June 18 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

618 Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty’s rule over China

1812 War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain

1815 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher

1928 American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean, landing at Burry Port, Wales

1940 Winston Churchill‘s “this was their finest hour” speech urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered to British House of Commons

Today’s Historical Events

618 Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty’s rule over China

860 Rus Vikings attack Constantinople

1155 Pope Adrian IV crowns Frederick I Barbarossa Roman-German Emperor

1178 Five monks at Canterbury report something exploding on the moon shortly after sunset (only known observation)

1264 The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature

1316 Peace of Fexhe: prince-bishop Adolf II of Mark and Luikse towns

1538 Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V & King French I

1541 Irish parliament selects Henry VIII of England as King of Ireland

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1940 General Charles de Gaulle makes his first speech on the BBC to the French people, since arriving in London, an appeal to defy Nazi occupiers – regarded as the beginning of French Resistance during WWII

1945 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw), fascist politician and Nazi propaganda broadcaster, charged with treason in England

1953 3rd Berlin International Film Festival: “The Wages of Fear” wins Golden Bear (audience vote)

1954 4th Berlin International Film Festival: “Hobson’s Choice” wins Golden Bear (audience vote)

1959 New York City premiere of the film version of Kathryn Hulme’s “The Nun’s Story”

1961 CBS radio cancels Gunsmoke

1961 KBMT TV channel 12 in Beaumont, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting

1969 “The Wild Bunch”, directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring William Holden and Ernest Borgnine, is released

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1821 Carl Maria von Weber’s opera “Der Freischutz” (“The Marksman”) premieres at Schauspielhaus, Berlin, Germany

1944 Farewell concert of conductor Willem Mengelberg in Paris

1949 “Along Fifth Avenue” closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 180 performances

1955 “3 for Tonight” closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 85 performances

1960 “Destry Rides Again” closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 472 performances

1967 Closing day of the Monterey International Pop Festival, Southern California. First major US appearances of Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, The Who, and Otis Redding

1977 Sex Pistols johnny rotten & Paul Cook, beaten by a group of rabble-rousers outside of a London pub

1982 Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England opens: Van Morrison and Jackson Browne headline; other performers include: Osibisa, Judie Tzuke, Richie Havens, Aswad, Steel Pulse, Thompson Twins, Climax Blues Band, Talisman, and Incubus

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1898 US Open Men’s Golf, Myopia Hunt Club: Scotsman Fred Herd easily wins by 7 strokes from countryman Alex Smith; first 72-hole US Open

1898 US National Championship Women’s Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Defending champion Juliette Atkinson beats Marion Jones 6-3, 5-7, 6-4, 2-6, 7-5 for her third US singles title

1911 Detroit Tigers trail Chicago White Sox, 13-1 at Bennett Park, Detroit; recover to win, 16-15 for the biggest comeback in Major League Baseball history

1915 US Open Men’s Golf, Baltusrol GC: 4-time US Amateur champion Jerome Travers captures his only Open title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Tom McNamara

1936 First bicycle traffic court in America established in Racine, Wisconsin

1938 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth is signed as a Brooklyn Dodgers coach for the remainder of the season

1941 In his 18th world heavyweight title defence Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in 13th round in front of a crowd of 54,487 at the Polo Grounds, NYC

1947 Cincinnati Reds pitcher Ewell Blackwell no-hits Boston Braves, 6-0 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati