April 19 Today In History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1770 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia. Writes in his log book that “what we have as yet seen of this land appears rather low, and not very hilly, the face of the Country green and Woody, but the Sea shore is all a white Sand.”

1775 American Revolution begins in Lexington, Massachusetts. The “Shot Heard Round the World” takes place later that day in Concord

1909 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

1995 Oklahoma City bombing, Timothy McVeigh sets a truck bomb at Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, killing 168 and injuring 500

2011 Fidel Castro resigns his position of First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba after 45 years of holding the title [1]

Today’s Historical Events

607 Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth

1012 Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London

1451 Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne

1524 Pope Clemens VII fires Neth inquisitor-general French Van de Holly

1539 Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt

1552 Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel

1591 Chartres surrenders to King Henry IV in France

1619 Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1927 Actress Mae West found guilty of “obscenity and corrupting the morals of youth” in a New York stage play entitled “Sex”. She is sentenced to 10 days in prison and fined $500, the resulting publicity launches her Hollywood career.

1934 Shirley Temple appears in her 1st feature length film, “Stand Up & Cheer”

1948 American Broadcasting Company (ABC) TV network debuts

1953 WAFB TV channel 9 in Baton Rouge, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting

1967 “Casino Royale” James Bond comedy film starring David Niven and Peter Sellers premieres. Based on the Ian Fleming novel.

1971 Charles Manson sentenced to life in prison for the murder of Sharon Tate

1973 Barbra Streisand records “Between Yesterday & Tomorrow”

1990 Marla Maples appears on ABC’s Prime-Time

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1774 CW Glucks opera “Iphigenia in Aulis” premieres in Paris

1877 Opera “Les Cloches de Cornerville” is produced (Paris)

1894 Jules Massenet‘s opera “Werther” premieres in NYC

1919 Opera “Monsieur Beaucaire” is produced (London)

1924 “National Barn Dance” premieres on WLS Chicago

1945 Rodgers & Hammerstein’s musical “Carousel” opens at the Majestic Theatre, NYC; runs for 890 performances

1951 “A Tree Grows in Brooklyn” opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 267 performances

1963 “Hot Spot” opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 43 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1897 1st Boston Marathon (B.A.A. Road Race), won by John J. McDermott in 2:55:10; the world’s oldest annual marathon inspired by success of the first marathon at the 1896 Summer Olympics

1900 Highest scoring opening game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10

1909 13th Boston Marathon won by Henri Renaud in 2:53:36.8

1915 19th Boston Marathon won by Canadian Édouard Fabre in 2:31:41.2

1920 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31

1926 30th Boston Marathon won by Canadian Johnny Miles in 2:25:40.4

1928 Yanks are out of 1st place for 1st time since May 1926

1937 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20