September 30 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1520 Suleiman the Magnificent succeeds his father Selam I as Ottoman Sultan (rules till 1566)

1846 Anesthetic ether is used for the 1st time, by American dentist Dr William Morton who extracts a tooth

1862 Minister-President of Prussia Otto von Bismarck delivers his famous “Blood and Iron” speech on the unification of German territories

1938 Treaty of Munich signed by Adolf HitlerBenito Mussolini, Édouard Daladier and Neville Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany. Chamberlain infamously declares “Peace for our time” on his return to London.

1946 Twenty-two Nazi leaders, including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Hermann Goering, are found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death or prison at the Nuremberg war trials

1980 Ethernet specifications published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation [1]

Today’s Historical Events

489 Germanic King of Italy Odoacer attacks Ostrogothic leader Theodoric the Great at the Battle of Verona and is defeated again

1124 Orval abbey church consecrated in southeast Belgium

1199 Rambam (Maimonides) authorizes Samuel Ibn Tibbon to translate Guide of Perplexed from Arabic into Hebrew

1399 King Richard II of England’s (supposed) abdication read out in the House of Commons by the Archbishop of Canterbury. In reality deposed by his cousin and successor Henry IV

1520 Suleiman the Magnificent succeeds his father Selam I as Ottoman Sultan (rules till 1566)

1544 King Henry VIII draws his armies out of France

1555 Bishop of Oxford Nicholas Ridley sentenced to death as a heretic

1619 Remonstrant Society forms in Antwerp

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1939 In the first televised college football game, Fordham beats Waynesburg, 34-7 at Randalls Island, NY

1947 In first televised World Series Baseball game, NY Yankees beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 5-3 in Game 1 at Yankee Stadium; also largest WS crowd to date, 73,365

1950 Radio’s “Grand Ole Opry” is broadcast on TV for 1st time

1950 WSM TV channel 4 in Nashville, TN (NBC) begins broadcasting

1953 WICS TV channel 20 in Springfield, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting

1953 WMT (now KGAN) TV channel 2 in Cedar Rapids-Waterloo, IA (CBS) begins

1954 Sandy Wilson’s musical “The Boy Friend”, cast includes Julie Andrews, making her Broadway debut, opens at the Royale Theatre, NYC; runs for 485 performances

1955 American actor and cultural icon James Dean is killed in a car crash aged 24

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1791 Mozart‘s opera “Magic Flute”, with German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder, premieres at Schikaneder’s Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna, Austria

1935 George Gershwin‘s opera “Porgy and Bess” premieres in Boston

1963 “Student Gypsy” opens at 84th St Theater NYC for 16 performances

1964 “Oh What a Lovely War” opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 125 performances

1965 Donovan’s 1st US TV appearance (Shindig)

1982 Columbia Records releases Bruce Springsteen‘s sixth studio album “Nebraska”, a solo record, made without a backing band

1992 26th Country Music Association Award: Garth Brooks wins

1997 “Too Close” single released by Next (Billboard Song of the Year, 1998)

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1659 Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherlands forbids tennis playing during religious services (1st mention of tennis in US)

1882 British Open Men’s Golf, St Andrews: Bob Ferguson wins third consecutive Open title; beats fellow Scot Willie Fernie by 3 strokes

1887 8th America’s Cup: New York Yacht Club’s cutter Volunteer beats Scottish challenger Thistle by 11:48.75 seconds on corrected time to win series, 2-0 off Newport, RI

1904 White Sox lefty Doc White, pitches his 5th shutout in 18 days

1915 Red Sox clinch AL pennant by beating Detroit

1916 Giants lose to Braves 8-3, ends 26 consecutive win streak

1922 Yanks clinch pennant #2, beating Boston 3-1

1927 Yankees slugger Babe Ruth smacks his MLB record 60th home run off Tom Zachary in 8th inning of New York’s 4-2 win over Washington Senators at Yankee Stadium