just as they were and didn’t want anything to change at all. She didn’t want to go to a gathering where so many would be. She didn’t know what this gift was that she was to give. What if she got lost and no one could find her? Or maybe the others would see her. Maybe they would not like her or make fun of her or laugh at her being so small.

Her greatest fear was that maybe she had no magick. She had not seen it. She couldn’t fly like her mom and dad; she kept falling on her elbows. She couldn’t make things like flowers or snowflakes like her mom and dad; all she ended up with some ice that melted. She couldn’t even make light with her wand. How would her parents feel when they found out, what would she do?

Even as frightened as Alicia was of going into the “outside, ” she was more frightened of what others might think of her. She didn’t want to disappoint her mom and dad, so she decided it would be best if she hid. She would go into the “outside;” no one would look for her there. She would not go very far. Just far enough away where she could hide until the gathering was over, and then the change would not happen.

Alicia’s mom was roasting acorns for the great gathering’s feast and her dad was busy polishing up his ice wand. Alicia knew no one would see her leave, or think she would go into the “outside” alone, since she never had before.

With her wand in a small bag tied to her waist, Alicia carefully opened the door of her house and stepped into the “outside.” She closed the door quickly and quietly so her mom and dad would not hear it creak. Then, she turned to see what was here in this “outdoors.” It was white everywhere. She walked along for a little while when all of a sudden “crunch” she sunk into the snow up to her wing tips. It took a bit of work but she wriggled her way up and out of the snow. Now she was really cold and she could see it was getting darker. The bright bluish color of the sky was now turning a purple hue with streaks of red and yellow.

She wasn’t sure, but if night was coming she had to hide quickly. If she could fly just to the edge of the forest she would find a place to stay until the gathering was over and then she could go home again. Then it would be safe because nothing would change. That is what she wanted.

Alicia was frighten and getting colder, but she had made up her mind. She had to do this, or everything she knew was going to change forever. She shook herself off and looked toward the forest edge. With all her will and might she jumped up and began flying forward. Then back a little, then up, then down, then around in some circles and then slower and then faster and then it happened. Bang! She flew right into a tree branch hanging low weighted heavy by the snow.

Alicia did not know what exactly had happened as she rubbed her head, but when she rose up again out of the snow it had gotten very dark. She could see tiny lights twinkling above her now. She looked around trying to figure out what direction to go. By now the gathering must be over and she could go home. Everything would stay the same. But which way was home?

Alicia couldn’t see where to go, so she didn’t want to try to fly. What if she hit another tree, it was dark now and she couldn’t make anything out, plus her head still hurt from before. She had to be very careful deciding what way to go now.

All of a sudden, she heard someone calling her. “Alicia, Alicia.” She felt her body begin to shake so hard that the tiny ice cycles that had formed on the tips of her wings, tinkled like little bells. As she turned around to look behind her, she saw a woman lying on a big pile of fur blankets. She was not a fairy, but she was beautiful, dressed in a green, red and white gown. Hundreds of earthen creatures stood all around her, many Alicia had never seen before, but none were scared or frightened at all. Although Alicia didn’t understand it, she wasn’t frightened either.

There seemed to peace about this woman, it was something calming. “Alicia, I have been waiting for you. I need your help.” the Lady said.
“Waiting for me?” Alicia asked.
“Yes, Alicia, ” she said. “Its dark now and we need your light to light the way, so that we can see what lies before us.”
“My light?” Alicia asked, remembering she had not been able to make her wand light before.
“It’s your magick Alicia, your magick that will call the light from within me.” the Lady said.
Alicia slowly began to walk toward the woman. That’s when she saw that this quiet lady was going to have a baby, and she was going to have it any moment.

All the fears and worries Alicia carried with her were beginning to melt away, just like the ice on her wing tips. As she looked into the meadow green eyes of this lady she wanted more than anything else in her small life to make a light for her.

Alicia, still trembling, took her wand from its little bag, and raised it up. With every magickal hope she had ever had, she put her energy into lighting her wand.

The lady smiled gently at her and in that instance there was a great flash of light, which came from the tip of that tiny wand. It was a brilliant luminous light, which filled every corner of the night.

As Alicia held her wand high she looked over to see that now the lady was holding in her arms a baby; a wonderful little baby boy. Suddenly, she understood it all, everything her mom and dad had been telling her.

This was the magick; this was her special gift. Alicia, the tiniest of all fairies, she was the one who carried the spark, the spark which released the light of the world and the turning of the wheel of life.

In her tiny being she had carried that magick, the magick to unlock the power of love and understanding for the world to share. Standing in that brilliant light, Alicia understood who the Lady was and the importance of this baby. She was a part of the rebirth of the Light. This baby was the Light again reborn of the Goddess. The beautiful Lady was the Goddess of life, and Alicia was that spark of magick which survives all time and through which we find boundless possibilities.

