Originating from the Latin word coventus, which means agreement or assembly, the term coven first came about during the 1500s in Scotland. The term at the time stood for a local group of witches or meeting of witches. Yet, people did not use the word often until witchcraft became more popular and public in the modern era.
A traditional coven is usually composed of thirteen members, each representing the thirteen lunar months of a year. Given that witchcraft and Wicca are associated with the moon and its femininity, the number symbolizes the lunar calendar and represents wholeness.
However today some groups prefer to have fewer or more coven also provides the feeling of a community who are able to celebrate significant events and occasions. Furthermore, just like a community, a coven can provide you with acceptance, safety, and the feeling of being valued.
On the other hand, not all covens are in harmony for the rest of their existence. Given that a coven has 13 or more members, the chances of conflicts in ideas, objectives, and opinions are high. In fact, some covens break apart while working through problems and even trivial issues.
Deciding to be a member of a coven will entail responsibilities, which include your devotion for the coven to stay united as well as the need for tolerance, cooperation, and respect for each member and for the coven as a whole.
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