Many ancient writing clearly indicate that the use of incense has been used in connection with religious and magickal practices throughout the world. The ancients believed that certain scents had the quality too attract good spirits and to dispel the evil ones. Incense was burned not only to purify a place dedicated to God, but also to neutralize the offensive odor from burnt offerings.
There is an old belief that prayers were carried upward to the Gods with the rising incense smoke. This same belief was held by many American Indian tribes in connection with their sacred peace pipe. The Indian peace pipe was a method of burning incense during ceremonies because they often mixed herbs with a little tobacco.
Aside from this incense helps to create an atmosphere that is more conducive to proper meditation and debout prayers.