Soon the edge of the forest was filled with earthen creatures and spirits from all over the mystical world. Alicia’s mom and dad watched their fairy child as she beamed with joy. The Lady holding her baby boy blessed all those who shared in this time of magick as the feast was served and great happiness was shared by all.

Alicia didn’t even notice that she was floating on the air. She was no longer weighted down by all her silly worries or fears. She knew that even though she was tiny she had the power to light the world. Now she understood, magick is all around you if you only believe, and trust in yourself.

So each year as you light a candle to call the light, remember the tiniest fairy, for it only takes one tiny spark to give light unto the whole world.

Blessed be our Lady the Mother of Light.

Lady Abigail
High Priestess Ravensgrove Coven
Copyright: Copyright © 11012005

To you and your family from Witches of the Craft and Coven Life’s families we bid you a joyous and blessed Yule.

I apologize to our Sisters and Brothers that live in the Southern Hemisphere for not posting this early yesterday. My wish for you and yours is you make it through your clod months with plenty to eat, a home to shelter you, and the clothing you need to keep you warm especially when you are outdoors. With love and bountiful blessings

                                                                                                                                                    — Lady Beltane

Fairy Garden Money Spell

fae of autumn

Fairy Garden Money Spell


Gardens, especially ones designed with a purpose, will attract good fairies, gnomes, and all manner of beneficial creatures. Cultivate a nine foot circular patch of earth. Around the perimeter, place small stones and crystals.


In the center of the circle place a stone garden gnome. Around the gnome, plant a mixture of marigolds and clover. Each day, spend some time with the gnome. Make friends with him and beseech him to make your wealth grow as the garden does. To ensure he follows your wishes, chant the following each time you water the garden.

Nature spirits everywhere

My love and energy I now share.

With cool water this charge I give

Plants now grow, blossom, and live,

Your gift of wealth I seek to share In return

I give you loving care.

As the garden grows, so will your wealth and prosperity


Fairy Enchantments – Fairy Dust

Fae Falls

Fairy Enchantments


If there is one thing that a fairy takes great pride in, it is the ability to charm and enchant an unsuspecting human. Using herbs, flowers, and mystical incantations, the skillful fairy makes a magickal dust that can be used to inspire love, protect loved ones, and bring forth great riches when sprinkled on the ground or over an unsuspecting human.


Fairy Dust

Items needed:

A blender or coffee grinder, silver glitter, dark blue jar, three silver coins, silver paint or a silver marker, and the following dried herbs ground into a fine powder:

1 tbsp. woodruff

1 tbsp. clover

1 tbsp. rose petals

1 tbsp. jasmine

1 Tbsp. meadowsweet


Place the powder into the dark blue jar.

On May eve as the sun begins to set, place your jar of Fairy dust in the center of a Fairy circle. Kneel next to the circle, uncap the jar, and chant the following nine times:

Nature spirits and fairy friends

Bless this dust to serve my ends.

I place my trust and faith in thee

To bring me love, wealth, and prosperity.


Rise and leave the area for one hour, giving the fairies time to bless your powder. When you return, thank the fairies for their help, retrieve the jar, and leave the three silver coins in its place.

Sprinkle the powder over a sleeping loved one to increase passion, sprinkle on the threshold of a business to attract new customers, or sprinkle around the perimeter of your home to invite happiness and good will.

FAIRY MAGICK – Fairy Wishing Spell

Moon fairy


Because fairies are connected to nature, their spells are usually performed outdoors. A small brook, a secret lily pond, the base of your favorite tree, or a field of wild flowers all make excellent settings for fairy magick. Even large, lush window boxes, overflowing with fragrant herbs and delicate blossoms, can serve as a haven for the wee folk.


Fairy Wishing Spell


For this spell you will need a small white birthday candle, a silver coin, seven moon cookies (sugar cookies cut into crescent moons), and a secluded wooded area where you can be alone.


As you walk through the woods, keep a close eye out for Fairy circles, small circular areas surrounded by inedible red fungi with white spots. It is believed that fairies meet within these rings to celebrate their magickal rites. When you find a fairy circle, carefully place your coin in the center of it. Set the candle on top of the coin, light it, and make your wish. When the candle has completely burned out, place the moon cookies around the coin, state your wish aloud, and then walk away. If you return to the spot and your coin and candle are gone, you will know that your wish has been granted.


the ivy fae sisters



The mountain spirit of Peru who inhabits the high Andes, called upon by the brujos (shamans) to heal the sick. The brujos will call the auki by whistling. The auki will descend, and channel its power through the brujos.



A frightening goblin of English folklore. The bogie is described as little, black, and hairy. It is considered dangerous, mischievous, sly, and is renowned for its intelligence. Parents would use the threat of the bogie to frighten young children into good behavior.



A household spirit popular in northern English and Scottish folklore, the brownie is a very small, brown, shaggy human and usually dresses in ragged brown clothes. Brownies are considered to be most industrious when it comes to such household chores as grinding grain, churning butter, and plowing. They love to help humans with their work, especially with tedious tasks. Brownies are thanked with a bowl of fresh cream and freshly baked bread. If criticized, they will undo what they have already done and destroy a good deal more.



