April 23 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

215 BC A temple, built on the Capitoline Hill, is dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene

1014 King Brian Boru of Ireland defeats Viking forces at Battle of Clontarf, freeing Ireland from foreign control

1597 William Shakespeare‘s “The Merry Wives of Windsor” is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance

1861 Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)

1968 1st decimal coins issued in Britain (5 & 10 new pence, replacing shilling and two-shilling pieces)

1984 AIDS-virus identified as HTLV-III (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)

Today’s Historical Events

215 BC A temple, built on the Capitoline Hill, is dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene

1014 King Brian Boru of Ireland defeats Viking forces at Battle of Clontarf, freeing Ireland from foreign control

1154 Damascus surrenders to Sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo

1229 Ferdinand III of Castile conquers Cáceres

1343 St. George’s Night Uprising in Estonia

1344 Order of the Garter founded by English King Edward III, the most senior knighthood in the UK with just 24 living members plus the monarch (or 1348)

1348 The Order of Garter founded by English King Edward III, Britain’s highest civic or military honor

1504 King Maximilian I routes troops to Bavaria

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1896 Vitascope system of movie projection 1st shown at Koster & Bial’s Music Hall, New York City

1931 US gangster film “The Public Enemy” starring James Cagney and Jean Harlow premieres

1948 KSTP TV channel 5 in St Paul-Minneapolis, MN (ABC) 1st broadcast

1953 KTAR (now KPNX) TV channel 12 in Phoenix, AZ (NBC) begins broadcasting

1953 WCOV TV channel 20 in Montgomery, AL (IND/CBS) begins broadcasting

1953 “Shane”, directed by George Stevens and based on the 1949 novel by Jack Schaefer, starring Alan Ladd and Jean Arthur, is released

1969 ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Jim Chestney

1989 CBS’ premiere of fact based “The Littlest Victims”, based on Newark, N.J. physician James Oleske as the first doctor to discover AIDS in children

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1775 Opera “Il Ré Pastore” (The Shepherd King) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is first produced in Salzburg

1881 Gilbert & Sullivan’s opera “Patience” premieres at The Opera Comique, London

1925 1st London performance of Franz Lehár’s operetta “Frasquita” staged

1940 Dance hall fires kills 198 in Natchez, Mississippi

1955 Robert Wright and George Forrest’s musical “Kismet” closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 583 performances

1958 Robert Kurka’s “The Good Soldier Schweik”, with libretto written by Abe Meeropol, premieres at the New York City Opera

1959 “Destry Rides Again” opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 472 performances

1961 “Tenderloin” closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 216 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1903 NY Highlanders (Yankees) win their first game; beat Washington Senators, 7-2 at American League Park

1919 US Major League Baseball opens a reduced 140-game season

1933 Dovo soccer team forms in Veenendaal

1937 New York Giants pitcher Carl Hubbell‘s first start of season, a 3-0 win over the Boston Bees, is his 17th straight win; streak continues for league record 24 victories in a row

1939 Boston Red Sox Ted Williams hits his 1st HR

1940 NY Yankees dedicate a plaque to Jacob Rupert

1946 Brooklyn Dodger Ed Head no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0

1950 1st major league day game completed under lights (Phils 6, Braves 5)

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