Making or Purchasing Altar Clothes

Over the years I have made altar clothes out of many different things from plain material to washcloths sown together. There is nothing saying you have to use a premade cloth with pagan designs or they have to be one solid color. Your altar cloth can be made from whatever you want it to be and look however you want it to be it plain or with a design.

My newest altar cloth for Samhain is a dishtowel I just bought with a black cat in a witches hat sitting on a pumpkin. Now some may say this is disrespectful because of the importance this Sabbat has with honoring our ancestors but most of my ancestors that I knew in this lifetime had a great sense of humor so with this cloth I feel I am honoring that part of them.

I also have a piece of dark blue with a small white flower design on it that I use on my mother’s birthday. This piece of cloth is a leftover from a dress she mad herself. So it helps me to concentrate on the spell I wrote to talk with all of my ancestor going back to pre-historic time.

I have a piece of chocolate brown material I use when I am doing spell work that Earth will make it stronger. I use it anytime I am working with protection spells or rituals.

Another one of my altar clothes is made from sewing 5 wash clothes together. Yellow for Air, Green for Earth, Red for Fire, Blue for Water and White for Spirit. How I made it is I cut all of them in half diagonally then stitched one have of each together to form a pentagram. This was when I was just starting out on my witchy path and did not have a lot of money.

A good way to get material for an altar cloth without it costing too much is to go to a fabric store or hobby store that carries material and look in the remnants bin. Almost all of these types of stores have one. Or you can buy a dish or hand towel plain or with a design you like and use it. While at the store you can look for fabric paints, patches, sequins, embroidery floss, yarn used in making baby clothes as it is usually very thin or even cotton like used to make doilies.

In other words, make as many altar cloths in whatever style suits you the most when using your altar. The only limitation on altar clothes is your imagination! This is also a project you can do with your children by letting them make their own altar cloth for use for when they get older and do make their own altar or honor their creativity by using it during a family ritual.

Copyright 2018 Lady Beltane

A Different Way of Embracing the Titles of the Triple Goddess

Many witches feel that the phases of the Triple Goddess and the names corresponding to the Moon phases are only parts of a female witch’s lifetime. While this is the traditional meaning I feel with more males becoming witches that they too should have titles to go with the Moon phases and their life phases.

Remember male or female we come into this world from our mother’s. Put there by combining female eggs and Male sperm that sets off a miracle that has been happening since couples started procreating. We all, female and male are babies and children with the same basic make up in hormones until reaching puberty. That is when we start showing the differences in how we see the opposite gender and usually see ourselves in a different way. I want to add in here that people sometimes are born into the wrong body type and now because of science and starting to be accepted somewhat better can have surgeries to correct this mistake. They can start feeling and looking as the gender they always felt they should be. There are also people who start looking at the same gender as themselves differently than more then just a friend to hang out with. We at Coven Lifee embrace all pagans/witches as equals and are happy to accept them into our Covenand school. We the Elders welcome diversity with in our community.

Please keep in mind the above paragraphs while reading the rest of this article. I will not delete any negative comments about the topic of this article unless they use foul language and/or are very negative in their wording. I have zero tolerance for anyone bashing the LGTB persons as they are children of our Lord and Lady also.

The Triple Goddess goes by many names depending on path of The Craft you follow and/or the country you live in.. The different titles of the Moon tie in with every months Moon phases . Just as the different titles for each of our life times goes with the changes in our bodies and the phase our life is in.

First here is the traditional titles and corrspponsmding Moon phases. After a girl has her first blood the next waxing Moon she will come to us as a Maiden. The waxing monthly moon phase is also the Maideb. When a woman has her first child or comes to us around 25 to 30 she is the Mother when the Moon is full. During the monthly Moon phase the full Moon is know as the Mother phase. Finally when the cessation of a monthly blood by any way happens, she has the wisdom built up over many years, and wants to she becomes the Crone or Elder

come during the waning Moon of this lifetime. The monthly warning Moon is known as The Crone phase.

For male witches Young Man is the title for the waxing Moon phase starts as you see physical changes in your body, the Father phase happens when your first child is born, and. After your children are grown up or when you feel you have much winsome to share with younger people you become known as an Elder.

As I said in the beginning this is my way of looking at the titles for our different life phases. Let me know what you think about Male witches also having a title for different phases of their lifetimes.