In New Age philosophy, devas are the guardians of nature and are responsible for building up forms on the inner planes as well as on the physical plane. The devas hold the keys of fate for all forms around us. They appear in every shape and size, from the earthly gnome to the highest archangel.



Found in British, Scandinavian, and Teutonic folklore, elves are tiny, human-shaped supernatural beings who resemble little old men. However, elf maidens are considered to be young and very beautiful. They live in communities or kingdoms, hidden in the hollows of trees, long burrows, or in mounds. They are ruled over by an elf king and queen. Elves exert their powers over humans whenever they can, usually with mischievous intent. When offended by humans they will take revenge by stealing babies, cattle, milk, and jewels, and they have been know to enchant the offender and hold them for years. Elves emerge after sunset to dance in the moonlight, swim in shallow pools, and frolic in the woods.



Considered to be a nature spirit or elemental, gnomes resemble dwarfs with small stocky bodies, and usually appear as little old men dressed in monks’ habits. Gnomes live in the earth, the element they represent, and are the guardians of mother nature’s treasures.



A grotesque, diminutive, malicious earth spirit. Popular in European folklore, goblins are said to be knee high, with heavy gray hair and beards. They inhabit the homes of humans, where they indulge in poltergeist activities. They are not fond of adults but do seem to like children, as they have been known to protect them and bring them gifts.



A mischievous minor fiend often described as being a childlike offspring of the Devil. Imps manifest in many different forms. The most popular form is that of an evil-looking infant with tiny horns protruding from its head and tiny wings from its shoulders. Imps were the star attractions at Witch trials, as they were considered to be the familiars of the accused.



The folklore of Ireland is filled with famous tales of this fairy shoemaker. The Leprechaun is depicted as having a wizened face, gray beard, and twinkling eyes. He wears a red jacket with silver buttons, brown breeches, black, silver-buckled shoes, and a high crowned green hat. In pictures, he usually appears in an apron, holding a hammer and mending shoes. This wee creature is tricky, and likes to make mischief with humans. He also has a reputation for having a huge stash of gold hidden in a secret place.



Nymphs are female water spirits that appear in classical Greek and Roman mythology. They are portrayed as beautiful your maidens dressed in gossamer gowns, with long flowing hair. The nymphs would attend to gods and entertain them with dancing and music. Like most spirit creatures, nymphs were both benevolent and malevolent toward humans.



These small creatures are said to have red hair, small, turned up noses, pointed ears, and pale, youthful faces. They especially attracted to gardens in bloom, and take up residence under toadstools. Pixies have mixed emotions when it comes to humans. However, if they take a liking to someone they will help him or her out with household chores and gardening. They also like to work with gold, silver, and bronze. Some believe that the residue from their metal work is the main ingredient in Pixie dust, a magickal powder use to make wishes come true.


Fae Royalty


Fairies are magickal creatures endowed with the powers of shapeshifting and invisibility. They dwell in an invisible kingdom known as middle or lower earth. Often depicted as small humanoid beings with diaphanous wings, they look like tiny angels. However, they are not angels, they are unpredictable, and they can be as puckish as they are benevolent.


Sometimes referred to as “little people,” fairies are an important part of most cultures, religious traditions, and folk beliefs throughout the world. In European culture, they are believed to be nature spirits who dwell in the trees, plants, and waterways. Christianity seems to think they are Lucifer’s fallen angels and therefore evil. Other folk beliefs, especially those of African origin, view them as souls of the dead or ancestors.


Celtic culture has probably done the most to promote the idea of fairies, who are believed to be the descendants of the small, dark, Neolithic people who invaded early Europe. Being small and dark and living close to the land allowed them to quickly hide from their enemies. This ability, along with their elusive mannerisms, led people to believe they were capable of magick, shapeshifting, and invisibility.


When the old Pagan religions died out, the fairies were relegated to the realm of myth and fantasy. We find the Great Goddess transformed into the Good Fairy Godmother or Queen of Fairies. The Horned God became the Fairy King, Puck, and the trickster. Those with less appealing traits were relegated to the realms of devils and demons.

WOTC Extra: Faeries Believe in Them Or Not?

The Witches Circle

Are there really any such things as faeries? Many Witches believe in them whole-heartedly. Others are convinced that they don’t exist except in stories told to children. So are there indeed faeries at the bottom of your garden?

To be honest, I tend to lean toward the dubious group on this one…or at least I doubt faeries look or at least I doubt that faeries look or act much like our ideas of them. On the other hand, there are a whole lot of things that I didn’t think were real until I found the witchy life many years agao, so I try to keep an open mind.

Let’s face it—there are many more things that we don’t know for certain about this fabulous universe that we live in than those we do.

So let’s just assume for a moment that the “yes, Virginia, there really are faeries” bunch are right–now what?

