April 20 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1862 First pasteurization test completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard

1902 Marie and Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive compound radium chloride

1920 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate

1968 British politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial “Rivers of Blood” speech

1974 ‘The Troubles’, the Northern Ireland conflict between republican and loyalist paramilitaries, British security forces, and civil rights groups, claims its 1000th victim

1980 Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria sees hundreds of Berber political activists arrested

1999 Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School, Colorado

2010 The Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explodes, killing 11 and causing the rig to sink, causing a massive oil discharge into the Gulf of Mexico and an environmental disaster

Today’s Historical Events

295 8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

850 Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne

1139 2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

1290 Round Table tournament held near Winchester, England, in imitation of King Arthur, to commemorate betrothal of daughter of Edward I, and attended by the king

1505 Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg

1551 John Dudley becomes Earl Marshal of England

1611 First known performance of Shakespeare‘s tragedy Macbeth at the Globe Theatre, London, recorded by Simon Forman

1650 Dutch East India Company (VOC) management sets new guidelines

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1920 Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio

1951 4th Cannes Film Festival: “Miss Julie” directed by Alf Sjoberg and “Miracle in Milan” directed by Vittorio De Sica jointly awarded the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film

1963 10th National Film Awards (India): “Dada Thakur” wins the Golden Lotus

1966 WDCA TV channel 20 in Washington, D.C. (IND) begins broadcasting

1971 Barbra Streisand records “We’ve Only Just Begun”

1976 George Harrison sings “The Lumberjack Song” with Monty Python in NYC

1977 “Annie Hall”, directed by Woody Allen and starring Woody Allen and Diane Keaton, is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1978)

1981 Final performance of TV show “Soap” airs

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1759 George Frideric Handel is buried in Westminster Abbey, London

1865 Crosby Opera House opens in Chicago, Illinois; destroyed in the Great Fire of 1871

1896 1st public film showing in US John Philip Sousa‘s “El Capitan” premieres in NYC

1954 “Golden Apple” opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 125 performances

1955 “Saint of Bleecker St” closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances

1960 “From A to Z” opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 21 performances

1963 “Sophie” closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 8 performances

1972 Virgil Thomson’s final opera, “Lord Byron“, with libretto by Jack Larson, first performance at Lincoln Center, New York City

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1887 Georges Bouton wins the world’s 1st motor race on a steam-powered quadricycle, a ‘test’ organised by French newspaper Le Velocipede

1903 7th Boston Marathon won by Irishman John Lorden in 2:41:29.8

1908 12th Boston Marathon won by Tom Morrissey in 2:25:43.2

1908 Opening day of competition of the New South Wales Rugby League.

1910 Cleveland Naps Addie Joss 2nd no-hitter, beats Chicago, 1-0

1912 Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat NY Highlanders 7-6 in 11

1912 Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens, Tigers beat Cleveland Indians 6-5

1914 18th Boston Marathon won by Canadian James Duffy in 2:25:01.2