1936 1st prefrontal lobotomy in America performed by Walter Freeman and James W. Watts at George Washington University Hospital in Washington D.C.
1949 India’s Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as an official language. Celebrated today as Hindi Day.
1960 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
786 Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother Al-Hadi
891 Stephen V’s reign as Catholic Pope end with his death, succeeded a few weeks later by Pope Formosus
1163 Pastor Frederik forms convent at Mariengaarde Friesland
1180 Minamoto no Yoritomo led force of 300 defeated at Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan
1515 Battle at Marignano ends after two days in a French and Venetian victory over a Swiss army
1607 Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland
1958 WTAE TV channel 4 in Pittsburgh, PA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1959 WQEX TV channel 16 in Pittsburgh, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 KERA TV channel 13 in Dallas, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting
1964 WCVE TV channel 23 in Richmond, VA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1965 Western sitcom “F-Troop” premieres in the US on ABC
1972 “The Waltons” TV program premieres on CBS starring Richard Thomas, Ralph Waite, Michael Learned, and Will Geer
1979 The film “Quadrophenia”, loosely based on The Who’s 1973 rock opera of the same name, is released.
1968 While on tour in England, a fire at singer Roy Orbison’s Henderson, Tennessee home kills the two eldest of his three sons
1980 “Charlie & Algernon” opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 17 performances
1865 British Open Men’s Golf, Prestwick GC: Scotsman Andrew Strath wins his first title; beats 2-time champion Willie Park Sr. by 2 strokes
1913 Cubs Larry Cheney hurls record 14-hit shutout against Giants (7-0)
1916 Christy Mathewson pitches & wins his final game
1923 Red Sox 1st baseman George Burns pulls off an unassisted triple play
1929 A’s clinch AL pennant with a 5-0 win over White Sox