Well, for one thing, it is a good idea to play nice with the little people. After all, you can’t see them, and they can see you. And if they are around, they have been with us for a very long time. And they were probably there before us.

So why not put out the occasional treat for them, and plant a few extra pretty flowers in the garden with them in mind. Whenever my group gets together for a ritual outside, we always leave the last few “cakes” from our cakes and ale for the faeries…just because.

And maybe when you plant your seeds down there at the bottom of your garden, it might not be a bad idea to ask the faeries for a little boost. Who know, you might just get it!


Everyday Witch A to Z
Deborah Blake

Whispering Woods coven Faery Lore course: Final Exam

Whispering Woods coven Faery Lore course

Final Exam


1. “Red cap” may well be a symbol for the ____ ______ mushroom.

2. Ohdows are small North American faeries who live __________.

3. “Coiste-Bodhar” is a large black coach with a _______ on it.

4. Deduska is a Russian house faery that is often ________.

5. The meaning of the word “Barguest” stems from the description, _____ _____.

6. The king of Alaka, the magickal kingdom of the Himalayan faeries, is _______.

7. A horseshoe hung upright so that its ______doesn’t pour out, serves as a charm against faeries.

8. Jenny Greenteeth is a well known water faery living in the River ______ in Lancashire.

9. It is thought that Murraue can be either female or male and is generally someone who is born on a _____.

10. The Scottish word “eldritch” means _______.

11. A Catez has the head of a man but the body of a _____.

12. A Mine Monk is a _______ mine faery.

13. The children from a union of Nixen are called _________.

14. In general, Faery Godmothers appear _______ days after a child’s birth to determine its fate.

15. ________ is the faery horse of the knight known as Lanval.

16. Within the Christian faith it is thought that faeries are actually ________ ______.

17. Aerico is Albanian Dryads which can be found in old and barren _______ ______.

18. The Welsh counterpart of the Cyhyraeth, is the _________.

19. Hinzelmann is a unique German house faery that lived in ________ castle.

20. On the island of Baltrum the male mare is called ________.

21. It is thought that a horseshoe nailed to the bottom of the churn prevents butter from being meddled with by _______.

22. Gorska Makva is a Hag Faery from _______.

23. Peak District miners follow a ball of flame called a _____ _____.

24. Njuzu is a Zimbabwe water faery who appears as a ______ with a human head.

25. In Scotland the owl is known as ________.

26. It is said that wearing an ankle of Blue Bells at ______ will attract the attention of faeries to you.

27. After twelve years the _____ transforms from a dragon into a hag called a Kulshedra.

28. The Cauchemar is the ______ version of a nightmare faery

29. Ekimmu is an ancient ________ banshee

30. A ______ appears when a mushroom is fried in tar, salt, and sulphur and then is beaten with a rod.

31. Uldra is the _______ faeries that live underground.

32. The Rodjenice are ________ Faery Godmothers.

33. To keep a human child from being stolen by faeries it is customary to hang a pair of iron ______ above the crib.

34. Elves have _______ blood to distinguish them from humans.

35. The Schwarzbraunen Madelein is now known as St. __________.

36. The Teine Sith is the Scots Gaelic version of the ____ – _ – __ – ___.

37. When Gyre-Carlin rides the storms, she is known as ______.

38. On the Cabbyl Ushty, the _______ are turned backwards.

39. Neck is a Scandinavian water faery who is often seen playing a _______.

40. ___ ____ – ______ enters and escapes through a keyhole in the bedroom.

41. During the Battle of Culloden (1746 CE) the _________ was seen shrieking over the heads of the Scottish and English armies that were engaged in combat.

42. When a child is born the _______ induces the mother into a deep slumber.

43. Musail is the Russian King of the ______ faeries.

44. Landalfar, the Icelandic elves are considered to be _________ elves.

45. To invite the fairy folk to visit your home, hang a spray of _______ on your door.

46. Glaisein is strange ______ house faeries.

47. Barstukken is a German or Prussian Dryad that lives in the ______ of trees.

48. In Indonesia, the will-o-the-wisp is known as _________.

49. _____ – ______ are Iranian vampire faeries which in appearance are half man and half goat.

50. According to Gypsy lore, clumps of Nettle mark the entrances to the subterranean tunnels of the _____.

51. The ____ ______ is a Scottish sea cow.

52. Weles are _______ faeries who guard animals.

53. The only two words ever uttered by the ________ are, Mi phrein and Tu phrein

54. Lars Familiaris are the oldest known form of _______ house faeries.

55. The Doyla is said to live behind ones ______.

56. the Hmin range freely through the forest, and are said to _______ ____ those unfortunate humans they encounter, thus causing them to come down with malaria.

57. The little flecks on Foxglove are said to be the faeries __________.

58. It is said that cutting down an Elder will antagonize the ______ residing within.

59. The Cyoerraeth carry ______-______ when an impending shipwreck is about to take place.

60. Gyre-Carlin is the Queen of the fairies in the Fyfe area of ________.

61. It is said that if one sprinkles their clothes with ________ or carries it in their pocket, that no faery will approach them.