Copyright 2018 by Lady Beltane

P. U. T. for A. H.

As a continuation to my post yesterday I felt the need to share a mantra and prayer I have been using for years after reading the book The Four Agreements. The author Don Miguel Ruiz is a descendant of a long line of Toltec shamans, reading this book did change my whole outlook on my interactions with myself as well as other people. So when I apologized to the person in yesterday’s post I was apologizing to myself so I could put the whole negative situation behind me. Which I have mostly because of what the title of this article stand for. Here is my daily prayer that has help me bring my anger, resentment, negativity in thoughts about others almost to nothingingness. Yes I still get those feelings but first it takes me longer to all myself to feel that way and second I am quicker to recognize when I am feeling like that. I am responsible for what feeling I decide to react with to what someone else has said and/or done to me. No on has the power to make me feel any specific way. Everyone of us has the power over which feeling we use to react to the way we are being treated, spoken about or to. No one can make any of us feel anyway but the way we ourself choose to. Remember we all see the world and the people in our lives through our own heart, mind, spirit and eyes that are unique to us just as every other person living anywhere on Mother Earth sees things in their own unique way.

So here is the prayer I say almost daily to remind myself how I want to choose to react or interact with others. You are welcome to use it as is or tweak it so it fits your own unique self.

May I have

Patience

Understanding and

Tolerance for better

Acceptance of people, places, things, situations, they way people treat me or might talk to or about me so I can live in better

Harmony in my home, family, work, and world.

Copyright 2018 Lady Beltane

The Moon in the Signs

The Moon moves through the twelve signs of the zodiac each month, spending about two and a half days in each sign and taking on the sign’s characteristics while there. Moon sign astrology is an ancient tradition and holds a significant place in folklore and magic. In addition to using the waxing and waning phases of the Moon in daily life, it is important to know which Moon signs can be helpful to the job at hand and which will work against you. Here is a description of how the Moon behaves in each of the twelve signs.

Aries

Aries is a cardinal fire sign that is ruled by the planet Mars. When the Moon is here, it is time for starting new ventures, particularly financial or medical. Don’t plant seeds for your garden, though. This Moon is about the self and the ego and anything ruled by Mars – knives, sharp things, strength, daring, courage, and lust. Use this moon for quick results, not for things that will drag out. People will be enthusiastic during this time, and also headstrong and rash. If you fall, you’ll land on your head.

Taurus

Taurus is a fixed earth sign that is ruled by Venus. The Moon exalted in Taurus which means that it is very happy here and can be used for anything associated with love the arts. Taurus is about values, possessions, money, fertility, and Mother Earth. This is a good time for gardening and anything requiring hard work and steady progress. People be cautious and protective of what they have. You’ll think your voice sounds especially lyrical in the shower now.

Gemini

Gemini is a mutable air sign ruled by the Mercury; it is also a dual sign, which means you can do two things at once, or perhaps not be able to make up your mind. You may feel restless and changeable, but it is also a good time to write, study, or communicate with your family. Be careful of what you say or ask for; you may mean it for only as long as it takes you to say it. Practice your sleight of hand or juggling, as your fingers are very nibble now.

Cancer

Cancer is a cardinal water sign and the home of the Moon herself. When the Moon is here, she is at her most powerful, so use her for working important magic and divination. This is the most fertile of signs, good for planting any seeds. The Moon rules the home, children, the emotions, cooking, eating, and all nurturing. Prepare your favorite comfort food, but don’t overeat! Do kitchen magic and be careful not to hurt anyone’s feelings.

LEO

Leo is a fixed fire sign, and King Lion is ruled by the SUn. It is the most barren sign and the only garden job it is good for is weeding. Leo loves to be appreciated and looked up to. Use this Moon to work with your stocks and bonds, creative arts, pets, hobbies, and romance, Throw a dinner party with a drama flair – make barbecue or serve flaming brochettes, in honor of the Sun. Be generous and kind; don’t behave like a sulky child.

VIRGO

Virgo is a mutable earth sign, and it too is ruled by Mercury, which lends abstract thought and a keen critical intellect to the Virgin. Pay attention to details and all matters concerning health and healing, nutrition, herbs, crafts, ethics, service to others, volunteering, and communication needs. Use this Moon’s energy to thoroughly clean house.

