November 20 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

284 Roman soldier Diocletian proclaimed Emperor by the army

762 Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire

1695 Zumbi, the last King of the Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil and ex-slave, is executed and decapitated, his head displayed on a pike to dispel any legends of his immortality

1815 Second Treaty of Paris: France and her allies agree France will pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending the Napoleonic Wars

1945 The Nuremberg war trials begin as 24 Nazi leaders are put on trial before judges representing the victorious Allied powers

1986 World Health Organization announces first global effort to combat AIDS

Today’s Historical Events

284 Roman soldier Diocletian proclaimed Emperor by the army

762 Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire

1168 Giovanni di Struma elected anti-Pope

1194 Palermo, Sicily, is conquered by Emperor Henry VI

1272 Edward I proclaimed King of England after death of his father, Henry III. He would take two years to return to England from the Ninth Crusade.

1342 Pope Clemens VI names John IV of Arkel as bishop of Utrecht

1347 Cola di Rienzo, later Roman Tribunal, addresses a meeting of on the Capitol during people’s revolt in Rome

1407 A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1852 Charles Reade and Tom Taylor’s historical comedy play “Masks & Faces” premieres in London

1954 KTRK TV channel 13 in Houston, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting

1957 Morton Wishengrad’s dramatic play “Rope Dancers”, starring Art Carney, Siobhán McKenna, and Theodore Bikel, premieres at Cort Theatre, NYC; runs for 189 performances

1958 American puppeteers Jim and Jane Henson establish Muppets, Inc. (now known as The Jim Henson Company)

1959 WABC fires Alan Freed over payola scandal

1961 WPLG TV channel 10 in Miami, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting

1965 WCNY TV channel 24 in Syracuse, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting

1976 George Harrison appears on “Saturday Night Live”: haggling with Lorne Michaels; performing “Here Comes the Sun” and “Homeward Bound” with Paul Simon; and airing two music videos

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1805 Ludwig van Beethoven‘s “Fidelio”, his only opera, premieres at Vienna’s Theater an der Wien

1889 Gustav Mahler‘s 1st Symphony premieres in Budapest and is not well received

1901 Opera “Grisélidis” by Jules Massenet, Armand Silvestre and Eugène Morand premieres in Paris

1911 Gustav Mahler‘s “Das Lied von der Erde” (Song of the Earth) premieres in Munich, conducted by Bruno Walter

1945 Dmitri Shostakovich‘s 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres

1964 Dmitri Shostakovich‘s 9th/10th String Quartet premieres in Moscow

1965 Cyril Ornadel and Leslie Bricusse’s musical “Pickwick”, based on Charles Dickens‘ novel “The Pickwick Papers’, featuring Harry Secombe and Charlotte Rae, closes at 46th St Theater, NYC, after 56 performances

1966 John Kander and Fred Ebb’s “Cabaret” opens at Broadhurst Theater, NYC; runs for 1166 performances, wins 8 Tony Awards

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1866 French inventor Pierre Lallement patents rotary crank bicycle

1902 Geo Lefevre and Henri Desgrange create Tour de France bicycle race

1915 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Hamilton Tigers win 2nd title; beat Toronto Rowing Association, 13-7

1928 Boston Gardens opens, Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 1-0

1934 17 year old pitcher Eiji Sawamura gives up just 1 hit, a Lou Gehrig HR, as US All Stars beat Japan, 1-0

1934 Toronto Maple Leafs left wing Busher Jackson becomes first NHL player to score 4 goals in a period in 5-2 win over St. Louis Eagles at St. Louis Arena

1942 NHL abolishes regular season OT until WW II is over

1952 Chicago Cubs slugging left fielder Hank Sauer wins NL MVP

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