April 16 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1457 BC Battle of Megiddo: Egyptian forces of Thutmose III defeat a large Canaanite coalition under King of Kadesh. First battle recorded with a reliable account.

1705 Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College, Cambridge

1746 Jacobite Rising 1745: Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army of Charles Edward Stuart

1900 US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps

1917 Vladimir Lenin issues his radical “April Theses” calling for Soviets to take power during the Russian Revolution [OS Apr 4]

1948 Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris

2003 Treaty of Accession is signed in Athens admitting 10 new member states to the European Union

Today’s Historical Events

1457 BC Battle of Megiddo: Egyptian forces of Thutmose III defeat a large Canaanite coalition under King of Kadesh. First battle recorded with a reliable account.

1178 BC A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War

73 Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt

556 Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1071 Bari falls to Robert Guiscard’s Norman forces, ending Byzantine rule in Italy

1346 The Serbian Empire is proclaimed in Skopje at an Easter assembly and Stephen Uroš IV Dušan crowned Emperor over much of the Balkans

1395 Azzo X d’Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops

1509 French army under Louis XII enters the Alps

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1787 1st American comedy, “The Contrast,” makes its debut in NYC

1932 Short film “The Music Box” released in the US, starring Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy (1932 Academy Award Best Live Action Short Film)

1953 WAND TV channel 17 in Decatur, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting

1954 KVAL TV channel 13 in Eugene, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting

1958 5th National Film Awards (India): “Do Aankhen Barah Haath” wins the Golden Lotus

1962 Walter Cronkite begins anchoring CBS Evening News

1978 NBC’s premiere of miniseries “Holocaust”

1990 August Wilson‘s play “The Piano Lesson”, starring Charles S. Dutton, opens at Walter Kerr Theater NYC for 320 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1849 Giacomo Meyerbeer’s opera “Le prophète” premieres in Paris

1854 Franz Liszt‘s symphonic poem “Mazeppa” premieres at the Court Theatre in Weimar

1940 Heitor Villa-Lobos’ opera “Izaht” premieres in Rio de Janeiro

1952 “4 Saints in 3 Acts” opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 15 performances

1959 “Party with Comden & Green” opens at John Golden NYC for 44 performances

1967 “Walking Happy” closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC after 161 performances

1972 “That’s Entertainment” closes at Edison Theater NYC after 4 performances

1974 “Words & Music” opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 127 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1900 4th Boston Marathon won by Canadian Jim Caffrey in race record 2:39:44.4

1906 10th Boston Marathon won by 18-year old Tim Ford in 2:45:45; youngest race winner

1912 Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)

1917 21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy in 2:28:37.2

1923 27th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar in 2:23:37.4 for second straight year; 3rd race victory

1928 32nd Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar in 2:37:07.8; back-to-back wins for his 6th race title

1929 New York Yankees become first MLB team to permanently feature numbers on backs of uniforms; numbers correspond to position in batting order

1934 38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8