LIBRA

Libra is a cardinal air sign and also ruled by Venus. When the Moon is here it is time for partnership matters, legal affairs, socializing, and planting flowers. Balance and harmony are the Venusian theme to this Moon time, so use it to accomplish things with another person. MAgic can be done with a partner, and it’s definitely time for romance, sprinkle rose petals in the incense burner, but don’t overimbibe; your kidneys will give you a headache.

SAGITTARIUS

Sagittarius is a mutable fire sign, under the domain of Jupiter. Go with your current mood of warmhearted friendliness and take your mother-in-law to lunch and a lecture at the museum. Schedule a trip to Malta or Avebury Plain for an independent journey. Be Philosophical about your restlessness and mail your manuscript to the publishers. Use intuitive gifts to work some divination magic. Harvest fruits and vegetables. Be careful not to injure your hip when you fall over the pattern in the linoleum. (I think the last line was put here just for me since I can trip over my own feet…lol)

CAPRICORN

Capricorn is a cardinal earth sign dominated by the lesser master, Saturn. This is good planting and graphing time, but when the Moon is here everybody wants to be the boss, so hold back on the autocratic orders. This sign is a gateway to the land of magic and very powerful in obtaining what you need. In this Moon, you will find the crone and profound wisdom, so don’t let negativity and depression get you down, However, the Moon is not happy here and tends to be ruthless with other’s feelings. Try bending at the knee for a little humility.

AQUARIUS

Aquarius is a fixed air sign ruled by traditional Saturn and transpersonal Uranus. This Moon is happy working for the common good of all, so use this time for coven matters or working magic for others. Selfish independence is a problem with this imperial Moon, as personal magic can boomerang with scattered thinking. Garden chores should be limited to weeding and clean up. It’s ok now to dress a little weirdly and express your off-the-wall thoughts. Stay out of your in-line skates if you have weak ankles.

PISCES

Pisces is a feminine mutable water sign traditionally ruled by Jupiter and by the modern Neptune. Another very fertile sign, it is good planting all seeds. This is the Moon that rules magic itself, so it is very powerful for prophecy, dreams, and deep psychic work. Use it to explore past lives and all secrets; you can find things you’ve lost or mix potent ritual elixirs and perfumes. You don’t need to polish off the cooking sherry to make music and dance or find your spiritual roots. Avoid getting lost in the fantasy; keep your feet on the ground.

Copyright by K. D. Spitzer in Llewellyn’s 1999 Witches’ Datebook Pages 14-17

Daily Chakra Healing (Part 2) Monday – Root

MONDAY: ROOT

Today’s focus is safety and shadow side, stagnation. This chakra helps us cultivate the foundation necessary to survive and thrive, and without this stable base, it’s challenging to manifest what we need. We might feel as if we’re one step forward and two steps back, never able to gain a solid footing. On the flip side, we can become so attached to stability and supports that they become constraints, preventing us from evolving and remaining flexible. Today, get curious about where you feel safe or unsafe (physically, emotionally, spiritually, or intellectually) and where you feel stuck. If you imagined breaking free from stagnation, what might that look like, and what thoughts and feelings arise?

Color: Red

Location: Base of the spine

Crystal: (wear, carry, or meditate with): Garnet, hematite, red calcite, jasper

Food and Drink: Red potatoes, red beans or lentils, radishes, beets, rooibos or hibiscus tea, dandelion root for deep grounding

Copyright Melissa Tipton Llewellyn’s Witches’ Datebook 2020 Pages 11 to 15.

Daily Chakra Healing (Part 4) Wednesday – Solar Plexus

Wednesday: Solar Plexus

Today’s focus is responsibility versus control and the interesting, often inverse, relationship between the two. Controlling behavior whether directed at ourselves or others, often conceals unconscious responsibilities that must be owned if the controlling patterns are to be healed. For example, if you struggle with micromanaging your diet, this could conceal a need to own your own emotions and embodied experiences. It can feel easier to hyperfocus on controllable factors, like what to eat and how much, instead of exploring the messier emotions surrounding those food choices. Today, get curious about aspects of your life that feel controlled or overly rule-bound. What feelings come up when you ponder lose reins? Can you take responsibility being fully present with the feelings, and if they reveal a need for change, how can you take the next step in that direction?

