June 21 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1788 US Constitution comes into effect when New Hampshire is the 9th state to ratify it

1854 First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands (Crimean War)

1948 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)

1990 7.7 Manjil-Rudbar Earthquake with hundreds of aftershocks hits Iran; killing about 50,000

1993 English mathematician Andrew Wiles proves last theorem of Fermat

Today’s Historical Events

68 Roman General Vespasian conquers Jericho during the Great Jewish Revolt

524 Godomar, King of the Burgundians, defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce

1128 Battle of Akspoele: earl Willem of Normandy beats Diederik

1307 Külüg Khan is enthroned as Emperor of China and seventh Great Khan after defeating rival factions and succeeding his uncle Temür Khan

1498 Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian

1529 Queen Catherine Of England [Catherine of Aragon] speaks against her marriage’s annulment at the Blackfriars Legatine Court

1529 Battle of Landriano: Imperial-Spanish forces under Don Antonio de Leyva, Duke of Terranova, beat a French army under Francis de Bourbon, Comte de St. Pol

1547 Great fire in Moscow, a third of the largely wooden city destroyed and 2-3,000 killed

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1948 WNAC (now WHDH) TV channel 7 in Boston, MA (CBS) begins broadcasting

1957 7th Berlin International Film Festival: “12 Angry Men” wins Golden Bear

1963 13th Berlin International Film Festival: “The Devil” and “Bushido: The Cruel Code of the Samurai” win the Golden Bear (tie)

1966 “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?”, directed by Mike Nichols and based on the 1962 play of the same name, starring Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton, is released (Academy Awards Best Actress 1967)

1968 18th Berlin International Film Festival: “Who Saw Him Die?” wins the Golden Bear

1974 24th Berlin International Film Festival: “The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz” wins the Golden Bear

1990 Little Richard [Penniman] gets a star on Hollywood’s Walk Of Fame

1993 Revival of Lerner and Loewe’ musical “Camelot”, with Robert Goulet as King Arthur, opens at Gershwin Theater, NYC; runs for 56 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1868 Wagner’s opera “Meistersinger von Nuernberg” premieres in Munich

1948 Columbia Records unveil the 33-1/3 rpm LP phonograph record invented by Peter Carl Goldmark, allowing up to 20 minutes per side (available in 10 and 12 inch diameters), at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, NYC; over the next decade the popularity and profitability of the LP pushed the 78 rpm out of production [1]

1951 “17” opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 180 performances

1955 Johnny Cash debuts Top 10 country song “Cry! Cry! Cry!”

1969 Dmitri Shostakovich‘s 14th Symphony premieres in Moscow

1969 Zager & Evans release “In the Year 2525”

1971 50,000 attend Celebration of Life, rock concert in McCrea, Louisiana; performers included Chuck Berry; Stephen Stills; WAR; John Sebastian; and Delaney and Bonnie

1975 Elton John, The Eagles and The Beach Boys play to 72,000 fans at Wembley Stadium, London

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1858 Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe

1879 Infielder William White plays one game for the Providence Grays with conjecture was the first African-American to play MLB even though he appeared Caucasian

1900 Dodgers score 7 in top of 11th to go ahead of Phillies, 20-13, In bottom of 11th Phillies stalls so umpire forfeits game to Dodgers

1904 Boston Herald tells of Red Sox trade “Dougherty as a Yankee,” 1st known reference to NY club as Yankees (became Yankees in 1913)

1907 US Open Men’s Golf, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Alec Ross of Scotland posts 4 sub-80 rounds to win his only major title, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Gilbert Nicholls

1907 British Open Men’s Golf, Royal Liverpool GC: Frenchman Arnaud Massy wins by 2 strokes from J.H. Taylor; first non-Briton to win Open Championship

1916 Boston Red Sox pitcher Rube Foster no-hits New York Yankees, 2-0 at Fenway Park

1932 German champion Max Schmeling loses NYSAC, NBA and lineal heavyweight boxing titles in controversial split points decision to American Jack Sharkey in NYC, New York

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