October 12 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

54 Nero succeeds Claudius as Roman Emperor

1307 French King Philip IV has Grand Master Jacques de Molay and Knights Templar arrested and charged of idolatry and corruption

1884 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude

1924 Mecca falls without struggle to Saudi forces led by Abdulaziz Ibn Saud

1943 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany

1944 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII

2010 Copiapó mining accident in Chile comes to a happy end as all 33 miners arrive at the surface after surviving a record 69 days underground

Today’s Historical Events

54 Nero succeeds Claudius as Roman Emperor

409 Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees and appear in Hispania

1213 Battle of Steppes: Hugh Pierrepont, Bishop of Liège & Louis II, Count of Loon defeat Henry I, Duke of Brabant

1282 Nichiren Daishonin, founder of the Nichiren School of Buddhism, dies, his ashes are interred at Taisekiji Temple

1307 French King Philip IV has Grand Master Jacques de Molay and Knights Templar arrested and charged of idolatry and corruption

1399 Henry of Bolingbroke is crowned King Henry IV of England in Westminster Abbey, a few weeks after deposing Richard II

1448 First assembly of Catalan dioceses to choose their syndics (representative) to plead abolition of serfdom to King Alfons IV – 1st official recognition of serfs organizing to defend their rights

1483 Rabbi Issac Abarbanel starts his exegesis on Bible

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1931 Noël Coward‘s “Cavalcade” premieres in London

1950 “All About Eve” directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz and starring Bette Davis and Anne Baxter premieres (Academy Awards Best Picture 1951)

1956 WAGM TV channel 8 in Presque Isle, ME (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins

1960 Third presidential debate with Nixon in Hollywood & Kennedy in NY

1962 Edward Albee‘s play “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?” opens on Broadway featuring actress Uta Hagen

1967 CBS radio cancels “House Party”

1971 WTZH TV channel 24 in Meridian, MS (CBS) suspends broadcasting

1973 “Badlands” directed by Terrence Malick and starring Martin Sheen and Sissy Spacek premieres at the New York Film Festival

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1870 Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert

1887 Australian soprano Nellie Melba makes her operatic debut as Gilda in “Rigoletto” at Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie in Brussels

1903 Victor Herbert and by Glen MacDonough’s operetta “Babes in Toyland” premieres at Majestic Theater, New York City

1931 Musical “Everybody’s Welcome” with Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey premieres in NYC

1949 “Touch & Go” opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 176 performances

1963 The term “Beatlemania” is coined after Beatles appear at the London Palladium

1966 Jimi Hendrix Experience debuts with American guitarist Jimi Hendrix, British bassist Noel Redding & British drummer Mitch Mitchell in Évreux, Normandy, France

1972 “Hurry, Harry” closes at Ritz Theater NYC after 2 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1893 Vigilant (US) beats Valkyrie II (UK) in 9th America’s Cup, in New York

1903 1st Baseball World Series: Boston Americans beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 3-0 in Game 8 at Huntington Avenue for a 5-3 series victory

1914 Baseball World Series: Boston Braves beat Philadelphia A’s, 3-1 at Fenway Park for first 4-game sweep in WS history; ‘Miracle Braves’ last in NL July 4

1915 Baseball World Series: Boston Red Sox beat Philadelphia Phillies, 5-4 at the Baker Bowl to clinch series 4-1

1920 World Series celebration in Wade Park brings out 50,000+ Clevelanders

1921 Baseball World Series: NY Giants beat NY Yankees, 1-0 at the Polo Grounds for a 5-3 series win; final WS played in best-of-nine format; Yankees first ever WS appearance

1933 Soccer team STEVO forms in Geesteren

1934 LPGA Western Open Women’s Golf, Portland G & CC: Marian McDougall outclassed Mrs Guy Riegel, 9 & 7 to win golf’s only major title