Color: Yellow

Location: Upper abdomen

Crystals: Citrine, topaz, yellow tiger’s eye, sunstone

Food and Drink: Bananas, melons, olive oil, cinnamon, rosemary, chamomile tea, water with lemon juice

Copyright Melissa Tipton Llewellyn’s Witches’ Datebook 2020 Pages 11 to 15.

Daily Chakra Healing (Part 6) Friday – Throat

Friday: Throat

Today’s focus is productive dialogue versus monologue, bot internally and with others. Dialogue invites new perspectives and requires flexibility, while monologue sticks to the script and is immune to change. Our thoughts can remain open and curious or resist new perspectives. In conversation, we can allow ourselves to be surprised, to truly listen and be present, or we can wait our turn to resume or monologue. Notice how dialogue builds on the previous chakra: for example, we’re more apt to welcome change and surprises when we feel safe (root), and we’re less likely to make negative assumptions when we fell connected (heart). Both fellings foster healthy dialogue over fearful, rigid monologue, Today, practice being present and curious in conversations, whether they are happening internally or with others. When your mind is certain, say, “I wonder what other possibilities exist — I’m open to perceiving them.” Be fully present in the conversation. Don’t worry about what you are going to say next; simply savor the details, said and unsaid.

Copyright Melissa Tipton Llewellyn’s Witches’ Datebook 2020 Pages 11 to 15.

Daily Chakra Healing (Part 8) Sunday – Crown

Today’s focus is surrender versus escapism. The Divine works through us, not for us; we must serve a responsible cocreators of our life. Too often surrender is interpreted as a come-what-may approach, but there’s more nuance to healthy surrender. What must be released are the ridge plans of the ego in favor of trusting that taking the next step is enough. Once that step is initiated, we will be given the next, but we won’t be shown the entire map before we agree to leave the house, nor can we escape the responsibility of taking action in the absence of complete knowledge. This is the dance of surrender. Today, explore your plans and goals. Do you have any? Are they set in stone? Pare it down to just the next step, asking for guidance and allowing your intuition to inform you[r] actions. If you’re guided to follow- up step that deviates from the ego’s plan, can you surrender, taking action with openness and curiosity?

Color: White or purple

Location: At or just above the top of the head

Crystals: Herkimer diamond, quartz, selenite, moonstone

Food and Drink: Yogurt and kefir, nuts and seeds, especially almond and sesame, sea salt; lavender or lotus tea

Copyright Melissa Tipton Llewellyn’s Witches’ Datebook 2020 Pages 11 to 15.

Crafting Your Own Sacred Schedule – Part 1

What days of the year are most important to you? Are you making a place for them in your practice, or are you by-passing them altogether? What makes your year go’ round? These are important points to consider when finding your life rhythm and setting a sacred schedule for your own Wheel of the Year.

All too frequently, new practitioners approach this path and feel they must absorb a whole new system directed by a book. That includes celebrating the Wheel of the Year down to the letter, even if it doesn’t make sense for your location, background, beliefs, myths, real life experiences, and so on. This approach can leave you feeling out of touch with what’s happening around you or even make you wonder if you’re doing witchery all wrong.

But there are very few hard and fast rules in Witchcraft — instead, they’re are many suggestions and recommended guidelines. The Wheel of the Year model, as it appears in most books over the last fifty years, is a relatively new construction pieced together from different traditions, I’m not pointing out this fact to knock the system — it does work well for many people. Yet it can be all to easy to forget that the Wheel of the Year is a guideline, not a rule to be adhered to religiously or exclusively. The intention behind its information is to give modern Pagans a cycle they can connect with. How you mark or celebrate the seasons, mythic changes, and important dates will depend heavily on the foundation of your personal practice.

Take into consideration that the popular version of the Wheel of the Year is heavily steeped in Celtic myth. What if you wish to delve into your Slavic, Japanese, or Brazilian heritage? Every culture has its own vibrant collection of myths and sacred days. Sometimes they overlap with the eight sabbats, similarly landing on solstices, equinoxes, or the cross-quarter days, but sometimes they don’t. For example, the Slavic/Russian sun-oriented fest of Kupala occurs in early July while Obon, a Japanese festival that honors the dead falls in mid-August.

There’s also the problematic trappings of culture that insists on separating the sacred from the secular. Big festivals and fest days help bring a community together, but that doesn’t mean they are more special or powerful than days that have a deep personal meaning in your own life. When we are able to see the correlations between the big moments and our day-to-day lives, we enhance our ability to connect with the world around us. The more we can honor and celebrate the seawsons in our own lives, the deeper our practic becomes.