62. Wives of Rica, is the name for the Albanian _____ ________.

63. The Old Hag is the nightmare faery found in __________.

64. Boruta is a Polish Dryad that prefers to inhabit ___ trees.

65. Billy Wittwisp is a Will-o-the-wisp found in ____ ________.

66. Muireartach is the mother to the king of the mythical underwater realm of _______.

67. The Kikimora are reputed to be tiny women with ________ feet.

68. Haus-Schmiedlein are said to announce the impending death of a miner by knocking ______ times.

69. The ________ is considered to be the deadliest banshee in Malaysian folklore.

70. Gimle in Norse mythology is the home of the _____ _____.

71. Vihans are Gallic faeries who stand guard over ________ ______.

72. Befind means _____ _____.

73. Queen Summer rules the Native American faeries known as the _____ __ _____.

74. The ______ ______ were used to haul the “Afranc” from its lair in the River Conway.

75. Lunantishee guards the ________ bushes


The End

Whispering Woods Faery Lore course


Whispering Woods Faery Lore Course: Lesson Sixteen – Faery Godmothers

Whispering Woods Faery Lore Course

Lesson Sixteen

Faery Godmothers


In general, Faery Godmothers appear three days after a child’s birth to determine its fate. They can bless the child or curse it. On occasion they will favor a child by giving it a birthmark.

Generally Faery Godmothers are dressed in all white.

In French literary fairy tales, fairy godmothers acted as actual godmothers did amongst their social circles, exerting their benefits for their godchildren, but expecting respect in return.

In preparation for the arrival of a Faery Godmother, the area of birth is made tidy and clean. And then various offerings are laid out on a table for them. These offerings include honey, bread, coins and other gifts. There should be a light in the room and the door should be left ajar. It is thought that these faeries generally live in caves.

Often Faery Godmothers will appear in threes and emulate the three Greek Fates who spun, measured and cut the thread of life.

Parzae – These are a type of Northern European Faery Godmothers. They are also known as Fates.

Orisnici (Establishing) – This Faery Godmother is found in Southern Slavonia. They determine what the sex of the child is going to be. Once the child is born a supper is offered to the Orisnici as a libation.

Rodjenice (To Give Birth) – These Croatian Faery Godmothers are said to live in caves. They are described as being very beautiful with pale faces. They wear all white adorned with silver or gold jewelry. They are often seen carrying candles in their hands. As Fates, they determine the sex of a child soon to be born. After the birth of the child, folks leave a libation at the entrance to their caves.

Witte Wieven (White Ladies) – These Dutch Faery Godmothers are said to be found near swamps and mounds. They are said to dress in all white and that as Fates they can predict the future.

Sudicky – These Bohemian Faery Godmothers decide the fate of newborn children. When the child is born the Sudicky induces the mother into a deep slumber. Then usually three Sudicky will appear and determine the child’s fate. One will spin the threads of life, one will measure and the third will cut the thread. It is thought that one can bribe the Sudicky for a favorable fate, by laying out a table for them laden with butter, cheese, bread, butter, salt and beer.

Befind (White Lady) – This is the name for the Irish Faery Godmothers. Three Befinds will preside over a newborns birth and then together will determine its fate. They will often bestow faery gifts upon the newborn child.

Rozanice (Mother) – These Slavonic Faery Godmothers determine the fate of a newborn child. Their name is derived from “roditi” meaning “to give birth”. She is often offered a libation of cheese, bread and honey. They are described as being tall and very pale to the point of being translucent, though they have sparkling eyes. It is said that when one encounters these faeries that they are unable to move.

Trois Maries – These are the Swiss Faery Godmothers or Fates, who determine the fates of newborn children.

Doyla – This Russian Faery Godmother is said to live behind ones stove. She generally appears as an old woman. If one is blessed with a good Doyla, then prosperity will follow one through life. But if a person gets a bad Doyla, they will never prosper. A Doyla, bad or good, stays with one for life.

Udelnicy (Dispensers) – These are the Faery Godmothers of Northern Russia who determine the fate of newborn children. As with most such faeries they are said to be beautiful, though pale of face. They are clad in white robes and adorned with silver or gold jewelry.

Ursitory – These are the Gypsy Faery Godmothers found in Romany folklore. Three Ursitory will appear three days after a child is born in order to determine its fate.

Wives of Rica – This is the name for the Albanian Faery Godmothers or Fates.

Arsile – This French Faery Godmother or Fate is known as one of the three “Bonnes Dames” (Beautiful Ladies). As with most Fates, she presides over the birth of a newborn and then decides its destiny.



1. In general, Faery Godmothers are thought to live in ______.

2. Faery Godmothers usually dress in the color ______.

3. Faery Godmothers are also known as ____.

4. When the child is born the Sudicky induces the mother into a _____ ______.

5. A Doyla, ___ or _____, stays with one for life.

6. Rodjenice is often seen carrying ______ in their hands.

7. ______ is the name for the Irish Faery Godmothers.



