July 24 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1534 Jacques Cartier lands in Canada, claims it for France

1567 Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots

1832 Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains by Wyoming’s South Pass

1911 American explorer Hiram Bingham discovers Machu Picchu, the Lost City of the Incas

1943 Operation Gomorrah: RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating a firestorm and killing 42,600 people

1982 Single “Eye Of The Tiger” by Survivor from “Rocky III” soundtrack starts 6-week run at No. 1 on US charts (Grammy for Best Rock Performance)

2019 Global warming is the fastest in 2,000 years and scientific consensus that humans are the cause is at 99%, according to three major reports published in journals “Nature” and “Nature Geoscience”

Today’s Historical Events

1132 Battle of Nocera between Ranulf II of Alife and Roger II of Sicily

1148 Louis VII of France lays siege to Damascus during the Second Crusade

1411 Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place

1487 Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands, rebel against ban on foreign beer

1525 Second attempt to circumnavigate the globe as seven ships departs Corunna headed by García Jofre de Loaísa on orders of King Charles I of Spain for the Spice Islands (only one will make it)

1534 Jacques Cartier lands in Canada, claims it for France

1567 Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots

1577 Spanish army/German mercenaries conquer Namur

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1952 “High Noon”, American Western film directed by Fred Zinnemann, starring Gary Cooper and Thomas Mitchell, is released

1953 KEYT TV channel 3 in Santa Barbara, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting

1957 KTVC TV channel 6 in Ensign, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting

1959 500,000th Dutch TV set registered

1971 WUHQ TV channel 41 in Battle Creek, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting

1974 “Death Wish”, based on the novel by Brian Garfield, directed by Michael Winner and starring Charles Bronson is released in the US

1978 Margaret Gardiner, of South Africa, crowned 27th Miss Universe

1998 “Saving Private Ryan“, directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Tom Hanks, Edward Burns and Matt Damon, is released (Academy Awards Best Director 1999)

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1917 Trial of Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari begins in Paris for allegedly spying for Germany and thus causing the deaths of 50,000 soldiers

1942 Irving Berlin‘s musical “This Is The Army” premieres in NYC

1965 “Flora, the Red Menace” closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 87 performances

1965 Bob Dylan release “Like a Rolling Stone”

1965 Rock group “The Animals” 1st time in British charts

1967 The Beatles sign a petition in Times to legalize marijuana

1982 “Best Little Whorehouse in Texas” closes at E O’Neill NYC after 63 performances

1983 “Mame” opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 41 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1860 Olympics beat St. George, 25-17 at St. Georges Cricket Grounds, Philadelphia in first baseball game played in enclosed field

1893 For only time in history of US Tennis championships, an event is held off the Eastern seaboard. Men’s double championship in Chicago

1902 Victor Trumper scores a century for Australia before lunch 4th Test Cricket v England

1904 2nd Tour de France won by Henri Cornet of France

1905 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: Laurence Doherty & Reggie Doherty beat Holcombe Ward & Beals Wright 8-10, 6-2, 6-2, 4-6, 8-6 to give British Isles an unassailable 3-0 lead over US (ends 5-0)

1908 American Johnny Hayes wins London Olympic marathon in Games record 2:55:18.4 after Dorando Pietri of Italy disqualified for receiving assistance before the finish line

1909 Brooklyn Superbas pitcher Nap Rucker strikes out 16 Pittsburgh Pirates in a 1-0 victory at Washington Park, Brooklyn

1921 15th Tour de France won by Leon Scieur of Belgium

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