Copyright by Laura Tempst Zakroof Llewellyn;s Witches’ Datebook 2020 Pages 20 to 23

Crafting Your Own Sacred Schedule – Part 5

Family and Familiar Feasts

Is there a particular occasion that has been long celebrated in your family or has a speical place in your heart? Carry on that tradition then! Even if it is tied to a religious tradition that you no longer follow or is completely secular in origin, consider what makes that day special to you. Is the meaning rooted in who was in attendance, the time of year, or what meal was always served? Think about what spiritual or magical context that feast has for you now. Traditions survive through a healthy mixture of both preservation and change.

Copyright by Laura Tempst Zakroof Llewellyn;s Witches’ Datebook 2020 Pages 20 to 23

Crafting Your Own Sacred Schedule – Part 7

Follow, Your Roots

Not only is it important to acknowledge the patterns of the land where you live, but you may also find exploring your roots very inspiring. Where are your ancestors from? What traditions and celebrations did they observe historically? You probably won’t find books on these subjects in the New Age section of the library or bookstore — instead you’ll want to wander over to anthropology and folklore sections. If a particular tradition or day really resonates, consider how you can sincerely explore it. Are the people who live in that area today still observing it? Can you find videos online of the festivities? It might be worth a trip to immerse yourself more and see what you can discover about your roots.

Copyright by Laura Tempst Zakroof Llewellyn;s Witches’ Datebook 2020 Pages 20 to 23

The Origins of Halloween by Silver Raven Wolf – Part 2

The Celts

Many historians feel that the greatest strength in the Celtic people lies in their collective mythos. Wading through the romanticism to find unmodified information can prove a tricky endeavor. The earliest archaeological evidence we have of the Celts rest in France and Western Germany.  The Celtic people moved into Spain, Britain, and Switzerland between the fifth and first century BCE. They even ransacked Rome in 390 BCE.

The Celtic peoples celebrated four festivals called fire festivals–commonly know today as Samhain, Oimelc (Imbolc), Beltane, and Lughnasadh. Samhain (pronounced sow-in, sow rhymes with now) was the first and foremost a harvest festival relating to animal husbandry and preparations for the winter months. Fire is an element of cleaning, a vehicle of eradication, so it is not unlikely that fire would work itself into any type of religious celebration. Fire among the ancient peoples often represented an aspect of the divine.

What does the word Samhain mean? Well, we know what it doesn’t mean. There is no archeological or literary evidence of a Celtic god by the name of Samhain. This little slip of fact appears to have begum in the 1700s and continues in some misinformed publications today. The word Samhain actually means “summers end”.

So, where did this Lord of the Dead thing come in? Over time, Samhain took on a religious significance through ministrations of the Druids (the clergy of the Celt’s). Legends indicate that on Samhain all the hearth fires in Ireland were doused and then lit again from a central fire maintained by the Druids at Tlachtga. To the Celts, Samhain was a turning point from light into darkness, and it was thought that this break or fissure created easier access to their land of the dead, Tir nan Og.

The Druids

We need to know a little bit about the Druids to continue with our history of Halloween. The Druids were versed in all learning and were considered to have the gift of prophecy. They functioned as judge, ambassadors, healers, and religious leaders. The Druids first named the holiday Samhain.

Copyright 1999 Llewellyn’s Witches’ Datebook Pages 24 to 29

The Origins of Halloween by Silver Raven Wolf – Part 4

The Advent of Christianity

By the fourth and fifth centuries , Celtic Christianity had oozed into Ireland. St. Patrick has his hands full, and here is where the kettle starts to boil. At, first, the Pagans openly welcomed Christianity, but as Christianity filtered into the Celtic system, church officials had a few problems—mainly the Celtics didn’t want up their holidays or folk practices. The people were not willing to throw out traditions that were ingrained into their social structure. If you can’t get someone to completely change, what do you do? Compromise. And that’s exactly what happened. Samhain was changed to All Hollow’s Eve. To make the Pagan peoples adhere more closely to this new religion of Christianity, the clergy of the day taught the peasants that fairies were really demons and devils (remember, a concept totally unknown to Celtic belief or history) and their beloved dead were horrid ghosts and ghouls. The early Christian erroneously associated the Celtic land of the dead with the Christian concept of Hell.