Whispering Woods Faery Lore course

Whispering Woods Faery Lore Course: Lesson Fifteen – Nightmare Faeries

Whispering Woods Faery Lore Course

Lesson Fifteen

Nightmare Faeries


A Charm to Control the Night-Mare


S. George, S. George, our ladies knight,

He walkt by daie, so did he by night.

Untill such time as he her found,

He hir beat and he hir bound,

Untill hir troth she to him plight,

She would not come to him that night.


A nightmare is a dream of particular intensity and with content that the dreamer finds disturbing. They are usually associated with rapid eye movement (REM) periods of sleep, and may be accompanied by physical movements. Until as late as the eighteenth century, nightmares were widely considered to be the work of demons, which were thought to sit on the chests of sleepers. Various forms of magic and spiritual possession were also advanced as causes. A mareinduced bad dream is called a nightmare in English, martröð (mare-ride) in Anglo-Saxon and Icelandic, mareridt (mare-ride) in Danish, mareritt (mare-ride) in Norwegian, and Alpdruck (alp-pressure) or Alptraum (alp-dream) in German.

It is said that by stopping up the keyhole, and then placing one’s shoes with the toes facing the door, and then getting into bed backwards one can protect oneself against nightmares or “Mortriden” (mare rides).


Mortriden (Mare Ridden) – This is the Germanic term for nightmares and is thought to be caused by an evil elf sitting on the chest of one sleeping.

Old Hag: This is what the nightmare faery is called in Newfoundland. It is thought that when an Old Hag is about, it feels as if someone is pressing you down. If one does not awaken they pass in their sleep from the Old Hag. The term “I was hagged last night” refers to those who have had an encounter with the Old Hag.

Murraue – the Murraue is said to slip up on a sleeping body, from below. At first one feels her weight on their feet, then the stomach and lastly on the chest. It’s thought that if you say her name she will retreat for the night. This particular faery is known to cause temporary paralysis in a sleeper. One should be careful not to stand beneath a pine limb when it starts raining. For if the water from the tangled pine needles, drip on you, a Murraue will be visiting in the night. It is thought that Murraue can be either female or male and is generally someone who is born on a Sunday.

Polunocnica – Polunocnica (lady midnight) a “demon” said to torment children in the middle of the night. This is a Slavonic nightmare faery.

Rittmeije (Forced Ride) – On the island of Baltrum the male mare is called “wålrüder” and the female mare is called “rittmeije.” Baltrum is a German island.

Stendel – in the deep of the night the Toggeli seeks out his victims, sits on their chests and steals their breath away.

Toggeli – This type of nightmare faery is found in the Southern European countries.

Waldruder – This is the male version of the nightmare faery found on the German island of Baltrum. He presses on the chest of the one sleeping in order to induce nightmares.

Cauchemar – The Cauchemar is the French version of a nightmare faery that sits on the chest of one sleeping and rides them through their dreams.

Le Rudge-Pula – Le Rudge-Pula is a type of nightmare faery who enters and escapes through a keyhole in the bedroom.



1. The Murraue is said to slip up on a sleeping body, from _______.

2. Toggeli is a type of nightmare faery is found in the ________ European countries.

3. A mare-induced bad dream is called a nightmare in _________.

4. One can protect oneself against nightmares by placing one’s shoes with the toes facing the _____.

5. _________ is called “Lady Midnight”.

6. The Cauchemar is the _______ version of a nightmare faery.

7. The Stendel steals the ________ away



Whispering Woods Faery Lore course

Whispering Woods Faery Lore Course: Lesson Fourteen – Faery Animals

Whispering Woods Faery Lore Course

Lesson Fourteen

Faery Animals


Both, domestic and wild animals have been associated with the faeries. And they are often seen as dogs and horses, though other creatures can also be included as faery animals. For instance, eagles, owls and wrens have all been associated with the faeries. There are also the Selkie and the Roan which are in effect, shape-shifting seals. As well as ants, bees, butterflies and so forth. The world of the faeries is very diverse and so are the animals that are associated with them. Following is but a partial list of these amazing creatures.

Barguest – The meaning of the word “Barguest” stems from the description “town ghost”. The Barguest seems to have been a name used relatively widely for a shape shifting creature, which could also appear in the shape of a bear, indeed the name Barguest may derive from the German for “bear ghost”. The Barguest could not cross through running water, and as a black dog it was often seen as a portent of death. In general it is a Black Dog faery animal of Northern England. It is said to have claws and horns, along with glowing red eyes. He is often seen and heard dragging clanking chains behind him. He is almost always an omen of death, if not an impending disaster. One Barguest is said to haunt the North Yorkshire gorge of Trollers Ghyll. They have also been sighted in other locales.

Cu Sith (Cu Sith literally means fairy dog) – In appearance this dog is green with long shaggy fur; it is roughly the size of large calf and is considered dangerous to encounter. This is the only example of a green dog although green is a favorite color of the fairies.

