June 22 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1633 Galileo Galilei forced to recant his Copernican views that the Earth orbits the Sun by the Pope (Vatican only admits it was wrong on Oct 31, 1992!)

1675 Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

1772 Somerset v Stewart court case finds slavery unsupported by English common law, encouraging the abolitionist movement

1848 Beginning of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers

1865 The CSS Shenandoah fires the last shot of the American Civil War in the Bering Strait to indicate surrender

Today’s Historical Events

217 BC Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom

168 BC Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War

431 Council of Ephesus (3rd ecumenical council) opens

816 Pope Stephen IV, [V] elected to succeed Leo III

1377 10-year-old Richard of Bordeaux succeeds his grandfather Edward III as Richard II, king of England

1476 Battle at Morat/Murten: Charles the Stout invades Switzerland

1497 Antitax insurrection in Cornwall suppressed at Blackheath

1533 Ferdinand of Austria and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign peace treaty

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1342 Fictional character of “The Hobbit” Bilbo Baggins returns to his home at Bag End, Shire Reckoning

1951 Gene Rayburn & Dee Finch show premieres on NBC radio

1955 Walt Disney‘s animated film “Lady & the Tramp” released

1956 6th Berlin International Film Festival: “Invitation to the Dance” wins Golden Bear

1962 12th Berlin International Film Festival: “A Kind of Loving” wins the Golden Bear

1970 WSWO TV channel 26 in Springfield, OH (ABC) suspends broadcasting

1973 23rd Berlin International Film Festival: “Distant Thunder” wins the Golden Bear

1977 Walt Disney’s “Rescuers” released, first Disney film to get a sequel

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1849 Stephen C Massett opens concert at San Francisco courthouse using only piano in California

1942 European broadcast première of Dmitri Shostakovich‘s 7th Symphony in London conducted by Sir Henry J. Wood and the London Philharmonic Orchestra

1959 “Along Came Jones” by The Coasters peaks at #9

1959 “Class” the first hit by Chubby Checker peaks at #38 in the US

1961 Beatles record “Ain’t She Sweet”, “Cry for a Shadow”, “When the Saints Go Marching In”, “Why”, “Nobody’s Child” & “My Bonnie”, in Hamburg, Germany

1963 “Little” Stevie Wonder aged 13 releases his first single “Fingertips” (first live non-studio recording to go to No. 1 on Billboard)

1968 “Here Come Da Judge” by The Buena Vistas peaks at #88

1969 Aretha Franklin arrested in Detroit for creating a disturbance

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1865 Acknowledged as 1st Class Cricket debut of Dr W. G. Grace; as a 16 year old he is dismissed for 0 playing for Gentlemen of South v Players of South at Kennington Oval, London

1874 Game of lawn tennis introduced

1889 Louisville Colonels set ML baseball record with 26th consecutive loss

1918 US National Championship Women’s Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Molla Bjurstedt beats Eleanor Goss 6-4, 6-3 for her 4th consecutive US singles title

1921 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:40.2)

1926 Cardinals pick up 39-year-old Grover Alexander on waivers from Cubs

1929 Mel Ott (Giants) homers off Leo Sweetland (Phillies) in doubleheader

1930 New York Yankees first baseman Lou Gehrig smashes 3 HRs in 20-13 win over Philadelphia A’s at Shibe Park