To help the belief in Christianity along, Druids priestess were systematically murdered. Early Christians also taught the area peasants that their Lord of the Underworld was in fact Satan, which is ridiculous, as the two mythos don’t have anything in common. It appears that Christians misunderstood what the word Samhain meant: because the peasants use this celebration to honor the dead, Christians assumed that Samhain was the incorrect pronunciation of a Pagan deity in the Bible, recorded as Samuel, from the Semitic Sammael, meaning God of the under world.

Copyright Llewellyn’s Witches’ Datebook 1999 Pages 24 to 29

May Day [Beltane] by Jami Shoemaker – Part 1

When I was a little girl, my sister and I would celebrate the first of May by making little paper baskets and filling them with candy. We would then sneak around the neighborhood to our friend’s houses, leave them on the doorsteps, ring the bells, and run away, screaming with laughter. The trick was never to reveal your identity to the recipient of the gift. Little did I know at the time that we were celebrating an old custom that harkened back to ancient times.

Origins

Like any celebration based on ancient agricultural practices, it is impossible to know the exact origin of out May Day. Celebrations of spring are found in cultures all over the world, with similar themes of renewal, planting and growth, the gathering of flowers, and playful celebrations.

However, much of the meaning behind modern Pagan custom can be traced to Celtic origins, or at least with attribute to the Celts. We know that they divided the year into two seasons: summer and winter, the dark and life halves of the year. Within this they honored four major turning points, Samhain, Imbolc, Beltane, and Lughnasadh, with fire festivals.

These festivals coincided astrologically with the Sun at 15 degrees Scorpio, Aquarius, Taurus, and Leo, respectively. This made these pivotal points each a type of “moveable” feast originally, like the solstices and equinoxes, which vary by a day or two from year to year. But due to changes in calendars over time, eventually the first day of the months of November, February, May, and August were earmarked for these festivals, evolving into what Witches call the Great Sabbats, with the celebrations commencing at sunset the eve before.

The flexibility in the actual date is followed by some Pagans today, and May Day, or Beltane, celebrations calculated this way are called “Old Beltane.” This explains the custom in ancient Ireland of celebrating the first day of summer on May 6. This day was given to Inghean Bhuidhe, the Yellow-Haired Girl, one of the three sister-goddesses who brought in the seasons: the First of Spring, the First of Summer, and the First Harvest.

The return of the light was called Cetsamhain (“opposite  Samhain”) or Beltaine in Ireland, Galan-Mai in Wales, and in Scotland, Beaultiunn, on the Isle of Man, it was known as Day of Summer and in Germany, Walpurgisnatch. The medieval church renamed the holiday Roodmas, hoping to shift the emphasis from the phallic Maypole to the Holy Rood, or Cross, and celebrations once marked by Pagan frivolity were usurped by festivities held in churchyards.

Copyright Llewellyn’s Witches’ Datebook 2001 Pages21 to25

May Day by Jami Shoemaker – Part 2

Roman Influence

The month of May takes its name from the goddess Maia, who appears in both Greek and Roman mythologies. In Greece, she was “grandmother,” “midwife,” or “wise one” and she was known as the mother of Hermes. The Romans associated her with their fire goddess of the same name who, along with Flora and Feronia, ruled growth and warmth, including sexual desire. Maia’s day was the first of May, and the associations with growth can still be seen in the Christian dedication of the month to Mary, Queen of Flowers.

When Romans came to Britain, they brought with them their own ancient spring rites. The goddess Flora was worshiped as the embodiment of the flowering of all of nature, including human. She was the queen of plants, the goddess of flowers, and the patron of Roman prostitutes. Flora was honored during a week-long festival from April 28–May 3. The Floralia included the gathering of flowers, used in processions, dances, and games. Young raced to see who could be the first to hang a wreath on Flora’s statue, and wrap garlands around the columns of her temple. The female body was especially6 honored at this time. Graphic, erotic medallions were distributed, and public orgies celebrated the fruitfulness of the earth. The “festival of nude women” was celebrates until the third century CE, when Roman authorities demanded the celebrants be clothed. The sense of unrestrained freedom was even enjoyed by Roman slaves on this day, with the stipulation that they return to their mater’s houses that night.

Copyright Llewellyn’s Witches’ Datebook 2001 Pages 21 to 25