October 11 Toay in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1138 Earthquake in Aleppo, Syria, kills an estimated 230,000

1634 Burchardi flood – “the second Grote Mandrenke” kills about 15,000 in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany

1737 Earthquake reported to have killed 300,000 and destroyed half of Calcutta in India. Now thought to have been an exaggerated account of a hurricane which claimed 3,000 of the city’s estimated 20,000 residents. [1]

1797 Battle of Camperdown (Kamperduin): British navy defeats Dutch fleet

1945 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong‘s Communist Party

1962 Second Vatican Council (21st ecumenical) convened by Pope John XXIII

1986 Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev open talks at a summit in Reykjavik, Iceland

Today’s Historical Events

1138 Earthquake in Aleppo, Syria, kills an estimated 230,000

1142 Treaty of Shaoxing ratified with Chinese southern Song Dynasty agreeing to pay tribute to northern Jin dynasty

1521 Pope Leo X titles King Henry VIII of England “Defender of the Faith”

1531 Battle of Kappel: Swiss Roman Catholic cantons beat protestant forces of Zurich; Huldrych Zwingli Swiss reformation leader is killed

1540 Emperor Karel names his son Philip, Duke of Milan

1573 Battle of South Seas – Dutch rebels beat Spanish navy

1614 Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.

1634 Burchardi flood – “the second Grote Mandrenke” kills about 15,000 in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1932 1st political telecast (Democratic National Committee) at CBS, NYC

1939 Samson Raphaelson’s play “Skylark” starring Gertrude Lawrence premieres in NYC

1944 “Laura” directed by Otto Preminger starring Gene Tierney and Dana Andrews is released in NYC, New York

1948 Frank Loesser’s musical “Where’s Charley?”, starring Ray Bolger, and directed by George Abbott, opens at St James Theater, NYC; runs for 792 performances and wins a Tony Award

1950 The U.S. Federal Communications Commission issues the first license to broadcast television in color, to CBS

1959 KTHI TV channel 11 in Fargo-Grand Forks, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting

1960 Radio/TV executive John Fetzer buys a controlling interest of Detroit Tigers

1963 William Shatner stars in “Nightmare at 20,000 Feet” episode of CBS anthology series “The Twilight Zone”

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1948 “Love Life” opens at 46th St Theater, NYC; runs for 252 performances

1954 “On Your Toes” opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 64 performances

1958 “Goldilocks” opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 161 performances

1967 “Yoko Plus Me” art exhibit opens in London (the “Me” is John Lennon)

1969 American blues musician Muddy Waters involved in a car crash that kills 3

1974 Columbia Records releases “Streetlife Serenade”, singer-songwriter Billy Joel‘s third studio album

1976 10th Country Music Association Award: Mel Tillis wins

1978 Columbia Records releases “52nd Street”, singer-songwriter Billy Joel‘s sixth studio album; it becomes his 1st chart-topper, and wins 3 Grammy Awards

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1902 Commencement of 1st Test Cricket between South Africa & Australia

1902 US Open Men’s Golf, Garden City GC: Scotsman Laurie Auchterlonie sets new 72-hole event scoring record to win his only major title, 6 strokes ahead of Stewart Gardner and amateur Walter Travis

1906 White Sox Ed Walsh strikes out then record 12 in a World Series game

1911 Ty Cobb (AL) and Frank Schulte (NL) are named inaugural MLB MVPs; prize is a car

1913 Baseball World Series: Philadelphia A’s beat NY Giants, 3-1 at Brush Stadium, NYC; clinch 4-1 series win for 3rd title in 10 years

1923 A pair of Babe Ruth home runs in the 4th and 5th innings is the difference; NY Yankees beat NY Giants, 4-2 at the Polo Grounds to tie World Series, 1-1

1925 NY Giants play 1st NFL game, lose to Providence 14-0

1927 New York Yankees first baseman Lou Gehrig is named American League MVP; despite hitting MLB record 60 HR’s Babe Ruth as a former winner is not eligible