September 12 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1758 French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue

1909 World’s first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann

1933 Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives idea of a nuclear chain reaction

1940 Four teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux, France discover 17,000 year old drawings now known as the Lascaux Cave Paintings

1958 US Supreme Court orders the all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas to integrate

1959 Luna 2 launched by USSR; 1st spacecraft to impact on the Moon

Today’s Historical Events

490 BC Traditional date of the Battle of Marathon, where a small Athenian force defeats the Persian Empire

1015 Henry I becomes Count of Leuven

1213 Battle at Muret: Crusade of Simon de Montfort beat Pedro II of Aragon

1217 French prince Louis & English King Henry III sign peace treaty

1229 Aragonese army led by James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, to conquer the island

1396 Crusaders under earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis

1543 Treaty of Venlo signed by Duke Willem of Gulik and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V during Italian Wars

1624 1st submarine publicly tested in London on the Thames for King James I

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1928 Katharine Hepburn‘s NYC stage debut in “Night Hostess”

1934 “L’Atalante”, French film directed by Jean Vigo, starring Michel Simon, Dita Parlo and Jean Dasté, is released

1952 Noël Coward‘s “Quadrille,” premieres in London

1954 WLBZ TV channel 2 in Bangor, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting

1955 KNTV TV channel 11 in San Jose, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting

1959 “Bonanza” premieres on NBC-TV

1963 WHYY TV channel 12 in Wilmington, DE (PBS) begins broadcasting

1964 Film that started Spaghetti Western genre “A Fistful of Dollars” premieres, directed by Sergio Leone, starring Clint Eastwood in his first leading role

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1910 Gustav Mahler’s 8th Symphony (“Symphony of A Thousand”) premieres in Munich with 1028 musicians

1927 Sigmund Romberg’s musical “My Maryland,” premieres in NYC

1953 “Carnival in Flanders” closes at New Century Theater NYC after 6 performances

1960 “Vintage ’60” opens at Brooks Atkinson Theatre NYC for 8 performances

1975 Pink Floyd releases their ninth album “Wish You Were Here”

1984 Cyndi Lauper sings “She-Bop” on The Tonight Show

1990 “Les Miserables,” opens at Cirkus Theater, Stockholm

1994 American country singer-songwriter George Jones undergoes successful triple bypass surgery

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1885 Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set

1895 Defender (US) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America’s Cup

1895 Annie Londonderry [Annie Kopchovsky] arrives in Chicago to complete first round-the-world trip by a woman on a bicycle in 15 months and collects her $10,000 prize

1911 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitchers dual for final time; Boston Rustlers’ Cy Young vs Christy Mathewson of the Giants; NY wins, 11-2

1914 Yankee shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh, 23, becomes youngest manager

1920 VII Summer Olympic Games close in Antwerp, Belgium

1922 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:35.4)

1924 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Philadelphia, PA: Bill Johnston & Bill Tilden clinch US 5th straight title beating Australians Pat O’Hara Wood & Gerald Patterson 5-7, 6-3, 6-4, 6-1 for 3-0 lead; ends 5-0

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