May 29 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1453 Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire falls to the Turks under Mehmed II; ends the Byzantine Empire

1592 Battle of Sacheon: Korean navy led by Admiral Yi Sun Shin repels a Japanese fleet – first use of Korean Turtle ship

1660 On his 30th birthday Charles II returns to London from exile in the Netherlands to claim the English throne after the Puritan Commonwealth comes to an end

1851 Sojourner Truth addresses 1st Black Women’s Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio

1953 Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) are first to reach the summit of Mount Everest as part of a British Expedition

Today’s Historical Events

363 Roman Emperor Julian defeats the Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Sassanid capital, but is unable to take the city

757 St Paul I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1138 Anti-Pope Victor IV (Gregorio) submits himself to Pope Innocentius II

1167 Battle of Monte Porzio: Holy Roman army supporting Pope Alexander III is defeated by Christian of Buch and Rainald of Dassel

1176 Battle at Legnano: Lombard League beats Frederick Barbarossa and the Holy Roman Empire

1233 Chinese city of Kaifeng, capital of the Jurchen Jin dynasty, surrenders to the Mongols under General Subedei after a siege of more than a year

1328 French King Philip VI of Valois crowned at the Cathedral in Reims, France

1415 Pope John XXIII [Baldassare Cossa] formally deposed as Pope at the Conference of Constance, Germany, after he had fled the town in disguise

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1942 Bing Crosby records Irving Berlin’s song “White Christmas”, world’s best-selling single (estimated 100 million copies sold)

1942 “Yankee Doodle Dandy”, based on life of George M. Cohan, directed by Michael Curtiz, starring James Cagney and Joan Lesley, premieres in NYC (Academy Awards Best Actor 1943)

1949 Candid Camera, TV comedy show, moves to NBC

1949 1st British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAs): “The Best Years of Our Lives” Best Film

1949 2nd British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAs): “Hamlet” Best Film

1950 3rd British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAs): “Bicycle Thieves” Best Film

1956 WESH TV channel 2 in Daytona Beach-Orlando, FL (NBC) 1st broadcast

1961 “A Raisin in the Sun”, film adaptation of Lorraine Hansberry’s stage play, starring the Broadway cast including Sidney Poitier, Ruby Dee, John Fiedler, and Ivan Dixon premieres

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1753 Joseph Haydn’s first opera “Krumme Teufel” (The Limping Devil) premieres in Vienna

1901 Ignacy Jan Paderewski‘s opera “Manru” has its world premiere in Dresden, Germany

1913 Igor Stravinsky‘s avant-garde ballet score “Le Sacre du Printemps” (The Rite of Spring) for the Ballets Russes premieres at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris, provoking a riot

1950 The Carter family debut on the Grand Ole Opry with Chet Atkins

1956 Arnold Schoenberg‘s “Modern Psalm” premieres

1960 Everly Brothers single “Cathy’s Clown” hits #1

1962 4th Grammy Awards: Moon River, Peter Nero win

1971 “Court Room” by Clarence Carter hits #61

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1897 31st Belmont: Joe Scherrer aboard Scottish Chieftain wins in 2:23.25

1900 25th Preakness: H Spencer aboard Hindus wins in 1:48.4

1916 NY Giants win 17th consecutive road game

1922 US Supreme Court rules organized baseball is a sport and not a business and thus not subject to antitrust laws

1940 Adolf Kiefer swims world record 100 yards backstroke (58.8 sec)

1948 French Championships Men’s Tennis: Frank Parker wins 1st of 2 straight French titles; beats Jaroslav Drobný 6-4, 7-5, 5-7, 8-6

1948 French Championships Women’s Tennis: Belgium-born but representing France, Nelly Landry beats American Shirley Fry 6-2, 0-6, 6-0 for her lone major title

1954 French Championships Men’s Tennis: Tony Trabert beats Art Larsen 6-4, 7-5, 6-1 for first of 2 straight French singles titles

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