September 14 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1752 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian calendar (no Sept 3 – Sept 13)

1936 1st prefrontal lobotomy in America performed by Walter Freeman and James W. Watts at George Washington University Hospital in Washington D.C.

1939 World’s 1st practical helicopter, the VS-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky takes (tethered) flight in Stratford, Connecticut

1949 India’s Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as an official language. Celebrated today as Hindi Day.

1956 IBM introduces the RAMAC 305, 1st commercial computer with a hard drive that uses magnetic disk storage, weighs over a ton

1960 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

2020 Astronomers report possible sign of life on Venus, after detecting phosphine in planets’s atmosphere by telescope [1]

2021 1 in 500 Americans have died of COVID-19 as the nation’s known death toll reaches 663,913 (Johns Hopkins) [1]

Today’s Historical Events

81 Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus

786 Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother Al-Hadi

891 Stephen V’s reign as Catholic Pope end with his death, succeeded a few weeks later by Pope Formosus

1163 Pastor Frederik forms convent at Mariengaarde Friesland

1180 Minamoto no Yoritomo led force of 300 defeated at Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan

1515 Battle at Marignano ends after two days in a French and Venetian victory over a Swiss army

1607 Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland

1629 Siege of ‘s-Hertogenbosch: Spanish garrison surrenders to Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1958 WTAE TV channel 4 in Pittsburgh, PA (ABC) begins broadcasting

1959 WQEX TV channel 16 in Pittsburgh, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting

1960 KERA TV channel 13 in Dallas, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting

1964 WCVE TV channel 23 in Richmond, VA (PBS) begins broadcasting

1964 Walt Disney awarded Medal of Freedom at White House

1965 Western sitcom “F-Troop” premieres in the US on ABC

1972 “The Waltons” TV program premieres on CBS starring Richard Thomas, Ralph Waite, Michael Learned, and Will Geer

1979 The film “Quadrophenia”, loosely based on The Who’s 1973 rock opera of the same name, is released.

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1741 George Frideric Handel finishes his “Messiah” oratorio after working on it non-stop for 23 days

1954 Benjamin Britten‘s opera ‘Turn of the Screw’ premieres in Venice

1955 Little Richard records “Tutti Frutti” at J & M Studio in New Orleans, Louisiana

1960 Dmitri Shostakovich becomes member of Communist Party of USSR

1968 Dmitri Shostakovich‘ 12th string quartet, premieres in Moscow

1968 While on tour in England, a fire at singer Roy Orbison’s Henderson, Tennessee home kills the two eldest of his three sons

1980 “Charlie & Algernon” opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 17 performances

1984 1st MTV Video Music Awards: The Cars win with “You Might Think”, and David Bowie wins with “China Girl”

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1865 British Open Men’s Golf, Prestwick GC: Scotsman Andrew Strath wins his first title; beats 2-time champion Willie Park Sr. by 2 strokes

1913 Cubs Larry Cheney hurls record 14-hit shutout against Giants (7-0)

1916 Christy Mathewson pitches & wins his final game

1923 In his 4th heavyweight boxing title defence Jack Dempsey recovers after being sent through the ropes to KO Argentine challenger Luis Firpo in the 2nd round at the Polo Grounds, NYC

1923 Red Sox 1st baseman George Burns pulls off an unassisted triple play

1924 Walter Johnson selected as the American League MVP

1929 A’s clinch AL pennant with a 5-0 win over White Sox

1929 US National Championship Men’s Tennis, Forest Hills NY: Bill Tilden wins 7th US title; beats Francis Hunter 3-6, 6-3, 4-6, 6-2, 6-4

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