Black Shuck – for centuries, inhabitants of East Anglia have told tales of a large black malevolent flaming eyes that are red or on occasion, green. They are described as being as large as saucers. The Black Shuck is said to vary in size from that of a large dog to the size of a small horse. The legends of Black Shuck roaming the Anglican countryside date back to the time of the Vikings. The name is thought to derive from the Anglo-Saxon word “scucca” meaning “demon”. The legend may have been part of the inspiration for the Sherlock Holmes novel The Hound of the Baskervilles. The Black Shuck is generally an omen of death but folks have been known to have lived after an encounter with the Black Shuck. However if one is to look him in the eyes they will surely perish. At times Black Shuck has appeared headless, and at other times he appears to have one eye. According to folklore, this faery dog often haunts graveyards, back roads, crossroads and dark forests.

Blanchard – This is the faery horse of the knight known as Lanval. It was given to him by the faery Tryamour. Lanval was a knight at King Arthur’s court. Tryamour was the faery mistress of Lanval.

Kelpie – The kelpie is a shape-shifting water horse that is said to haunt the rivers and lochs of Scotland and Ireland. It generally has grayish black fur, and will appear as a lost pony, but can be identified by its constantly dripping mane which usually looks like seaweed. Its skin is like that of a seal but is deathly cold to the touch. The kelpie tries to lure folks onto its back and then dive into a deep lake to drown its hapless rider. The kelpie has been known to eat the remains of its victims.

Bolla – In ancient Albanian folklore, the Bolla (also known as Bullar in South Albania) is a type of faery animal, dragon with a long, coiled, serpentine body, four legs and small wings. It is said to sleep all year long only to awaken on St. George’s Day (April 23rd). After a period of twelve years it transforms from a dragon into a hag called a Kulshedra. The Kulshedra is often depicted as having pendulous breasts and a very hairy body. The Kulshedra are said to cause droughts and to require human sacrifices to continue living.

Cabbyl Ushty – This is a Manx water horse that resembles a real horse. Except that its hooves are turned backwards. It has been said that it tries to entice humans to ride on its back. Once this occurs the Cabbyl Ushty swims out to sea in an effort to drown its human rider.

Boobrie – The Boobrie is a large faery bird found in Scotland. It is said to be a water bird with white feathers, though some accounts have it as having black feathers. Its bill is said to be three feet long and that it will stalk ships carrying livestock. It imitates the sounds of the livestock in an attempt to draw them overboard to a drowning death. The Boobrie then proceeds to feed on the drowned carcasses.

Cait Sith (Faery Cat) – This is a Black faery cat that roams the Scottish Highlands. It is said to have a white spot on its chest. There are those who believe that it is a witch that has shape-shifted.

Dinny Mara (Dooinney Marrey – Men of the Sea) the Dinny Mara are the Mermen (water horses) of the Manx. They are found around the Isle of Man. They can be benevolent to fishermen, but whistling on board may irate them, resulting in the Dinny Mara raising up a windy storm.

Pigs – According to Welsh folklore, pigs originally came from Faeryland. And the first pigs seen by humans were from a gift to Pryderi from the King of the Underworld.

Glas Ghaibhneach (The Grey cow with the White loins) – This is a Dun colored Faery cow or sea cow. They are said to inhabit the fresh and saltwater areas of West coast of Scotland. The Crodh Mara had many beneficial aspects and was even known to protect people from the dangers of the water horse.

Fuwch Gyfeiliorn – This was a faery cow that belonged to a band of faeries whom inhabited Llyn Barfog, a lake situated near Aberdovey near Wales. It is said that at dusk these particular faeries appear with all clad in green. Along with the faeries appear milk white, hounds and cows. One day a local farmer was said to have captured one of these milk white cows and upon taking it home, he prospered quite well. Years afterwards, the farmer figured that it was time to put the faery cow down due to its age. But when the farmer struck it a blow, it rose back up and disappeared back into the lake, to be seen no more.

Dog of Bouley (Le Tchan de Boule) – This faery black dog is found only the Channel Island of Jersey. He is not known to have killed anyone but he has been known to terrify his victims to the point of shock. He would drag a chain that made a noise so horrifying that it stopped its human victim in their tracks. It is said that he has eyes as big as saucers and long sharp teeth.

Ychen Bannog – These were two mystical long horned oxen or faery cows. They were used to haul the “Afranc” from its lair in the River Conway which is near Betwys y Coed in Wales. During this task one of the faery cows lost its eye. When the eye fell to the ground, it became a pool known as “Pwll Llygad Ych” (Pool of the oxen eye).

Selkies – These are the faeries of the Shetland and Orkney islands who take on the shape of seals. When they come upon land, they shed their seal skin and emerge in beautiful human woman form. It is said that if one can find the Selkies skin while they are on land that you can enforce the Selkie to stay as a mate. But should they find their seal skins, they will return to the seas. The Mac Codrum clan who hail from North Uist in the Hebrides claims to be descended from a union of a man and a selkie. They are called (sliochd nan Ron) “offspring of seals”.



