June 19 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1306 The Earl of Pembroke’s army defeats Robert the Bruce‘s Scottish army at the Battle of Methven

1829 Robert Peel introduces the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 into Parliament to establish a unified police force for London, world’s 1st modern police force

1862 Slavery outlawed in US territories

1865 Union General Gordon Granger declares slaves are free in Texas, now the date the end of slavery is celebrated across the US as Juneteenth

1944 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet

1991 Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar surrenders to police

Today’s Historical Events

936 Louis IV [Louis of Overseas], crowned King of France

1179 The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil war

1205 Pope Innocent III fires Adolf I as archbishop of Cologne

1269 King Louis IX of France decrees all Jews must wear a yellow badge in public or be fined 10 livres of silver

1286 Rabbenu Mir of Rothenbur imprisoned in fortress of Ensisheim

1306 The Earl of Pembroke’s army defeats Robert the Bruce‘s Scottish army at the Battle of Methven

1464 French King Louis XI forms postal service

1502 Emperor Maximilian I and England sign treaty of Antwerp

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1952 “I’ve Got A Secret” debuts on CBS-TV with Garry Moore as host

1953 WCSC TV channel 5 in Charleston, South Carolina (CBS) begins broadcasting

1953 WTPA (now WHTM) TV channel 27 in Harrisburg, PA (ABC) 1st broadcast

1956 Jerry Lewis & Dean Martin end partnership after 10 years, and 16 films

1973 “The Rocky Horror Show” stage production first opens in London written by Richard O’Brian and directed by Jim Sharman and starring Tim Curry

1984 Weird Al Yankovic gives free live performance at Del Mar Fair

1984 1st live TV appearance by Chief Justice Warren Burger (Nightline)

1992 “Batman Returns”, starring Michael Keaton as Batman, Danny DeVito as the Penguin, and Michelle Pfeiffer as Catwoman, is released

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1825 Gioachino Rossini‘s “Il viaggio a Reims” premieres

1932 1st concert given in San Francisco’s Stern Grove

1937 Second of two legendary recording sessions by Delta Blues musician Robert Johnson with producer Don Law at the Vitagraph Studios, Dallas, Texas

1960 Loretta Lynn records “I’m a Honky Tonk Girl”

1961 “Little Egypt (Ying-Yang)” by The Coasters peaks at #23

1964 Bob Dylan completes UK tour

1967 Paul McCartney admits on TV that he took LSD

1978 “Best Little Whorehouse…” opens at 46th St NYC for 1577 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1846 First officially recognised baseball game (played by Cartwright Rules) – NY Nines 23 defeat Knickerbockers 1 at Hoboken, New Jersey

1867 1st Belmont Stakes: Gilbert Gilpatrick aboard Ruthless wins in 3:05

1894 28th Belmont: Willie Simms aboard Henry of Navarre wins in 1:56.5

1897 US National Championship Women’s Tennis: 1895 title holder Juliette Atkinson beats defending champion Elisabeth Moore 6-3, 6-3, 4-6, 3-6, 6-3

1908 British Open Men’s Golf, Prestwick GC: Scotsman James Braid wins his 4th Championship by 8 strokes from Tom Ball

1914 British Open Men’s Golf, Prestwick GC: Harry Vardon of Jersey wins a record 6th Open Championship, 3 strokes ahead of defending champion J.H. Taylor

1922 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:28.2)

1924 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 1500m of 3:52.6; 50 minutes later sets 5,000m WR 14:28.2; also runs WR 3-mile time 14:02.00 within that event in Finnish Olympic trials in Helsinki