April 22 Today In History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1500 Pedro Álvares Cabral is the first european to discover Brazil, landing near Monte Pascoal, claims it for Portugal

1915 1st military use of poison gas (chlorine, by Germany) in WW I

1993 Holocaust Memorial Museum dedicated in Washington, D.C.

1994 7,000 Tutsi slaughtered by Hutus in the stadium at Kibuye, Rwanda

2006 243 people are injured in pro-democracy protest in Nepal after Nepali security forces open fire on protesters against King Gyanendra.

2016 Paris Agreement on climate change signed in New York binding 195 nations to an increase in the global average temperature to less than 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C

Today’s Historical Events

296 St Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope

536 St. Agapetus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1056 Supernova Crab nebula last seen by the naked eye

1073 Pope Alexander II buried and Ildebrando chosen as Pope Gregory VII

1145 19th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

1164 Raynald of Dassel names Guido di Crema as anti-pope Paschalis III

1370 Building begins on the Bastille fortress in Paris

1500 Pedro Álvares Cabral is the first european to discover Brazil, landing near Monte Pascoal, claims it for Portugal

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1948 WTVR TV channel 6 in Richmond, VA (CBS) begins broadcasting

1954 US Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings begin

1976 Barbara Walters becomes 1st female US nightly network news anchor (ABC News)

1976 Director Ingmar Bergman leaves Sweden due to taxation

1984 CBS premiere of TV film “Pope John Paul II“, starring Albert Finney in title role

1991 Johnny Carson announces he will retire next year from “The Tonight Show”

1991 Shalom America (Jewish cable network) is launched in Brooklyn & Queens

1998 Disney’s Animal Kingdom opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1804 Gioachino Rossini (12) performs in Imola

1876 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky completes his ballet “Swan Lake”

1927 Roger Sessions’ 1st Symphony in E premieres with Serge Koussevitzky conducting the Boston Symphony Orchestra

1970 “Park” opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 5 performances

1978 23rd Eurovision Song Contest: Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta for Israel wins singing “A-Ba-Ni-Bi” in Paris

1979 The Rolling Stones play two benefit concerts for the Canadian National Institute for the Blind, in Oshawa, Ontario; performance part of guitarist Keith Richards’ sentence for heroin conviction on heroin charges

1989 “Welcome to the Club” closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 12 performances

1990 “Truly Blessed” opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 33 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1876 1st official National League baseball game is played; Boston Red Caps beat Philadelphia Athletics, 6-5 at the Jefferson Street Grounds, Philadelphia

1876 Philadelphia native Tim McGinley of the Boston Red Caps scores baseball National League’s 1st run, in Philadelphia

1898 Baltimore James Hughes no-hits Boston Braves 8-0

1898 Cincinnati Red Theodore Breitenstein no-hits Pirates 11-0

1903 NY Highlanders (Yankees) first MLB game; lose 3-1 before 11,950 vs Washington Senators at American League Park

1906 Intercalated Games opens in Athens

1906 New rule puts umpire in sole charge of all game balls

1908 Queensland beat NSW by 171 runs for their 1st cricket win at Gabba

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