1. Blanchard is the faery horse of the knight known as ________.

2. Cabbyl Ushty is a Manx __________.

3. The Black Shuck is found in _____ _____.

4. The Dinny Mara are found around the ____ __ ____.

5. Cu Sith literally means _______ ____.

6. The first pigs were a gift to ______.

7. ________ wears the skins of seals.



Whispering Woods Faery Lore course

Whispering Woods Faery Lore Course: Lesson Thirteen – Mine Faeries

Whispering Woods Faery Lore Course

Lesson Thirteen

Mine Faeries


As the name indicates, these faeries spend their lives living in subterranean tunnels and mine shafts. They are generally a desired faery to have about for they will point miners to the best veins of ore and will on occasion warn of impending disasters. For some odd reason, many mine faeries do not like whistling, bare heads or foul mouths. And if angered, they may present a very real danger to any miners in the local area.

Kobold – These mine faeries are dispersed throughout Denmark, Sweden, Austria, Germany and Switzerland. They live underground in subterranean tunnels. They are said to be very ugly and to stand about two feet tall. They dress in red or green and wear conical hats. They are generally mischievous but have known to favor certain miners on occasion. If one angers them they can become quite malicious. They were known to the Greeks and Germans as “Cobali”. The name of the element “cobalt” comes from kobold, after the poisonous and troublesome nature of the typical arsenical ores of this metal.

Cutty Soams – This mine faery is found in the border counties of Scotland and England. He was known to be very mischievous in that he would cut the ropes pulling the coal cars.

Meister Hammerlinge (Master Hammerlings) – This is a type of German mine faeries.

Gommes – These are the French mine faeries.

Coblynau (Knockers or Sprites) – These Welsh mine faeries are said to be only 18 inches tall and physically ugly. They carry tiny mining tools with them. They will often guide miners to rich lore deposits. But if offended, they will throw stones at the one that offended them. They are considered good omens since the location of their mining usually precedes the discovery of ore there.

Mine Monk – This peculiar German mine faery dresses in a green miner’s hat and blue jacket and hood, which gives him his name. They occasionally can be heard uttering the expression “Glückauf”, a traditional miner’s greeting.

Knockers – These mine faeries live in the tin mines of Devon and Cornwall in SW England. They were known to lead miners to good ore seams by knocking or tapping. They expect to be rewarded with an offering of food for their efforts. They don’t like bear heads, swearing or whistling. And if annoyed they will make faces at the miners. They are said to be small in stature and quite ugly in looks. Some legends have it that they are the spirits of the Jews who crucified the Christian, Christ and are now doing penitence for their deeds.

Tylwyth Teg y Mwn (The Fair Folk of the mine) – These are Welsh mine faeries known as knockers. They are said to be ruled by King Gwydion.

Fiery Drake – This is said to be a ball of flame that leads Peak District miners to the best ore veins.

Schact-Zwergen (Shaft Dwarfs) These are the Austrian mine faeries.

Haus-Schmiedlein (Little House Knockers) – These Bohemian mine faeries are said to announce the impemding death of a miner by knocking three times. They alert miners to lessor misfortunes when they are heard digging or pounding on the rocks.

Wichtlein (Little Wight) – These South German mine faeries wear white hooded shirts, leather aprons and they carry miniature tools. They stand about two feet tall. It is said that their presence in a mine indicates a rich vein of ore, nearby. They will often warn miners of a miner’s death by tapping on the walls three times. They warn of impending disasters by the sound of digging and pounding. They expect a daily offering of food by area miners. And once a year the miners are expected to present them with a small red coat as appreciation for their help.

Karzelek – These are the Polish mine faeries. They live in underground tunnels and guard enormous treasures. They are about three feet tall and sometimes appear as naked children or as flickers of light. They have been known to show miners where a good seam of ore is. But if irritated, they will cause cave-ins and other disasters. It is said that they don’t like whistling, swearing or bear heads. S

chwarzbraunen Madelein (Black-Brown maiden) – This mine faery is found in western Slavonia. The miners there would pray to her and make a food offering before entering the mines. She has since been absorbed into Christian beliefs and deified as St. Barbara.

Pcuvus – These are the Romanian mine faeries. According to Gypsy lore, clumps of Nettle mark the entrances to their subterranean tunnels where they reside over a hoard of precious metals and gems.




1. Gommes are the _______ mine faeries.

2. Bohemian mine faeries are said to announce the impending death of a miner by knocking _____ times.

3. Knockers live in the ___ mines

4. Mine faeries do not like _________, bare heads or foul mouths.

5. Tylwyth Teg y Mwn are the _______ faeries.

6. Wichtlein expect a daily offering of _____ by area miners.

7. In regards to the Pcuvus, clumps of ______ mark the entrances to their subterranean tunnels.



Whispering Woods Faery Lore course